• Kampuchea seizes Mayaguez... • Lindbergh baby found dead... • Germany invades France... • Bloody battle at Spotsylvania... • Painter~poet Rossetti is born... • There was a limerick writer... • Unsafe at any speed... • Berlin blockade lifted... • Prodigy sold... • Amazon sold... • Condamnés à mort par la Révolution... • Hitler's envoy shot dead... • to move MOVE... • Blackmun to Supreme Court... • George VI crowned king... • Radio patented... • Mine strike... • Mexican war: 1st battle... • Israeli copters kill 2 Palestinians... • Difference Engine needs money... • Fur trader heads West... • A Shau Valley battle... • US VP visits Vietnam...
|On a May 12:
1998 The attorney general of Texas says that he might drop his months of investigation into Microsoft's business practices (which Texas technology companies in Texas claim would hurt them)
| 1986 Fred Markham (US), unpaced and unaided by wind,
is first to pedal 105 km/h on a level course, Big Sand Flat, California.
1982 In Fatima Portugal, a Spanish priest with a bayonet is stopped prior to his attempt to attack Pope John Paul II
1980 first nonstop crossing of US via balloon.
US ship Mayaguez seized by Khmer Rouge.
The US freighter Mayaguez is captured by communist government forces in Cambodia, setting off an international incident. The US response to the affair indicated that the wounds of the Vietnam War still ran deep. On 12 May 1975, the US freighter Mayaguez and its 39-man crew was captured by gunboats of the Cambodian navy. Cambodia had fallen to communist insurgents, the Khmer Rouge, in April 1973. The Cambodian authorities imprisoned the US crew, pending an investigation of the ship and why it had sailed into waters claimed by Cambodia.
The response of the United States government was quick. President Gerald Ford called the Cambodian seizure of the Mayaguez an "act of piracy" and promised swift action to rescue the captured US sailors. In part, Ford's aggressive attitude to the incident was a by-product of the US failure in Vietnam. In January 1973, US forces had withdrawn from South Vietnam, ending years of a bloody and inconclusive attempt to forestall communist rule of that nation. In the time since the US withdrawal, a number of conservative politicians and intellectuals in the United States had begun to question the US's "credibility" in the international field, suggesting that the country's loss of will in Vietnam now encouraged enemies around the world to challenge the US with seeming impunity. The Cambodian seizure of the Mayaguez appeared to be just such a challenge. On 14 May, President Ford ordered the bombing of the Cambodian port where the gunboats had come from and sent Marines to attack the island of Koh Tang, where the prisoners were being held. Unfortunately, the military action was probably unnecessary. The Cambodian government was already in the process of releasing the crew of the Mayaguez and the ship. Forty-one US persons died, most of them in an accidental explosion during the attack. Most people in the US, however, cheered the action as evidence that the United States was once again willing to use military might to slap down potential enemies.
1965 Israel and West Germany exchange letters beginning diplomatic relations
1961 Botvinnik wins world chess championship for 3rd time
Berlin blockade lifted, ^top^
defeated by the Berlin Airlift. In June of 1948, the USS.R. imposed blockades on routes to Berlin through Soviet occupation zones in East Germany, due it said, to Allied intransigence on the future of the country. Although land and water routes were blocked, the Soviets could not risk shooting down planes, and a massive airlift of coal, food, and supplies was undertaken by the West. Flights were made around the clock, and at the height of the Berlin Airlift, planes were landing in the city every three minutes.
The Soviet Union lifts its 11-month blockade against West Berlin. The blockade had been broken by a massive US-British airlift of vital supplies to West Berlin's two million citizens. At the end of World War II, Germany was divided into four sectors administered by the four major Allied powers: the USSR, the United States, Britain, and France. Berlin, the German capital, was likewise divided into four sectors, even though it was located deep within the Soviet sector of eastern Germany. The future of Germany and Berlin was a major sticking point in postwar treaty talks, especially after the United States, Britain, and France sought to unite their occupation zones into a single economic zone. In March 1948, the Soviet Union quit the Allied Control Council governing occupied Germany over this issue.
In May, the three Western powers agreed to the imminent formation of West Germany, a nation that would exist entirely independent of Soviet-occupied eastern Germany. The three western sectors of Berlin were united as West Berlin, which was to be under the administration of West Germany. On 20 June, as a major step toward the establishment of a West German government, the Western powers introduced a new Deutsche mark in West Germany and West Berlin. The Soviets condemned this move as an attack on the East German currency and on June 24 began a blockade of all rail, road, and water communications between Berlin and the West. The four-power administration of Berlin had ceased with the unification of West Berlin, the Soviets said, and the Western powers no longer had a right to be there. With West Berlin's food, fuel, and other necessities cut off, the Soviets reasoned, it would soon have to submit to Communist control.
