a June 12:
2003 Nexmed (NEXM), a developer of transdermal treatments based on its NexACT drug delivery technology, announces favorable results from its studies of Alprox-TD cream treatment for erectile dysfunction. On the NASDAQ 5.5 million of the 29.6 million NEXM shares are traded, surging from their previous close of $2.60 to an intraday high of $4.55 and closing at $4.45. They had traded as low as $0.35 as recently as 20 November 2002 and as high as $22.25 on 28 February 2000. They had started trading on 26 October 1998, at $1.38. [5~year price chart >]
2002 The stock of Alamosa Holdings (APS) falls from the previous day's close of $1.92 to an intraday low of $1.05 and closes at $1.10. It had already fallen on 06 June 2002 from the previous close of $3.65 to an intraday low of $1.95.
2002 Upon a $35-a-share cash buyout offer from a Mexican company, the stock of Puerto Rico Cement (PRN) rises from the previous close of $22.20 to an intraday high of $35.10 (also it's 52-week high) and closes at $34.77. It had traded as low as $16.70 during the past 52 weeks.
2002 Christopher Watt, 15, goes into an Ottawa sewer on a dare and finds himself trapped. His friends call police and, after rescuers (breathing from air tanks) in inflatable boats search for five hours in the maze of sewers, he is found in a 3-meter diameter pipe, flowing with one meter of foul sewage.
2000 Baby gets arm transplant from her dead twin. ^top^
Una niña malaisia de sólo mes y medio de edad, Chong Lih Ying, ha recibido el implante del brazo y mano de su hermana gemela, fallecida en el parto el 21 de abril. La microcirugía ha permitido esta operación, realizada en el Hospital Selayang de Kuala Lumpur. [photo: Las enfermeras miran a la pequeña Chong Lih Ying que se recupera del trasplante del brazo >]. La hermana gemela idéntica de Chong sufría una fuerte deformación cerebral y murió al nada más nacer. En todo el mundo, tan sólo se habían realizado seis trasplantes de manos o brazos, pero todos en adultos.
2000 The US Supreme Court, in a unanimous ruling, said patients cannot use a federal law to sue HMOs for giving doctors a financial incentive to cut treatment costs.
1998 A jury in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, convicts 17-year-old Luke Woodham of killing two students and wounding seven others at Pearl High School.
1996 US Senate Republicans overwhelmingly choose Trent Lott to succeed Bob Dole as majority leader.
1996 Communication Decency Act blocked ^top^
A panel of federal judges issue a preliminary injunction blocking the Communications Decency Act, part of the Telecommunications Act of 1996. The law included a section making it a crime to transmit indecent material to minors on the Internet. The judges say that the act places "profoundly repugnant" restrictions on free speech, violating First Amendment rights. The panel argue that the Internet should have the same free speech protections as other media. Later that summer, the Supreme Court would strike down the Communications Decency Act.
1995 Letonia, Estonia y Lituania se convierten en Estados asociados a la Unión Europea.
1994 Austria vota en un referéndum a favor de su ingreso en la Unión Europea.
1992 Inauguración en Río de Janeiro de la Cumbre de la Tierra, en la que se adoptaron una serie de medidas para frenar el deterioro del medio ambiente del planeta.
1991 Primeras elecciones presidenciales en Rusia y rotunda victoria de Boris Nikolaievich Yeltsin, que obtiene el 60% de los votos. El Partido del Congreso, ganador sin mayoría absoluta en las elecciones legislativas en la India. Russians go to the polls and elect Boris N. Yeltsin president of their republic.
1991 The Mount Pinatubo volcano in the Philippines begins erupting.
1991 CERN seminar on WWW ^top^
CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory in Geneva, holds a seminar about the World Wide Web, a new hypertext system designed by British computer scientists Tim Berners-Lee during a fellowship at CERN. In May, Berners-Lee had presented the architecture for the World Wide Web to a CERN committee and released a version of the Web on CERN's computers.
Berners-Lee had been developing the system, which allowed Internet documents to "link" to each other easily, since 1989. By 1990, he had created the basic parameters of the World Wide Web, which were posted on the Internet in the summer of 1991. Berners-Lee continued to develop the Web through 1993, working with feedback from Internet users. By late 1991 and early 1992, the Web was widely discussed, and in early 1993, when Marc Andreessen and other graduate students at the University of Illinois released the Mosaic browser (Netscape's precursor), the Web rapidly became a popular communications medium.
