|On a January
3268 Beginning of 2nd Julian Period.
2002 The US House of Representatives passes 349-23, and sends to the President for signature, H.R.700, already approved by the Senate, reauthorizing a 1997 law that created the Asian Elephant Conservation Fund and allocating to it up to $25 million over the next five years. It also reauthorizes the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, which since its creation in 1984 has funded more than 5000 projects to conserve fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats. There are only 35'000 to 50'000 Asian elephants in the wild, most of them in India, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. The elephants, which require a shady forest environment, are threatened by poachers and a growing human population that endangers their habitat.
2001 El ex-dictador chileno Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte se somete a un interrogatorio ante el juez Juan Guzmán Tapia para responder de las violaciones de los derechos humanos cometidas bajo el régimen dictatorial que él presidió.
1999 (Saturday) Clinton impeachment developments:
Lewinsky MUST talk.
(1) In a ruling that rocks Clinton's Senate impeachment trial, US. District Court Judge Norma Holloway Johnson decides that Independent Counsel Ken Starr can force Monica Lewinsky to answer questions from his staff and allow the 13 House prosecutors to attend the session. In her ruling, Johnson orders that Lewinsky "allow herself to be debriefed by the House Managers, to be conducted by the Office of the Independent Counsel if she so requests, or forfeit her protections under the Immunity Agreement between Ms. Lewinsky and the OIC." Judge Johnson's ruling comes after the House prosecutors obtain Starr's help in their attempt to force Lewinsky to talk to them, contending her immunity agreement requires it. Judge Johnson's decision — announced just minutes before Clinton's Senate trial resumes — means Lewinsky will have to meet with House prosecutors. The debriefing has not yet been scheduled, but could occur with House Judiciary Counsel David Schippers conducting the interview. WHAM! BAM! Thank you, ma'am
(2) Monica Lewinsky arrives in Washington, D.C., from Los Angeles in mid-afternoon. A crush of photographers greet her when she checks into the fashionable Mayflower Hotel on Connecticut Avenue.
(3) As they did throughout the Senate's questioning, House prosecutors continue to push senators to allow witnesses, defending their (now legally-vindicated) decision to ask Independent Counsel Ken Starr for assistance in compelling Lewinsky to submit to a interview with the managers. The prosecution is also interested in hearing from other witnesses, such as Betty Currie and Vernon Jordan. Sources close to presidential friend Vernon Jordan say that Jordan has made clear through his attorney he has no intention of voluntarily granting the House Republican prosecutors an interview. Unlike Lewinsky, Jordan does not have an immunity agreement with Starr and cannot be compelled to grant the House prosecutors an interview unless he is subpoenaed. (FULL LIST OF SENATE QUESTIONS, DAY TWO)
(4) The question-and-answer part of the trial, which include more than 150 questions over 22 January and today, give senators the opportunity to submit written queries to the prosecution and defense through Chief Justice William Rehnquist. "We would be happy to take questions and get responses to you, consult with the president and Mr. Ruff, if you'd like to submit them," White House counsel Gregory Craig says. Craig later clarifies that Clinton's lawyers, not the president himself, would respond. La Monica causes another media conniption
(5) Former President George Bush worries about Bill Clinton's apparent "lack of respect" for the presidency, but is optimistic any embarrassment to the country will be short-lived. "I have tried to stay out of all the Washington mess," Bush says at the end of a keynote address to the Safari Club International's 27th annual hunters' convention. "But I must confess I have been deeply concerned by what appears to be a lack of respect for the office I was so very proud to hold," he says. "The presidency — just let me tell you this, because you probably worry about all this just as I do. Just as my sons and my daughter do. And as Barbara does," Bush tells the crowd of big-game hunters and conservationists at the Reno Hilton Hotel-Casino. "Our country is strong and it is resilient. And the presidency, the office of the presidency, is strong and it is resilient," he says. "The trials of the present will soon pass away and once again our country will be respected and strong around the world." Bush makes no direct reference to impeachment.
| 1998 Paolo Fresco sustituye al frente de la empresa
italiana Fiat a Cesare Romiti, por designación de la familia Agnelli, propietaria
de la compañía.
