| On a January
2003 The “SQ Hell” worm (aka Slammer or Sapphire) attacks the Internet, starting at 05:30 UT and spreading around the world in one minute to some 40'000 computers running the Microsoft database software SQL server 2000. These computers in turn jam the Internet with millions of message, making it impossible for many users to send or receive E-Mail, or to access web sites (including those of banks). Some banks ATM machines are temporarily rendered non-operational. Some police and fire dispatchers have to return to paper and pencil. Companies, including Microsoft itself, are crippled in their Internet activities. The vulnerability had been reported by David Litchfield of Next Generation Security Software Ltd. on 24 July 2002 and a patch provided by Microsoft (http://www.microsoft.com/ Downloads/ Release.asp? ReleaseID=40602), but the negligent system administrators (including some at Microsoft) of the now infected computers had failed to install it.
2001 El nuevo primer ministro serbio, Zoran Djindjic, y los miembros de su gabinete toman posesión oficial de sus cargos, tras la caída definitiva del régimen de Slobodan Milosevic.
2001 Colombian Commerce Ministry announces butterfly export program, expecting to get 50 cents to $8 per butterfly, 30 cents to $5 per cocoon, depending on which of the 3000 Colombian species it is.
2000 Islamic sharia law system goes into effect in Northern Nigeria.
2000 Pressured by US government, the Florida relatives of Elian Gonzalez agreed to make the boy available for a meeting at a neutral site with his Cuban grandmothers, who refuse to go to their home in Miami.
1999 (Monday): Clinton impeachment trial in US Senate:
Motion to Dismiss
(1) During their morning caucus, Republicans reject a plan that would have dropped Byrd's pending motion to dismiss, as well as a motion for witnesses, and wrapped up the trial by the end of the week. Meanwhile, an informal GOP proposal that was gaining steam among the Republican conference to condemn Clinton's conduct before the Senate votes on articles of impeachment is criticized by Senate Democrats. The proposal being floated by Senate Republicans would call for drafting a "finding of fact" — a list of condemnations of presidential conduct that would go on the Senate record prior to the vote on the two articles of impeachment. The idea behind that, says a GOP source, is to "get condemnation on the record before acquittal, so the White House cannot run out and celebrate any acquittal vote as total exoneration."
(2) After multiple delays this afternoon as senators continue behind-the-scenes discussions on how to proceed with the impeachment trial, the session finally resumes to consider Sen. Robt. Byrd's motion "that the impeachment proceedings against William Jefferson Clinton, president of the United States, be ... duly dismissed." Rep. Charles Canady (R-Florida) leads off the House managers' arguments against dismissal, urging the senators "not to depart from the Senate's well-established practice of fully considering cases of impeachment and rendering a judgment of either conviction or acquittal." Dismissal, Rep. Asa Hutchinson (R-Arkansas) says, "would be damaging to the Constitution because the Senate would fail to try the case. It would be harmful to the body politic because there's no resolution of the issues of the case. But most importantly, it would show willful blindness to the evidentiary record that has thus far been presented." But Clinton attorney Nicole Seligman says the charges brought by the House are a vague "prosecutorial grab bag" and do not meet the Constitution's threshold for impeachable offenses as "high crimes or misdemeanors." "The time to end this is now," she says. Seligman insists that Clinton presents no danger to the state. "The moment has arrived where the best interest of the nation, the wise prescription of the framers, and the failure of the managers' proof all point to dismissal," she says. "Impeachment was never meant just to be another weapon in the arsenal of partisanship," says Seligman. "The constitutional standard for impeachment is not met here. The president did not obstruct justice. The president did not commit perjury. The president must not be removed. The facts don't permit it," she says. Delivering the final argument of the day, lead prosecutor Henry Hyde characterizes Clinton's trial as "a search for truth — and it should not be trumped by a search for an exit strategy. It seems to me this motion elevates convenience over constitutional process." "I don't think this sad, sad drama will end," Hyde says, echoing Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott's earlier prediction that the Republican majority will defeat the dismissal motion, introduced by Sen. Robert Byrd (D-West Virginia). "And we will never get it behind us until you vote up or down on the articles."