1986 P W Botha declares South African national emergency
1985 Nouveau Traité Européen marquant l’entrée de l’Espagne et du Portugal dans la Communauté Européenne.
España se adhiere a la Comunidad Económica Europea, a la Organización Europea para la Investigación de Energía Nuclear y a la Comunidad Europea del Carbón y el Acero.
1985 The US House of Representatives approves $27 million in aid to the Nicaraguan Contras.
1979 The Gossamer Albatross, designed by Paul MacCready, 53, is pedaled and piloted by 62-kg Bryan Allen, 26, a bicyclist and hang-glider enthusiast, from near Folkestone, Kent, on the coast of Engand, to Cape Gris-Nez, on the French coast, a distance of 37 km, in 2 h 49 min. (speed: 13 km/h).
This flight wins the £100'000 Kremer Prize for the first man-propelled flight across the English Channel. The plane has a wingspan of 28.6 m, weighs 32 kg, and is constructed of Mylar, polystyrene, and carbon-fibre rods.
Allen had taken a previous MacCready design, the Gossamer Condor, on 23 August 1977, along a 1.85 km figure-8 course to win another Kremer Prize of £50'000.
MacCready would go on to design a solar-powered plane, the Solar Challenger, which would fly a km course across the English Channel on 07 July 1981.
| 1978 David Berkowitz sentenced in NY Supreme Court
to 25 yrs to life for each of the six "Son of Sam" .44-caliber killings
that had terrified New Yorkers.
1967 Race riot in Cincinnati Ohio (300 arrested)
1967 The US Supreme Court unanimously rules that states cannot ban interracial marriages.
1967 Israel wins 6 day war
The First American Sports Car
Maurice Olley, Chevrolet’s Chief Engineer, completes his chassis, code-named "Opel," which will eventually become the chassis for the 1953 Corvette.
The Opel project had been initiated after Harley Earls’ General Motors (GM) design division created models and drawings for a new GM sports car. During testing, a prototype fiberglass car accidentally rolled during testing, with the car’s fiberglass roof remaining structurally intact, leading GM engineers to consider for the first time building an all fiberglass body for one of their cars.
As project Opel moved forward, the new sports car took shape as a rear-engined, all fiberglass sportscar, the first in America. In July of 1952, the Corvette got its name after an extensive search through an English dictionary: A corvette was a small-sized, speedy warship of the British Royal Navy.
In January of 1953 the Corvette was exhibited as a "dreamcar" at the Motorama Car Show in New York City. The first Corvette, a white convertible with red interior, drove off the assembly line on June 30, 1953. That year the car was produced in limited numbers, but full-scale production began the following year following Ford’s release of the T-Bird at the New York Auto Show in February.
The small-car competition from Ford prompted Chevrolet officials to continue Corvette production, in spite of some misgivings due to lagging sales. In 1954 the Corvette was a failure, with some 3500 cars sold and another 1200 left unsold at year’s end. Chevy engineer Zora Arkus-Duntov, initially brought on to develop the Corvette’s performance, urged his superiors not to admit defeat on the project and to instead create a separate department to oversee the development of the car.
From this point forward Arkus-Duntov made turning the Corvette into a legitimate sports car his a personal challenge. He overhauled the engine and drive-shaft, and over the next two years minor adjustments were made to the car’s body and styling. By 1955, the Corvette, equipped with new suspension and a 195 horsepower engine, was tested in disguise at the Pike’s Peak Hill Climb, where it shattered the stock car record with Arkus-Duntov behind the wheel. In February of 1956 Arkus-Duntov drove a modified Corvette V-8 to a two-way stock car record of 240 km/h at the Daytona Raceway. While the Corvette would not surpass the T-Bird in sales during the 1950s, it would fulfill GM’s initial expectation in becoming the first American sports car.
| 1948 Ginebra, designada sede de la OIT (Organizacion
Internacional del Trabajo) y de la primera conferencia mundial de la salud.
1943II Guerra Mundial: Los aliados ocupan las islas italianas de Pantelaria y Lampedusa.
1942 US bombers strike the oil refineries of Ploesti, Rumania for the first time.The US 93rd Bomb Group saw action over Western Europe, North Africa, Italy and Rumania.