1998 El Senado chileno aprueba por unanimidad un proyecto de ley por el que se devuelven las pertenencias o se paga una indemnización a los propietarios de bienes conficados durante la dictadura militar del general Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte.
1998 El psiquiatra Carlos Castilla del Pino consigue el Premio Jovellanos de ensayo por su obra El delirio, un error necesario.
1998 El presidente argentino, Carlos Saul Menem, anuncia la expulsión de la Armada del capitán de navío Alfredo Astiz, conocido como el Ángel de la muerte, por sus numerosos crímenes cometidos durante la dictadura militar.
1998 Alina Fernández, hija del dictador cubano Fidel Castro Ruz, se presenta en la Oficina de Asilo y Refugio (OAR) de Madrid para solicitar asilo político.
1997 El proyecto Tercer Milenio, puesto en marcha por la Unesco, inicia su andadura en Valencia con el Congreso "Los Desafíos del Tercer Milenio", al que asisten Pierre Elliott Trudeau, Karl Otto Apel, Umberto Eco, Santiago Grisolía García, Luis Racionero, Antonio Gala, José Luis Abellán y Mario Vargas Llosa, entre otros muchos.
1997 A judge in Fairfax, Va., sentences Mir Aimal Kasi to death for an assault rifle attack outside CIA headquarters in 1993 that killed two men and wounded three other persons.
1996 It is announced that Sun Microsystems will purchase Apple Computer within a few days. Takeover discussions started in September 1995 but broke off in early January, allegedly over price disagreements. Apple had sustained major losses during the previous quarter, and its stock had plummeted in January; the takeover talks fell apart, and the acquisition was called off. Apple went through management changes that culminated in the return of Steve Jobs, long banished from the company he founded, as interim CEO.
1996 General Electric announces that it will sell its Genie online service to Yovelle Renaissance Corporation, which would turn Genie into a Web site
1995 The Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT), a nationally funded watchdog organization, warn Internet users about sophisticated new hacker techniques. The group describes a system where hackers penetrated secure firewalls by masquerading as a trusted computer on the network. Recently companies including General Electric, Sprint, and IBM had suffered break-ins.
1991 World's largest oil spill, caused by embattled Iraqi forces in Kuwait
1991 After some 12'000 sorties in the Gulf War, Gen. Colin Powell, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said allied forces had achieved air superiority, and would focus air fire on Iraqi ground forces around Kuwait.
1991 High-denomination banknotes withdrawn in USSR
1988 Experimental airplane Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, complete first nonstop, round-the-world flight without refueling lands
1987 Japan first exceeds military spending cap of 1% of GNP ($23 billion)
1987 Dow Jones rises 64 points then drops 110 points (44.15 point loss)
1987 Más de 50'000 jóvenes estudiantes se manifiestan, en Madrid, para pedir la supresión de las tasas académicas y varias reformas educativas.
1982 Urbe Blanca (cow) produces record 110 kg of milk, Cuba (approximate date)
1980 CiU (Convergencia i Uniò) gana las elecciones al Parlamento de Cataluña.
1979 Ofensiva del Frente Polisario en el Sáhara: 800 bajas del Ejército marroquí en 10 días.
1975 Se mide por primera vez el tamaño de un asteroide, el No. 433, Eros, when it passes within 0,15 AU of Earth. It has a shape like that of a kidney bean, and is 36x15x13 km..
1972 Entire population of Istanbul under 24 hour house arrest
1971 62º, Prospect Creek Camp AK (US record cold air temperature)
1968 North Korea seizes US spy ship Pueblo
The US. intelligence-gathering ship Pueblo is seized by North Korean naval vessels and charged with spying and violating North Korean territorial waters. Negotiations to free the 83-man crew of the US. ship dragged on for nearly a year, damaging the credibility of and confidence in the foreign policy of President Lyndon B. Johnson's administration. The capture of the ship and internment of its crew by North Korea was loudly protested by the Johnson administration. The US. government vehemently denied that North Korea's territorial waters had been violated and argued the ship was merely performing routine intelligence gathering duties in the Sea of Japan. Some US. officials, including Johnson himself, were convinced that the seizure was part of a larger communist-bloc offensive, since exactly one week later, communist forces in South Vietnam launched the Tet Offensive, the largest attack of the Vietnam War. Despite this, however, the Johnson administration took a restrained stance toward the incident. Fully occupied with the Tet Offensive, Johnson resorted to quieter diplomatic efforts to resolve the crisis in North Korea.
