• Pétain leads Vichy France... • A house divided...... • Miranda rights... • Condamnés à mort par la Révolution... • Laurel born... • Battle of Secessionville... • Nagy executed by Communists... • US ambassador assassinated... • Nureyev defects... • US military instructors to Vietnam... • More US troops to Vietnam... • Phnom Penh isolated... • Brezhnev becomes absolute Soviet ruler... • Adam Clayton Powell expelled... • Bloomsday... • Keyboard claim rejected by court...
a June 16:
2003 Dennis Mitchell Allen [14 Mar 1967~], James Ray Barrow [13 Dec 1969~], Freddie Brookins Jr. [19 Mar 1977~], Willie Hall [ [29 Sep 1962~], Christopher Eugene Jackson [02 Apr 1972~], Calvin Kent Klein [23 June 1979~], Joe Welton Moore [30 Jan 1943~], Daniel Olivarez [12 Dec 1980~], Benny Lee Robinson [30 Dec 1976~], Timothy Wayne Towery [07 Feb 1974~], Kareem Abdul Jabbar White [20 Mar 1976~], woman Kizzie White [20 Apr 1977~], and Jason Jerome Williams [12 Dec 1978~] are released on bond from Texas prisons where they were serving drug-crime sentences wrongfully dictated against them solely on the perjured testimony of undercover policeman Thomas Coleman. From ID photos all thirteen are obviously Black, except that Klein could be White, and Olivarez could be of non-Black Mexican ethnicity. Black were almost all the 46 (including these 13) arrested in a drug raid on 23 July 1999 in Tulia, Texas, a town of 4700, 400 of them Black. No drugs, paraphernalia, or any other evidence were ever discovered, yet 38 convictions resulted.
2002 Pope John Paul II canonizes Capuchin Padre Pio da Pietrelcina (Francesco Forgione) [25 May 1887 23 Sep 1968]. He is reputed to have borne the stigmata since 20 September 1918, and to have had gifts of bilocation, prophecy, conversion, reading of souls, and miraculous cures. [photo >]
2002 Second and decisive round of parliamentary elections in France, with a record low voter turnout (61%). 58 seats were won outright in the first round on 09 June, by the candidates who got more than 50% of the vote in their districts. In all, the moderate rightist Union Pour Une Majorité Présidentielle of President Jacques Chirac with the DVD wins 375 seats, a comfortable majority of the 577-seat Assemblée Nationale. The centrist UDF gets 23 seats. The Parti Socialiste wins 152 seats. The Parti Communiste gets 20 seats, the Parti Vert 3. The extremist rightist Front National doesn't get a single seat. The head of Chirac's caretaker government, Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin, can expect to keep the job for the next five years.
2002 Parliamentary elections in the Czech Republic. 30% of the vote and 71 of the 200 seats in Parliament go to the Social Democrats, who, led by Vladimir Spidla (a low-key historian), campaigned on greatly increased social spending and quick accession to the European Union. The Civic Democrats, led by contentious former prime minister Vaclav Klaus, 60, called for a steep reduction in taxes and a skepticism the EU, and get 24% of the vote and 57 seats. The Communists get 24% (41 seats), and the Coalition, composed of two moderate parties that defected from the Civic Democrats in 1997, get 14% (31 seats). Vaclav Havel (President until February 2003) will entrust the formation of the new government to Spidla, who will get a narrow parliamentary majority by an alliance with the Coalition.
2001 La Torre di Pisa ora è risanata
The Tower of Pisa is now restored.
On this Saturday, 16 June 2001, Pisa begins a weekend of celebration coinciding with the feast day of their patron saint, Ranieri, to mark the end of the bulk of the work of restoring the Tower of Pisa to a safe angle of incline.
Still, tourists will have to wait until November to enter, since experts are still studying how many visitors the tower can handle at once. When the tower was closed in 1990, "it was very, very close to falling over.
