| On a 17 August:
|1998 Clinton admits "inappropriate relationship"
Contrary to his testimony in the Paula Jones sexual-harassment case, President Bill Clinton acknowledges to prosecutors from the office of Independent Counsel Ken Starr that he had had an extramarital affair with ex-White House intern Monica Lewinsky. In four hours of closed-door testimony, conducted in the Map Room of the White House, Clinton speaks live via closed-circuit television to a grand jury in a nearby federal courthouse. He is the first sitting president to ever testify before a grand jury investigating his conduct.
That evening, President Clinton gives a four-minute televised address to the nation in which he admits he had an inappropriate relationship with Monica Lewinsky. In the brief speech, which is filled of legalisms, the word "sex" is absent and the word "regret" is only used in reference to his admission that he misled the public and his family.
In November of 1995, Clinton began his affair with Miss Lewinsky, 21, an unpaid intern. Over the next year and a half, the president and Lewinsky had nearly a dozen sexual encounters in the White House eight while she worked there and two later.
In April of 1996, Lewinsky was transferred to the Pentagon. That summer, she first confided in Pentagon co-worker Linda Tripp about her sexual relationship with the president. In 1997, with that relationship ended, Tripp began to secretly record conversations with Lewinsky in which she gave details about the affair. In December, Lewinsky was subpoenaed by lawyers for Paula Jones, who was suing the president on sexual harassment charges.
On 07 January 1998, allegedly under the recommendation of the president, Lewinsky filed an affidavit in which she denied ever having a sexual relationship with President Clinton. Just five days later, Tripp contacted the office of Whitewater Independent Counsel Ken Starr to talk about Lewinsky and the tapes she made of their conversations. Tripp, wired by FBI agents working with Starr, met with Lewinsky again on 13 January 1998, and, on 16 January, Lewinsky was taken by the FBI agents and US attorneys to a hotel room, where she was questioned and offered immunity if she cooperated with the prosecution.
A few days later, the story broke, and Clinton publicly denied the allegations, saying, "I did not have sexual relations with that woman... Ms. Lewinsky." In late July, lawyers for Lewinsky and Starr worked out a full immunity agreement covering both Lewinsky and her parents, whom Starr had all threatened with prosecution. On 06 August, Lewinsky appeared before the grand jury to begin her testimony, and on 17 August President Clinton testifies.
Less than a month later, on 09 September, Kenneth Starr would submit his report and eighteen boxes of supporting documents to the House of Representatives. Released to the public two days later, the Starr Report outlined a case for impeaching Clinton on eleven grounds, including perjury, obstruction of justice, witness-tampering, and abuse of power, and also provided explicit details of the sexual relationship between the president and Ms. Lewinsky.
On 08 October, the House authorized a wide-ranging impeachment inquiry, and on 11 December, the House Judiciary Committee approved three articles of impeachment. On 16 December, the eve of the House impeachment debate, US and British forces attacked Iraq in retaliation for its failure to cooperate with UN weapons inspectors. During the two days of coordinated air strikes, Iraqi officials reported that at least twenty-five people were killed in Baghdad alone.
On 19 December, after thirteen-and-a-half hours of debate, the House approved two articles of impeachment, charging President Clinton with lying under oath to a federal grand jury and obstructing justice. Clinton, the second president in US history to be impeached, vowed to finish his term.
On 07 January 1999, in a congressional procedure not seen since the 1868 impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson, the trial of President Clinton got underway in the Senate. As instructed in Article 1 of the US Constitution, Supreme Court chief justice William Rehnquist was sworn in to preside and the senators were sworn in as jurors. Five weeks later, on 12 February 1999, the Senate voted on whether or not to remove Clinton from office. Clinton was acquitted on both articles of impeachment. The prosecution needed a two-third majority to convict, but failed to achieve even a bare majority. Rejecting the first charge of perjury, forty-five Democrats and ten Republicans voted "not guilty," and on the charge of obstruction of justice, the Senate was split 50-50. After the trial concluded, President Clinton said he was "profoundly sorry" for the burden he imposed on Congress and the people of the US.
| 1997 Experion shuts down its credit report web site
after a security flaw enables people to look up others' credit history,
instead of just their own as intended.
| 1989 US trade deficit smaller but still deficit. The
US Commerce Department announces that the nation's trade deficit has been
$8.7 billion during the month of June, its lowest monthly figure since 1984.