In December 1968, the commander of the Pueblo, Capt. Lloyd Bucher, grudgingly signed a confession indicating that his ship was spying on North Korea prior to its capture. With this propaganda victory in hand, the North Koreans turned the crew and captain (including one crewman who had died) over to the United States on 23 December 1968. The Pueblo incident was a blow to the Johnson administration's credibility, as the president seemed powerless to free the captured crew and ship. Combined with the public's perception — in the wake of the Tet Offensive — that the Vietnam War was being lost, the Pueblo incident resulted in a serious faltering of Johnson's popularity with the American people. The crewmen's reports about their horrific treatment at the hands of the North Koreans during their 11 months in captivity further incensed American citizens, many of whom believed that Johnson should have taken more aggressive action to free the captive Americans.
On 23 January 1968, the USS Pueblo a Navy intelligence vessel, is engaged in a routine surveillance of the North Korean coast when it is intercepted by North Korean patrol boats. According to US reports, the Pueblo was in international waters some 25 km from shore, but the North Koreans turned their guns on the lightly armed vessel and demanded its surrender. The US sailors attempted to escape, and the North Koreans opened fire, wounding the commander, Lloyd Bucher, and two others. With capture inevitable, the US sailors stalled for time, destroying the classified information aboard while taking further fire. Several more crew members were wounded, including Duane Hodges, who later died from his injuries. Finally, the Pueblo was boarded and taken to Wonson. There, the 83-man crew was bound and blindfolded and transported to Pyongyang, where they were charged with spying within North Korea's 12-mile territorial limit and imprisoned. It was the biggest crisis in two years of increased tension and minor skirmishes between the United States and North Korea. The United States maintained that the Pueblo had been in international waters and demanded the release of the captive sailors.
With the Tet Offensive raging 3000 km to the south in Vietnam, President Lyndon Johnson ordered no direct retaliation, but the United States began a military buildup in the area. North Korean authorities, meanwhile, coerced a confession and apology out of Pueblo commander Bucher, in which he stated, "I will never again be a party to any disgraceful act of aggression of this type." The rest of the crew also signed a confession under threat of torture. The prisoners were then taken to a second compound in the countryside near Pyongyang, where they were forced to study propaganda materials and beaten for straying from the compound's strict rules. In August, the North Koreans staged a phony news conference in which the prisoners were to praise their humane treatment, but the Americans thwarted the Koreans by inserting innuendoes and sarcastic language into their statements. Some prisoners also rebelled in photo shoots by casually sticking out their middle finger; a gesture that their captors didn't understand. Later, the North Koreans caught on and beat the US sailors for a week. On 23 December 1968, exactly 11 months after the Pueblo's capture, US. and North Korean negotiators reached a settlement to resolve the crisis. Under the settlement's terms, the United States admitted the ship's intrusion into North Korean territory, apologized for the action, and pledged to cease any future such action. That day, the surviving 82 crewmen walked one by one across the "Bridge of No Return" at Panmunjon to freedom in South Korea. They were hailed as heroes and returned home to the United States in time for Christmas. Incidents between North Korea and the United States continued in 1969, and in April 1969 a North Korean MiG fighter shot down a US. Navy intelligence aircraft, killing all 31 men aboard. In 1970, quiet returned to the demilitarized zone.