1940 Retraite française derrière la Marne -- Les Allemands occupent Reims -- Le gouvernement français se replie près de Tours (Cangé) -- Weygand ordonne le repli général des armées
1935 Chaco War ends between Bolivia and Paraguay
1934 Black-McKeller Bill passes causes Bill Boeing empire to break up into Boeing United Aircraft [Technologies] and United Air Lines
1933 Estados Unidos adopta las primeras medidas antiproteccionistas.
1931 Gangster Al Capone and 68 of his henchmen are indicted for violating Prohibition laws.
1926 Brazil quits the League of Nations in protest over plans to admit Germany. Joseph Avenol, secretary-general of the League of Nations, sold out the organization he had sworn to uphold.
1923 Harry Houdini frees himself from a straitjacket while suspended upside down, 40 feet (12 m) above the ground in NYC
1921 President Warren Harding urges every young man to attend military training camp.
1920 Republicans nominate Warren G. Harding for president and Calvin Coolidge for vice president.
1920 Farmer Labor Party organized (Chicago)
| 1917 US Secret Service extends protection of president
to his family
1917 El Rey Constantino de Grecia abdica en su hijo Alejandro, por presión aliada.
1914 The first edition of A.T. Robertson's monumental 'Grammar of the Greek New Testament' is released. Its 1400+ pages make it the largest systematic analysis of the original New Testament language ever published.
1906 Los Reyes de Noruega son coronados en la catedral Nidaros de Trondheim.
1903 Asciende al trono de Serbia Pedro I, de la familia de los Karajorgevich, tras el asesinato de los reyes de este país.
1901 Cuba agrees to become a US protectorate by accepting the Platt Amendment. American plans to take the heights outside Santiago de Cuba went awry almost from the onset.
1901 El físico francés Antoine Henri Becquerel hace una demostración sobre radiactividad en la Academia de Ciencias de París.
1900 German Navy Law calls for massive increase in sea power
1886 La expedición Cervera-Quiroga, organizada por la Sociedad Geográfica Comercial Española, levanta acta de la toma de posesión, en nombre de España, de Río de Oro, actual Sáhara Occidental.
| 1872 Inauguración del primer ferrocarril en Japón.
1867 Austro-Hungarian Empire forms.
1864 Battle of Trevilian Station, Virginia concludes.
1864 Army of the Potomac begins crossing the James River at Wilcox's Landing and Windmill Point, Virginia.
1863 Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana continues.
1863 Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi continues.
1839 first baseball game played in America
1838 Territory of Iowa organized
1812 Napoleon Bonaparte and his French army invade Russia. Although he reached Moscow his retreat proved costly.
1792 George Vancouver discovers site of Vancouver, BC
1787 US law passes providing a senator must be at least 30 years old
1776 Virginia's colonial legislature becomes the first to adopt a Bill of Rights.
1775 First naval battle of American Revolution Unity (Am) captures Margaretta (Br)
1726 Le duc de Bourbon est disgracié. Louis XV fait de celui qui fut, des années plus tôt, son précepteur et qui a soixante-seize ans, le cardinal André Hercule de Fleury, son Premier ministre. Saint-Simon le juge “l'homme le plus superbe au-dedans et le plus implacable”.
1701 Act of Settlement gives English crown to Sophia, Princess of Hanover
1665 English rename New Amsterdam, New York, after Dutch pull out
1442 Alfonso V of Aragon is crowned King of Naples.
1099 Crusade leaders visit the Mount of Olives where they meet a hermit who urges them to assault Jerusalem.
which occurred on a June 12:
2003 Tzipora Levy, 70, of Jerusalem, from injuries suffered the previous day in the suicide bombing of a bus in Jerusalem, which that day caused 17 deaths including that of the suicide bomber.
2003 Avner Maimon, 35, Israeli merchant shot near the village Yabed, in the northern West Bank. Police had warned him that they had information that he was a target for assassination.
2003 Ibrahim Abu Srour; Yasser Taha, his wife Fatima Taha, 25, their daughter Asnan Taha, 2, and three other Palestinians, by 4 missiles fired from Israeli helicopters at their car driving in the Sheik Radwan neighborhood of Gaza City. One more missile is fired at arriving rescuers. More than 40 of them and bystanders are injured. Taha and Srour were Hamas militants.