(3) Following hour-long presentations by both sides, the Senate votes down, by a 57-43 margin, a motion from Sens. Tom Harkin (D-Iowa) and Paul Wellstone (D-Minnesota) that would have opened the senators' debate on the motion to dismiss. Five Democrats, including Byrd, side with 52 Republicans to keep the deliberations closed. Three Republicans favor opening the deliberations. The senators plan to deliberate in secret until the "close of business" today, Lott said earlier. (ROLL CALL)
(4) The Senate emerges from a rare closed-door session tonight after debating for nearly four hours on whether to dismiss impeachment charges of perjury and obstruction of justice against President Clinton. The deliberations end around 10 p.m. It is the first time since the trial began nearly two weeks ago that House prosecutors, White House counsel, television cameras, reporters and members of the public are barred from the proceedings. The senators decline comment after the session. No vote is taken on dismissal of the case — which is expected to fail — until after the senators hear arguments Jan. 26 on a motion to depose witnesses. The Senate is scheduled to convene at noon ET. Another one of "Clinton's Angels" steps up
(5) Lott fires off a list of 10 questions to the president today about the Lewinsky case, despite renewed insistence from the White House that Clinton will not respond. The letter, signed by Lott and nine other Senate Republicans, follows an apparent off-hand comment by White House counsel Gregory Craig during the Jan. 23 defense presentation that the Senate could ask the president about certain matters if members requested. Lott immediately seizes on the comment and is now asking for the president to answer the questions under oath. The inquiries seek to clarify the most critical disputes over the evidence. (TEXT OF QUESTIONS) The White House, confident of Clinton's ability to win eventual acquittal, announces it will ignore the written list of questions submitted by Lott and other Republicans.
(6) Sure that the answers lie deeper than the Y2K bug or endless New Year's toasts, President Clinton welcomes scholars to the East Room of the White House to ponder the significance of the fast-approaching new millennium as part of the White House's so-called "Millennium Evenings". "You all know I am a walking apostle of hope," Clinton gushes, but adds that the challenge remains how to pursue hope without arrogance and with humility. If Clinton wouldn't answer Hyde's 81 questions, why would he answer 10?
(7) Matt Drudge reports: Web Posted: 01/25/99 17:37:45 PST NBC SAID TO BE HOLDING INTERVIEW WITH 'JANE DOE' **WORLD EXCLUSIVE** NBC NEWS hotshot Lisa Myers has reportedly conducted an in-depth interview with "Jane Doe #5", according to media sources in an around the network. The interview with Juanita Broaddrick of Arkansas is said to have gone down late last week and is now being held tight by NBC NEWS. It is not known if and when the network plans on airing the interview, or what exactly it was that Broaddrick told Myers, but media circles in Washington have been buzzing with word of the development for days. "I'm looking forward to the interview," Rep. Lindsey Graham, a House floor manager in the Senate impeachment trial, told a reporter over the weekend. Lisa Myers, out of character, did not return repeated calls seeking comment. A well-placed source inside of NBC's Washington bureau said Myers "remained out of town." NBC NEWS president Andy Lack could not be reached. Media excitement grew after a well-armed NBC crew was spotted outside of Broaddrick's home late last week. "It was obvious that something was going down," reports one eyewitness. "The were cameras and a sound crew." A second news network, reacting to reports that NBC was conducting the interview, later captured Broaddrick arriving and leaving a Tennis Club. "They chased her car, at times going at high speeds... her husband went wild," says one network insider. Last February, the DRUDGE REPORT alerted readers who were following the Paula Jones sex case that there was great interest swirling around a woman named "Juanita." She was code named "Jane Doe #5." A month later, NBC's Myers explored the "Juanita" story in a nightly news shocker: A woman claims she was sexually assaulted by Bill Clinton back in the 1970s! The White House called that allegation "outrageous."
| 1999 The US Supreme Court rules, 5-4, that the 2000
census may not use statistical sampling to enhance its accuracy.