1962 Libya, Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia plan to form United Arab Maghreb.
1961 Venezuela adopts constitution. es la vigésima sexta desde que se consiguió la independencia.
1961 Supreme Court rules cities and states have right to censor films.
1960 Piccard and Walsh in bathyscaph "Trieste" reach 10,900 meters in Mariana Trench.
1958 Dictator Marcos Pérez Jiménez flees Venezuela, Larrazábal takes power.
1950 Israeli Knesset resolves that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.
1946 Rear Admiral Sidney W Souers, USNR, becomes first director of CIA.
1943 Japanese Mount Austen on Guadalcanal captured.
1943 British 8th army marches into Tripoli.
1943 II Guerra mundial: Los aliados adoptan en la Conferencia de Casablanca el principio de "rendición incondicional" y una serie de acciones militares.
1942 Tank battle at Adzjedabia, African corps vs British army.
1942 Japanese troops occupy Rabaul New Britain.
| 1940 Pianist Ignaz Paderewski becomes premier of Polish
government in exile
1937 Karl Radek and 16 others go on trial in Moscow in Stalin's great purge
1933 20th amendment changes date of Presidential Inaugurations to 20 January.
1932 Disolución en España de la Compañía de Jesús y expropiación de sus bienes.
1931 Por acuerdo entre España y Portugal quedan abolidos los pasaportes entre ambos países.
1924 Ramsey MacDonald forms first Labour government in Britain
1920 Dutch government refuses to turn over ex-Kaiser Wilhelm I of Germany to the victorious Allies. El Gobierno holandés se niega a conceder la extradición del ex emperador alemán Guillermo II, alegando que no figuraba entre los firmantes del Pacto de Versalles.
1916 Temp falls from 44ºF (7ºC) to -56ºF (49ºC) night of 23-24, Browning MT
1908 US and Great-Britain demand end of abuses in Congo
1894 G W Bunbury of Dublin sets shorthand record of 250 wpm for 10 minutes
1865 -Jan 25th) Battle of City Point, VA (James River, Trent's Reach)
1855 El Gobierno español anuncia a las Cortes la ruptura de relaciones con la Santa Sede.
1845 The US Congress decides that all national elections will be held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.
1812 At 15:00 UT (09:00 local) the strongest earthquake yet in US history (magnitude 8.4) occurs at the New Madrid fault in then sparsely populated Missouri, with epicenter at 36º40"N 89º40'W. In would be surapassed by magnitude 8.7 earthquake at the exact same spot on 07 February 1812 at 09:45 UT (03:45 local)
1799 Los republicanos franceses denominan República Partenopea al antiguo reino de Nápoles.
1793 2nd partition of Poland, between Prussia and Russia.
1731 Se suscribe un nuevo Tratado de Viena, por el que Austria , Inglaterra y España se aliaron para lograr que Carlos (Carlos III, rey de España) obtuviera la sucesión de Nápoles y Sicilia.
1719 Principality of Liechtenstein created within Holy Roman Empire by joining the two lordships of Vaduz and of Schellenberg. Liechtenstein was included from 1806 to 1815 in the Rhine Confederation, and from 1815 to 1866 in the German Confederation. In 1866 Liechtenstein became independent. Its area is 160 sq.km.
1677 Carlos II, Rey de España y la reina madre nombran primer ministro a Juan José de Austria.
1668 England, Netherlands and Sweden signs Triple Alliance against French
1647 Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English parliament.
1631 France and Sweden sign anti-German Treaty of Bärwald.
which occurred on a January 23:
2004 At least 51 persons, in Srirangam near Tiruchi, Tamil Nadu state, India, after a short circuit sets fire to a makeshift palm-frond hall at a wedding ceremony attended by about 500 persons. Some die in the stampede to escape through the hall's narrow entrance.
2004 At least nine persons, when a bus carrying devotees from Tirupati, Tamil Nadu state, India, rolls down 30 meters into a ravine on the Ghat Road, 94 km from its destination in Salem, in the afternoon At least 17 are injured.