1989 El presidente Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte remodela su gabinete ministerial con vistas a las elecciones del 14 de diciembre en Chile.
1987 Dow Jones Industrial Avg closes above 2700 for 1st time (2700.57)
1985 Rajiv Gandhi announces Punjab state elections in India
1978 The first successful transatlantic balloon flight ends as Maxie Anderson, Ben Abruzzo and Larry Newman land their Double Eagle Two outside Paris.
1968 Vietnam: US Defense Department says combat missions flown over North Vietnam since February 1965 number 117'000. They dropped over 2.5 million tons of bombs and rockets.
1961 Berlin Wall begins to be built.
1960 Gabon independence from France (National Day)
1960 Francis Gary Powers' spy trial opens in Moscow, on his 31st birthday. He pleads guilty to spying over the Soviet Union in a U-2 plane. The plane had been shot down and he had been captured on 1 May, which led to the "U-2 confrontation" between US and USSR.
1959 The USSR and Iraq sign contract for building Iraqi nuclear reactor.
1958 Falla el primer intento de enviar un cohete a la Luna.
1957 Comienza a funcionar en Ginebra el primer acelerador de partículas europeo, con una potencia de 600 millones de voltios.
1950 On the 5th anniversary of the declaration of independence, independent in fact since 27 December 1949, the Unitary State of the Republic on Indonesia is restored.
1948 Alger Hiss, 43, denies ever being a Communist agent. In 1950 he was convicted of lying. In the 1990s there came to light conflicting evidence about his guilt from Soviet and US espionage archives. Hiss died on 15 November 1996, 4 days after his 92nd birthday.
1946 Comienza la guerra civil en Grecia.
1945 Upon hearing confirmation that Japan has surrendered, Sukarno proclaims Indonesia's independence from Netherlands (National Day). Sukarno proclama la independencia de Indonesia, no reconocida por Holanda hasta cuatro años después.
1944 The puppet mayor of Nazi-occupied Paris, Pierre Charles Tattinger, meets with the German commander Dietrich von Choltitz to protest the explosives being deployed throughout the city.
1942 US bombers make 1st independent raid on Europe, on Rouen, France
1940 II Guerra Mundial. Alemania declara el "bloqueo total" al Reino Unido y manifiesta que todos los mares que lo circundan son zona de guerra.
1940 US President Franklin Roosevelt and Canadian Prime Minister William Mackenzie King met in Ogdensburg, N.Y., where they agreed to set up a joint defense commission.
1896 Gold nuggets are found by a prospecting party in Canada in a small tributary of the Klondike River (which is a tributary of the Yukon River). A gold rush would begin in 1897 and crest in 1898, miners and adventurers pouring in, mainly from the US. The Klondike would be the last and most publicized of all the great rushes.
1863 Fort Sumter: Federal batteries and ships begin the great bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston harbor, South Carolina, as the siege of Fort Wagner continues during the US Civil War.
1862 Sioux uprising begins in southwest Minnesota
1846 US takes Los Angeles
1833 The first steam ship to cross the Atlantic entirely on its own power, the Canadian ship Royal William, begins her journey from Nova Scotia to The Isle of Wight.
1812 Battle of Smolensk: Napoléon's army defeats the Russians during the Russian retreat to Moscow.
1807 Robert Fulton's North River Steam Boat Clermont begins heading up New York's Hudson River on its successful round-trip to Albany.
1801 Ultima prueba del sumergible inventado por el estadounidense Robert Fulton, que permaneció bajo el agua más de cuatro horas.
1743 Treaty of Abo: Sweden cedes southeast Finland to Russia, ending Sweden's failed 1741-1743 war with Russia.
1717 Felipe V suprime por decreto todas las Universidades de Cataluña, en represalia por la actitud contraria a su causa en la guerra de sucesión.
