|On a February
2003 The Tel Aviv District Court rules that the Palestinian Authority headed by Yasser Arafat will have to pay the Egged bus cooperative NIS 52 million ($10.7 million) in damages caused by 15-20% of passengers having stopped using Egged buses due to 53 attacks on them, including 20 attacks by suicide bombers, resulting in the death of 200 persons (in addition to the attackers) since the start of the al-Aqsa intifada. The court places a lien on PA funds held in Israel.
2000 The US Senate votes 89-4 to confirm Alan Greenspan for a fourth term as chairman of the Federal Reserve Board.
1999 Clinton's impeachment trial in the US Senate:
the 3rd and last witness. ^top^
(1) Shadowy presidential aide Sidney "Sid Vicious" Blumenthal, the third and last witness, spends about four hours with House prosecutors and the White House legal team today. In earlier grand jury testimony, Blumenthal testified that Clinton told him that he had not had a sexual relationship with Lewinsky and that the former intern had pursued him rather than the other way around. Blumenthal said the president also told him that Lewinsky had been described by others as a stalker. House managers allege Clinton told Blumenthal that false story so he would relate it to the grand jury, thus obstructing justice.
|(2) A group of 28 Republican senators sends
a letter to Clinton, urging him to give a deposition something the
White House has said he will not do. "Personal
answers from you should prove beneficial in our efforts to reconcile conflicting
testimony," the letter says. "You
should give every consideration to our request."
(3) Senate Republicans meet behind closed doors to discuss a possible strategy to bring the trial to a close with a vote on so-called "findings of fact." They reportedly draft two versions of a formal "finding of fact" against the president, a measure Democrats complain is unconstitutional.
Mr. Lockhart [is] asked by Bill Sammon of The Washington Times ... at his regular White House briefing whether such pressure was heavy-handed spin control or appropriate behavior for the White House press secretary.
"If this is your way, your side way, to get into writing the story, go ahead and write the story," Mr. Lockhart said. "I'm not going to help you. You've already written it."
Helen Thomas of UPI then asked: "Did you pressure a network?"
Mr. Lockhart replied: "If any of you think I'm in a position to pressure anyone, you give me more power than you think I have."
Bill Plante of CBS joined in the questioning: "Did you make the call, as has been reported?"
Mr. Lockhart replied: "I'm just not going to discuss the private conversations I have, even if others can't keep them private."
While persons close to Fox confirmed that the White House tried to spike their story, others close to NBC insisted yesterday no such pressure had been brought to bear by the White House. That has been the subject of intense speculation in Washington for nearly a week. Some NBC correspondents said the story, based on correspondent Lisa Myers' lengthy interview last month with the woman in question, Juanita Broaddrick, is still being corroborated and might well be broadcast.
They contradicted Mr. Drudge's assertion that the story had been spiked.
1992 Defense opens calling Noriega "our ally in the war on drugs"
1991 The rate for a US first-class postage stamp rises to 29 cents.
1989 Military coup overthrows Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay for more than three decades.
1988 The US House of Representatives rejects President Reagan's request for at least $36.25 million in aid to the Nicaraguan Contras.
1985 In apartheid South Africa, Desmond Tutu, 53, becomes Johannesburg's first black Anglican bishop, and a force for racial justice.
1982 Greatest helicopter lift, 56'888 kg, Podmoscovnoe, USSR
1973 US President Nixon signs Endangered Species Act into law
1969 The Palestine National Congress appointed Yasser Arafat head of PLO.
1962 Le paquebot France quitte Le Havre pour New York. Ce voyage inaugural du plus beau paquebot du monde réjouit les Français avides de reconnaissance internationale. Nul n'y voit le reliquat d'une époque révolue.
1947 -81ºF (-63ºC), Snag Yukon (North American record)
1945 Almost 1000 Flying Fortresses drop 3000 ton bombs on Berlin
1941 In Vichy, France, the Nazis used force to restore Pierre Laval to office.
1941 Supreme Court upheld Federal Wage and Hour law, sets minimum wages and maximum hours
1930 Vietnamese Communist Party forms
1930 William Howard Taft, resigns as chief justice of the US Supreme Court for health reasons.
1927 Uprising against regime of General Carmona in Portugal.
1924 Alexei Ryko elected as President of People's commission (succeeds Lenin)
1919 League of Nations first meeting (Paris)
1917 US liner Housatonic sunk by German sub. The US breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany, which had announced a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.
