• Krushchev and Eisenhower trade threats over Cuba... • German code broken... • Troops crush trade union... • Condamnés à mort par la Révolution... • Tremblement de terre à Santorin... • Jean~Ray nait... • Zachary Taylor dies... • Early victory at Monocacy... • Romanov remains identified... • The real Neruda is born...
a July 09:
2002 Alexander Pirrie, 13, receives a gold medal from Queen Elizabeth II for winning a Golden Jubilee poetry competition in the 11- to 14-year-old age category. His poem, "Boogie in the Garden," is about the recent Golden Jubilee pop concert held on the grounds of Buckinham Palace: "Hey there Queen! / Gonna boogie in the garden. / Boogie so loud / Gonna need a Royal Pardon. / This party's out to prove / You're the best there's ever been, / As a hip hop happening / Cool mean QUEEN!
2002 MIT astronomers discover asteroid 2002 NT7, about 2 km wide. Unlike most asteroids, which circle the Sun in the plane of the planets, 2002 NT7's plane is tilted 42º. After observing it for a week, astronomers calculate that every 2.29 years it goes through the planets' plane, not far from Earth's orbit. With the uncertainties of calculations based on such a short range of observations, they estimate that there is a 1 in 250'000 chance of a collision with the Earth on 01 February 2019. Several weeks later the odds are reduced to infinitesimal.
2001 Even the Russians' chief puppet in Chechnya, Akhmad Kadyrov, says that the Russian troops have committed “criminal actions,” beating and robbing civilians during recent searches for rebels. This same day Russian President Vladimir Putin's envoy Viktor Kazantsev, a former commander of Russian forces in Chechnya says: “Both militants and the authorities are equally responsible for instability on the territory of Chechnya.. Actions by one stupid Russian commander reduce Russian government efforts to nothing.”
2001 Income and Racial Disparities in the Undercount in the 2000 Presidential Election (PDF format), a US congressional study, finds that the votes of people living in poor and minority communities were much more likely to go uncounted in the 2000 presidential election than were the ballots of the more affluent. [surprised?].
2001 Correio da Manha reports that Preta -- Portuguese for "black" -- walks alone to a church in neighboring Ermesinde to take her usual place next to the altar in time for 7.30 a.m. mass. Whenever worshippers stand up or sit down, Preta does the same. Once mass is over, she usually walks back home. Sometimes Preta will return in a car -- but only with a human she knows, the newspaper said. Congregations have grown at the church as many people come just to see Preta, Correio da Manha said.
Unlike many humans, Preta the dog goes to church every Sunday -- and even walks 16 miles (26 km) to get there. Every Sunday for the last three years, the pooch has headed out of her owner's home in the northern Portuguese town of Sobrado at 5 a.m., Correio da Manha newspaper reported on Monday. A former stray, Preta -- Portuguese for "black" -- walks alone to a church in neighboring Ermesinde to take her usual place next to the altar in time for 7.30 a.m. mass. Whenever worshippers stand up or sit down, Preta does the same. Once mass is over, she usually walks back home. Sometimes Preta will return in a car -- but only with a human she knows, the newspaper said. Congregations have grown at the church as many people come just to see Preta, Correio da Manha said.
2000 The 13th International AIDS Conference opens in Durban, South Africa.
1998 Andrés Pastrana, presidente electo de Colombia, y el jefe de las FARC, Manuel Marulanda, se reúnen en la selva para negociar el proceso de paz.
1993 Por cuarta vez consecutiva, Felipe González es elegido presidente del Gobierno español por el Congreso de los Diputados .
1991 Felipe González y Mijail Gorbachov firman en Moscú un Tratado de Amistad y Cooperación entre España y la URSS.
1982 Margaret Thatcher begins her 2nd term as British prime minister
1981 Las sentencias por el atentado contra la cafetería California-47 en Madrid, cometido en mayo de 1979, condenan a los miembros del GRAPO a 270 años de cárcel.
1978 Nearly 100'000 demonstrators march on Wash DC for ERA.
1976 En España, primer Consejo de Ministros del gabinete Adolfo Suárez.
1976 Uganda asks UN to condemn Israeli hostage rescue raid on Entebbe
1958 Giant splash caused by fall of 90 million tons of rock & ice into Lituya Bay, Alaska washes 1,800 feet up the mountain
1957 Discovery of element 102 (Nobelium) announced
1954 El general Castillo Armas, jefe del alzamiento anticomunista, es elegido presidente de la Junta Militar de Guatemala.
