a January 09:
2001 Kenny Gluck, 38, head of the Médecins Sans Frontières mission in the North Caucasus, is kidnapped in an ambush near Starye Atagi, 19 km south of Grozny, Chechnya. He would be released unharmed on 03 February 2001.
2001 Linda Chavez withdraws from her nomination to be US Secretary of Labor, because of controversy over an illegal immigrant who once lived with her.
2001 As if the Middle East conflict wasn't enough. The news come out that the Clintons' diplomacy has been unable to resolve a hostile confrontation right inside the White House, ever since December 1997 when puppy chocolate Labrador retriever Buddy [photo grown-up>] was given to Clinton because it's the president's desire to have one loyal friend in Washington. (said spokesman Mike McCurry at the time). This was greatly to the disgust of First Democat Socks [< photo], then 6 years old, who had moved into the White House at the same time as the Clintons. President Clinton named Buddy after his great-uncle, Henry Oren ``Buddy'' Grisham, who had died earlier in 1997.
It is already decided that when the Clintons leave the White House to George W. Bush on 20 January 2001, the two feuding animals will NOT go to the same place. Then Socks was adopted by the ex-president's secretary, Betty Currie. Buddy went with the Clintons to their new home in Chappaqua NY and died there struck by a car on 02 January 2002.
2001 ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna) intenta asesinar a la cúpula del PP vasco en Zarautz.
2001 Man bites python
The Star of Johannesburg reports that Lucas Sibanda, 57, was being constricted by a python when he freed himself by biting the snake just below the head, kicking and punching it. Then he killed it with a stick, took it home, and skinned it:
A fierce rock python meets its match in the form of a man from Pretoria man who bites his way to freedom. Lucas Sibanda, 57, a council worker, is alive today because of quick thinking, common sense and strong teeth. Sibanda was walking home on the remote, narrow pathway that he uses each day to get to work when the snake appeared suddenly from behind some shrubs. "I couldn't believe my eyes when just in front of me it appeared from nowhere and started coming at me. I froze for almost 10 seconds, enough to let the snake tangle itself around me," he said. He sunk his teeth into the python's neck The python started constricting him in an attempt to suffocate its victim. Sibanda said he kept his cool and thought to himself that it was either fighting back, or watching, as the snake made lunch out of him. "I decided that the only way to save myself from this monster was to bite it just below the head," he said. He sunk his teeth into the python's neck, while he kicked and punched until the snake finally untangled itself from his body. Sibanda said he looked around and saw a stick lying in the pathway, which he used to hit the snake before it could attack him again. Sibanda has already skinned the python The father of four said his family couldn't believe it when he arrived home dragging the snake. He added that in his lifetime he had seen plenty of snakes while growing up on a farm in Swaziland, but it was the first time he had ever seen or fought with such an enormous one. "This is like one horrible nightmare. I don't know where I found the strength to fight that snake, but I thank God I'm still alive to tell the tale." Sibanda has already skinned the python and says he will leave it outside his house as proof for people who would otherwise not believe his story
Lunar Eclipse visible from Europe, Africa, Asia. The
totality lasts 62 minutes, centered on 20:20 UT when the Moon is overhead
Muslims riot in Nigeria because sinners caused eclipse
Rampaging Muslims burn down scores of hotels and bars in a northern Nigerian city in reaction to the lunar eclipse which they blame on sinners. Paramilitary police battle gangs of Muslim youths in the streets of the largely Islamic city of Maiduguri for hours. At least 40 hotels or saloons are set ablaze. Similar violence occurs in Barma town 80 km away where youths chanting Allahu Akbar take to the streets. "The immoral acts committed in these places are responsible for this eclipse," a youth leader says. Religious violence has been a major problem in the largely Islamic north over the past year. Hundreds of people were killed in two bouts of Muslim-Christian bloodletting in the northern city of Kaduna over plans to introduce Islamic sharia law in the area.