1915 Turkish and German army reach Suez Canal.
| 1887 To avoid disputed national elections, Congress
creates Electoral Count Act
1882 Circus owner PT Barnum buys his world famous elephant Jumbo
1876 Albert Spalding with $800 starts sporting goods company, manufacturing first official baseball, tennis ball, basketball, golf ball, and football
1870 15th Amendment (Black suffrage) passed
1867 Prince Mutsuhito, 14, becomes Emperor Meiji of Japan (1867-1912)
1863 Union General William T. Sherman begins Meridian Campaign in Mississippi
1862 President Lincoln refuses an offer from the King of Siam to send him war elephants
1855 Wisconsin Supreme Court declares US Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional
1820 Keats falls deathly ill
Poet John Keats, 24, coughs up blood and realizes he, like his brother Tom, is doomed to die of tuberculosis. Despite the tender care of his fiancée, Fanny Brawne, and a journey to Italy, for which he left on 17 September 1820, in the hopes of improving his condition, he dies in February 1821, only 25 years old. But in that short time, he achieved a remarkable reputation as a leading poet.
Unlike many writers of his day, Keats came from a lower-middle-class background. His father worked at a stable in London and eventually married the owners' daughter. John was the first of the couple's five children. At private school, John was high-spirited and boisterous, given to fist fights and roughhousing despite his small stature-even as an adult, he was barely over five feet tall. Keats' schoolmasters encouraged his interest in reading and later introduced him to poetry and theater.
When John was eight, his father died after falling off a horse, launching a long economic struggle that would keep Keats in poverty throughout his life, despite the large inheritance due him. His mother quickly remarried, and the five Keats children were sent to live with their maternal grandparents. The marriage failed, and their mother soon joined them. However, she died in 1810, and John's grandparents died by 1814. An unscrupulous guardian kept the Keats children away from their money and apprenticed John to a surgeon in 1811. Keats worked with the surgeon until 1814, then went to work for a hospital in London as a junior apothecary and surgeon in charge of dressing wounds.
In London, Keats pursued his interest in literature while working at the hospital. He became friends with the editor of the Examiner, Leigh Hunt, a successful poet and author who introduced him to other literary figures, including Percy Bysshe Shelley. Although Keats did not write his first poem until age 18, he quickly showed tremendous promise, encouraged by Hunt and his circle. Keats' work first appeared in the Examiner on this day in 1816, followed by Keats' first book, Poems (1817). After 1817, Keats devoted himself entirely to poetry, becoming a master of the Romantic sonnet and trying his hand at epic poems like Hyperion.
In 1818, Keats' brother Tom fell ill with tuberculosis. Another brother's poor investment left him stranded and penniless in Kentucky. Keats' economic struggles worsened, and a strenuous walking tour of England's Lake District damaged his health. The one bright spot in his life was Fanny Brawne, a young woman with whom he fell madly in love. They became engaged, but Keats' poverty did not allow them to marry. From January to September 1819, Keats produced an outpouring of brilliant work, including poems like Ode on a Grecian Urn, Ode to a Nightingale, and La Belle Dame Sans Merci.
The Eve of St. Agnes, Lamia, The Poetical Works of John Keats, Selected Poetry
ODE ON A GRECIAN URN.
Thou still unravish'd bride of quietness,
Thou foster-child of silence and slow time,
Sylvan historian, who canst thus express
A flowery tale more sweetly than our rhyme:
What leaf-fring'd legend haunts about thy shape
Of deities or mortals, or of both,
In Tempe or the dales of Arcady?
What men or gods are these? What maidens loth?
What mad pursuit? What struggle to escape?
What pipes and timbrels? What wild ecstasy?
Heard melodies are sweet, but those unheard
Are sweeter; therefore, ye soft pipes, play on;
Not to the sensual ear, but, more endear'd,
Pipe to the spirit ditties of no tone:
Fair youth, beneath the trees, thou canst not leave
Thy song, nor ever can those trees be bare;
Bold Lover, never, never canst thou kiss,
Though winning near the goal yet, do not grieve;
She cannot fade, though thou hast not thy bliss,
For ever wilt thou love, and she be fair!
| Ah, happy, happy
boughs! that cannot shed
Your leaves, nor ever bid the Spring adieu;
And, happy melodist, unwearied,
For ever piping songs for ever new;
More happy love! more happy, happy love!