1953 1st helicopter passenger service (NYC)
1951 US President Truman asks Congress to formally end state of war with Germany
| 1934 Heinrich Himmler, jefe de las SS y la Gestapo,
se hace cargo de los campos de concentración en Alemania.
1932 El gobierno peruano decreta el estado de sitio en todo el país y envía tropas y aviones a la provincia de Libertad para reprimir el movimiento comunista.
1896 William Jennings Bryan delivers his famous "cross of gold" speech at the Democratic national convention in Chicago, denouncing supporters of the gold standard. Bryan would win the party's presidential nomination.
1893 Daniel H Williams performs "world's 1st successful heart operation"
1862 Gen John Hunt Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Ky
1853 Adm Perry & US Navy visit Japan
1816 Indépendance de l'Argentine. En 1810, le peuple argentin s'était soulevé contre l'Espagne et le Vice-Roi avait été renversé. L'Argentine, quatrième pays d'Amérique par son étendue, nourrit de nos jours d'immenses troupeaux de boeufs, dont elle exporte la viande dans le monde entier. Argentina declared independence from Spain.
1810 Napoleón Bonaparte consigue integrar Holanda en su Imperio.
1807 Napoleón Bonaparte y los reyes de Rusia y Prusia firman la "paz de Tilsit", que favorece los intereses franceses.
1595 Johannes Kepler describes geometric solid construction of universe
1540 England's King Henry VIII gets annulled his 6-month-old marriage to Anne of Cleves, 4th of his 6 wives..
which occurred on a July 09:
2002 Marilyn Griffin, stabbed more than 70 times by her husband, Sgt. Cedric Griffin, 28, of the 37th Engineer Battalion, 20th Engineer Brigade, of Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Sergeant Griffin then sets the corpse on fire. He had not been to Afghanistan, unlike the other three Fort Bragg wife-murderers of the summer of 2002: Sgt. 1st Class Rigoberto Nieves (with suicide, 11 June 2002); Master Sgt. William Wright (29 June 2002; suicide 23 March 2003); and Sgt 1st Class Brandon Floyd (with suicide, 19 July 2002). On 23 July 2002, Maj. David Shannon, of Fort Bragg, was murdered by his wife Joan Shannon.
2002 Sheri Scherer, stabbed with a kitchen knife by her ex-husband John Scherer, 41, in her home in the 2300 block of Massachusetts Avenue in Naperville, Illinois. John was under stress since the divorce a year earlier, losing jobs, getting drunk, and he had been evicted from his apartment a week earlier. He takes his daughter, Rachel, 6, and flees with her in his SUV. The next day he would deliberately crash the SUV at high speed into a semitrailer on a rural Iowa road, killing himself and the girl.
2001 Nafez Saleh al-Nazer, 25, Palestinian suicide bomber, at about 07:00 in a pickup truck full of explosives which explodes prematurely, hurting no one else, near an Israeli military guard tower. Nazer belonged to Hamas' military wing, Izzedine al Qassam.
2001 Shai Shalom Cohen, 22, Israeli army captain, from wounds sustained late on 8 July when a remote control roadside bomb exploded near his jeep as he was traveling south of Hebron, West Bank.
1996 Melvin Belli, 88, in San Francisco, attorney.
1992 Raimundo Fernández-Cuesta, político falangista español.
1990 Luis Basurto, dramaturgo español.
1982:: 8 on the ground and all 146 people aboard a Pan Am Boeing 727 crashing in Kenner, Louisiana.
1980 Arend Heyting, Dutch mathematician, born on 09 May 1898, important in the development of intuitionistic logic and algebra.
1974 Earl Warren, in Washington DC, former California governor and U.S. Chief Justice.
1974 Juan Domingo Perón, político y presidente argentino.
1953 Henri Eugène Padé, French mathematician, born on 17 December 1863, who made important contributions to the theory of continued fractions. He made the first systematic study of Padé approximants (optimal rational approximations to functions given by their power series).
1947 Augusto Giacometti, Swiss painter and decorative artist born on 16 August 1877. — more
1944:: 168 as world's largest circus tent catches fire at Ringling Brother's - Barnum & Bailey 2nd performance. (Hartford Conn)