1999 A Louisville, Kentucky, man received the first hand transplant in the United States.
1998 La doctora Teresa Wright, del servicio de Hepatología del Centro Médico de San Francisco, comunica el hallazgo de un virus de la hepatitis, responsable del 9% de las hepatitis fulminantes que se producen en el mundo.
1998 La poetisa María Victoria Atencia y el escritor Antonio Prieto Martín son galardonados con el Premio Andalucía de la Crítica.
1993 Puerto Rico adds English as its 2nd official language.
1993 Sears announces it is closing its catalog sales department after 97 years
1991 During the Gulf War, military officials said Iraq had sabotaged Kuwait's main supertanker loading pier, dumping millions of gallons of crude oil into the Persian Gulf.
1990 Former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is transferred to a Miami jail
1990 West-Europe's strongest cyclone.
1989 Pekín y Hanoi llegan a un acuerdo sobre Camboya, por el que las tropas vietnamitas abandonarán totalmente el vecino país en septiembre.
1987 Tras las elecciones generales celebradas en la RFA, el canciller Helmut Kohl se mantiene en el poder con el apoyo de los liberales de Dietrich Genscher.
1986 General Tito Okello's government flees Kampala Uganda.
1986 La nave espacial estadounidense "Voyager 2" envía a la Tierra fotografías de 12 nuevas lunas que rodean el planeta Urano y cuya existencia se desconocía hasta entonces.
1984 US President Ronald Reagan's State of the Union address.
1983 US President Ronald Reagan's State of the Union address.
1983 China's supreme court commutes Jiang Qing's death sentence to life imprisonment. She died in prison eight years later, officially a suicide.
1983 Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie arrested in Bolivia
1981 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived back in US
1981 Mao's widow Jiang Qing receive a death sentence, suspended
1980 Highest speed attained by a warship, 167 kph, USN hovercraft
1980 Abolhassan Bani-Sadr elected Iran's first president since the 1979 Islamic revolution. Though we won an overwhelming majority of the popular vote, he did not have the support of the predominantly fundamentalist parliament. On June 22, 1981, he was dismissed from the presidency by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Shortly thereafter he fled to Paris, where he had lived in exile during the reign of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi .
1979 22.2-km Oshimizu railroad tunnel holed through, central Honshu, Japan
1979 Pope John Paul II's first overseas trip as supreme pontiff.
1978 Se inician las primera elecciones sindicales en España tras la dictadura de Francisco Franco Bahamonde.
1976 Primeras elecciones municipales en España tras la Guerra Civil.
1975 Bangladesh's independence leader and first prime minister, sheik Mujibur Rahman , 54, assumes the presidency. He would be killed, along with most of his family, in a coup d'état seven months later 750815.
1974 Bülent Ecevit forms government in Turkey
1974 Christiaan Barnard performs the first human heart transplant without removal of old. He had performed the first human heart transplant 671203
| 1971 Himachal Pradesh becomes the 18th state of India.
It is located in the extreme northern part of the subcontinent and occupies
a region of scenic splendor in the western Himalayas. It has towering snow-clad
mountains divided by deep valleys with thick woods, green fields, lakes,
and cascading streams.
1969 The first fully attended meeting of the formal Vietnam peace talks in Paris is held. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge, the chief negotiator for the United States, urged an immediate restoration of a genuine DMZ as the first "practical move toward peace." Lodge also suggested a mutual withdrawal of "external" military forces and an early release of prisoners of war. Tran Buu Kiem and Xuan Thuy, heads of the National Liberation Front and North Vietnamese delegations respectively, refused Lodge's proposals and condemned American "aggression."