For ever warm and still to be enjoy'd,
For ever panting, and for ever young;
All breathing human passion far above,
That leaves a heart high-sorrowful and cloy'd,
A burning forehead, and a parching tongue.
Who are these coming to the sacrifice?
To what green altar, O mysterious priest,
Lead'st thou that heifer lowing at the skies,
And all her silken flanks with garlands drest?
What little town by river or sea shore,
Or mountain-built with peaceful citadel,
Is emptied of this folk, this pious morn?
And, little town, thy streets for evermore
Will silent be; and not a soul to tell
Why thou art desolate, can e'er return.
O Attic shape! Fair attitude! with brede
Of marble men and maidens overwrought,
With forest branches and the trodden weed;
Thou, silent form, dost tease us out of thought
As doth eternity: Cold Pastoral!
When old age shall this generation waste,
Thou shalt remain, in midst of other woe
Than ours, a friend to man, to whom thou say'st,
"Beauty is truth, truth beauty,that is all
Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know."
| 1815 World's first commercial cheese factory established,
1809 Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
1783 Spain recognizes US independence.
1740 Charles de Bourbon, King of Naples, invites Jews to return to Sicily
1653 Cardinal Mazarin returns to Paris from exile
1591 German monarchy forms Protestant Union of Torgau
1576 Henri of Navarre (future Henri IV) escapes from Paris
1518 Pope Leo X imposes silence on the Augustinian monks.
1377 Cardinal Robert of Geneva (later anti-pope Clement VII), as papal legate in Upper Italy, in order to put down a rebellion in the Pontifical States, authorizes the massacre of 4000 persons at Cesena, and earns the title of "the executioner of Cesena".
occurred on a February 03:
2003 Lana Clarkson, 41 [photo >], shot at 05:00 while alone with rock music producer Phil Spector, 62, in his Los Angeles mansion.
2003 Luis Eduardo Guzmán Alvarez, licenciado en Educación, de 49 años, baleado en la noche, cuando salía de un estacionamiento en Bello (Antioquia) Colombia, donde era Secretario municipal de Educación. Fue presidente de la Asociación de Institutores de Antioquia, concejal de Bello, presidente del concejo municipal, y rector de un colegio de la ciudad.
2003 Rosario Camejo Puerta, de 60 años, secretaria del Gobernador de Arauca, Colombia. En el garaje de su casa encendía su camioneta para dirigirse a la oficina, cuando fue balaceada en la cabeza por un armada de fuego corta llevada por uno de dos hombres que se movilizaban en una motocicleta. La líder liberal se vinculó a la administración departamental el 14 octubre 2002. Fue juez municipal de Arauca, gerente de la Caja Nacional de Previsión Social (Cajanal), secretaria de Educación Intendencial, Intendente de Arauca y presidenta de la Cámara de Comercio de Arauca. Fundó la Liga de Lucha contra el Cáncer, las empresas Araugas y la Agencia de Viajes La Alborada. En el departamento de Arauca, Saravena, Arauca y Arauquita fueron declarados desde septiembre 2002 como zonas de rehabilitación y consolidación, para combatir a guerrilleros y paramilitares.
2003 Salah Kadih, 62, and Sami Abu-Shahab, 35, Palestinian farmers killed by Israeli tank fire in the Gaza Strip south of the Kissufim crossing, while they were digging in their fields, several hundred meters from each other, with shovels. The Israelis claimed that they were some 60 meters from the border fence, where there are no farming fields [because the Israelis destroyed them with bulldozers?]
2003 Israeli Sergeant Major Lior Naftali, 30, of Tel Aviv, when the bullet-proofed Sufa model jeep which he is driving swerves and overturns twice on a wide unpaved road near the Baruchin settler enclave outpost west of Ariel, West Bank. The three other reservists in the vehicle are injured. The high-center-of-gravity armored Sufa is involved in hundreds of accidents every year, and Israeli soldiers are not adequately trained to drive it.