For most of the past decade, the 56-meter-high marble bell tower was wrapped in a kind of steel corset and anchored by a pair of slender steel "suspenders" running across the surrounding piazza. The steel supports are now gone. Completion of work will give Pisans back the ringing of the tower's bronze bells, which were ordered stilled in 1990 for fears vibrations would threaten stability.
When the tower reopens, it is likely that only 30 visitors will be allowed on the tower at one time. Authorities in this lawsuit-conscious age worry about the possibility of tourists falling off not their collective weight.
The tower, which was started in the late 12th century as a point of pride for the then-mighty seafaring republic of Pisa, began leaning almost immediately as the foundations of the 14'500-ton monument shifted in the sandy soil. By using hundreds of tons of lead counterweights at the base and delicately siphoning off soil from under the foundations, engineers have shaved 44 cm off the lean and steered the tower back to where it was in 1838. The tower now leans 410 cm off the perpendicular. The 44-cm change is not visible to the naked eye. With time, the tower will lean again, but much more slowly.
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| 2000 Salah Mehdi Nour Ed-Din is sentenced by a Lebanese
military court to one year in jail for insulting behavior, namely
calling on people to celebrate the 10 June 2000 death of dictator Hafez
al-Assad, president of Syria, Lebanon's master state.
2000 Federal regulators approve the merger of Bell Atlantic and GTE Corp., creating the US's largest local phone company.
1991 Boris Yeltsin elected president of Russian SSR.
1987 Subway gunman Bernhard Goetz acquitted on all but gun possession charges after shooting 4 black youths who tried to rob him.
1986 One-day general strike in South Africa.
1982 Britain requests Argentina arrange for return of prisoners.
1978 President Carter and Panamanian leader Omar Torrijos exchanged the instruments of ratification for the Panama Canal treaties.
1971 Racial disturbance in Jacksonville Florida
1963 Valentina Tereshkova, 26, became the first woman to fly in space. From her Vostok 6 capsule, she reported that all was going well to a Soviet television audience. Months later, she would marrying another cosmonaut, and the world's first space couple would make good will visits to other nations in later years.
1947 Pravda denounces Marshall Plan
1940 Commuinist government installed in Lithuania
1940 Effondrement du front français -- Au soir, Reynaud démissionne, Pétain est nommé à sa place. --L'évacuation de Saint-Nazaire commence et se terminera le 19.
1933 US Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) is created.
1922 Henry Berliner demonstrates his helicopter to US Bureau of Aeronautics.
1917 first Congress of Soviets convene in Russia
1909 first US airplane sold commercially, by Glenn Curtiss for $5000.
1896 Temperature hits 53ºC at Fort Mojave, Calif
1879 Gilbert and Sullivan's HMS Pinafore debuts at Bowery Theatre NYC
1864 Skirmish at Lynchburg, Virginia
1864 First attack of Petersburg, Virginia continues
1863 Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana continues
1863 Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi continues
1862 Engagement at Secessionville, South Carolina
1861 Balloon demonstration in Washington, D.C.
1794 (28 prairial an III) PEYSSARD Jean Pascal Charles, député du département de la Dordogne à la Convention, natif de Dagonas, même département, est condamné à la déportation, par le conseil militaire établi par décret de la Convention, du 5 prairial, séant à Paris, comme convaincu et même de son propre aveu, I° d'avoir proposé le renouvellement des autorités constituées réorganisées depuis le 9 thermidor; 2° d'avoir lu à la tribune de la Convention un projet de décret dont plusieurs articles avaient de l'analogie avec les motions des factieux dans la révolte contre la convention, les 3 et 4 prairial an 3.
1775 the Second Continental Congress resolves "that there be a chief Engineer for the army, in a separate department, and two assistants under him; that the pay of the chief engineer be sixty dollars per month, and the pay of the assistants each, twenty dollars per month". so that fortifications be prepared in besieged Boston. This was the precursor of the US Army Corps of Engineers..