1961 Military coup in El Salvador.
1960 Father Samuel Ruiz García is ordained a bishop, for the diocese of Chiapas (name changed to San Cristóbal de Las Casas on 27 October 1964), to which he was appointed on 14 November 1959, and from which he would retire on 13 March 2000. He was born on 03 November 1924 in Irapuato, Mexico, and ordained a priest on 02 April 1949.
1959 First transcontinental commercial jet flight (American) (Los Angeles to New York for $301)
1959 Pope John XXIII, 90 days after his election, announced his intention to hold an ecumenical church council. (The Vatican II Council would open on 11 October 1962 and close on 08 December 1965.)
1957 L'Inde tente de reconquérir le Cachemire. La India se anexiona Cachemira.
| 1956 96.5 cm of rainfall, Kilauea Plantation, HI (state
1955 Russia ends state of war with Germany
1955 Columbia University scientists develop an atomic clock accurate to within one second in 300 years
1955 US and Panama sign canal treaty
1951 UN begins counter offensive in Korea
1950 73ºF (23ºC) highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in January
1949 first Israeli election Ben-Gurion's Mapai party wins
1946 United Mine Workers union (on the 56th anniversary of its founding) rejoins American Federation of Labor
1945 Grand Rapids MI becomes first US city to fluoridate its water
1945 Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths
1944 In the Anglican Diocese of Hong Kong and South China, Florence Tim-Oi Lee of Macao was ordained a priest in Kwangtung Province, China. Although considered an emergency wartime measure (owing to the lack of male priests in Macao), it nevertheless made Florence Tim-Oi Lee the first-ever ordained female Anglican clergyperson.
Nazi decrees the establishment of Jewish ghetto in Lodz Poland.
1931 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi es puesto en libertad en la India.
1929 Rusia y Alemania firman un tratado de conciliación y se comprometen a someter todos los conflictos que pudieran surgir entre ambas naciones al arbitraje de una Comisión Permanente.
1919 La Conferencia de Paz acepta la propuesta del presidente estadounidense, Thomas Woodrow Wilson, de crear una Asociación General de Naciones.
1918 Russia is declared a republic of Soviets [< Soviet soldier]
1917 Estados Unidos compra a Dinamarca las islas Vírgenes o Antillas danesas por 25 millones de dólares.
1916 Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary
1915 The inventor of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell, inaugurates US transcontinental telephone service, talking from New York to his former associate Thomas A. Watson in San Francisco. The same two had held the first phone conversation on 09 October 1876 over a 3 km wire between Cambridge and Boston.
1912 El Partido Socialdemócrata Alemán gana las elecciones al Reichstag pero no obtiene la mayoría absoluta, por lo que tuvo que apoyarse en los liberales.
1907 Dimite el Gobierno español del marqués de la Vega de Armijo. El Rey encarga a Antonio Maura y Montaner formar nuevo Gobierno.
1890 Reporter Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane) proves that she can do better than make Le tour du monde en 80 jours (as did Phileas Fogg and Passepartout in the Jules Verne story). She made it in 72 days, 6 hours, 11 minutes, and 14 seconds. This made her name famous and a synonym for the feminine star reporter.1877 US Congress creates an electoral commission to determine the presidential election between Hayes and Tilden. The commission proceded to steal the election from Tilden and give it to Hayes ("His Fraudulency")..
1863 Battle of Kinston NC.
1856 Se celebra el Congreso de París, que intenta poner fin a la guerra de Crimea.
1841 The Oxford Movement in England reached its apex with the appearance of John Henry Newman's Tract No. 90. The storm of controversy which ensued brought the series (begun in 1833) to an end. Later, Newman resigned his Anglican parish and in 1845 converted to Roman Catholicism.
| 1813 A Fontainebleau Napoléon et Pie VII signent un
semblant de concordat en onze articles. Le pape le paraphe à contrecur
et les cardinaux vont se rétracter. Le pape en fait autant le 24 mars. Dès
le lendemain, en manière de riposte, Napoléon nomme douze évêques.