2003 William Kelley, 73, of cancer, US screenwriter, TV scriptwriter, author of six novels including The God Hunters, The Tyree Legend, Gemini, A Servant of Slaves (Feb 2003, based on the life of a Henriette Delille, who in the 1800s founded an order of Black nuns). Kelley and Earl W. Wallace won an Oscar for best original screenplay the 1985 movie Witness, about a big-city policeman who hides out in Amish country to protect a young murder witness. Kelley served in the Air Force in the late 1940s. He spent three years studying for the priesthood in the 1950s and several of his books, as well as the Witness screenplay, include religious themes.
2002 Dozens of victims of earthquake (Richter 6.0) at 09:11 in Afyon province, Turkey. The worst hit town is Sultandagi, 30 km south of Bolvadin, the quake's epicenter. [Photo above: some of the devastation in Sultandagi]
The main quake (magnitude 6.2) occurs at 07:11:29 UT with its epicenter at 38.56N 31.11E ah a depth of 10 km. Aftershocks' epicenters are all at 10 km depth:
1) at 09:26:43 UT (5.9) at 38.68N 30.81E
2) at 11:39:54 UT (5.3) at 38.53N 30.96E
3) at 11:54:34 UT (5.0) at 38.56N 31.03E
| 2002 Annetjie Mienie, of Johannesburg, from being bitten
in the stomach by a mother hippopotamus whose calf she was photographing
in South Africa's Kruger National Park. Hippos are territorial and aggressive,
particularly when protecting their young, and kill more people in Africa
than any other wild mammal. [They suspect anyone approaching them to be
2001 Bruce Emerson Morrison, stabbed in the abdomen by Gong Zhili, a Chinese Protestant. Morrison was about to enter a meeting of young Protestants in Wuhan, Hubei province, China. He was an English teacher, from the US, at the Hubei Industrial Institute.
2000 Richard Kleindienst, 76, in Prescott, Arizona. He had served as US attorney general during the Nixon administration and resigned during the Watergate scandal.
1998 Twenty on cable car as US Marine jet plane clips its cable, and it falls 110 meters, in northern Italy. The jet's pilot (who was flying recklessly low) would be acquitted by a US military tribunal of 20 counts of involuntary manslaughter [in accordance with the US military's usual unconcern for human life, especially that of non-US nationals].
1998 Karla Faye Tucker, executed by the state of Texas for the pickax killings of two persons in 1983; first woman executed in the US since 1984.
1996 Sgt. 1st Class Donald A. Dugan, 38, becomes the first US soldier killed while on duty in Bosnia as a piece of ammunition explodes in his hands.
1959 Buddy Holly, 22, Ritchie Valens Valenzuela, 17, and J.P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson, 28, popular rock musicians, as their chartered Beechcraft Bonanza plane crashes in Iowa a few minutes after takeoff on a flight from Mason City to Moorehead, Minnesota.
1956 Émile Borel, mathematician.
1943: 672 in the sinking of the USAT Dorchester,
including the 4 chaplains who gave up their life jackets:
George L. Fox, 42, Alexander D. Goode, 31, Clark V. Poling,
32, John P. Washington, 34.
George L. Fox, the oldest of the four, enlisted in the Army as a medical corps assistant in 1917, lying about his age. He won a Silver Star, Croix de Guerre and Purple Heart. It was as a resident of Vermont and a family man that he felt the call to the ministry. Ordained Methodist, when war came again, he told his wife, "I've got to go. I know from experience what our boys are about to face." He began active duty in August of 1942. Alexander D. Goode, an outstanding scholar and athlete, became a rabbi just as his dad had been. He joined the National Guard while studying for the Rabbinate. Married to his childhood sweetheart, he served a synagogue in York, Pa., at the time World War II broke out and began active service August, 1942. Clark V. Poling, the seventh generation of his family to be ordained, was the youngest of the four chaplains. He told his dad he wanted to not "hide behind the church in some safe office." His father told him that chaplains cannot carry weapons and have the highest incidence of mortality. Poling left the Dutch Reformed Church pastorate in Schenectady, N.Y., and requested his father to pray that he would "do his duty, never be a coward and have the strength, courage and understanding of men." June, 1942, he began active duty. John P. Washington and eight siblings grew up in Newark, N.J., in a poor, Irish immigrant family. When called to the priesthood, he was the head of The South Twelfth Street Gang. Active duty began May, 1942. What makes this story unique is that four chaplains were aboard the S.S. Dorchester at the same time. On the evening of 02 February 1943, the S.S. Dorchester was plying its way through icy waters to the American base in Greenland. Formerly a luxury coastal liner, it now was a troop transport, part of a convoy. It was known that enemy U-boats prowled these sea lanes and everyone was edgy. The chaplains walked about, talking with the men, in an attempt to ease their fears. In the wee hours of the morning, a torpedo found its mark, striking the engine room with tremendous force, knocking out the lights. Many were killed instantly, others were trapped below decks. Some lifeboats capsized from overloading. Rafts tossed over the side drifted off. Many men did not have life-jackets. The chaplains did what they could to direct them in the darkness. One young man was rushing back to get gloves when Rabbi Goode took off his and gave them to him. A supply locker was located and the chaplains began to distribute the life-vests. When the locker was totally depleted of these vests, the chaplains took off their own insisting that the next in line don them. These four magnificent human beings were seen with arms linked and heads bowed, praying, as the slanting ship sank into the ocean deep. Only 230 survived out of more than 900.