1558 Los tercios españoles mandados por Alejandro Farnesio entran en la ciudad de Amberes tras un asedio de casi un año.
1502 Cristóbal Colón toma posesión del territorio de Honduras en nombre de los Reyes de España.
0682 St Leo II is consecrated Pope, after waiting since his election on 10 June 681 for the approval of the Byzantine emperor.
which occurred on an 17 August:
2003 Mazen Dana, 43, shot from a US tank while, among a group of other reporters, he, a Reuters camaraman, is filming in Baghdad, outside Abu Ghraib prison, which had earlier come under a mortar attack. Palestinian Dana had worked for Reuters mostly in the West Bank city of Hebron, where he was wounded and beaten many times. US troops claim they mistook Dana for a guerilla about to fire a rocket propelled grenade.
[Dana in Hebron, 17 Aug 2001 >]
1983 Ira Gershwin, 86, lyricist, in Beverly Hills
1976 Unas 3000 personas por un terremoto en Filipinas. 90'000 sufren daños.
1975 Sergei Vasilovich Fomin, Russian mathematician born on 09 December 1917.
1973 Conrad Aiken, 74, Pulitzer winning poet
1969: 248 persons by Hurricane Camille, on the US Gulf Coast.
1965 Guillermo Fernández Shaw, poeta y actor español.
1962 Peter Fechter, 18, shot by East German border guards, as he attempts to cross Berlin Wall (on its first anniversary) into western sector.
| 1959 Joan Ventosa i Calvell, jurista y político catalán.
1955 Fernand Léger, French painter, draftsman, illustrator, printmaker, stage designer, film maker, and ceramicist, born on 04 February 1881. MORE ON LÉGER AT ART 4 AUGUST LINKS LÉGER AT ARTNET Sketch for The Railway Crossing Divers on a Yellow Background Two Women Holding Flowers Les Fortifications d'Ajaccio Deux femmes tenant des fleurs Personnages et Plantes Composition Les disques L'ouvrier Constructeur Composition au Vase Bleu (glazed ceramic relief) Femme Avec un Vase Composition pour un Vitrail Design for the Cover of Fortune Magazine Etoile de mer Femmes au Perroquet (polychrome ceramic relief) L'ouvrier Constructeur La grande Parade Le Loisirs sur Fond Rouge (tapestry) Le Tournesol (lithograph) a different Le Tournesol (polychrome ceramic) Murale #2 Personnages et Plantes Racine Noire (color lithograph)
1947 Prince Napoleon Nikolaus Eugen, Swedish artist born on 01 August 1865.
1927 Erik Ivar Fredholm, Stockholm mathematician, born on 07 April 1866, best remembered for his work on integral equations and spectral theory.
1924 Pavel Samuilovich Urysohn, Jewish Ukrainian topologist, born on 03 February 1898. He drowns while swimming in rough seas during a vacation in Brittany.
1920 Ray Chapman, of the Indians baseball team, from being hit in the head by Yanks' Carl Mays pitch the previous day. (only major league fatality)
1899 William Simpson, British artist born on 28 October 1823.
1850 José Francisco de San Martín, South American independence hero.
1831 Peter Patrick Nasmith, British artist born on 07 January 1787.
1815 Johann-Daniel Bager, German artist born in 1734.
1807 Johannes Nikolaus Tetens, German philosopher, physicist, mathematician, born on 16 September 1736. Author of Philosophische Versuche über die menschliche Natur und ihre Entwickelung (1777) on the origin and structure of knowledge.
1786 FRÉDÉRIC II le GRAND Roi de Prusse depuis 1740; son père pour l'aguerrir, le " Roi Sergent ", lui donnait une éducation très sévère et le giflait même en public. Quand il monte sur le trône à 28 ans, il va poursuivre la politique de conquête de la Prusse ancètre du Pangermanisme. Il annexe une partie de l'Autriche et de la Pologne.
1769 Giuseppe Bazzani, Italian artist born in 1690.
which occurred on an 17 August:
1961 The Alliance for Progress is established by the US under the Kennedy administration, with 22 Latin American countries, in the Charter of Punta del Este.