1802 Napoleon elected President of the Italian (Cisalpine) Republic
1787 Shays' Rebellion suffers a setback when debt-ridden farmers, led by Captain Daniel Shays, fail to capture an arsenal at Springfield MA
1721 Czar Peter the Great ends Russian-Orthodox patriarchy.
1711 Gerona se rinde al sitio del ejército de Felipe de Anjou y, con ella, toda la provincia.
1579 Treaty of Utrecht signed, marks beginning of Dutch Republic.
1569 Se hace la Real Cédula por la que se establece el Santo Oficio en América, concretamente en las provincias de México y Lima.
1565 Battle at Talikota India Moslems destroy Vijayanagar's army
1554 Sir Thomas Wyatt gathers an army in Kent, rebels against Queen Mary.
1533 (approximate date) England's King Henry VIII secretely marries the 2nd of his six wives, Anne Boleyn, who would give birth to Elizabeth I.
1494 Alfonso II replaces his father as king of Naples.
1515 Sacre de François Ier, 19 ans, à Reims, en l'absence de la reine qui est sur le point d'accoucher. Elle sera couronnée en 1517.
1327 King Edward III accedes to British throne
which occurred on a January 25:
2003 Twelve Palestinians, by Israeli rocket-firing helicopters and some 35 tanks which penetrate at 22:00 (20:00 UT) to nearly the center of Gaza City, in the Zaitoun neighborhood, said to be a stronghold of Hamas, and fire at machine shops and at crowds in the streets, including gunmen called out from mosque loudspeakers. Dozens of Palestinians are wounded. No Israeli is hurt. The incursion is retaliation for 10 Kassam rockets fired the previous day by Hamas from the Gaza Strip on the Israeli Negev town of Sderot, which caused minor material damage and one injury.
2002 T. J. Clifford Baxter, 43, suicide by gunshot to the head. He had resigned as Enron vice chairman in May 2001 after criticizing the company's financial dealings. Baxter said he was distressed over the collapse of the company and concerned about testifying in hearings, possibly against his former colleagues. Baxter had complained mightily to all who would listen about the inappropriateness of our transactions with two LJM partnerships. Related-party transactions conducted within the partnerships cost Enron and caused the company to take a $1.2 billion equity reduction in the third quarter of 2001. The transactions prompted the Securities and Exchange Commission to launch a formal investigation. The revelation of the equity reduction, along with a $1 billion third-quarter charge the company began the process, led to Enron's Chapter 11 bankruptcy filing on 02 December 2001 and to a collapse in the price of its stock, in which the employees' pension plan was locked in, while executives sold their shares before the collapse. Amalgamated Bank named Baxter in a federal lawsuit that alleges 29 officers and directors of Enron sold $1.1 billion in stock while simultaneously misrepresenting the company's financial status. According to the suit, Baxter sold 577'436 shares, netting $35.2 million from October 1998 to November 2001
2002 A suicide bomber who detonates explosives strapped to his body shortly after 11:00 in a pedestrian mall near Tel Aviv's abandoned bus station, 24 bystanders are wounded,
2001 Akiva Pashkus, 45, Israeli shot as he was driving back from dropping off Palestinian employees at the A-Ram Junction, near his business in the Atarot industrial zone of northern Jerusalem.
2001 All 20 passengers and 4 crew members aboard a Rutaca airline Douglas DC-3C airplane, which bursts into flames after it crashes into a large tree on Vía La Piscina in the residential El Perú neighborhood of Ciudad Bolívar, Venezuela, as it was trying to return to the airport after experiencing engine problems shortly after takeoff from a refueling stop as it was flying tourist back from Canaima to Partamar, a non scheduled flight.