It was the evening of 02 February 1943, and the USAT Dorchester was crowded to capacity, carrying 902 servicemen, merchant seamen and civilian workers. Once a luxury coastal liner, the 5649-ton vessel had been converted into an Army transport ship. The Dorchester, one of three ships in the SG-19 convoy, was moving steadily across the icy waters from Newfoundland toward a US base in Greenland. SG-19 was escorted by Coast Guard Cutters, Tampa, Escanaba and Comanche.
Hans J. Danielsen, the ship's captain, was concerned and cautious. Earlier the Tampa had detected a submarine with its sonar. Danielsen knew he was in dangerous waters even before he got the alarming information. German U-boats were constantly prowling these vital sea lanes, and several ships had already been blasted and sunk. The Dorchester was now only 240 km from its destination, but the captain ordered the men to sleep in their clothing and keep life jackets on. Many soldiers sleeping deep in the ship's hold disregarded the order because of the engine's heat. Others ignored it because the life jackets were uncomfortable.
On 03 February, at 00:55, through the periscope, an officer aboard the German submarine U-223 spotted the Dorchester. After identifying and targeting the ship, he gave orders to fire the torpedoes. The hit was decisive and deadly striking the starboard side, amid ship, far below the water line.
Danielsen, alerted that the Dorchester was taking water rapidly and sinking, gave the order to abandon ship. In less than 27 minutes, the Dorchester would slip beneath the Atlantic's icy waters. The hit had knocked out power and radio contact with the three escort ships. the CGC Comanche, however, saw the flash of the explosion. It responded and then rescued 97 survivors. The CGC Escanaba circled the Dorchester rescuing an additional 132 survivors. The third cutter, CGC Tampa, continued on, escorting the remaining two ships.
Aboard the Dorchester, the blast had killed scores of men and many more were seriously wounded. Others, stunned by the explosion were groping in the darkness. Those sleeping without clothing rushed topside where they were confronted first by the icy Arctic air. Men jumped from the ship into lifeboats, over-crowding them to the point of capsizing, according to eyewitnesses. Other rafts, tossed into the Atlantic, drifted away before soldiers could get in them.
Four Army chaplains were abord: Lt. George L. Fox, Methodist; Lt. Alexander D. Goode, Jewish; Lt. John P. Washington, Roman Catholic; and Lt. Clark V. Poling, Dutch Reformed. They tried to calm the frightened, tend the wounded and guide the disoriented toward safety.
Petty Officer John J. Mahoney, tried to reenter his cabin but was stopped by Rabbi Goode. Mahoney, concerned about the cold Arctic air, explained he had forgotten his gloves. "Never mind," Goode responded. "I have two pairs." The rabbi then gave the petty officer his own gloves. In retrospect, Mahoney realized that Rabbi Goode was not conveniently carrying two pairs of gloves, and that the rabbi had decided not to leave the Dorchester.
By this time, most of the men were topside, and the chaplains opened a storage locker and began distributing life jackets. When there were no more lifejackets , the chaplains removed theirs and gave them to next four men in line. As the ship went down, survivors in nearby rafts could see the four chaplains arms linked and braced against the slanting deck. Their voices could also be heard offering prayers.
Of the 902 men aboard the USA.T. Dorchester, 672 died, leaving 230 survivors. When the news reached American shores, the nation was stunned by the magnitude of the tragedy and heroic conduct of the four chaplains.
