| On a 12 July:
2002 After the ferry from Greece arrives at Brindisi, Italian customs officials checking passengers luggage find in a suitcase Ismail Kilic, 26, a Kurd. He is deported from Italy on the next ferry to Greece. The owner of the suitcase, Cindy Q., 23, a Belgian, is arrested and charged with organizing illegal immigration.
2001 In Trois-Rivières, Québec, Gérard Daigle, 80, was giving his parrot a shower [not a good idea...] when he inadvertently sprays Touti, his tout petit cat. Enraged, the cat attacks Daigle who, with his wife, 81, manages to lock the cat into the bedroom and calls for help. Four carloads of police, two ambulances, and an animal control officer respond. Daigle is hospitalized, having lost nearly a half liter of blood and requiring several stitches.
2000 In Philadelphia, a WPVI-TV news helicopter videotaped about a dozen police officers kicking and punching Thomas Jones, a black carjacking suspect. (Jones later pleaded guilty to carjacking and other crimes, and was sentenced to 18 to 36 years in prison; however, one year later none of the policemen had been disciplined and the circumstances of the beating are still under investigation.)
2000 New Hampshire Chief Justice David Brock was impeached by the Legislature, the first such action against an official in the state since 1790. (He was later acquitted in a state Senate trial.)
2000 La banda terrorista ETA coloca un coche bomba con 20 kilos de explosivos en pleno centro de Madrid. El atentado no se cobra ninguna víctima mortal.
1999 El informe de la ONU sobre Desarrollo Humano pone de manifiesto el crecimiento de las desigualdades entre ricos y pobres.
1998 Dimite el primer ministro japonés Ryutaro Hashimoto.
1997 An initial public offering from At Home, a cable modem company, sparks a buying frenzy, with the start-up valued at more than $1.99 billion after its first day of trading on 12 July 1997.
1996 The US House of Representatives votes overwhelmingly to define marriage in federal law as a legal union of one man and one woman - no matter what states might say.
1996 The media report that Wired Ventures has postponed an IPO until October. The company, described by some investment experts as "hysterically overvalued," produced a popular Web site as well as Wired magazine, which helped popularize the "digital revolution."
1991 Mauritania celebra un referéndum para votar la primera Constitución democrática de este país desde su independencia en 1960.
1990 Violeta Chamorro, presidente de Nicaragua, y la oposición sandinista llegan a un acuerdo para poner fin a la huelga general de 85'000 empleados estatales.
resigns from Communist Party
Just two days after Mikhail Gorbachev was re-elected head of the Soviet Communist Party, Boris Yeltsin, president of the Republic of Russia, announces his resignation from the Party. Yeltsin's action was a serious blow to Gorbachev's efforts to keep the struggling Soviet Union together. In July 1990, Soviet Communist Party leaders met in a congress for debate and elections. Gorbachev, who had risen to power in the Soviet Union in 1985, came under severe attack from Communist Party hard-liners. They believed that his political and economic reforms were destroying the Party's control of the nation. Gorbachev fired back at his critics during a speech in which he defended his reforms and attacked the naysayers as backward-looking relics from the dark past of the Soviet Union. He was rewarded with an overwhelming vote in favor of his re-election as head of the Communist Party.
Just two days after that vote, however, Yeltsin shattered the illusion that Gorbachev's victory meant an end to political infighting in the Soviet Union. Yeltsin had been a consistent critic of Gorbachev, but his criticisms stemmed from a belief that Gorbachev was moving too slowly in democratizing the Soviet political system. Yeltsin's dramatic announcement of his resignation from the Communist Party was a clear indication that he was demanding a multiparty political system in the Soviet Union. It was viewed as a slap in the face to Gorbachev and his policies. During the next year and a half, Gorbachev's power gradually waned, while Yeltsin's star rose. In December 1991, Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union and the Soviet Union officially dissolved. Yeltsin, however, retained his position of power as president of Russia. In their own particular ways, both men had overseen the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War.
| 1989 Charles Haughey es nombrado primer ministro de
1985 Se publica en España la normativa legal que despenaliza el aborto en determinados supuestos.
1975 São Tomé e Príncipe gains independence from Portugal (Nat'l Day)
1974 President Richard Nixon's aides G. Gordon Liddy, John Ehrlichman and two others are convicted of perjury and conspiracy to violate the civil rights of Daniel Ellsberg's former psychiatrist. in connection with the Watergate scandal.
1971 Juan Corona, indicted for 25 murders
| 1966 Race riot in Chicago
1960 USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs
1960 Congo, Chad & Central African Republic declare independence
1957 The US. surgeon general, Leroy E. Burney, reports that there is a direct link between smoking and lung cancer.
| 1954 President Dwight D. Eisenhower proposes a highway
modernization program, with costs to be shared by federal and state governments.
1951 Mob tries to keep black family from moving into all-white Cicero Ill
1948 1st jets to fly across the Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires)
1934 El coronel Capaz comunica la ocupación de Smara en Marruecos, punto estratégico por ser paso obligatorio de caravanas.