1918:: 101 in worst US train wreck, Nashville, Tennessee. 171 are injured
1917 Some 800 as British warship Vanguard explodes at Scapa Flow.
1873 Franz Xavier Winterhalter, German painter born on 20 April 1806. MORE ON WINTERHALTER AT ART 4 JULY LINKS — Il dolce far niente — A Lady — The Decameron — Prince Albert — Julia Louise Bosville, Lady Middleton — H.R.H Princess Marie-Clementine of Orleans, full-length — Madame Ackerman, wife of the Chief Finance Minister of King Louis Philippe The Empress Eugénie Napoléon III Queen Victoria a different Queen Victoria Prince Albert Queen Victoria and family Mme Rimsky-Korsakov
1828 Gilbert Stuart, US painter specialized in portraits, born on 03 December 1755. MORE ON STUART AT ART 4 JULY LINKS Josiah Quincy James MacDonald of Inglesmauldie _ detail 1 (head) _ detail 2 (face) Reverend William Ellery Channing _ detail (head) William Rufus Gray _ detail (head) Richard Yates _ detail (head) — George Washington (1795) George Washington (1796) head detail of a different George Washington Washington at Dorchester Heights James Madison John Adams (1810) John Adams (1826) — James Monroe — The Percy Children and dog.
1797 Edmund Burke, born on 12 January 1729, British statesman and political thinker prominent from 1765 to about 1795... — BURKE ONLINE: A Philosophical Enquiry Into the Origin of Our ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful -- Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790, here Burke champions conservatism in opposition to Jacobism) — Thoughts on the Present Discontents, and Speeches — Speech on Concilation with America — A Letter to a Noble Lord — Selected Works — Selections from the Speeches and Writings
1441 Jan van Eyck, Flemish painter born in 1390 or 1368 (active 1422-1441). MORE ON VAN EYCK AT ART 4 JULY LINKS Madonna with Canon van der Paele [click on link for large reproduction and commentary] Van Eyck's most famous masterpiece is the huge Ghent Altarpiece made up of too many paintings to list here, but go to detailed listing and commentary of The Ghent Altarpiece The Virgin of the Chancellor Rolin Portrait of Cardinal Nicola Albergati Portrait of a Young Man Man in a Red Turban (probably a self-portrait) Portrait of Margaret van Eyck, Artist's Wife(?) Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife Giovanna Cenami (The Arnolfini Marriage) Madonna from the Inn's Hall The Lucca Madonna The Madonna of Canon van der Paele The Virgin and Child in a Church The Virgin and Child with Saints and Donor Three Maries at the open sepulchre
1228 Stephen Langton, 73 , English cardinal whose appointment as archbishop of Canterbury precipitated King John's quarrel with Pope Innocent III and played an important part in the Magna Carta crisis. It was Langton who formulated the original division of the Bible into chapters in the late 1100s.
| Births which
occurred on a July 09:
1942 Ramón Irigoyen, filólogo y escritor español.
1937 David Hockney, British Pop painter, draftsman, printmaker, photographer, and stage designer. MORE ON HOCKNEY AT ART 4 JULY LINKS Mother I My Mother Model With Incomplete Self~Portrait Big Splash Sprinklers Mr. and Mrs. Clark and Percy Beverly Hills Housewife Nichols Canyon Place Furstenberg Portrait Surrounded by Artistic Devices Portrait of Nick Wilder in Pool Three Chairs Before Fragment of a Picasso Mural Portrait of an Artist
1929 Hassan II king of Morocco (1961-1999). He died on 23 July 1999.
1916 Edward Heath (C) British Prime Minister (1970-74)
1896 William Cameron Townsend, American missionary and linguist. In 1942 he established what has become the largest evangelical missionary agency in the world --Wycliffe Bible Translators (WBT). He died in 1982.
1887 Samuel Eliot Morison historian (Admiral of the Ocean Sea)
1887 Emilio Mola Vidal, general español.
1858 Franz Boas anthropologist/linguist (Mind of Primitive Man) -- Some of his other works (online as page images): The Central Eskimo, The Decorative Art of the Indians of the North Pacific Coast , The Social Organization and the Secret Societies of the Kwakiutl Indians , Tenth Report on the North-western Tribes of Canada (ca.1895)
1855 (1856?) Jacob Smits, Dutch Belgian painter who died on 15 February 1928. Evening Landscape
1850 Anton Toni von Stadler, Austrian artist who died on 17 September 1917.
1845 George Howard Darwin, Charles Darwin's mathematical astronomer son, who studied the three-body-problem. He died on 07 December 1912.
1828 Adolf Schreyer, German artist who died on 29 or 30 July 1899.
1819 Elias Howe Spencer Mass, invented sewing machine.
1802 Thomas Davenport, who would invent the first commercial electric motor.
1764 Ann Ward Radcliffe English Gothic novelist (The Italian). RADCLIFFE ONLINE: The Mysteries of Udolpho Poems
1744 François Guillaume Ménageot, French painter who died on 04 October 1816. — more