Turks shoot at the Moon
Turkish police arrest eight people for shooting at the moon during the eclipse for what they said were traditional reasons. Police in the southeastern town of Kahramanmaras briefly detain the moon shooters, who said they were following an ancient tradition, and confiscated their rifles. They did not explain the origin of the alleged tradition. An imam of the town says that shooting at the moon is a custom without religious foundation. He urges the faithful only to pray to God during lunar eclipses.
|2001 Evil cult
members sentenced to prison in China
Chinese television announces that Li Jinpeng, He Yuansheng, and Shi Xiufen, have been sentenced by Beijing couts respectively to 6, 4, and 3 years in prison for to three, for "using an evil cult to destroy the implementation of laws," for printing and distributing leaflets protesting the government crackdown on the Falun Gong (the "evil cult").
Falun Gong claims 100 million adherents (the Chinese government says 30 million)
Falun Gong Overview
But Mr. Li has also told Western reporters that humanity will soon be wiped out, that space aliens are on Earth trying to replace human beings with clones and that he is invested with supernatural powers allowing him to move through dimensions. He also criticizes rock 'n'roll, science, and homosexuality. [Outlawed sect leader fears bloodshed in China]
Civil disobedience by the Chinese spiritual movement Falun Gong shows no sign of slowing in the New Year and may be ratcheting up to a new level.
In a New Year's Day message to followers, posted on the group's official Web site (www.clearwisdom.net), the movement's exiled founder, Li Hongzhi, warned that Falun Gong followers facing persecution could rightfully ''go beyond the limits of forbearance.'' Forbearance is one of the principal virtues promoted by his discipline. ''If the evil has already reached the point where it is unsavable and unkeepable, various measures at different levels can be used to stop it and eradicate it,'' he said, writing from the United States, where he now lives.
That suggests that 2001 will be a year of increased activity among the core of true believers in China who are not in detention or under strict police supervision. The number of those followers is impossible to estimate.
Whether Mr. Li's New Year message advocates more militant action than the group's remarkably passive behavior to date is not clear. While his calls to ''defend the Fa,'' or Great Law of Falun Gong, have kept adherents streaming into Tiananmen Square, his doctrine of forbearance has prevented most from resisting the beatings and detention that they invariably receive there. But his followers' activism has risen over the past six months as Mr. Li's appeals have grown increasingly urgent, even politicized. In September, Falun Gong's official Web site began attacking President Jiang Zemin as the man personally responsible for Falun Gong's persecution, calling him ''the highest representative of the evil force in the human world.''
Mr. Li, meanwhile, has begun speaking in increasingly apocalyptic terms. He has said the current struggles in China are leading to an apparently transcendent event that he calls the Consummation, in which his disciples will ''leave'' and ''all bad people will be destroyed by gods.'' Those who are left will pay for their past sins with ''horrible suffering,'' he has said.
The Chinese government has responded to Mr. Li's shift in tone by declaring late last year that Falun Gong had become a reactionary political force bent on subverting China's socialist system. Known dissidents in Shanghai have been warned to steer clear of any contact with Falun Gong followers or face immediate detention. The implication is that Beijing is worried that as Falun Gong metamorphoses into a more political movement it could knit together an alliance of dissident networks around the country. [ Banned Chinese Sect Is Spurred On by Exiled Leader]
dates in emergence of China's banned Falungong movement
Following is a list of key events, which have seen the banned Falungong spiritual movement branded the biggest threat to China's communist regime since the 1989 democracy protests.
Perhaps the most worrying new belief (for the Chinese government) is the feeling that persecution and imprisonment in Beijing are part of the initiation into the deepest part of the faith for true believers.
Predictably, Li Hongzhi has denounced Ms. Pang.
|2001 Another Evil
cult's members prison sentence upheld
The Higher People's Court of eastern Jiangsu province, China, rejects an appeal by four members of the Zhong Gong "evil cult" (i.e., like Falun Gong, a banned meditation and exercise movement) who were sentenced to between two and four years imprisonment on subversion charges, for disseminating letters purportedly written by senior police officials that criticized Chinese President Jiang Zemin for the crackdowns on Zhong Gong and on Falun Gong.