1933 US Congress passes 1st minimum wage law (33 cents per hour)
1926 Un rayo provoca el estallido en Dover (New Jersey) de un depósito de municiones; 25 km2 quedan asolados.
1920 Lithuania & USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuuania becomes independent republic
1920 Se inaugura oficialmente el Canal de Panamá.
1919 Los aliados suspenden el bloqueo marítimo de Alemania.
1914 Fracasa un intento de asesinato contra Rasputín, aventurero ruso de gran influencia en la corte del zar.
1909 16th Amendment to US Constitution approved (power to tax incomes)
1902 Se patenta en Alemania el proceso de fabricación de los ácidos llamados barbitúricos.
1873 Se produce un levantamiento en Cartagena durante la Primera República Española que proclama la independencia de su cantón, lo que será imitado en el Levante y Sur de la península.
1864 President Abraham Lincoln becomes the first US president in office to witness a battle, as Union forces repel Jubal Early's raid at Fort Stevens, on the outskirts of Washington, D.C.
1863 Siege of Fort Wagner, Charleston Harbor, South Carolina continues
1862 Morgan's Confederate raiders on their first raid capture Lebanon, Kentucky
1812 US forces led by Gen. William Hull entered Canada during the War of 1812 against Britain. (However, Hull retreated shortly thereafter to Detroit.)
1799 24 messidor an VII En France, la "loi des otages" est votée par l’Assemblée: en cas de troubles dans un département, des otages choisis dans les familles d’émigrés ou de chouans seront arrêtés et déportés
1794 British Admiral Lord Nelson loses his right eye at the siege of Calvi, in Corsica. .
1794 Miguel de la Grúa Talamanca es nombrado virrey de México.
1790 La constitution civile du clergé. L'Assemblée par cette loi, exige du clergé un serment à la Constitution. Ceux qui se refuseront à prêter serment seront révoqués. En échange de ce serment les prêtres, considérés comme des fonctionnaires, reçoivent un traitement assez confortable, en particulier pour le bas clergé. Les diocèses passent de 139 à 83. The French Assembly approves a Civil Constitution providing for the election of priests and bishops
1774 Citizens of Carlisle, Penn. pass a declaration of independence
1191 The armies of the Third Crusade (1189-92), led by England's King Richard ('TheLionhearted'), capture the Syrian seaport of Acre.
1096 Crusaders under Peter the Hermit reach Sofia in Bulgaria
0526 St Felix IV begins his reign as Pope
which occurred on a 12 July:|
2002 James M. Ryan, of cancer, Catholic bishop Dom Tiago of the 325'000 sq km diocese of Santarém, Amazonas, from 1958 until his retirement in 1985. Born in Chicago on 17 November 1912, he became a Franciscan and, in 1938, was ordained a priest. He went to the Amazon in 1943.
2002 Khaled al-Khatib, 25, and Muain al-A'daini, 13, Palestinians in Deir al-Balah, central Gaza Strip, which an Israeli army undercover unit enters and fires at a police station, killing naval policeman Khatib. A'daini is shot dead as the troops withdraw.
2002 Imad Abu Zahra, 35 [photo >], Palestinian freelance reporter for the Wafa news agency, from a right thigh wound followed by unattended severe bleeding, sustained the previous day in Jenin, West Bank, shot by Israeli troops whose stuck tank he was photographing together with Palestinian press photographer Shawqi Dahla, who was wounded in the left shin.
2002 Jamal Youssef A'rar, 37, from wounds sustained on 10 July 2002 in Qalqilya, West Bank, shot by soldiers while heading home after a curfew began.
2001 Yehezkel Mualem, in a shooting ambush, late in the day. He was a member of the city council of the Kiryat Arba Israeli enclave settlement near Hebron, West Bank.
1997 Miguel Ángel Blanco Garrido, de 29 años, concejal de Partido Popylar en Ermua (Vizcaya), asesinado por ETA conforme a su amenaza.
1994 Hazel Liveoak, of heart attack in the trunk of a car. Donald Dallas, a White, and Carolyn Yaw kidnapped Liveoak from the parking lot of a grocery store in Prattsville, Alabama. Upon demands for her money, the woman told her abductors that she only had $10, and gave them her debit card and pin numbers for an automatic teller machine. In Greenville, they threw her in the trunk, then traveled to a bank in Montgomery, where Yaw withdrew $300 from Liveoak’s account, while Dallas waited out by the car telling the victim that they would abandon the car and telephone for help. She protested, saying that she had a heart condition, but they deserted her anyway and never called for help. Dallas would be sentenced to death and scheduled for a 17 October 2002 execution, but granted a stay.
1993: 196 persons in earthquake measuring a Richter scale magnitude of 7.8, northern Japan.
1991 A Japanese professor who had translated Salman Rushdie's The Satanic Verses, found stabbed to death, nine days after the novel's Italian translator was attacked in Milan.
1983 Dos muertos en Chile cuando la tercera jornada de protesta contra el gobierno de Pinochet concluye con más de 500 detenidos.
