| On a 06 August:
2002 US planes use precision guided bombs to attack the Chinese provided fiber optic command and control communications system for the Iraqi air defenses at al-Nukhaib, in the desert between Iraq and Saudi Arabia.
2002 Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada, de 72 años, jura a la presidencia de Bolivia, a la que vuelve después de cinco años, después de ganar las elecciones de junio y su ratificación en el Congreso. Su acompañante de fórmula Carlos Mesa, en su condición de vicepresidente de la nación es presidente del Congreso. La ceremonia tuvo lugar ante la representación parlamentaria más diversa y enfrentada que haya conocido el Poder Legislativo. El presidente saliente es Jorge Quiroga.
2002 At the Trevi fountain in Rome, waiting police arrest Roberto Cercelletta, after he arrives at 05:30 and, as he has for years, gathers the coins he finds there. Thousands of tourists stand with their backs to the Renaissance masterpiece and throw coins over their shoulders into the fountain, at the feet of Neptune, every day in the hope they will return to Rome. Cercelletta this day gets 22 kg of coins worth about $1000. In the slow tourist season he gets less, but it is estimated that charities, which are supposed to get the money, are losing some $12'000 a month. Cercelletta has been fined him in the past, but because he is homeless and unemployed, he has gotten away without paying. But recent media attention led police to make the arrest.
2002 Manindra Agrawal, Neeraj Kayal, and Nitin Saxena, of the Department of Computer Science & Engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur, India, present a deterministic polynomial-time algorithm that determines whether an input number is prime or composite: http://www.cse.iitk.ac.in/news/primality.pdf
2001 Hugo Banzer, 75, resigns his office of President of Bolivia one year before the end of his 5-year term, because of cancer. He took a few days off from chemoterapy in the US to go to Bolivia for the transfer of power to Vice President Jorge Quiroga, 41, who will be constitutionally barred from running for president in the summer of 2002. Banzer was dictator from 1971 to 1978, and ran in every democratic election of the 1980s and 1990s until he was finally elected president in 1997 with just 20% of the vote.
1998 The Egyptian Jihad sends a warning: they will soon deliver a message to Americans "which we hope they read with care, because we will write it, with God's help, in a language they will understand." (the message comes the next day)
1996 Chechen patriots retake Grozny from the Russian aggresssors.
1995 Ciudades del mundo aprovechan la conmemoración del 50 aniversario de la catástrofe de Hiroshima y Nagasaki para protestar contra la reanudación de los ensayos nucleares en el Pacífico por parte de Francia.
1995 Reconquistada Petrinja, el Gobierno croata proclama el restablecimiento de su soberanía sobre Krajina: 118 croatas muertos, 620 heridos y 12.000 prisioneros de guerra krajineses.
1993 Con la elección del candidato de la oposición Morihiro Hosokawa como primer ministro, la Dieta del Japón pone fin a 38 años de poder del Partido Liberal Demócrata.
1993 Tie-breaking VP vote passes Clinton's budget in the US Senate. The score was 50 to 50 until Al Gore casts the deciding vote.
1992 The Federal Communications Commission votes to allow Cox Enterprises and Telecommunications to purchase Merrill Lynch's teleport unit. The move signals the FCC's intention to allow cable television companies to provide phone services. The policy clears the way for the development of cable modems in the mid-1990s.
1991 Peugeot SA announces its withdrawal from the United States market, due to lagging sales. The major French automotive manufacturer and holding company has been in existence since 1896 and is presently headquartered in Paris.
| 1989 Pilot Union tells pilots okay to cross Eastern
1988 Firebombing of the US Cultural Center in Kwangju, South Korea.
1986 Phil Katz releases PKARC version 1.0, for the IBM
1984 203.05 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
1983 Los partidos de oposición chilena forman la Alianza Democrática.
1965 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act, outlawing the literacy test for voting eligibility in the South. The test had been abused to deny Blacks the vote.
1968 Pope Paul VI issues his Encyclical Ecclesiam Suam — [English, Français, Español, Italiano, Português]
1959 Se declara ilegal el Partido Comunista en Argentina.
1944 Deportation of 70'000 Jews from Lodz Poland to Auschwitz begins
1942 The Soviet city of Voronezh falls to the German army.
1934 US troops leave Haiti, which had been occupied since 1915.
1914 Serbia declares war against Germany
1904 The Japanese army in Korea surrounds a Russian army retreating to Manchuria.
1902 Coronación de Eduardo VII como rey de Inglaterra.
1896 Una ley francesa declara la anexión de Madagascar.
1873 España hace extensivas a Puerto Rico las libertades consagradas en su Constitución de 1869.
1870 White conservatives suppressed black vote & captured Tenn legislature
1864 Rebels evacuate Ft Powell, Mobile Bay
1863 The CSS Alabama captures the USS Sea Bride near the Cape of Good Hope.
1863 Siege of Fort Wagner, Charleston Harbor, South Carolina continues
1862 CSS ironclad "Arkansas" is badly damaged in Union attack and is scuttled near Baton Rouge, Louisiana
1854 Congress passes Confiscation Act
1846 US Treasury Secretary Robert J. Walker, 45, reinstates the Independent Treasury System. Walker also inaugurates a system for warehousing imports that endures to this day.