Great Britain and the United States responded by initiating the largest airlift in history, flying 278'288 relief missions to the city during the next 14 months, resulting in the delivery of 2'326'406 tons of supplies. As the Soviets had cut off power to West Berlin, coal accounted for over two-thirds of the material delivered. In the opposite direction, return flights transported West Berlin's industrial exports to the West. Flights were made around the clock, and at the height of the Berlin airlift, in April 1949, planes were landing in the city every minute. Tensions were high during the airlift, and three groups of US strategic bombers were sent as reinforcements to Britain while the Soviet army presence in eastern Germany increased dramatically. The Soviets made no major effort to disrupt the airlift. As a countermeasure against the Soviet blockade, the Western powers also launched a trade embargo against eastern Germany and other Soviet bloc countries. On 12 May 1949, the Soviets abandoned the blockade, and the first British and US convoys drove though 180 km of Soviet-occupied Germany to reach West Berlin. On 23 May, the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) was formally established. On 07 October, the German Democratic Republic, a Communist state, was proclaimed in East Germany. The Berlin airlift continued until 30 September, in an effort to build up a year's supply of essential goods for West Berlin in the event of another Soviet blockade. Another blockade did not occur, but Cold War tensions over Berlin remained high, culminating in the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961.
| 1943 Axis forces in North Africa surrender
1891 The Presbytery of New York voted to put the Rev. Dr. Charles A. Briggs, the new professor of biblical theology at Union Theological Seminary, on trial for heresy.
1885 Battle of Batoche, French Canadians rebel against Canada
1881 Treaty of Bardo, Tunis becomes a French protectorate
1870 Manitoba becomes a province of Canada
1865 Skirmish at Palmito Ranch, Texas the last engagement of the Civil War begins
1864 Union forces advance on the Drewry's Bluff line crossing Proctors Creek
1864 Battle of Spotsylvania, Virginia continues with the fight for the Bloody Angle
1864 Butler attacks Drewry's Bluff on James River
1863 Engagement at Raymond, Mississippi
1780 Charleston, SC falls to the British (Revolutionary War)
0254 Saint Stephen I begins his reign as the 23rd pope. According to the "Liber Pontificalis," it was Stephen who instituted the rule that clerics should wear special clothes at their ministrations.
1820, the founder of modern nursing, Florence Nightingale, was born in Florence, Italy. In 1870, Manitoba entered Confederation as a Canadian province. In 1932, the body of the kidnapped son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh was found in a wooded area of Hopewell, N.J. In 1937, Britain's King George VI was crowned at Westminster Abbey. In 1943, during World War II, Axis forces in North Africa surrendered. In 1949, the Soviet Union announced an end to the Berlin Blockade. In 1965, West Germany and Israel exchanged letters establishing diplomatic relations. In 1970, the Senate voted unanimously to confirm Harry A. Blackmun as a Supreme Court justice. In 1975, the White House announced the new Cambodian government had seized a US merchant ship, the Mayaguez, in international waters. In 1978, the Commerce Department said hurricanes would no longer be given only female names. In 1982, in Fatima, Portugal, security guards overpowered a Spanish priest armed with a bayonet who was trying to reach Pope John Paul II.
which occurred on a May 12: ^top^
2003 Jason Bentley, 35; Clifford J. Lawson, 45; and 32 other persons in terrorist explosions in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, at 23:28 and within minutes thereof: three suicide car bombs in eastern suburbs at three guarded walled residential compounds (Al-Hamra, Eshbiliya, and that of the US defense contractor company Vinnell) where reside many non-Saudis. The compounds include Abdullah al-Blaidh's in the Gharnata district, one in the Ishbaliya district, and one in the Cordoba district. Among the dead are at 8 from the US (7 of them, including Bentley and Lawson, were Vinnell employees), 7 Saudis, 2 Jordanians, 2 Filipinos, 1 Lebanese, 1 Swiss, 1 Australian, 9 others are the attackers. 194 are injured, including at least 40 US persons. [one of the wrecked buildings, seen the next morning >] In the early hours of 13 May there is a smaller terrorist explosion near the headquarters of the Saudi Maintenance Company (aka Siyanco), jointly owned by Frank E. Basil Inc., of Washington, and local Saudi partners.
2003:: 55 persons as a suicide-bomb Kamaz truck destroys the two-story building of the Russian occupiers' Federal Security Service in Znamenskoye, Chechnya, and damages other buildings. Some 120 persons are injured, four of whom would die the next day.