2003 Israeli Corporal Ronald Berrer, 20, from Rehovoth; and Staff Sergeant Ya'akov Naim, 20, from Kfar Monash; and Corporal Asaf Bitan, 19, from Afula; [left to right photos >] shot from ambush at 20:30 in the West Bank. All three are of the Lavie battalion, which was securing the Kvasim Junction, between the village of Yatta and Hebron's industrial zone, 5 km south of Hebron's industrial zone on the road between the enclave settlements Kiryat Arba and Beit Haggai.
2003 Raymond Poore Jr., 43, is found by his wife at 18:00 in their Winchester VA home, shot dead, and with dog bites and scratches. He had phoned his wife at work, telling her that their dog had bitten him and that he was going to kill it. It is thought that Poore must have beaten the 14-kg shar-pei with the gun that went off. The stock of the weapon, a combination rifle and shotgun, was broken and there appeared to be blood and dog hair on it. The dog survives.
2003 Labour Minister Ahmad Mohamed Khalif; and pilots Abdikadir Mahat Kuno and Sammy Mungai, as 24-seat Gulfstream G1 plane 5YEMJ , with 13 aboard, chartered for VIPs, crashes at 17:20 immediately after hitting a pothole in the poorly maintained runway which made it take off with insufficient airspeed from Busia, Kenya. Khalif and three other passengers were newly appointed ministers (Raphael Tuju of Information and Tourism, Martha Karua of Water Resources, and Linah Kilimo of State in the Office of the Vice Fresident) of the government of President Mwai Kibaki, 71 (Democratic Party of Kenya), whose National Rainbow Coalition (NaRC, a discordant coalition of KANU defectors and 14 former opposition parties) election victory on 27 December 2002 ended nearly 24 years of rule by Daniel Arap Moi and the continuous rule by his Kenya African National Union (KANU) party since independence in 1963. They were returning from a celebration of their appointment. Khalif, a softly spoken former journalist and long-term head of the Supreme Council of Kenya Muslims, was viewed as a moderate politician and was a major shareholder of Iqra FM, a Muslim radio station based in Nairobi. Pilot Kuno was the son of millionaire Mahat Kuno Roble. Kibaki spent the closing weeks of the election campaign in a London hospital, after breaking an arm, dislocating an ankle and breaking his neck in a road accident on 03 December 2002. He was readmitted to hospital on 20 January 2003, suffering from a blood clot and high blood pressure.
2002: 21 friendly Afghans, in brutal mistake
by US elite special forces
The US troops think that they are attacking al-Qaida and Taliban fighters in a weapons cache in the remote village Hazer Qadam, in the Kandahar region. 27 surviving Afghans are taken prisoner, brutally beaten, and would only be released on 05 February 2002, when the US finally admits the mistake, after two weeks of obsfuscation.
On 10 February 2002, Afghans taken prisoner by US forces in two 23 January 2002 night raids in Oruzgan, Afghanistan, say that they were brutalized by US soldiers, despite their protests that they supported the leader of the interim government, Hamid Karzai.
The men were among 27 Afghans who were released on 07 February 2002 after 16 days' detention in the US base in Kandahar, about 250 km southwest of Oruzgan. The Pentagon has reluctantly acknowledged that the raids were conducted in error, apparently because of flawed intelligence, and that the prisoners were neither members of Al Qaeda nor Taliban fighters. Local officials put the death toll at 21; the Pentagon admits that at least 15 Afghans were killed.
The accounts of harsh treatment from four of the prisoners, the district police chief among them, give the lie to the attempted cover-up by the US military, which now at last is investigating..
Abdul Rauf, 60, the police chief in this small mountain town, said he was beaten, kicked until his ribs cracked and punched by American soldiers when they stormed the district headquarters in the night of Jan. 23-24 and took him and his men prisoner.
An American officer apologized to him when he was released, he said, asking forgiveness and saying their capture had been a mistake.
"I can never forgive them," Mr. Rauf said in an interview today as he lay on cushions at his home, still clearly suffering from his ordeal. "Why did they bomb us? Why did they do this?"
United States Special Forces stormed two compounds in Oruzgan within minutes: the local school, where men from the government disarmament commission had made their base, and the district civilian and police headquarters, where 30 police guards were based and 6 men were in the jail. Both compounds had storerooms still full of weapons left behind or captured from the Taliban. The school was crowded with four-wheel-drive vehicles and a truck mounted with an antiaircraft gun.
