• English Restoration... • Have you no sense of decency?... • 6~Day War: 5th day... • USSR invades Karelia... • UK leases Hong Kong... • Mormons head West... • Colonials burn British ship... • Battle of Brandy Station... • Condamnés à mort par la Révolution... • Dickens dies... • Sri Lanka Army shells civilians... • McNamara is born... • Home Sweet Home author is born... • US sailor dies victim of Israel... • St. Lawrence River discovered... • Georgia Charter... • Hope for An Loc... • Domino Theory challenged... • Tax withholding... • Antitrust charges against Intel... • Bertha von Suttner geboren... • Patricia Cornwall is born... • Donald Duck...
| On a June 09:
2002 First round of the parliamentary elections in France. Some 8500 candidates compete for the 577-seat National Assembly. Less than 50 candidates get over 50% of the vote and are elected outright. Those who receive less than 12.5% of the vote are eliminated. The rest will enter the decisive second round on 16 June. President Jacques Chirac's moderate rightist coalition (UMP: Union pour une Majorité Présidentielle) gets results that foreshadow a parliamentary majority and the end of cohabitation with a Socialist prime minister.
2000 France becomes the 12th country to ratify the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (which has not been ratified nor even signed by the US)
2000 The US Justice Department released a report saying an 18-month investigation had found no credible evidence that conspirators aided or framed James Earl Ray in the 1968 assassination of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.
1985 American Thomas Sutherland is kidnapped and held hostage in Lebanon
| 1978 Gutenberg Bible (1 of 21) sells for $2.4 million,
1978 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) strikes down 148 year policy of excluding black men from priesthood
1972 14" of rain in 6 hrs burst Rapid City SD dam, drowns 200
1969 The US Senate confirms Warren Burger as chief justice of the United States, succeeding Earl Warren.
| 1965 Michel Fazy runs the mile in 3 minute 53.6 seconds
1940 Chute de Rouen.
1934 Donald Duck's movie debut.
Donald Duck makes his first film appearance, in The Wise Little Hen, a short by Walt Disney. Donald, along with Mickey Mouse (who debuted in 1928), would become one of Disney's most beloved characters. Donald's popularity also led to other characters in the Duck family, including Daisy Duck, Uncle $crooge, and nephews Huey, Dewey, and Louey. Al Taliaferro would draw the comic strip.
Donald's creator, Walt Disney, was born on a Missouri farm and showed an early interest in art. He sold his first sketches to neighbors when he was just seven, and he attended the Kansas City Art Institute at night during high school. At age 16, during World War I, Disney went overseas with the Red Cross and drove an ambulance decorated with cartoon characters.
Back in Kansas City, Disney worked as an advertising cartoonist. He founded a company, Laugh-O-Gram, with his older brother, Roy, but the company went bankrupt, and the brothers left Kansas City for Hollywood with $40 and some art supplies in the early 1920s. Once in California, the brothers built a camera stand in their uncle's garage and started their company in the back of a Hollywood real estate office.
Disney began making a series of animated short films called Alice in Cartoonland and developed a stable of animated characters. In 1928, Disney introduced Mickey Mouse in two silent films, followed by Steamboat Willie (1928), the first fully synchronized sound cartoon ever made. Walt Disney provided Mickey's squeaky voice himself. The company then launched the "Silly Symphony" series of sound cartoons. One installment in the series, The Three Little Pigs (1934), became the most popular cartoon up to that time. Meanwhile, the company developed increasingly sophisticated animation technology.
The company released the first feature-length animated film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, in 1937. The film grossed $8 million, an incredible success during the Depression. During World War II, Disney devoted most of his company's resources to the production of training and propaganda films for the military. In 1965, he designed the Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow (EPCOT), which later inspired Disney's EPCOT Center in Orlando, Florida. He also helped establish the California Institute of the Arts in 1961.
During Disney's four-decade career, he won more than 1000 honors and citations from around the world, including 48 Academy Awards and seven Emmys. Harvard, Yale, the University of Southern California, and UCLA all awarded him honorary degrees. He also won the Presidential Medal of Freedom, France's Legion of Honor and Officer d'Academie decorations, Thailand's Order of the Crown, Brazil's Order of the Southern Cross, Mexico's Order of the Aztec Eagle, and the Showman of the World Award from the National Association of Theatre Owners. In addition to his films, his legend lives on through Disneyland, Walt Disney World, and EPCOT Center. Walt Disney died in 1966.
| 1931 Goddard patents rocket-propelled aircraft design.