Michael McGuckin, from malnutrition and dehydration (according
to coroner) ^top^
McGuckin and his family had been happy and relatively prosperous until their sawmill business went bankrupt in the 1980s. Then, in the 1990s, Michael McGuckin, who had worked at a lumber mill, was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. The family withdrew from the community, rejecting neighbors' offers of help. Mrs. JoAnn McGuckin struggled to care for her children and invalid husband, whose illness she blamed on chemicals sprayed on area roads. She grew increasingly paranoid about the government and refused to seek state aid, local relief workers say. The family home, near Garfield Bay, Idaho, was sold at auction in 2000 to satisfy unpaid back taxes, but the McGuckins were allowed to stay.
[ JoAnn McGuckin is shown in this Bonner County Sheriff's booking photo taken 30 May 2001, in Sandpoint, Idaho >].
Mr. McGuckin would be buried on 25 May and that day the family would receive some 100 kg of donated food.
The oldest McGuckin child, Erina, 19, had left the family home after a dispute with her parents. She went to the authorities to complain of the conditions at the McGuckin home. Based on that, the police arrested Mrs. McGucking on 29 May on a warrant charging felony injury of a child and held her on held on $100'000 bail.
Then sheriff's deputies went to the house to take the six children: Kathryn, 16; Benjamin, 15; Mary, 13; James, 11; Frederick, 9; and Jane, 8. But Benjamin yelled "Get the guns!" and set loose more than two dozen dogs. The deputies decided to wait the children out, hoping that they would run out of food. The children were believed to be well-armed and proficient with guns.
On 01 June Benjamin went to a neighbor and the neighbor drove him to the authorities, who hoped to use him to convince the other children to surrender. On 02 June the five children relented in their five-day impasse with authorities Saturday, leaving their isolated home after negotiators promised to help the family stay together.
Ala'a Jaloudi, and Mu'atasam Sabbagh, Palestinians, by Israeli
rockets from helicopters, fired at a car parked near the Palestinian Authority
security headquarters in Jenin, northern West Bank. Jaloudi was a police
officer and Sabaa was a member of Fatah.
The helicopter rockets were aimed at a car used by Fatah operatives in Jenin, which was parked near a PA security building. Apparently the missiles were fired at the car's owner, a PA intelligence official, who managed to escape alive. Mu'atassam Sabbagh, the head of Fatah's youth division, and Allmal Jaludi, a Palestinian policeman, were killed. Some 15 people were hurt, two seriously.
The first missile slammed into the ground near the parked car Sabbagh and three Fatah comrades were in the vehicle at the time. As the men tried to flee the vehicle, a second missile was fired at them, but hit a private residence instead. Pinned down by leg wounds, Sabbagh was unable to flee and was killed by a third missile. His corpse was pulverized.
Jaludi was injured by shrapnel and died at a Jenin hospital.
Many of those injured were children on their way home after school.
The car's owner is Abad al Kareem Kawis, a Jenin-based PA security man. He managed to escape along with two other passengers in the car.
Crying for vengeance, some 10'000 mourners attend the double funeral in Jenin, a few hours after the gunship attack.
The Israeli tactics seem to do nothing but aggravate the Palestinians' hatred and will to fight.
Gregory L. Julious, 20, murdered by Gregory McKnight, 23.
Julious was a student at Kenyon College (Gambier, Ohio, 40º22'35"N 82º23'42"W). His burned and dismembered remains would be found in December 2000 on McKnight's property near Ray (39º12'13"N 82º41'01"W), Vinton County, Ohio , more than 160 km (by road, 133 km along a great circle) south of Gambier.
On 09 December 2000 a Vinton County deputy had gone to serve McKnight court papers relating to charges of burglary of a neighbor's firearms (for which McKnight was sentenced, on 11 May 2001, to 8 years in prison [photo >]). The deputy noticed, next to a trailer on the property, the car of Emily Murray, another Kenyon College student, who was a waitress at the Pirate's Cove restaurant in Gambier, and was missing since leaving the restaurant on 03 November at 03:00, almost at the same time as McKnight, who worked in the restaurant's kitchen.
Her body is then found, wrapped in a rug in the trailer, with one gunshot in the head.
McKnight, a New York native, was convicted as a juvenile in 1992 for robbing and killing in 1991 a Columbus man, Marion Gilbert. McKnight was released from the Ohio Department of Youth Services when he turned 21.
McKnight is scheduled to go on trial for the murders of both students on 23 September 2002. But, on 08 August 2002, Vinton County Common Pleas Judge Jeffrey Simmons rules that prosecutors may not seek the death penalty because the county cannot afford the cost of a public defender and defense investigators (at least $75'000) out of its $2.7 million general fund budget. Vinton County, where the trial is to be held, is Ohio's most sparsely populated county (12'800), and its unemployment rate is usually double the state average. [Geographical coordinates from Bali Online]
| 2000: 22 persons by explosions at a fireworks warehouse
in the Netherlands; nearly 1000 are injured.1987 Effie Samuel,
who was born on 25 November 1876.