2000 Herta Freitag, mathematician.
1998 Mohammad Yusuf Khan prime minister of Afghanistan in (1963-65)
1997 Manuel Tuñón de Lara, historiador español.
1994 Kleene, mathematician.
1993 Ttwo CIA employees shot outside agency headquarters in Virginia by a Pakistani, Mir Aimal Kansi, who would be convicted and sentenced to death.
1992 Manuel Hernández Mompó, pintor español.
1991 One Israeli, as missiles fired from western Iraq strike in the Tel Aviv and Haifa areas. More than 40 are injured.
1990 Dámaso Alonso, poeta y académico español.
1990:: 65 of the 158 passengers and 8 of the 9 crew members aboard Avianca Flight 052 from Medellín, which crashes at Cove Neck NY when it runs out of fuel after being ordered near New York into 3 holding patterns totaling 77 minutes before it was allowed to make a desperate attempt to land, which failed on the first try because of wind shear, a 100-meter ceiling, 400-meter visibility, and crew fatigue and stress.
1982 Mihail A Suslov, 79, Soviet party ideologist.
1952 Sveinn Björnsson, 70, Danish first President of Iceland (1944-1952)
1947 Al[phonse] Scarface Capone, of syphilis, in Florida, Chicago gangster born on 17 January 1899.
1935 Loewy, mathematician.
1927 Pompeo Mariani, Italian artist born on 09 September 1857. Camillo Mariani Carlo Maria Mariani
1906 Pierre L Goossens, 78, Belgian archbishop of Malines / Cardinal.
1896 Lord Frederick Leighton, English Pre-Raphaelite painter and sculptor born on 03 December 1830. [photo] MORE ON LEIGHTON AT ART 4 JANUARY LINKS Cymon and Iphigenia Nausicaa Pavonia Lieder Ohne Wörte The Garden of the Hesperides Flaming June Dante in Exile Cimabue's Madonna Carried in Procession through the Streets of Florence — A Girl with a Basket of Fruit — Acme and Septimus — Actaea, the Nymph of the Shore — Bacchante — Clytie — Clytie — Daedalus and Icarus — Greek Girls Playing Ball — Helen of Troy — Idyll — Invocation — Lachrymae — Light of the Harem — Mother and Child — Odalisque — Perseus and Andromeda — Perseus on Pegasus Hastening to the Rescue of Andromeda — Return of Persephone — Seaside Flowers — Solitude — Sybil — The Bath of Psyche — The Fisherman and the Siren — The Golden Hours — The Maid with the Golden Hair — The Music Lesson — The Painter’s Honeymoon — The Spirit of the Summit — Venus Disrobing for the Bath — Winding the Skein
1896 Vicente Palmaroli González, pintor español.
1894 Weyr, mathematician.
1891 Karl Stauffer~Bern, Swiss artist born on 02 September 1857.
1864 Markus Simeon Larsson (or Larson), Swedish artist born on 05 January 1825.
1632 Abraham Janssens van Nuyssen, Flemish figure and portrait painter born in 1775. MORE ON JANSSENS AT ART 4 JANUARY LINKS Scaldis and Antwerpia Venus and Adonis
1516 Fernando II, rey de Aragón, y (V) de Castilla.
1494 Ferdinand I cruel king of Naples.
1348: 5000 die in earthquake which destroys Villach.
1138 Anacletus II [Cardinal Pietro Pierleone], Jewish anti-pope (1130-38)
0844 Pope Gregory IV
| Births which
occurred on a January 25:
1990 Hija de la Primera Ministra de Pakistán Benazir Bhutto, la primera Primera Ministra que da a luz en pleno ejercicio del poder.
1935 Antonio dos Santos Ramalho Eanes, político portugués.
1933 Corazon Aquino President of Philippines (1986-92) María Corazón Cojuangco, (Corazón Aquino), política filipina.
1928 Eduard Amvroseyevich Shevardnadze Soviet Georgia, foreign minister of USSR (1985-91), then president of independent Georgia.