Zhong Gong is one of many movements based on variations of qi gong. The full name translates to "China Health Care and Wisdom Enhancement Practice" or "Chinese way to keep healthy and clever". Zhong Gong, which claims to have about 20 million followers, was founded in the early 1990s by qigong master Zhang Hongbao (born in 1959). The movement combines classical qigong, a traditional deep breathing exercise with elements of traditional Chinese culture. It has eight levels of development, stressing the diagnosis and treatment of disease. Those who reach the fourth level are said to acquire powers such as greatly enhanced vision and hearing.
Qigong, from the Chinese qi = energy, the air, and gong = time, practice, is a system of physical exercises, breathing and mental training, with as purpose the strengthening of the body's internal energy as well as controlling the circulation of qi. There are various forms of qigong, both traditional and modern; some are associated with martial arts, some with religion, some with scholarly pursuits such as calligraphy; others are concerned solely with health promotion. Movements based on qi gong include Falun Gong, Zhong Gong, Yuan Ji Gong and Wang Gong
| 2000 Park Tae-joon, the leader of the United Liberal
Democrats, is appointed South Korea's prime minister.
1998 Decapitated head of Danish Little Mermaid is returned
1997 3M Sues Microsoft Newspapers reported that 3M sued Microsoft for patent infringement, claiming that a note feature included in Office 97 misappropriated the appearance and function of 3M's Post-it notes and might confuse consumers.
1997 La compañía automovilística General Motors acuerda retirar la demanda contra la empresa alemana Volkswagen.
1996 Chechen nationalists seize a hospital in the southern Russian city of Kizlyar and take up to 3000 hostages. The would release all but about 160 hostages the next day, using the remaining captives as a shield against Russian troops massing for aggression against Chechnya's independence.
1995 Ecuador & Peru involve in boundary fight
1991 Secretary of State James A. Baker III and Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz meet for six hours in Geneva, but fail to resolve the Persian Gulf crisis. President Bush, in Washington, accuses Iraq of "a total stiff-arm, a total rebuff."
1987 Hissène Habré y Goukouni Oueddei llegan a un acuerdo para poner fin a la guerra civil en Chad.
|1984 A Hillside Strangler
sentenced to life in prison.
Angelo Buono, one of the Hillside Stranglers, is sentenced to life in prison for his role in the rape, torture, and murder of 10 young women in Los Angeles. Buono's cousin and partner in crime, Kenneth Bianchi, testified against Buono to escape the death penalty. Buono, a successful auto upholsterer, and Bianchi began their serial crime spree in 1977 when Bianchi moved from New York to live with his cousin. They started talking about how the prostitutes that Buono often brought home would hardly be missed by anyone if they disappeared. Idle speculation quickly led to action and on October 6, 1977, the pair picked up Elissa Kastin in their van, raped and strangled her, and then dumped her body on a hillside in Glendale, California.
Within a month Buono and Bianchi had attacked three other women and developed a trademark method of operation. They picked up the women in their van, drove them back to Buono's house where they were sexually assaulted in all manners, tortured, and strangled to death. The duo then thoroughly cleaned the bodies before taking and posing them in lascivious positions on hillsides in the Los Angeles area, often near police stations. Thus, they earned the nickname the "Hillside Strangler." The press assumed that it was the work of one man.
Following the death of the 10th victim in February 1978, the murders suddenly stopped. Buono and Bianchi were no longer getting along, even with their common hobby. Bianchi moved to Washington and applied for a job at the Bellingham Police Department. He didn't get the job, but became a security guard instead. However, he couldn't keep his murderous impulses in check and killed two college students. A witness who had seen the two girls with Bianchi came forward and the case was solved.
Bianchi, who had read Sybil and The Three Faces of Eve many times [both books were made into movies], suddenly claimed to have multiple personalities. He blamed the murders on "Steve," one of his alternate personalities. Psychiatrists examining Bianchi quickly dismissed his ruse and Bianchi then confessed to the Hillside Strangler murders, testifying against Buono to avoid the death penalty in Washington.
During his trial, Buono fiercely insisted on his innocence, pointing to the fact that there was no physical evidence tying him to the crimes. Buono's house was so clean that investigators couldn't even find Buono's own fingerprints in the home. But after more than 400 witnesses testified, Buono was convicted and sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole. Bianchi will be eligible for parole in Washington in 2005.