The Distinguished Service Cross and Purple Heart were awarded posthumously on 19 December 1944, to the next of kin by Lt. Gen. Brehon B. Somervell, Commanding General of the Army Service Forces, in a ceremony at the post chapel at Fort Myer, VA. A posthumous Special Medal for Heroism, never before given and never to be given again, was authorized by Congress and awarded by the President on 18 January 1961, in place of the Medal of Honor which requires heroism under fire.
Upon his discharge, he returned home to Altoona, completed his last year in high school, and went to work for the Guarantee Trust Company. In 1923 he entered Moody Institute in Illinois, where he married at Winona Lake, Indiana. After he withdrew from Moody Institute, he decided to become a minister and became an itinerant preacher in the Methodist faith. A son, Wyatt Ray, was born on 11 November 1924. After several successful years, George held a student pastorate in Downs, Illinois. George entered Illinois Wesleyan University in Bloomington in 1929 and graduated with an A.B. degree in 1931. Again as a student pastorate in Rye, New Hampshire, he entered the Boston University School of Theology. George was ordained a Methodist minister on 10 June 1934 and graduated with a S.T.B. degree. He was appointed pastor in Waits River, Vermont. Their second child, Mary Elizabeth, was born shortly thereafter. In 1936, he accepted a pastorate in Union Village, Vermont. His next calling was in Gilman, Vermont where he joined the Walter G. Moore American Legion Post. He was later appointed state chaplain and historian for the Legion.
In mid 1942, George decided to join the Army Chaplain Service and was appointed on 24 July 1942. He went on active duty on 08 August 1942, the same day his son Wyatt enlisted in the Marine Corps. Chaplain Fox was assigned to the Chaplains school at Harvard and then reported to the 411th Coast Artillery Battalion at Camp Davis. He was then reunited with Chaplains Goode, Poling and Washington at Camp Myles Standish in Taunton, Massachusetts and their fateful trip on the USAT Dorchester. Chaplain Fox was posthumously awarded the Purple Heart and Distinguished Service Cross.
He entered the University of Cincinnati and graduated in 1934 with an A.B. degree...and then on to Hebrew Union College with a B.H. degree in 1937. He later received his Ph.D. from John Hopkins University in 1940.
Alex married his childhood sweetheart, Theresa Flax, daughter of Nathan and Rose Flax. Theresa was a niece of singer and motion picture star, Al Jolson. They were married on October 7, 1935. As an ordained Rabbi, his first assignment was a synagogue in Marion, Indiana in 1936. On July 16, 1937 he was transferred to the Beth Israel synagogue in York, Pennsylvania until mid 1942. Alex and Theresa had a daughter, Rosalie, who was born in 1939.
In January 1941, Alex applied for a chaplain post in the Navy, but was not accepted at that time. Right after Pearl Harbor, he applied for a chaplain post with the United States Army and received his appointment July 21, 1942. Chaplain Goode went on active duty on August 9, 1942 and was selected for the Chaplains School at Harvard. He had courses in map reading, first aid, law, and chemical warfare. Chaplain Goode was then assigned to the 333rd Airbase Squadron in Goldsboro, North Carolina. In October 1942, he was transferred to Camp Myles Standish in Taunton, Massachusetts and Alex was reunited with Chaplains Fox, Poling and Washington, who were classmates at Harvard.
It was January 1943 when he boarded the USAT Dorchester in Boston and embarkation to Greenland. Chaplain Goode was killed in action on February 3, 1943 in the icy waters of the North Atlantic when the Dorchester was sunk by a German U-boat. Chaplain Goode was posthumously awarded the Purple Heart and Distinguished Service Cross.
Clark attended Oakwood, a Quaker high school in Poughkeepsie, New York, and was a good student and an excellent football halfback. Clark was a council member and president of the student body. In 1929 he enrolled at Hope College in Holland, Michigan and spent his last two years at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey, graduating in 1933 with an A.B. degree. Clark entered Yale University's Divinity School in New Haven, Connecticut and graduated with his B.D. degree in 1936. He was ordained in the Reformed Church in America and his first assignment was the First Church of Christ, New London, Connecticut. Shortly thereafter, he accepted the assignment of Pastor of the First Reformed Church in Schenectady, New York.