Among the men killed in the school were two of Mr. Karzai's top commanders, while in the district headquarters, two guards were killed. Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld admitted last week that US forces may have killed local allies in the raid.
"There is no need for more US raids," says Azizullah Agha, the new head of the Afghan government disarmament commission here, who lost nine members of his own family in a US bombing in November. "If for example we have information that the Taliban leader Mullah Omar is somewhere, I can go there myself to negotiate or send guards."
"I do not know why they are making so many mistakes," said Mr. Agha, who is 58. He had accepted previous mistakes because they had been close to Taliban positions, he said. "But this latest one was a very big mistake," he continued. "There were no Al Qaeda or Taliban. There was just a commission that is working for the government, collecting weapons."
The governor of Oruzgan Province, Jan Muhammad, also expressed anger in an interview in the provincial capital, Tirin Kot. He said he had 30 soldiers from Special Forces working with him and living in his headquarters while 250 km away other Americans were killing his commanders.
Chief Rauf said he was asleep with his guards in the district office when shouts and gunfire woke him at 03:00. He recognized American voices outside and went out, calling out in Pashto to the troops.
"I was shouting `Dost! Dost!' — `We are friends!' — but they were not listening," he said. "And I was telling my men that they are friends, and US soldiers came and started to beat me. I was down on my knees, bent over, and they kicked me in the chest. I heard my ribs crack. Then I was lying on my side and they kicked me in the back, in the kidneys, and I fainted." He came round to find his hands tied and one of his men dead on the ground. His men surrendered without a fight, Mr. Rauf said.
Two of his men interviewed today, Allah Noor, 40, and Ziauddin, 50, looked like the village farmers they were until they joined the police as guards after the Taliban were ousted. A third guard, Aktar Muhammad, was still in his teens.
All four said that US soldiers beat and punched them in the district headquarters before their hands and feet were bound and they were loaded on helicopters and flown to the base in Kandahar. There they were made to lie face down on a hangar floor and for the rest of the night were subjected to violent blows and kicking, they said.
"They were walking on our backs, kicking us," Mr. Rauf said. As he muttered a prayer, a soldier hit him on the back of the head, smashing his nose against the ground. His nose still bears the marks of a cut. Mr. Ziauddin, who uses only one name, was also kicked in the head, he said, and he showed a tooth loosened as his head hit the floor.
Mr. Muhammad said he was picked up and thrown on the ground three times by soldiers, until on the third time he fainted from a blow to the head. "I was so afraid I did not expect to remain alive and see my family again," he said. In the morning he was put with the other prisoners in a large cage, with wooden bars and a canvas roof.
Two days later he was pulled out and put in solitary confinement in a metal shipping container for eight days and underwent an aggressive interrogation. Two US soldiers guarded the open door and ordered him to sit on the floor and keep his eyes down.
After the first day the beating stopped, possibly because they all told their interrogators they were supporters of Mr. Karzai.
At the end of the 16 days they were told they would be released and given new clothes, wool hats and boots. A US officer put his hands together in a gesture of apology as a translator told them it had been mistake.
Relatives of the dead men are angry and are demanding to know who fed the Americans the wrong information. "We are having a lot of trouble convincing them it was a mistake," they say.
No one will name any suspects, but officials here insist that despite local rivalries, no person from Oruzgan would have had the ear of the US forces to request such a raid. "A simple apology will not solve this," Mr. Irfani said. "The Americans know who informed them, and that man is an enemy of this government and of this country. He should be handed over to this administration and executed."
|2001 Motti Dayan, 29, and Etgar Zeituni,
34, Israelis murdered in Tul Karm, West Bank.
They owned "Yuppies" restaurant on Sheinkin Street in Tel Aviv. Police investigating the murder said the two went to Tul Karm with an Arab Israeli friend from Baka al-Garbiyeh, Fuad Mohammed who owns the produce store from which Yuppies gets its fruit and vegetables. The three planned to do some shopping in Tul Karm, taking advantage of the low prices in the territories due to the economic damage caused by the Israeli repression of the al-Aqsa Intifada.