The Three Faces of Eve (1957) by Corbett H. Thigpen:
A depressed housewife, Eve White, is brought by her husband to consult a psychiatrist because her behavior has been strange. Although she denies it, she has purchased uncharacteristically seductive clothing and has been singing and dancing in bars. Her surprised doctor is soon confronted with a different but equally inadequate personality, the sexy Eve Black. He recognizes the case as an example of the rare condition, multiple personality disorder, and embarks on a course of psychotherapy in search of the woman's missing memories.
Eve's unhealthy marriage disintegrates when she chooses to remain in therapy rather than move away with her violent husband. Psychotherapy helps her to the repressed memory of an instance of childhood abuse: being forced by her mother to kiss the corpse of a dead relative. A third personality, that of intelligent, insightful Jane, slowly emerges to replace the other two. Jane establishes a new life with a loving man.
Sybil (1973) by Flora Rheta Schreiber
Allegedly factual story of young "Sybil Isabel Dorsett," who developed 16 personalities (two of them male) as a way to cope with fears stemming from her upbringing by her cruel, mentally ill mother "Hattie". After her 26 February 1998 death (from breast cancer), at age 75, it was revealed that in real life she was art teacher Shirley Ardell Mason [photo], a 7th-Day Adventist and a vegetarian. The story may have been a knowing misrepresentation by her psychiatrist Dr. Cornelia Wilbur (who treated her from 1954 to 1965 and on whom Shirley Mason developed a lifelong dependency) and the author. Shirley Mason had read The Three Faces of Eve. Shirley Mason was born 25 January 1923, in Dodge Center, Minnesota, the daughter of Walter Mason and Martha "Mattie" Alice Hageman Mason. Shirley Mason never married. Before the publication of Sybil, there were only about 75 reported cases of MPD (multiple personality disorder); in the following 25 years, there have been perhaps 40'000 such diagnoses, almost all in North America. Psychological Self Help does not cover MPD (also called DID: dissociative identity disorder), which some experts view as a phony condition. However others, such as the International Society for the Study of Dissociation, consider it legitimate and estimate that from 1 per 1000 to 1 per 100 of the US population suffers from it..
The personalities of Sybil in the book:
|Sybil: The 'real' patient, Sybil was 'extremely
Victoria: Warm and cultured, claimed total recall
Peggy Lou: Assertive and eager, but obstinate and quick to anger
Peggy Ann: More tactful than Peggy Lou, also more fearful
Mary: The most religious personality; a maternal homebody
Marcia: A fiery painter and writer; British accent
Vanessa: Attractive and dramatic, Vanessa scorned religion
Mike: A proud, swarthy carpenter; wanted to 'give a girl a baby'
|Sid: Also a carpenter, but fair-skinned
and less outspoken
Nancy: Paranoid; obsessed with Armageddon and conspiracy
Sybil Ann: Pale, timid and extremely lethargic; the defeated Sybil
Ruthie: A toddler, the Ruthie personality was poorly developed
Clara: Very religious; critical and resentful of Sybil
Helen: Timid, afraid, but determined 'to be somebody'
Marjorie Serene and quick to laugh, enjoyed parties and travel
The Blonde: A nameless teen, fun-loving and carefree
| 1981 Francisco Balsamao elected President of Portugal
Jose Pereira Pinto Balsemao, se convierte en el nuevo jefe de Gobierno
1979 Supreme Court strikes down (6-3) PA law requiring doctors performing an abortion to try to preserve lives of potentially viable fetuses
1978 Commonwealth of Northern Marianas established
1977 Porgy & Bess closes at Uris Theater New York City NY after 122 performances
1972 reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes, speaking by telephone from the Bahamas to reporters in Hollywood, says that a purported biography of him by Clifford Irving is a fake.
1970 Constitution of Singapore enacted
1970 After 140 years of unofficial racial discrimination, the Mormons issued an official statement declaring that blacks were not yet to receive the priesthood "for reasons which we believe are known to God, but which He has not made fully known to man."