2002 Some 300 persons in floods and mudslides caused by the heaviest rains on record in arid western China. Some 300'000 are left homeless. The area affected is from Xinjiang to Sichuan to Hubei. with the worst in Shaanxi.
2002 Raymond Damelio, 49, Sara Sprung, 88, and her husband Larry Sprung, 86, in their sleep, each shot once behind the ear at close range by Steven Santos, 20, on probation for burglaries in Maryland, with a .380-caliber handgun, at about 06:00. Santos had spent the night on the street corners of the Avenue of the Americas in New York's lower east side, smoking marijuana laced with a narcotic, possibly cocaine. In building G of the 8-six-story-building 247-unit Amalgamated Dwellings co-op complex at 504 Grand Street (which has a buzzer-controlled front door, security cameras and is patrolled by guard except from 05:00 to 08:00) Santos sees an open window next to a fire escape, which he climbs, shoots Damelio, drinks whisky, watches sex videotapes, burglarizes the apartment, goes by the fire escape to the apartment directly downstairs. At that point he is seen by a resident who phones 911 at 06:22, but by the time the police arrive, Santos has already gone after killing the Sprungs, cramming Mr. Sprung's own blank check in Sprung's mouth, stripping Mrs. Sprung's body, abusing it sexually, and burglarizing their apartment. More than an hour later, police see Santos running away and arrest him.
2002 (approximate date) 11 undocumented Mexican immigrants, from thirst, heat, suffocation, and/or starvation, inside an empty grain hopper rail car sealed and locked from the outside, somewhere between where they had boarded it near Brownsville, Texas, and Oklahoma, where it stayed in storage until 10 October 2002. Then it was taken to Denison, Iowa, where a worker at a grain elevator opened it on 13 October 2002 and found the decomposed and dessicated remains.
2001 Naseem Nasser Agha, 18, Palestinian, of wounds from four Israeli bullets while demonstrating in solidarity with Bir Ziet university students protesting the closure and the road blocks placed by Israel on Palestinian roads to prevent Palestinians from travel, work, education and normal life.
2001 Zhang Shengfan, 38, from Chinese police beatings while under arrest since 09 June in Shuangcheng, Heilongjiang province. Zhang was a laid-off factory worker, walked with a cane, a Falun Gong follower. This brings the body count to 224 Falun Gong followers who died in police custody since China started a crackdown on the group in July 1999. Rules published 10 June 2001 allow courts to try followers who spread information about Falun Gong on charges of subversion, separatism and leaking state secrets - all crimes punishable by death.
1997 Bulat Shalvovich Okudzhava, poeta, novelista y cantautor ruso.
1994 Nicole Brown Simpson, Ronald Goldman, slashed to death outside her Los Angeles home. (O.J. Simpson would be acquitted of the killings in a criminal trial, but held liable in a later civil action.)
1980 Egon Sharpe Pearson, English mathematical statistician born on 11 August 1895.
1972 Saul David Alinsky, 63, radical writer (John L Lewis)
1951 Louis Auguste Mathieu Legrand, French painter, printmaker, and draftsman, born on 23 September 1863. — more //— Coquetterie — Coquette — L'Hétaire — Réalisme — Le Souper de l'apache
1945 Boris Grigorievich Galerkin, Belarussian engineer and mathematician born on 04 March 1871.
1937:: 8 Soviet army leaders, executed after been subjected to a secret purge trial, as Stalin's Great Terror continues