1919 League of Nations is founded, first meeting 1 year later.
1917 Ilya Prigogine, científico belga de origen ruso, Premio Nobel de Química 1977.
1906 Le tunnel du Simplon est franchit par son premier train. Long de 19'750 mètres, le tunnel ferroviaire du Simplon restera longtemps le plus long tunnel du monde.
1899 Paul-Henri Spaak Belgium, statesman, leader in European integration He died on 31 July 1972.
1891 William C Bullitt first US ambassador to USSR He died on 15 February 1967.
1890 United Mine Workers of America forms. This labor union has engaged in bitter, and often successful, disputes with coal-mine operators for fair pay, safe working conditions, and other worker benefits. An industrial union, the UMWA includes miners in the bituminous and anthracite coal mines, as well as workers outside the mines.
1874 Hewlett Johnson [Red Dean of Canterbury], English bishop.
1870 Hugo Vilfred Pedersen, Danish artist who died in 1959.
1863 Rufus Matthew Jones, US Quaker and author who died on 16 June 1948.
1860 Charles Curtis, US 31st vice president, who died on 08 February 1936.
1857 Alexander-Demetrius Goltz, Hungarian artist who died in 1944.
1857 Max Nonnenbruch, German artist who died on 13 March 1922.
1855 Juel, mathematician.
1851 Adolfo Tommasi, Italian artist who died on 04 October 1933.
1843 Herman Schwarz, mathematician.
1834 Otto Scholderer, German painter who died on his 68th birthday. LINKS
1829 Carlos de Haes, pintor español de origen holandés.
1816 Hermann Werner, German artist who died in February 1905.
1812 Shanks, mathematician.
1806 Daniel Maclise, Irish painter who died on 25 April 1870. LINKS Madeleine After Prayer The Origin of the Harp
1786 Benjamin Robert Haydon, English historical painter and writer who died on 22 June 1846.
1635 L'Académie Française: Richelieu n'ayant guère de prise les assemblées qu'il ne domine. Il assoit son pouvoir par leur création et en tire un nouveau prestige. Ce jour, il érige le petit groupe des "amis des lettres françaises" en une académie dont il devient le protecteur. Le nombre d'académiciens est fixé à quarante. Parmi les plus influents du jour, il y a Vaugelas, Séguier, Voiture.
1739 Charles François du Périer, plus connu sous le nom de Dumouriez, naît à Cambrai. Il lui reviendra la gloire de repousser l'invasion ennemie à Valmy. Demain: Le 26 janvier 1788, premier convoi de bagnards en Australie.
1736 Joseph-Louis comte de Lagrange, Turin, French mathematician. He died on 10 April 1813.
1708 Pompeo-Girolamo Batoni (or Battoni), Italian painter who died on 04 February 1787. MORE ON BATONI AT ART 4 JANUARY LINKS The Ecstasy of St Catherine of Siena Holy Family Sensuality Sir Gregory Page-Turner
1627 Boyle, mathematician and chemist who died on 30 December 1691.
1585 Hendrick van Avercamp de Stomme van Kampen, Dutch painter who died in 1664 give or take a year. MORE ON VAN AVERCAMP AT ART 4 JANUARY LINKS Enjoying the Ice Winter Landscape with Iceskaters River Landscape A Scene on the Ice near a Town Winter Scene on a Canal Winter Landscape
1574 Lucas Franchoys Sr., Flemish artist who died on 16 September 1643.
1554 La misión de San Pablo es fundada por el jesuita vasco José de Anchieta.
1540 Edmund Campion London, saint / Jesuit martyr (December Rationes)
1509 Giovanni Morone, Italian cardinal and diplomat who died on 01 December 1580. [not a moron]
1477 Anne de Bretagne wife of Maximilian of Austria and Louis XII
0749 Leo IV (the Khazar) Byzantine emperor (775-80)