1969 Concorde jetliner's 1st test flight (Bristol England)
1968 the Surveyor 7 space probe made a soft landing on the moon, the end of the US series of unmanned explorations of the lunar surface.
1967 Georgia legislature seats Representative Julian Bond
1967 Construction of the Volga Automobile Works begins in Togliatti (named after Italian Communist leader) in the Soviet Union. By April of 1970, Zhiguli automobiles (later known as "Lada" autos) were rolling off the assembly lines. In association with Fiat, the Volga works became the largest producer of small European automobiles.
1967 The US Agency for International Development (AID) reports to the Presiden that "No more than 5-6 percent of all economic assistance commodities delivered to Vietnam were stolen or otherwise diverted."
1958 The Toyota and Datsun (later Nissan) brand names made their first appearances in the United States at the Imported Motor Car Show in Los Angeles, California. Previously, these auto makers had sold in the US only under American brand names, as part of joint ventures with Ford and GM.
1957 British premier Anthony Eden resigns for health reasons (he says). es sustituido por Maurice Harold MacMillan.
1957 Karachayevo-Cherkess Autonomous Region reestablished in RSFSR
1957 Checheno-Ingush ASSR reformed in RSFSR.
1954 -87ºF (-66ºC), Northice Station, Greenland (Greenland record)
1954 Se presenta en Nueva York la primera calculadora de circuitos integrados o cerebro electrónico.
| 1952 Belgian Pholien government resigns
1945 US soldiers led by General Douglas MacArthur invade Philippines.
1942 La ofensiva rusa llega hasta la zona oriental de Smolensko en la Segunda Guerra Mundial.
1939 Libia es incorporada al territorio de Italia.
1937 Italian regime bans marriages between Italians and Abyssinians
1936 Semi-automatic rifles adopted by US army.
1934 Se reanudan hostilidades en la guerra del Chaco al negarse Paraguay a mantener el armisticio.
1932 Dimite el ministro de Asuntos Exteriores francés Aristide Briand por motivos de salud.
1925 Terminan los compromisos unilaterales del Tratado de Versalles.
1912 US marines invade Honduras
1879 Cheyenne prisoners led by Dull Knife revolt at Fort Robinson.
1879 Kirland Warbler discovered on Andros Island in Bahamas
1880 6' (1.8 meters) of snow falls in Seattle in 5 days
1863 -Jan 11th] Battle of Arkansas Post AR (Fort Hindman)
1861 Mississippi secedes from the Union. El estado de Mississippi se separa de la Unión Norteamericana para formar parte de la Confederación de los Estados del Sur.
1861 Star of the West fails to relieve Fort Sumter
1848 People's uprising in Palermo Sicily
1839 Daguerrotype photo process announced at French Academy of Science.
1837 Cae gravemente herido en un duelo el poeta ruso Alexandr Sergueyevich Pushkin.
1834 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin on board arrives in Port San Julian, Patagonia
1812 Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon.
1812 Tras cuatro días de bombardeo, Valencia capitula ante las fuerzas del francés Louis Gabriel Suchet.
1809 Arthur Colley Wellesley, duke of Wellington, concierta con España un tratado de amistad y de ayuda militar.
1799 Income Tax introduced in UK
1792 Russia and Turkey sign Peace of Jassy
1788 Connecticut becomes 5th state to ratify the US Constitution.
1760 Afghans defeat Marathas in battle of Barari Ghat
1719 Le roi Philippe V d'Espagne a des prétentions au trône de France. Pour les déjouer, le régent français met en scène un attentat contre sa personne. L'attentat aurait été fomenté dans l'entourage de l'ambassadeur d'Espagne, ce qui tient lieu de prétexte à l'entrée en guerre.
