an 12 August:
2002 Following the Sunday 11 August 2002 announcement by US Airways Group that it was filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, the stock of United Airlines (UAL) drops on the New York Stock Exchange from the previous close of $5.20 to an intraday low of $3.76 soon after the opening, and closes at $3.80. UAL stock would drop further, on 13 August closing at $2.74, and on 14 August at $2.45 after an intraday low of $2.08. Its intraday high on 10 September 2001had been $31.06, but when trading resumed after the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks on the US, it made an intraday low of $17.41 on 17 September 2001. However UAL's fortunes had been declining for years. It traded as high as $100.75 on 20 October 1997.
[UAL 5~year price chart >]
As for the stock of US Airways (U) its regular trading is stopped, but, off the exchange, it drops from its previous close of $2.45 to as low as $0.50, almost nothing compared to its 06 July 1998 high of $81.63.
[< U 5~year price chart].
1999 Chechnya war: ^top^
Russian Deputy Interior Minister Minister Igor Zubov requests Chechnya's assistance with the Dagestani insurgency in a letter to Chechen President Aslan Mashkadov.
Chechen presidential press spokesman Said Abdulmuslimov tells the Russian press that the Chechen leadership refused a Russian request to send troops to assist in quelling the rebellion in Dagestan
Russian armed forces say that they have attacked insurgents' position in the towns of Tandur and Rakhta in southern Dagestan and have plans for a larger offensive.
300 collaborationist Dagestani volunteers reportedly leave for the Botlikh district on Wednesday to fight alongside the Russians.
Russia's acting Prime Minister Vladimir Putin orders the finance ministry to allocate funds for Russian troops involved in the conflict
Dagestani members of the Representatives of the Islamic Shura tell reporters in Grozny that they have asked Chechen commander Basayev to lead the insurgency in Dagestane
Vyacheslav Ovchinnikov, commander of Russian Interior Ministry troops, estimates the number of "rebels" in Dagestan at 1200 http://www.cdi.org/issues/Europe/aug.html
1998 Swiss banks agree to pay $1.25 billion as restitution to Holocaust survivors to settle claims for their assets.
1998 The Small Group of US presidential advisors meet with Clinton, reportedly with evidence that Osama bin Laden is seeking to obtain weapons of mass destruction and chemical weapons to use against US installations.
1998 US intelligence reportedly intercept a mobile phone conversation between two of bin Laden's lieutenants that implicates them in the 07 August 1998 embassy bombings
1988 In Hollywood, the controversial religious movie "The Last Temptation of Christ" is released, sparking protests from evangelical church groups across the nation.
1988 Nelson Mandela is treated for tuberculosis at the prison hospital
1982 Base made for bull market of the 1980s. The Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches a low of 776.92. However, the next day, the markets would start five-year rise in which the DJIA would approach 3000. That bull market would be checked in 1987 with a 500-point one-day crash.
1981 IBM introduces the PC and PC-DOS version 1.0
1978 In Rome, the first papal funeral ever held outdoors was conducted for Pope
1977 Steven Biko, leader of the black consciousness movement in South Africa, is arrested.
1970 The Soviet Union and West Germany sign a non-aggression pact in Moscow.
1955 US President Eisenhower signs bill raising minimum wage from $0.75 to $1 an hour
1936 49ºC, Seymour, Texas (state record)
1935 President Franklin Roosevelt signs the Social Security Bill.
1932 In one of the steepest declines in market history, the Dow Jones Industrial Average drops 8.40 points, one week after the markets posted encouraging gains, thus squelching hopes that the Depression is drawing to a close.
1908 Henry Ford's first Model T rolls off the assembly line.
1896 Gold is discovered near Dawson City, Yukon Territory, Canada.
1867 President Andrew Johnson defies Congress suspending Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, which would lead to Johnson's impeachment.
1864 After a week of heavy raiding, the Confederate cruiser Tallahassee claims six Union ships captured.
1863 Siege of Fort Wagner, Charleston Harbor, South Carolina continues
1812 British commander the Duke of Wellington occupies Madrid, Spain, forcing out Joseph Bonaparte.
1791 Black slaves on the island of Santo Domingo rise up against their white masters.
1762 The British capture Cuba from Spain after a two month siege.
1759 The Russians under General Soltikov and the Austrians under General Landon defeated 40'000 Prussians under Frederick the Great at the Battle of Kunersdorf in the Seven Years' War.
1687 At the Battle of Mohacs, Hungary, Charles of Lorraine defeats the Turks.
1553 Pope Julius III orders confiscation and burning of the Talmud
1508 Ponce de León arrives in Puerto Rico
1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor; Scottish dynastic battle
1099 At the Battle of Ascalon 1000 Crusaders, led by Godfrey of Bouillon, rout an Egyptian relief column heading for Jerusalem, which had already fallen to the Crusaders.
| Deaths which
occurred on an 12 August: ^top^
2003 Erez Hershkovitz, 18, Israeli; and Khamis Ghazi Gerwan, 17, Palestinian suicide bomber, at a bus stop at the entrance of the Ariel enclave settlement, West Bank, at 10:00 (07:00 UT). Three persons are wounded.