After finishing shopping for earthenware jars and flowers at about 16:00 P.M., they stopped to eat at Abu Nidal restaurant in Tul Karm. While they were there, a group of masked Palestinians suddenly entered and removed the three Israelis at gunpoint. They put the Israelis into a car and drove northeast, stopping on the border of Area A (Palestinian-controlled territory), between the village of Ikhtaba and the Nur a-Shams refugee camp. There, they shot the two Jews in the head at close range, apparently with rifles. Mohammed was unharmed. The killers then threw both Mohammed and the bodies out of the car and fled. Mohammed and the bodies were later found by the Palestinian Preventive Security Service and handed them over to the Israel Defense Forces.
Mohammed was handed over to the Shin Bet security service for questioning. Investigators are trying to determine whether he was involved in the murder or an innocent victim. As far as is known, he made no effort to avoid being returned to Israel, and Israeli security sources think it likely the attack was spontaneous rather than planned. By the time the Israelis entered the restaurant, it was probably public knowledge that they were in town.
Hamas claimed responsibility for the killing, and said it had filmed the two Israelis being kidnapped and executed. "We in the Iz a Din al Kassam [Hamas's military wing] are responsible for the kidnapping of the two Israeli soldiers, members of Israel's public security service Shin Bet, near Tul Karm," said a caller to Reuters news agency, claiming to belong to the group. "After kidnapping them, they were filmed and killed."
Israeli security officials were furious at what they termed the two murdered Israelis' "irresponsibility." There has been a blanket ban on Israelis entering Area A since the outbreak of the Intifada in October. Nevertheless, many mainly Arab Israelis have continued to do so since IDF road blocks are far from being hermetic. In some cases where Jews ignored the ban Palestinian police have returned them safely, but in other cases, the Jews have been killed. Tul Karm in particular has been tense since 01 January, when Israel assassinated the secretary general of the local Fatah chapter, Dr. Thabet Thabet.
|1999 Shivani Bhatnagar, correspondent of Indian Express,
found murdered in her East Delhi apartment.
1998 Hilla Limann President of Ghana in (1979-81)
1998 Joseph Conigliario, mafioso of the DeCavalcante “family” in New Jersey, involved in loan-sharking, extortion, and narcotics distribution. shot. On 19 December 2002, Martin Lewis and Joseph Brideson, would be convicted of the murder; Ruben Malave (who helped hide Lewis after the murder) and Brideson's cousin New York detective Michael Silvestri, 46 (who removed evidence and falsified police reports), would be conviceted as accessories after the fact. All four were also members of the DeCavalcante crime “family”.
1995 Gregorio Ordóñez, candidato por el PP a la alcaldía de San Sebastián, asesinado por ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna) en San Sebastián de un tiro en la cabeza.
^ 1991 Darrell Lunsford, a county constable in Garrison, Texas, is killed after pulling over a traffic violator.
His murder was remarkable because it was captured on a camera set up in Lunsford's patrol vehicle. The videotape evidence led to the conviction of the three men who beat, kicked, and stabbed the officer to death along the East Texas highway. Lunsford pulled over a vehicle with Maine license plates and turned on the video camera installed on his front dashboard. He appeared to have asked the three men in the car to open the trunk. However, when the men got out of the car they tackled Lunsford and stabbed him in the neck. The men took his gun, badge, and wallet and drove off in their car. Later that night, Reynaldo Villarreal was picked up by officers as he was walking a few miles from the murder site. His brother, Baldemar, and another man, Jesse Zambrano, were also arrested a short time later. At the trial of the three men, the jury watched the videotape and all were convicted. The videotaped murder of Lunsford has ushered in a new era. Video cameras have become ubiquitous in police cars, and can be a potent law-enforcement tool.