1718 France declares war on Spain
1522 Adriaan F Boeyens of Utrecht elected only Dutch/last non-Italian pope (Adrian VI)
1493 First sighting of manatees by a non-Amerindian (Christopher Columbus).
1316 Felipe V se convierte en rey de Francia y de Navarra tras la muerte de su sobrino Juan I.
1317 Phillips V, the Tall, crowned king of France
which occurred on a January 09:
2003 Christophe Dubois, Belgian living in Peru, his Peruvian wife Sofía Porfirio, all 40 other passengers and 4 crew members aboard state-owned TANS Airline Flight 222, a Fokker F-28 twin-engine turbo jet, which — after taking off from Chiclayo, Peru, at 08:05 — crashes into a cloud-covered Cerro Coloque, 3300 above sea level, in the mountainous jungle near the village Luyo, 3 minutes before its scheduled 08:46 landing at Chachapoyas, Peru. Chachapoyas, 2300 m above sea level, is frequented by tourists and backpackers visiting Kuelap, a pre-Colombian cloud-shrouded citadel . TANS Peru had been flying the route from Chiclayo to Chachapoyas for two months to draw tourists to Chachapoyas and Kuelap. The airport does not have radar or a fixed phone line.
2002 Anna Maria Zanchi, Italian born on 19 November 1891.
2002 Four Israeli soldiers and Mohammed Abu Jamous and Emad Rizzek who attack an Israeli military position near the Gaza airport before dawn. The attackers were dressed in Palestinian police uniforms. Jamous is a naval policeman. The attackers cut through the fence between Israel and the Gaza Strip, and then stormed the nearby army outpost, throwing grenades and firing assault rifles. After the initial attack, an army patrol rushed to the scene to help the soldiers under fire. Three soldiers were killed in the attack, two soldiers were wounded, one of them seriously, who dies shortly afterwards. The first attacker was killed on the spot, and the second was shot dead after a chase. The post guarded the small Israeli farming village of Kerem Shalom. The assailants are residents of the Rafah refugee camp and belong to the Qassam brigades (the military wing of Hamas).
2002 Ashley Marie Pond [born 01 March 1889] [photo below, right ], abducted while walking after breakfast to the school bus stop 8 minutes from her home in Oregon City, Oregon, later murdered. Miranda Diane Gaddis, 13, who lived in the same apartment complex (Newell Creek Village), would be similarly abducted and murdered early on 08 March 2002. Ward Weaver, 39 [photo below, left], who leaves near-by, would be arrested on 13 August 2002 for the rape and attempted murder by smothering of the girlfriend (who fled naked) of the girlfriend of his son, Francis Weaver, 19, who reports it to police and adds that his father had admitted killing the two girls. Ashley, a friend of Ward Weaver's daughter Mallori (who was in the same dance class with her and Miranda), had been a frequent guest at their house; for several months in 2001 she lived there while her own father was in jail on charges of sexually abusing her (he pled guilty and was sentenced to probation). In the summer of 2001, Ashley had accused Ward Weaver of sexually molesting her, but he denied it and was never charged. On 24 August 2002 Miranda's remains are found in a shed in Ward Weaver's backyard. On 25 August 2002 Ashley's remains are found under a concrete slab which Ward Weaver had poured in his backyard three days after Miranda's disappearance. Ward Weaver's father is on death row in California for a 1981 double murder, after which he buried the body of one of the victims, a young woman, in his backyard then covered it with a slab of concrete..
2001 Magomed Khasuyev, 70, imam of the mosque of the village of Germenchuk, Chechnya, murdered.
2001 Quatre russes, assassinés par un groupe armé, en Algérie. Les russes étaient allé cueillir des champignons dans une forêt près de Berrahal, à 25 kilomètres d'Annaba. Ils étaient employés par l'entreprise Asmidal (engrais) sise à Annaba.
2001 Saru Dawa, 27, while held at the Nyari Detention Center in the city of Shigatse, China. The authorities claim he commited suicide. He was a Tibetan monk returning to Tibet from India where he had visited his ailing mother, when Chinese police arrested him at the border on 20 November 2000, for the serious crime of carrying a picture of himself and the Dalai Lama and some books published in the Tibetan exile community in Dharamsala, India.
1998 Kenichi Fukui, 79, Japanese Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1981)
1998 José Ignacio Iruretagoyena, el concejal del Partido Popular en Zarautz, asesinado por la banda terrorista ETA (Euskadi Ta Azkatasuna).