1755 British capture Fort Beauséjour, expel the Acadians
1654 Réunion de la "Chambre de Saint-Louis" qui élabore 27 articles (diminution des tailles, contrôle des dépenses de l'État, suppression des collecteurs d'impôts, etc..) (le 31 Jul une déclaration royale approuvera certains des 27 articles).
1567 Mary Queen of Scots is imprisoned in Lochleven Castle in Scotland.
0632 Origin of Persian [Yezdegird] Era
which occurred on a June 16:
2003 Peter William Redgrove, 71, of Parkinson's disease, British poet and writer. His first novel was In the Country of the Skin (1973).
2002 Jordan Curtis, 7, from injuries suffered the previous day when a Stockbridge, Georgia, Wal-Mart 8-meter steel-and-plastic sign fell on his head after being hit by a bus which had veered off the road and jumped an embankment while driven by Terry L. McCrary, 44, who had stolen the empty bus when the driver dropped off tourist at an amusement park near Atlanta and went to lunch. The little boy was attending a Boy Scout yard sale near the Wal-Mart.
2002 24 persons in a fire at an Internet café in the Haidian district in Beijing's northwest where universities are located. The fire broke out at about 02:45 and was put out 45 minutes later.
1977 Wernher von Braun, 65, from smoking
1948 Marcel Louis Brillouin, French mathematical physicist born on 19 December 1854. He worked on topics ranging from history of science to the physics of the earth and the atom.
1943 Two persons in race riot in Beaumont, Texas.
1933 Chaim Arlozorov, Zionist leader, assassinated.
1910 Julius Weingarten, German mathematician born on 02 March 1836.
1905 Johann Gottfried Steffan, Swiss painter born on 13 December 1815.
1902 Friedrich Wilhelm Karl Ernst Schröder, German mathematician born on 25 November 1841.
1620 Carlo Venziano Saraceni, Italian Baroque era painter born in 1580. MORE ON SARACENI AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS The Birth of Christ Madonna and Child with St Anne Saint Cecilia and the Angel _ detail St Gregory the Great Venus and Mars — The Rest on the Flight to Egypt
which occurred on a June 16:
1938 Joyce Carol Oates US, novelist (Garden of Earthly Delights)
1937 Erich Segal (writer: Love Story, Acts of Faith, Man, Woman and Child, Oliver's Story)
1937 August Busch III CEO (Anheuser-Busch)
1915 John Wilder Tukey, US mathematician who died on 26 July 2000. He introduced the Fast Fourier Transform and worked in other areas of Statistics.
1903 Ford Motor Co. is incorporated.
1902 Barbara McClintock US, cytogeneticist (Nobel 1983)
1874 Arthur Meighen (C) 9th PM of Canada (1920-21, 1926)
1867 (15 June?) René Seyssaud, French painter who died on 26 (24?) September 1952. — more — Paysage de Provence — Paysage — Labourage
1863 Arturo Michelana, Venezuelan artist who died on 29 July 1898.
1859 Paul Joanovich, Austrian artist who died in 1957.
1850 Aimé-Nicolas Morot, French artist who died on 12 August 1913.
1839 Julius Peter Christian Petersen, Danish mathematician who died on 05 August 1910. He worked on geometry and graph theory. He is best remembered for the Petersen Graph.
1818 Filippo Palizzi, Italian painter who died on 11 (12?) September 1899.
1801 Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist who died on 22 May 1868.
1735 Michel~Nicolas~Bernard Lépicié, French painter, draftsman, and professor, who died on 14 September 1784. MORE ON LÉPICIÉ AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS Le Petit Dessinateur A Mother Feeding her Child — Narcissus — Achilles is Instructed in Music by the Centaur Chiron — Cour de ferme
1686 Francesco Simonini, Italian painter who died in 1753. — more LINKS — A Military Campaign Scene — Esercito in marcia — Deux Cavaliers Hongrois, Chefs de Hussards Impériaux
1671 Stenka Razin Cossack rebel leader, tortured, executed in Moscow
1216 Innocent III, 54, pope
--1686 -BC- Hammurabi the Great, in Babylon