1840 El futuro emperador Napoleón III de Francia, desembarca en la playa de Vimereux, cerca de Boulogne, para derrocar al gobierno francés y hacerse con el poder, pero será detenido junto a sus cómplices.
1837 The Dow Industrial Average reaches the peak of a rise that started on May 31, during which it gained 37.93 points, inspiring false hopes that the nation would soon recover from the bank-induced panic of '37.
1824 En la batalla de Junín, las tropas de Simón Bolívar vencen al ejército del Virrey del Perú, por lo que Perú y Bolivia se independizan de España.
1815 US flotilla ends piracy by Algiers, Tunis & Tripoli
1813 Simón Bolívar entra en Caracas tras la victoria de Taguanes. En esta fecha recibe el nombre de Libertador.
1811 Las Cortes de Cádiz decretan la abolición de todos los señoríos jurisdiccionales de España.
1801 The Great Religious Revival of the American West begins at a Presbyterian camp meeting in Cane Ridge, Kentucky. 1792 Desfilan por París 600 republicanos escogidos de Marsella cantando una canción nueva cuyos acentos, en pocas semanas, han de arrastrar al país entero: "La Marsellesa".
1726 Russia becomes part of the Treaty of Vienna (signed 1725) and puts 30'000 soldiers at the disposal of her allies in return for support against a possible war with the Ottoman Empire.
1497 John Cabot returns to England after his first successful journey to the Labrador coast.
1181 Supernova observed by Chinese & Japanese astronomers.
which occurred on an August 06:
2002:: 35 pilgrims, including 10 children, in Zinapecuaro, Mexico, in bus, whose brakes failing, goes through a toll booth and crashes into a concrete wall. Some 20 are injured. The 26-year-old Costa Grande bus was taking members of the conservative Luz del Mundo church, from the state of Guerrero, to a a re-enactment of the Last Supper in Guadalajara.
2002 Ali Ajouri, 23, and Murat Marshut, 19, both of al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, shot by Israeli troops in Jabaa, West Bank. Israel says that Ajouri sent two suicide bombers who killed three foreign workers and two Israelis in Tel Aviv on 17 July 2002. The Reuters body count of the al-Aqsa intifada stands at at least 1484 Palestinians and 585 Israelis.
2002 Nine Hindu pilgrims and one of the half-dozen Muslim attackers who, before dawn, throw a hand grenade and shoot in the pilgrimage transit camp in Nunwan, Indian-occupied Kashmir. Police return fire. 27 pilgrims are wounded.
2001 General Duong Van big Minh, 86, in Pasadena, California, from a fall suffered the previous day. He was South Vietnam's president when on 30 April 1975 it surrendered unconditionally to to the Vietcong's Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam. A military adviser (1962–63) to President Diem, he helped to overthrow Diem in 1963. He was head of government (1963–64), after which he went into exile. Minh returned in 1968, serving as an opposition leader against President Thieu. A presidential candidate in 1971, Minh withdrew, charging election rigging. After Nguyen Van Thieu fled the country on 21 April 1975, his successor transferred his powers to Big Minh on 28 April 1975, in an unsuccessful conciliation effort but Minh was placed in detention after the Communist takeover.
2000 Many sprats which rain down, freshly dead, on the fishing port of Great Yarmouth, in the east England county of Norfolk, after being sucked up by a waterspout.
1986 William J. Schroeder, after living 620 days with the Jarvik 7 artificial heart.
1980 Marino Marini, Italian painter and sculptor, born on 27 February 1901 — more LINKS Horses and rider (color lithograph)
1978 Paul VI, 80, Pope since 1963, of heart attack, at summer residence in Castel Gandolfo.
1973 Fulgencio Batista, ex presidente y dictador de Cuba.
1925 Ricci-Curbastro, mathematician.
1923 Luigi Rossi, Swiss artist born on 10 March 1853. — MORE ON ROSSI AT ART 4 AUGUST — In The Park (46x75cm; 603x1000pix, 164kb) — Contadinella in attesa — Dolce cinguettio — Piccole mamme — La polenta — Le ranette — Villaggio siciliano
1919 John Merrick, born a slave on 07 September 1859, Black barber who, on 20 October 1898, together with two other Blacks, Charles Clinton Spaulding [01 Aug 1874 – 01 Aug 1952] and physician Aaron McDuffie Moore [06 Sep 1863 – 1923], organized the North Carolina Mutual and Provident Association which began business on 01 April 1899. Its first office rented for $2 a month. The name would be changed to North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company on 07 April 1919. Merrick had tobacco executive Washington Duke as a regular customer, whose advice from the barber chair helped the insurance company survive.