1997 Edward Osobka-Morawski prime minister of Poland (1945-47)
1997 All 26 passengers and 3 crew members aboard Comair Flight 3272, an Embraer 120RT Brasilia, which had left Cincinnati at 14:53 and, with iced wings loses air speed and crashes at 15:56 near Monroe, Michigan, 29 km short of Detroit-Metropolitan Airport runway 03 as it was on its approach to it.
1995 Souphanouvong [Red Prince], 85, President of Laos (1975-87)
1992 William JF "Bill" Naughton, 81, Irish/British playwright (Alfie)
1989 Stone, mathematician.
1987 Some 1500, in Chinese-Vietnamese border fights.
1973 Vandiver, mathematician
1958 Paul Fechter German writer/historian (God's Magician)
1953: 249 people, as Korean ferryboat "Chang Tyong-Ho" sinks off Pusan.
1953 Hans Aanrud, 89, Norwegian author (Storken)
1947 Karl Mannheim , 53, sociologist (Diagnosis of Our Time)
1946 Countee Cullen , 42, US poet (Black Christ, One Way to Heaven), in New York City NY.
| 1943 Robin G Collingwood, 53, English philosopher (Roman
1941 Some 6000 Jews in pogrom, Bucharest Romania
1929 Heiner Müller writer
1927: 78 children in fire at Laurier Palace cinema in Montreal.
1923 Katherine Mansfield, 34, New Zealand / British writer (Dove's Nest)
1908 Wilhelm Busch, German artist and writer born on 15 April 1832. — more with links to images.
1901 Manuel María de los Santos Acosta Castillo, político liberal colombiano.
1898 Henry Stacy Marks, British painter born on 13 September 1829. MORE ON MARKS AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1893 Mohara Arab ivory/slave trader, dies in battle and is eaten.
1873 Empereur (déchu) Napoléon III. Il souffrait depuis longtemps de problèmes rénaux. L'intervention chirurgicale, en Angleterre, tentée pour extraire un calcul de la taille d'un caillou, provoque une septicémie dont il meurt à soixante-cinq ans.
1855 Some 480 on Clipper Guiding Star as it disappears in Atlantic.
1853 Juan N. Gallego, 75, Spanish poet / interpreter (El dos de Mayo). Juan Nicasio Gallego, sacerdote y poeta español.
1851 Michel-Martin Drolling, French artist born on 07 March 1786. — more with links to images.
1848 Caroline Herschel, mathematician.
1844 Jean-Antoine Constantin, French artist born on 21 January 1756.
1799 Maria Gaetana Agnesi, mathematician.
1757 Bernard Le Bovier (or Bouyer), sieur de Fontenelle French mathematician, scientist, and man of letters born on 11 February 1657. He was described by Voltaire as the most universal mind of the era of Louis XIV. His works set forth in embryonic form many of the characteristics ideas of the Enlightenment. His most famous book is Entretiens sur la pluralité des mondes (1686; 213kb _ at another site, 234kb), entertaining dialogues backing the Copernican system on the basis of the Cartesian theory of vortices which would be refuted by Newton's Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1687) of Isaac Newton [04 Jan 1643 = 25 Dec 1642 Julian – 31 Mar 1727 = 20 Mar 1727 Julian]. — Portrait du Philosophe Bernard Le Bouyer de Fontenelle (1400x1120pix, 163kb) par Rigaud [bap. 18 Jul 1659 – 29 Dec 1743].
1570 Some 1500 residents of Novgorod massacred by Tsar Ivan the Terrible.
1569 St. Philip of Moscow, primate of the Russian Orthodox Church, murdered by Tsar Ivan IV "the Terrible".
1349 700 Jews of Basel Switzerland, burned alive in their homes.
1324 Marco Polo, Italian explorer. MARCO POLO ONLINE: Il Milione
| Births which
occurred on a January 09:
1996 Java Soft Division of Sun Microsystems created to develop and promote its Java programming language. Former Delphi Internet Services Corporation president Alan Baratz is named president of the division.
1963 "Reply to Comrade Kuo Mo-jo" Mao Tse-tung writes his poem.