2003 Yehezkel Yekutiel, 43, Israeli; and Yousef Qteishat, 17, Palestinian suicide bomber, just inside the NewPharm pharmacy in a shopping center in Rosh Ha'ayin, Israel, at 09:00 (06:00 UT). Some ten persons are wounded.
2001 Muhammad Nasser, 28, suicide bomber of Islamic Jihad, on the patio of Wall Street Café in Haifa. No one else is killed. Some 20 are injured, mostly lightly.
1944 Joseph Patrick Kennedy Jr. , and his co-pilot, when their explosives-laden Navy plane blew up over England. Joseph P. was the eldest son of Joseph and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, born on July 25, 1915, almost 2 years before his brother John F. who would be US president.
1935 Schottky, mathematician.
1927 Alfred Zoff, Austrian artist born on 11 December 1852.
1913 Aimé-Nicolas Morot, French artist born on 16 June 1850.
1901 Jonquières, mathematician.
1900 Wilhelm Steinitz Prague, Chess champion (1866-1894)
1863 Some 150 men and boys, massacred by Confederate raiders led by William Quantrill, in Lawrence, Kansas.
1854 Antoine Chazal, French artist born on 07 Nov 1793.
1667 Cornelis van Poelenburgh, Utrecht painter, mainly of landscapes, born in 1586. MORE ON VAN POELENBURGH AT ART 4 AUGUST LINKS Children of Frederick V Prince Elector of Pfalz and King of Bohemia Departure of an Oriental Entourage Young Girl Rest on the Flight into Egypt Ruins of Ancient Rome
1580 Luca Longhi le Raphäel de Ravenne, Ravenna Italian Mannerist painter, born on 10 (14?) January 1507, who produced mainly religious paintings and portraits. MORE ON LONGHI AT ART 4 AUGUST — The Lady and the Unicorn — The Adoration by the Shepherds— Virgin and Child with Saints Sebastian and Rocco
1546 Francisco de Vitoria, Spanish Dominican theologian, born in 1486. He is best remembered for his defense of the rights of the Amerindians against the Spanish colonists and for his ideas of the limitations of justifiable warfare.
| Births which
occurred on an 12 August:
1911 Mario Moreno "Cantinflas" Mexico, circus clown, acrobat, and comic movie actor (Around the World in 80 Days, Pepe; Mexico's vaudeville: carpas)
1889 Zerna Sharp, creator of the "Dick and Jane" reading books.
1887 Erwin Schrödinger, mathematician, physicist who said :"The task is, not so much to see what no one has yet seen; but to think what nobody has yet thought, about that which everybody sees." This is a lot clearer than Schrödinger's cat paradox (which I do not understand, but then that means that I understand the first thing about quantum mechanics, according to Niels Bohr who said: "If you think you understand it, that only shows you don't know the first thing about it." ).
1884 Frank Swinnerton England, novelist (Summer Storm, Sanctuary)
1881 Cecil B deMille, American film director, producer and screenwriter, famous for epic productions such as The 10 Commandments.
(or 31 July) 1879 Léopold Survage, French artist who died on 01 November 1968. Homme dans la ville Deux Hommes et un Cheval (dessin original à la mine de plomb) [they want $2000 for this scribble. Has to be seen to be disbelieved]
1862 Jules Richard, mathematician
1851 Sewing machine patent granted to Isaac Singer.
1849 Abbott Henderson Thayer (artist: created camouflage pattern for military). He died on 29 May 1921.
. Reproductions of paintings by THAYER ONLINE: LINKS Alma Wollerman (his future daughter-in-law Mrs. Gerald Thayer) (1903) David (1895) Irish Girl Angel (1889) Roses (1890) Stevenson Memorial Winged Figure (1889)
MUCH MORE ON THAYER AT ART 4 2~DAY
1877 The Edisonphone, Thomas Edison's invention of a sound recording device
1866 Jacinto Benavente y Martínez Spanish dramatist (Nobel 1922)
1815 Dominique-Louis-Féréal Papéty, French painter.who died on 19 September 1849 (1848?) in a cholera epidemic. MORE ON PAPÉTY AT ART 4 AUGUST LINKS The Temptation of St. Hilarion, detail. An Italian Peasant Girl A French Peasant Girl The Temptation of Saint Hilarion A Neapolitan Fisherman An Italian Peasant Woman and Child A Chinese Girl
1799 Hermania Sigvardine Neegard, Danish painter who died on 25 March 1874.
1781 Robert Mills US, 1781 Robert Mills, architect and engineer whose designs include the Washington Monument, the National Portrait Gallery and the US Treasury Building.
1799 Hermania Sigvardine Neegard, Danish artist who died on 25 March 1874.
1753 Thomas Bewick England, artist (British Birds, Aesop's Fables) He died on 08 November 1828. He was a printmaker and illustrator important for reviving the art of wood engraving and establishing it as a major printmaking technique.