1923 Luigi Rossi, Swiss artist born on 10 March 1853.
1875 Gabriel García Moreno, político ecuatoriano.
1874 Jim Reed, outlaw, killed by a member of his gang for reward money. Reed's widow Belle (née Myra Maybelle Shirley) would marry two years later Reed's bandit mentor, Cherokee Tom Starr, and become know as the Bandit Queen. Both Belle and Starr would separately die shot within a few years.
1867 Faustin-Élie Soulouque emperor of Haiti, dies (birth date unknown)
1702 Claude Huillot, French artist born in 1632.
1694 Antoine Arnauld, 82, mathematician.
1660 Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez, Spain's greatest Baroque era painter, baptized as an infant on 06 June 1599. MUCH MORE ON VELAZQUEZ AT ART 4 AUGUST, including a wealth of links to artwork.
1002 El amir cordobés Almanzor ibn Abí, durante la Batalla de Calatañazor, enfrentamiento entre una coalición navarro-castellana y las tropas amiridas.
0768 (or 769?) Constantine II, anti-Pope. Even before Paul I's death (28 June 767) trouble began about the election of his successor. Duke Toto of Nepi with a body of Tuscans burst into Rome, and, despite the opposition of the primicerius (chief of the notaries) Christopher, forcibly intruded his brother Constantine, a layman, into the chair of Peter (5 July 767). In the spring of 768, however, Christopher and his son Sergius contrived to escape from the city, and with the aid of the troops sent to Rome by Lombard king Desiderius, killed Toto and blinded and deposed the usurper, who had . failed to win support from the Carolingian king Pépin III le Bref or from the Franks. Constantine's deposition was canonically ratified by a council of Italian and Frankish bishops.
0523 Saint Hormisdas, 52nd Pope
0258 Saint Sixtus II, 24th Pope
133 a. C Los defensores de Numancia, tras siete años de resistencia, queman la ciudad y se arrojan a las llamas antes que rendirse a los romanos.
| Births which
occurred on an August 06:
1944 Darío Morales, pintor, grabador y escultor colombiano.
1934 Landelino Lavilla, abogado español, ex presidente del Congreso de los Diputados y de UCD.
1916 Richard Hofstadter, physicist who won the Nobel prize in 1961 for his studies of neutrons and protons.
1914 Julio Cortázar, escritor francés nacido en Bélgica, impulsor de la literatura iberoamericana.
1911 Lucille Désirée Ball (Emmy Award-winning comedienne, actress: I Love Lucy [1952, 1953], The Lucy Show [1966-67, 1967-68], 12th Annual Atlas Governor's Award [1988-89]; The Lucille Ball Comedy Hour, Yours, Mine and Ours, Mame). Lucille Ball died on 26 April 1989.
1906 Gerardo Molina Ramírez, ideólogo y político colombiano.
1894 Joseph Lacasse, French artist who died on 226 October 1975.
1893 Jacques Martin-Ferrières, French artist who died in 1972.
1883 Scott Nearing US sociologist/pacifist/author (The Good Life)
1881 Sir Alexander Fleming (Scottish Nobel Prize-winning bacteriologist : discovered penicillin in 1928).
1872 George Hand Wright, US artist who died in 1951.
1868 Paul-Louis-Charles-Marie Claudel France, diplomat, poet (Cinq grandes odes 1910), playwright (La Ville 1890, L'Echange 1893, Le Repos du septième jour 1896, Partage de midi 1906, L'Otage 1911, L'Annonce faite à Marie 1912, Le Pain dur 1918, Le Père humilié 1916<, Le Soulier de satin 1924), author of oratorios (Le Livre de Christophe Colomb 1933, Jeanne d'Arc 1938) essayist, a towering force in French literature of the first half of the 20th century, whose works derive their lyrical inspiration, their unity and scope, and their prophetic tone from his faith in God. Claudel died on 23 February 1955. Paul Claudel, escritor católico francés.
1866 Plinio Nomellini, Italian artist who died in 1943. — more
1862 Armand André Louis Rassenfosse, Belgian artist who died in 1934.
1827 José Manuel Marroquín Ricaurte, político, escritor y filólogo colombiano.
1811 Judah P. Benjamin, first Jewish US Senator, pro-slavery (LA-1852-1861). Confederate Attorney General, then Secretary of War, then Secretary of State. Then prominent lawyer in England. Wrote Treatise on the Law of Sale of Personal Property (1868)
1741 John Wilson, mathematician
1697 Charles VII Holy Roman emperor (1742-1745)
A sixth-grade teacher was giving a lesson in US History and asked her class, “Who can tell me which US president said the following phrase and in what year: Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country?
Everyone in the class looked stumped, except for a little Japanese boy holding his hand up in the front row. “Yes, Yoshiro?” said the teacher. “That was John F. Kennedy, and I think the year was 1962,” answered Yoshiro. “Very good, Yoshiro. Now the rest of you ought to be ashamed of yourselves. You're all USborn citizens except the only one who knew the answer and he is from Japan, chided the teacher.
Then, from the back of the class, a voice grumbled, “To hell with the Japanese!”
Who said that?” inquired the teacher sternly.
Another boy raised his hand and said, “It must have been Harry S. Truman in 1945.