1902 first Automat restaurant opens (818 Chestnut St, Phila)
1902 Woodrow Wilson is unanimously elected president of Princeton University. In this position, Wilson would already exhibit both the idealistic integrity and the occasional lack of political acumen that would later mark his tenure as 28th president of the United States.
1869 Charles Elmer Hires sells his first root beer (Phila)
1863 Battle of Brandy Station, Virginia
1863 Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi continues
1862 Battle of Port Republic, last of 5 battles in Jacksons Valley camp
1790 First book copyrighted under the constitution, Philadelphia Spelling Book.
1784 In the first step toward formal organization of the Roman Catholic Church in the US, Father John Carroll is appointed superior of the American missions by Pius VI.
which occurred on a June 09: |
2001 Nessra Malaha, 65, Salimia Malaha, 65, and her niece Hikmet Malaha, 25, by shrapnel from Israeli tank shells. The three women were Bedouin living in a camp near the Jewish enclave settlement Netzarim.
1994 Jan Tinbergen, Dutch mathematician-physicist-economist-socialist activist, born on 12 April 1903. His major publications include Statistical Testing of Business Cycles (1938), Econometrics (1942), Economic Policy (1956), and Income Distribution (1975).
1972 John Paul Vann, senior US advisor in Vietnam's Central Highlands, in a helicopter crash, probably shot down by North Vietnamese. Vann had successfully directed the battle against the North Vietnamese invaders at Kontum.
1969 Harold Davenport, mathematician born on 30 October 1907. He worked on number theory, in particular the geometry of numbers, Diophantine approximation and the analytic theory of numbers. He wrote a number of important textbooks and monographs including The higher arithmetic (1952). He wrote the monograph Analytic methods for Diophantine equations and Diophantine inequalities (1962) which includes many of his contributions extending the Hardy-Littlewood method. He also wrote an important monograph on the analytic approach to the theory of the distribution of primes Multiplicative number theory (1967).
1953 About 100 persons, by tornado, Worcester, Massachusetts. It destroys Assumption College.
1945 Antonin Prochaska, Czech artist born on 05 June 1882.
1798 Johann Georg Pforr, German artist born on 04 January 1745.
0597 Saint. Columba, 76, pioneer missionary to Scotland. From the Isle of Iona, Columba evangelized the mainland of Scotland and Northumbria.
0068 Nero, Roman Emperor, suicide
which occurred on a June 09:
1989 Gregory Smith, in West Reading, Pennsylvania. He who would solve math problems at age 14 months, and read by age 2. He started school in August 1994 and graduated from high school in Orange Park, Florida, on 11 June 1999. In September 1999, he enrolled at Randolph-Macon College in Ashland, Virginia. He graduated cum laude on 31 May 2003 with a BS in Mathematics and minors in History and Biology [photo >]. Starting on 09 June 2003, he studies for a Ph.D. in mathematics at the University of Virginia. Meanwhile he has founded International Youth Advocates to champion nonviolence and children's rights.
1959 George Washington, first ballistic missile sub, is launched in Groton, Connecticut.
1958 Donald Michael Santini, Mass, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
1885 John E. Littlewood, mathematician who died on 06 September 1977. He collaborated with Godfrey Harold Hardy [07 Feb 1877 – 01 Dec 1947], working on the theory of series, the Riemann zeta function, inequalities, and the theory of functions.
1865 Carl Nielsen Norre-Lyndelse Denmark, composer (Det Uuslukkelige)
1864 Floris Arntzenius, Duch artist who died in 1925.
1849 Michael-Peter Ancher, Danish painter who died on 19 September 1927. MORE ON ANCHER AT ART 4 JUNE Fishermen Returning Home Two Fishermen Four Fishermen Girl with Sunflowers Lunch in the Garden Young Girl Knitting A. Ancher and M. Krøyer (2 ladies in long dresses walking away) Sea Promenade
1843 Bertha von Suttner
1737 Henri-Joseph Antonissen, Flemish artist who died on 04 April 1794.
1672 (30 May Julian) Pyotr Alekseyevich, who would be Peter I “the Great”, tsar of Russia, jointly with his half-brother Ivan V from 1682 to 1696, then alone until his 08 February (28 Jan Julian) 1725 death, after having greatly modernized and expanded Russia, and having been proclaimed imperator in 1721, quite fittingly, as Russia has been an imperialist power ever since. [Click on image for portraits of Peter the Great >]
1640 Leopold I Emperor of Holy Roman Empire
1597 Pieter Janszoon Saenredam, Dutch painter who died on 16 August 1665. MORE ON SAENREDAM AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS Interior of the Church of St Bavo in Haarlem Interior of the Church of St Odulphus at Assendelft, seen from the Choir to the West The Old Town Hall of Amsterdam