1928 Salvador Díaz Mirón, poeta y político mejicano.
1900 Jean-Frédéric Frenet, Périgueux French mathematician, astronomer, meteorologist, born on 07 February 1816.
1875 Julian Castro, militar y político venezolano.
1853 Merry-Joseph Blondel, French painter born on 25 July 1781. MORE ON BLONDEL AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS — Woman seated beneath a Tree _ ZOOM _ head detail _ face detail — La France Victorieuse à Bouvines en 1214 La Mort de Louis XII Surnommé le Père du Peuple — La Dispute de Minerve et de Neptune au sujet d'Athènes — La France au milieu des rois législateurs et des jurisconsultes français, reçoit de Louis XVIII la Charte constitutionnelle — L'Air. Eole déchaînant les vents contre la flotte troyenne — Le Soleil. La Chute d'Icare — Richard 1er, dit Coeur-de-Lion, roi d'Angleterre
| 1795 Johann-Christian Brand, Austrian painter born on
06 March 1722. — more
// — Niederösterreichische
Landschaft südlich von Wien
1795 Aleksey Petrovich Antropov, Russian painter born on 14 March 1716. MORE ON ANTROPOV AT ART 4 JUNE — Peter the Great linking to a series of portraits of him by other artists. — Father Fyodor Dubyansky — Empress Elizaveta Petrovna — The Lady-in-Waiting A. M. Izmaylova — Princess T. A. Trubetzkaya — F. Krasnoschiokov — Grand Duchess Catherine Alekseevna, Future Empress Catherine II the Great — Catherine II the Great — Emperor Peter III — Countess M. A. Rumyantzeva — General-in-Chief, Count William W. Fermor — Unknown Woman — Rumyantseva
1661 Jacob-Willemszoon Delff II, Dutch artist born on 24 May 1619.
1612 Aert (or Aertsen) Pieterszoon, Dutch artist born in 1550.
1577 Orazio Samachini, Italian painter born on 20 December 1532. — more
1550 Cristóbal de Castillejo, poeta español.
0816 Saint Leo III, Pope
| Births which
occurred on a June 12:
1964 Otto Hahn, primer navío europeo de propulsión nuclear, es botado en Kiel (RFA).
1952 420th kitten (record) born to cat named Dusty, Bonham, TX
1947 Juan Madrid, escritor español.
1942 Bert Sakmann, investigador alemán, Premio Nobel de Medicina en 1991.
1919 Ahmed Addallah, político comorano, presidente de su país en 1975.
1897 Anthony Eden Earl of Avon (C), British PM (1955-57) He helped establish the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
1890 Egon Schiele, Austrian expressionist painter, draftsman, printmaker who died on 31 October 1918. MORE ON SCHIELE AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS Männlicher Akt (Selbstbildnis) I Self at 16 Self Self at 20 The Family Heinrich Wagner, Leutnant i.d. Reserve Russischer Kriegsgefangener
1888 Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician who died on 03 January 1920.
1858 Henry Scott Tuke, British painter who died on 30 March 1929. MORE ON TUKE AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS The Promise The Rowing Party — The Fisherman — Mrs. Florence Humphris — Lord Ronald Sutherland Gower (1897, 61x51cm) — Midsummer Morning — The Run Home — Ruby, Gold And Malachite — All Hands to the Pumps — August Blue
1827 Johanna Heusser (Spyri), Swiss writer whose story for children, Heidi, is known all over the world. Her psychological insight into the child mind, her humour, and her ability to enter into childish joys and sorrows give her books attraction and lasting value.
1819 Charles Kingsley: Il fut pasteur anglican, il enseignera à Cambridge (Angleterre). Mais la littérature l'attire. Il en profite (avec Westward HO) pour exposer ses vues sur le "Socialisme chrétien " dont il est l'un des promoteurs. Épris de justice sociale, il se rangera parmi les " chrétiens musclés ".
1806 John A. Roebling, in Muehlhausen, Prussia. He would grow up to be the civil engineer who designed the Brooklyn Bridge, which spans the East River to connect Manhattan with Brooklyn. For nearly a decade after it opened on 24 May 1883, the bridge, with a main span of 486 meters, was the longest suspension bridge in the world. Steel wire cable, invented and manufactured by Roebling, made the structure possible.
1742 Jurriaan Andriessen, Dutch painter who died on 31 July 1819. — more
1677 Jean Ravoux, French artist who died in 1734.
1634 il cavaliere Giuseppe Recco, Neapolitan still-life painter who died on 29 May 1695. MORE ON RECCO AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS Still-Life with Fruit and Flowers — Fiori e cacciagione — Raie sur un chaudron et poissons dans un panier — Still life of fish — Kitchen Still-Life
1580 Adriaen Stalbemt, Flemish painter and etcher who died on 21 September 1662. — more
1577 Habakuk “Paul” Guldin, mathematician born of Swiss Protestant parents of Jewish descent, who became a Jesuit at age 20, changing his name to Paul. He discovered Guldin's Theorem: If a plane figure is rotated about an axis in its plane then the volume of the solid body formed is equal to the product of the area with the distance traveled by the centre of gravity.