1932 V.S. Naipaul Trinidad, novelist (Middle Passage)
1929 Francis Gary Powers U-2 plane pilot (USSR captures him in 1959 U-2 incident and, on his 31st birthday, puts him on trial)
1926 Jiang Zemin, político chino.
1923 Yitzroch Loiza Grossberg Larry Rivers, proto-Pop painter and sculptor, jazz saxophonist, writer, poet, teacher, sometime actor and filmmaker, whose partly self-mocking bad boy persona encapsulated the spirit of a restless era that shook up US art. He died on 14 August 2002. Author of autobiography What Did I Do? MORE ON RIVERS AT ART 4 AUGUST LINKS The Athlete's Dream Bike Girls Parts of the Face: French Vocabulary Lesson French Money Primo Levi: Witness Drawing _ detail On the Phone
1890 Harry Hopkins, who organized the Works Projects Administration under President Roosevelt.
1882 Samuel Goldwyn, American movie mogul who helped start MGM (Metro Goldwyn Mayer).
1876 Eric Drummond 1st Secretary-General of League of Nations (1919-33).
1870 Frederick Russell developed 1st successful typhoid fever vaccine
1863 Geneva Grace Stratton-Porter, author.
1862 Maurice Barres, escritor francés.
1839 Matthijs Maris, Dutch artist specialized in Landscapes, who died on 22 August 1917. Young Girl Sewing (black chalk) Nest of dogs The Baptistry, Lausanne (washed sepia) Men Unloading Carts, Montmartre Evening (Forest Landscape with a Deer) (etching)
1839 Charles Hermanns, Belgian artist who died in 1924.
1835 William Guthrie, author. GUTHRIE ONLINE: The Christian's Great Interest
1823 Frederich Wilhelm Keyl, German painter who practiced mainly in England and died on 05 December 1871. At the Blacksmith's Shop.
1812 Mariano Roca de Togores, político español.
1809 The Christian Association of Washington is formed in Pennsylvania by Thomas Campbell, 46, his son Alexander, 20, and followers. Springing out of the Presbyterian Church, the group became known first as Campbellites and then as Disciples of Christ.
1801 Edward Deering Mansfield, author. MANSFIELD ONLINE: American Education: Its Principles and Elements
1787 Isaac Taylor, author. ISAAC TAYLOR ONLINE: Physical Theory of Another Life, and of Scenes in America, for the Amusement and Instruction of Little Tarry-at-Home Travellers
1786 Davy Crockett US frontiersman, adventurer, and politician who died in the defense of the Alamo.
1778 John Varley, British painter who died on 17 November 1842. LINKS Untitled landscape The Thames Hilly Landscape Landscape with tree and cottage High Street, Conway.
1778 Johannes Hermanus Koekkoek, Dutch artist who died on 12 January 1851.
1755 Thomas Stothard, English Romantic painter, designer, and illustrator, who died on 27 April 1834. MORE ON STOTHARD AT ART 4 AUGUST LINKS The Schoolboy (engraving with hand coloring in the book Shakespeare's Seven Ages of Man illustrated) Shakespeare - Othello-Act II, Scene 1 (engraving with hand coloring 49x64cm)
Shakespeare - King Henry the Eighth, Act I, Scene 4 (engraving with hand coloring 50x64cm) Plate XV and Plate III (1782) two engravings [Don Quixote and Sancho Panza, riding] in The History and Adventures of the Renowned Don Quixote, translated from the Spanish of Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra by Dr. Smollett
1720 Charles-Dominique-Joseph Eisen, French artist who died on 04 January 1778. MORE ON EISEN AT ART 4 AUGUST LINKS Allegorical Composition Le Chien Dansant
1623 Christiaan Luykx, Flemish artist who died after 1653.
1601 Pierre de Fermat, French lawyer and government official most remembered for his work in number theory, in particular for Fermat's Last Theorem (of which his proof could not fit in the margin, so no one knows what it was). He died on 12 January 1665.