1967: 26 persons in riot by Blacks in Newark. Some 1500 are injured and over 1000 arrested.
1925 Lovis Corinth, German painter born on 21 July 1858. MORE ON CORINTH AT ART 4 JULY LINKS Ecce Homo Samson Blinded Das trojanische Pferd Am Walchensee: Bildnis Fritz Proels Am Walchensee: Blick auf den Walchensee St. Michael Selbstbildnis Walchesee Selbstbildnis a different Selbstbildnis Selbstbildnis mit Gattin (sein Frau) Soothsayer (Prophecy) Riders, from the Campo Santo, Pisa Der Kuss
1913 Gaston de La Touche, French artist born on 29 October 1854.
1907 David Farquharson, British artist born in 1839 or 1840.
1904 Hendrik Dirk Kruseman van Elten, Dutch artist born on 14 November 1829.
1863 Etienne-Jean Delécluze, French artist born on 20 February 1781.
1450 Jack Cade, leader of a major rebellion against the government of King Henry VI of England; although the uprising was suppressed, it contributed to the breakdown of royal authority that led to the Wars of the Roses (1455-85) between the houses of York and Lancaster. Wounded and captured near Lewes, Sussex, on 12 July he died while being transported to London.
which occurred on a 12 July:
2001 Septuplets (5 boys, 2 girls), from 23:25 to 23:28 EDT, 12 weeks premature, weighing about 1 kg each, at , to a Moslem mother who had been taking hormones for infertility (and does not believe in abortion), Thursday at Georgetown University Hospital, Washington DC.
1951 Jaime Mayor Oreja, político español.
1937 Lionel Jospin, dirigente socialista y primer ministro francés.
1928 Elias James Corey, 1990 Nobel Chemistry prize winner, for his development of the theory and methodology of organic synthesis.
1923 Miguel Artola, historiador y académico español.
1922 Mark O Hatfield (Sen-R-Ore)
1917 Andrew Wyeth, US Contemporary Realist painter, author of Andrew Weyth: Autobiography (commented reproductions of 138 of his paintings) [picture of the book's cover] MORE ON WYETH AT ART 4 JULY LINKS Christina's World (with link to an exclusive showing what happened to it, moments after the scene painted by Wyeth :-) Albert's Son Page Boy Distant Thunder Chill Wind Autumn Memorial Day Braids (1979) Winter, 1946 Wind from the Sea Anna Christina Christina's Teapot Alvaro & Christina The Wood Stove (detail) The Coot Hunter Sheepskin
1913 Willis Eugene Lamb, Jr., 1955 Nobel Physics Prize winner, for his discoveries concerning the fine structure of the hydrogen spectrum.
1908 Milton Berle Harlem NYC, comedian (Uncle Miltie, Mr Television)
1895 Oscar Hammerstein II NYC, lyricist who worked with Richard Rodgers
1884 Amadeo Modigliani, Italian painter, sculptor and draftsman who died on 24 January 1920. MORE ON MODIGLIANI AT ART 4 JULY LINKS Self-Portrait The Boy Jean Cocteau Jeune Bonne Deux Cyprès Seated Woman with Child Chaim Soutine Sitting at a Table the Painter Manuel Humbert Soutine Sitting at a Table Jacques and Berthe Lipchitz Female Nude Red Nude (Nude on a Cushion) The Boy Max Jacob Cypress
1876 Max Jacob, escritor francés.
1875 Ernst Sigismund Fischer, mathematician best known for the Riesz-Fischer theorem in the theory of Lebesgue integration. He died on 14 November 1954.
1854 George Eastman Waterville NY, invented Kodak camera.
1852 Frédéric Auguste Dufaux, Swiss artist who died in 1943.
1824 Eugène Louis Boudin, French Impressionist painter who died on 08 August 1898, specialized in Maritime Scenes. MORE ON BOUDIN AT ART 4 JULY LINKS Harbor at Bordeaux The Beach at Trouville Figures on the Beach Dunkirk Storm over Antwerp Rivage de Portrieux, Côtes-du-Nord The Harvest Near Trouville — In the Vicinity of Honfleur — La Plage de Trouville — Pâturage Normand — The Saint-Simeon Farm — Nature morte avec gigot 637 images at Webshots
1818 Alexis van Hamme, Belgian artist who died in 1875.
1751 Francisco Salvá, médico y científico español.
1730 Josiah Wedgewood England, pottery designer/manufacturer.
1666 Antonio Balestra, Italian painter and printmaker who died on 21 April 1740. MORE ON BALESTRA AT ART 4 JULY — The Virgin Mary gives her scapular to six Servites — The Death of Abel — Venus Appearing to Aeneas — Samson and Delilah
100 -BC- Julius Caesar Roman Emperor CAESAR ONLINE: De Bello Gallico De Bello Civili De Bello Alexandrino De Bello Africo De Bello Hispaniensi (English translation): Commentaries on the Gallic and Civil Wars in translation.