1959 Rigoberta Menchú, líder indígena guatemalteca.
1944 Ian Hornak, US representational still-life painter who would die on 09 December 2002. — more with links to images.
1942 Laureano Albán, escritor costarricense.
1936 Noël Coward's "Astonished Heart," premieres in London
1928 Judith Krantz, New York, New York, author (Scruples, I'll Take Manhattan, Princess Daisy, Dazzle)
1928 Eugene O'Neill's "Marco Millions," premieres in New York City NY.
1927 A los pies de Venus, novela de Blasco Ibáñez, se pone a la venta.
1925 Abdelhamid Benhadugah novelist.
1922 Har G Khorana India/Canada bio-chemist (Nobel 1968)
1922 Ahmed Sékou Touré President of Guinea (1957-84)
1920 José Luis Vilallonga, escritor y actor español.
1914 Celso Emilio Ferreiro, escritor español.
Richard Milhous Nixon (R) 37th US President (1968-74), who died on 22 April 1994. [photo >]
1913 Richard M. Nixon
Ce fils de paysan (ancien conducteur de tramway à Colombus (Ohio) mais le froid qui le mordait dans sa cabine ouverte à tous les vents l'avait incité à descendre en Californie) né à Yorba Linda (USA) sera l'un des présidents des USA les plus controversé. Sa famille appartient à la secte religieuse des Quakers et Nixon fait des études au Collège Quaker de Whittier. Après avoir obtenu ses diplômes, il décide de s'orienter vers la profession d'avocat. Mobilisé dans la marine lors de la deuxième guerre mondiale, il sert dans le Pacifique Sud. En 1947, il est élu député à la chambre des Représentants. Il est élu sénateur en 1950 où il représente la Californie. En 1952 et 1956, il est choisit par Eisenhower comme vice président. A près une défaite en 1960 face à J.F. Kennedy. Il est élu le 04 novembre 1968. Le reste est affaires ...
1908 Simone de Beauvoir, France, feminist writer (Mandarins, 2nd Sex). She died on 14 April 1986.
1908 Francisco Javier Martín Abril, periodista y escritor español.
1902 Jose Maria Escrivá de Balaguer y Albás Spanish priest (Opus Dei) José María Escrivá de Balaguer, sacerdote español, fundador del Opus Dei.
1901 Chic Young, US cartoonist (Blondie). He died on 14 March 1973.
1900 Richard Halliburton, US travel writer who died on 23 March 1939.
1891 August Gailit Estonia, writer (Ekke Moor)
1891 Catarina Carreiro-Pascoal, in Portugal. She would live at least past her 113th birthday.
1890 Kurt Tucholsky German journalist/writer (Panther Tiger & Co)
1891 August Gailit Estonia, writer (Ekke Moor)
1890 Karel Capek Czechoslovakia, writer (R U R ); coined the word "robot"
1881 Giovanni Papini, Italy, journalist and novelist (Il Diavolo). He died on 08 July 1956.
1881 Lascelles Abercrombie English poet/critic (Revaluations)
| 1876 Hans Bethge writer.
1875 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, US sculptor and arts patron who died on 18 April 1942.
1873 Hayyim Nahman Bialik Rädi Ukraine, Hebrew poet/translator
1873 Blichfeldt, mathematician.
1864 Steklov, mathematician.
1860 François-Joseph Guiguet, French artist who died on 03 September 1737.
1859 Frederik Pijper Dutch vicar/church historian (The Monasteries)
1857 Henry B Fuller, US writer (Under the Skylights)
1856 Anton Askerc Slavic priest/poet (Primoz Trubar)
1856 Lizette Woodworth Reese, US poet (Branch of May, Tears)
1851 Luis Coloma Spanish jesuit/writer/theologian (Pequeñeces, Boy)
1830 Arthur Johann Severin Nikutowski, German artist who died on 14 February 1888.
1829 Thomas William Robertson England, playwright (Caste)
1790 Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom Swedish poet (Lycksalighetens)
1789 Louis Dupré, French artist who died on 12 October 1837. — link to an image.
1671 Jean-Baptiste Vanmour, Flemish artist who died on 22 January 1737.
1590 Simon Vouet, French painter who died on 30 June 1649. MORE ON VOUET AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1554 Gregory XV [Alessandro Ludovisi], pope (1621-23)