1989 Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dalí y Domenech, Spanish Surrealist painter and printmaker born on 11 May 1904. MORE ON DALI AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1986: 38 personas en el incendio de un hotel de lujo en Nueva Delhi (India).
1986 Joseph Beuys, German Conceptual artist born on 12 May 1921. MORE ON BEUYS AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1950 George Orwell, 46, British novelist, in London
1947 Pierre Bonnard, French Nabi painter born on 03 October 1867. MORE ON BONNARD AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1944 Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter born on 12 December 1863. MORE ON MUNCH AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1932 4000 protesting farmers killed by El Salvador's army.
1926 Désiré J. Mercier, 74, Belgian philosopher/cardinal.
1924 James Wilson Morrice, Canadian painter born on 10 August 1865. — more with links to images.
1915 German cruiser Bluecher, sunk by the British Navy.
1913 Nazim Pasha Turkey's PM assassinated.
1893 José Zorrilla y del Moral, dramaturgo español.
1889 Alexandre Cabanel, French Academic painter born on 28 September 1823. MORE ON CABANEL AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1883 Louis Christophe Paul Gustave Doré, French Romantic painter, printmaker, etcher, lithographer, and book illustrator, born on 06 January 1832. MORE ON DORÉ AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1810 John Hoppner, English painter born on 04 April 1758. MORE ON HOPPNER AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1806 William Pitt the Younger, 46, PM Great Britain (1783-1806)
1785 Stewart, mathematician.
1760 Gian Antonio Guardi, Italian painter born in 1698. MORE ON GUARDI AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1744 Giambattista Vico, filósofo italiano.
1648 Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla, dramaturgo español.
1556 Some 830'000 in deadliest earthquake recorded in history, estimated at magnitude 8, in Shansi, China. The second deadliest was the 7.5 magnitude earthquake of 27 July 1976 in Tangshan, China, which may have killed 400'000 more than the Communist dictature's figure of 255'000.
1516 Ferdinand II, 63, king of Aragon/Sicily
occurred on a January 23:
1938 Hans-Georg Kern Georg Baselitz, in Deutschbaselitz, in what would be East Germany. MORE ON “BASELITZ” AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1917 Noël Salomon, historiador francés.
1899 Joseph Nathan Kane, historian, alive to celebrate his birthday in 2001. Author of Famous First Facts: A Record of First Happenings, Discoveries, and Inventions in American History. Facts About the Presidents
1898 Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein, Russian film director (Battleship Potemkin) who died on 11 February 1948.
1887 Miklós Kállay premier Hungary (1942-44)
1867 Sergius, Russian Orthodox Patriarch of Moscow who died on 15 May 1944.
1862 David Hilbert, Konigsberg, East Prussia, mathematician who died on 14 February 1943.
1846 Lucio Rossi, Italian artist who died on 29 October 1913.
1840 Abbe, mathematician.
1832 Édouard Manet, French Realist Impressionist painter and printmaker who died on 30 April 1883. MORE ON MANET AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1829 Anton Seitz, German artist who died on 27 November 1900.
1810 John Rogers Herbert, English painter who died on 17 March 1890. MORE ON HERBERT AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1806 Minding, mathematician.
1789 Georgetown University is founded by Father John Carroll, 54, in Washington DC, the first Roman Catholic college established in the US. It has always been open to people of all faiths (William J. Clinton is an alumnus: he graduated in 1968 with a degree in international affairs).
1783 Marie-Henri Beyle Stendhal, à Grenoble. Il est mort le 23 mars 1842, STENDHAL ONLINE: Armance ou Quelques scènes dun salon de Paris en 1827 Le Rouge et le Noir: chronique de XIXe siècle Racine et Shakespeare
1767 Jeanne-Elisabeth Gabiou Chaudet Husson, French painter who died on 18 April 1832. — more
1737 John Hancock, US Independence statesman who died on 08 October 1793.
1719 Landen, mathematician.
1600 Alexandre Keerinck (or Kierings, Carings), Flemish artist who died in 1652.
1578 Bartolomeo Schedoni, Italian artist who died on 23 December 1615. MORE ON SCHEDONI AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.