Clark was married to Betty Jung of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and the next year, Clark, Jr. (Corky) was born. With our country now at war with Japan, Germany and Italy, he decided to be a chaplain. Talking with his father, Dr. Daniel A. Poling, who was a chaplain in World War I, he was told that chaplains in that conflict sustained the highest mortality rate of all military personnel. Without hesitation, he was appointed on June 10, 1942 a chaplain with the 131st Quartermaster Truck Regiment and reported to Camp Shelby, Hattiesburg, Mississippi, effective 25 June 1942. Later he attended Chaplains School at Harvard with Chaplains Fox, Goode and Washington after his transfer to Camp Myles Standish in Taunton, Massachusetts. Shortly after the USAT Dorchester was sunk on 03 February 1943, his wife, Betty, gave birth to a daughter, Susan Elizabeth, on April 20. Chaplain Poling was posthumously awarded the Purple Heart and Distinguished Service Cross.
John entered Seton Hall in South Orange, New Jersey to complete his high school and college courses in preparation for the priesthood. He graduated from Seton Hall in 1931 with an A.B. degree. He entered Immaculate Conception Seminary in Darlington, New Jersey and received his minor orders on May 26, 1933. John excelled in the seminary, was a sub deacon at all the solemn masses, and later become a deacon on 25 December 1934. John was elected prefect of his class and was ordained a priest on 15 June 1935.
Father Washington's first parish was at St. Genevieve's in Elizabeth, New Jersey, and then at St. Venantius for a year. In 1938 he was assigned to St. Stephen's in Arlington, New Jersey. Shortly after the Pearl Harbor attack of December 7, 1941, he received his appointment as a chaplain in the United States Army. He went on active duty on 09 May 1942 and was named Chief of the Chaplains Reserve Pool, Ft. Benjamin Harrison, Indiana. In June 1942, he was assigned to the 76th Infantry Division in Ft. George Meade, Maryland. In November 1942, he reported to Camp Myles Standish in Taunton, Massachusetts and met Chaplains Fox, Goode and Poling at Chaplains School at Harvard.
Father Washington boarded the USAT Dorchester at the Embarkation Camp at Boston Harbor in January 1943 enroute to Greenland. Chaplain Washington was killed in action on 03 February 1943, when the Dorchester was sunk by a German U-boat. Chaplain Washington was posthumously awarded the Purple Heart and Distinguished Service Cross.
| 1943 Hedrick,
1925 Oliver Heaviside, 74, mathematician
1922 John Butler Yeats I, Irish artist born in 1839. Relative? of Jack B. Yeats [1871-1957] ?
1900 William Stanley Haseltine, US painter born on 11 January 1835. MORE ON HASELTINE AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
1889 Myra Belle Shirley Starr, notorious "Bandit Queen", by two shotgun blasts from behind. by an unknown assailant, in Oklahoma.
1862 Biot, mathematician.
1852 Those killed in the battle of Caseros, Argentina, in which the governor (since 1841) of the province of Entre Ríos, Justo José de Urquiza [18 Oct 1801 – 11 Apr 1870], with Brazilian and Uruguayan participation, defeats Juan Manuel de Rosas [30 Mar 1793 – 14 Mar 1877], dictator-governor of Buenos Aires since March 1835. Rosas resigns and flees to exile in England. Rosas had hurt the economy of Entre Rios by imposing Buenos Aires as the only authorized seaport. Urquiza succeeds Rosas in power and, in August 1852 convoques a constitutional convention which adapts the US constitution and in 1853 produces a constitution, under which Urquiza becomes President until 1860.
1850 Guillaume-François Colson, French artist born on 01 May 1785.
1759 Hendrik van Limborch (or Limborgh), Dutch artist born on 19 March 1681.
1753 Philip van Dyk the little van Dyck, Dutch artist born on 10 January 1680.
1737 Tommaso Ceva, mathematician.
1687 Berhardt Keil (or Keyl, Keilhau), Danish painter born in 1624. The Lacemaker (72x97cm)
1679 Jan Havickszoon Steen, Dutch painter born in 1626. MORE ON STEEN AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
0856 Rabanus Maurus, one of the great Christian encyclopedists.
which occurred on a February 03:
1984 First human conceived by embryo transplant, born in Long Beach CA
1920 Dr Henry Heimlich doctor/inventor (Heimlich maneuver)
1912 Jacques Soustelle French minister of information
1909 Simone Weil Paris, mystic/social philosopher/Resistance fighter (WWII), younger sister of mathematician André Weil (whom I knew at the University of Chicago, 1948-50). She died on 24 August 1943.
1907 James A Michener New York NY, writer (Tales of the South Pacific, Centennial, Chesapeake, Hawaii, Space, The Bridges at Toko-Ri, Journey, Hawaii, Iberia, Centennial, Mexico) He died on 16 October 1997.
1906 Ludvig Nielsen composer
1905 Beurling, mathematician
1898 Urysohn, mathematician
1894 Norman Perceval Rockwell, US illustrator, famous for his Saturday Evening Post covers, who died on 08 November 1978. MORE ON ROCKWELL AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with an image and links to other images.
1894 Juan Negrín, Spanish Republican prime minister during Spanish Civil War. He died on 14 November 1956.
1893 Gaston Julia, mathematician.
1887 Naruhiko Higashikuni, Japanese imperial prince, prime minister who died on 20 January 1990.
^ 1887 Georg Trakl. ^top^
Ce poète autrichien est l'un des grands de la poésie du début du XXème siècle. Il incarne le poète maudit, hanté par un amour incestueux pour sa sœur Maragarete, drogué à l’absinthe et à l’opium, il eut une existence brève et tragique. Envoyé sur le front russe, il tenta de mettre fin à ses jours face à l'horreur des massacres auxquels il assista, et fut interné. Le 3 novembre, il tente de nouveau de se suicider. Il meurt à l’hôpital de Cracovie d'une overdose. On lui doit des pièces de théâtre, Fata Morgana et le Jour des morts, qui furent jouées en 1906. Son inspiration poétique, sans doute influencée au début par le symbolisme de Maeterlinck, s'en détacha rapidement pour s'affirmer comme une écriture comparable à celle de Hölderlin et de Novalis. Son œuvre tourmentée, ordinairement considérée comme faisant partie de la poésie expressionniste, mais dépassant l'expressionnisme, en fait l'un des plus grands noms de la poésie autrichienne. On l'a comparé à Rimbaud, dont il se voyait comme l'un des héritiers. Mais il est également de la filiation de Baudelaire et de Verlaine, celle des poètes maudits. Ses poèmes ont été recueillis et publiés après sa mort. En 1912 avaient paru deux recueils, Crépuscule et déclin et Sébastien en rêve.
1885 Moses Lévy, French artist who died in 1968.
1883 Camille Bombois, French artist who died on 11 June 1970.
^ 1881 Joseph A. Galamb, in Mako, Hungary ^top^
He would become a Ford Motor Company engineer and a member of the team of engineers that developed the Model T. The Model T design would change automotive history with its reliability, affordability, and capacity for mass production. “If you freeze the design and concentrate on production,” Ford explained, “as the volume goes up, the cars are certain to become cheaper.” Thanks to men like Joseph Galamb, the design for the “Tin Lizzy” met her maker’s expectation to bring automobiles to the masses and guaranteed that the New World would become even newer for the next wave of immigrants. On February 3, 1981, the citizens of Mako, Hungary, paid tribute to Galamb, honoring the hundredth anniversary of his birth.
1874 Gertrude Stein, US writer and literary stylist who died on 27 July 1946.
1851 Wilhelm Heinrich Trübner, German artist who died on 21 December 1917.
1830 Robert Cecil Marquess of Salisbury (C), British PM (1885-1902)
1811 Horace Greeley (journalist: founded and edited The New York Tribune, "Go west, young man!"; politician: helped found the Republican Party, ran unsuccessfully for US President ) He died on 29 November 1872.
1810 Johann Peter Gmelin (?), German artist who died on 24 May 1854.
1809 Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy Hamburg Germany, composer (Great Scherzos, Wedding March, Elijah, Fingal's Cave) He died on 04 November 1847.
1807 Genaro (or Jenaro) Pérez Villaamil, Spanish artist who died on 05 June 1854.
1796 Jean-Baptiste Madou, Belgian artist who died on 03 April 1877.
1793 Lucretia Coffin Mott, in Nantucket, Massachusetts, political and social reformer.
1688 Dirk Dalens III, Dutch artist who died in 1753.
1368 Charles VI King of France (1380-1422)