1979 Annette Faron, who was born on 15 February 1869.
1970: 6 Blacks (5 killed by cops) in race riots in Augusta, Georgia.
1970 Henri Léopold Hayden, French artist born on 25 December 1883. Paysage Beka
1911 Constant Mayer, French artist born on 04 October 1832.
1897 Willem Roelofs I, Dutch painter born on 10 March 1822. — Photo of Reolofs MORE ON ROELOFS AT ART 4 MAY LINKS — An Approaching Storm (1850, 90x140cm) — A Sunlit River Landscape With Cows Watering — Fran Utrecht
1856 Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, French mathematician and astronomer born on 02 February 1786. He worked on the foundations of matrix theory. In 1812 he discovered the familiar rule for matrix multiplication. Binet was a man of modest manner and a devout Catholic.
1833 Philippe-Auguste Hennequin, French artist born on 20 April 1762.
1829 Maximilien Joseph Wagenbaur, French artist born on 28 July 1774.
1682 Michelangelo Ricci, Roman mathematician, Papal government official, made a lay cardinal in 1681. He was born on 30 January 1619.
1615 Cornelis Floris de Vriendt III, Flemish artist born in 1516.
1310 Fifty-four Knights Templars, burned at the stake as heretics in France. Established during the Crusades to protect pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land, this wealthy military order came into increasing conflict the greedy French kings, until pope Clement V officially dissolved it in 1312 at the Council of Vienna.
| Births which
occurred on a May 12: ^top^
1925 Yogi Berra, US baseball player, manager.
1902 Frank Yates, English mathematician who died on 17 June 1994.
1900 Wilhelm Steinitz Prague, chess champion (1866-1894)
1886 Albert Saverys (or Saverijs), Belgian artist who died on 29 April 1964.
1885 Mario Sironi, Italian artist who died in 1961. LINKS
1870 Emma Wilson, who would die on 12 October 1983.
1868 Harry (or Ary, Herman) Roseland, US artist who died in 1950.
1865 Alexis Vollon, French artist who died in 1945.
1865 Thomas Scott Fiske, US mathematician who died on 10 January 1944. He founded the American Mathematical Society in 1888.
1857 Oskar Bolza, German mathematician and psychologist of religion, who died on 05 July 1942. He worked on function theory, integral equations, and the calculus of variations. Author of Lectures on the Calculus of Variations (1908).
1857 Emilio Boggio, Venezuelan French artist who died in June 1920.
1854 Walter Dendy Sadler, British painter who died on 13 November 1923. MORE ON SADLER AT ART 4 MAY London to York - Time's Up Gentlemen — Plaintiff and Defendant — The Monk's Repast — A Good Story — Sweethearts — Thursday
1851 Samuel Dickstein, Polish patriot and mathematician who died on 29 September 1939 in a Nazi German bombing of Warsaw.
1845 Pierre René Jean Baptiste Henri Brocard, French army officer, meteorologist, and mathematician who died on 16 January 1922. He is best remembered for his work on the triangle. The Brocard points of a triangle ABC are O, O' where OAB, OBC and OCA and the angles O'BA, O'CB and O'AC are equal. [Draw a circle tangent to AB at A passing through C; another tangent to BC at B passing through A; a third tangent to CA at C passing through B. They are concurrent at O.] Angle OAB is called the Brocard angle and satisfies cot OAB = cot A + cot B + cot C.
1842 Jules Massenet Montaud France, composer (Manon, Le Cid)
1835 Luc Raphaël Ponson, French artist who died on 31 January 1904.
1828 Dante Gabriel Rossetti, in London, poet and painter who died on 09 April 1882. ROSSETTI ONLINE: The Rossetti Archive // writings: Selected Works and Criticism. The Blessed Damozel The House of Life Jenny Poems (first edition; 1870) (illustrated) translator of Bürger's Lenore // artwork: LINKS How Sir Galahad, Sir Bors, and Sir Percival were Fed with the Sanc Grael; But Sir Percival's Sister Died by the Way Sybilla Palmifera Venus Verticordia The First Anniversary of the Death of Beatrice: Dante Drawing the Angel Dante's Vision of Rachel and Leah Beata Beatrix Dante's Dream at the Time of the Death of Beatrice Proserpine Monna Vanna Mariana La Ghirlandata The Day Dream MORE ON ROSSETTI AT ART 4 MAY
1826 Giovanni Nino Costa, Italian artist who died in 1903.
1820 Florence Nightingale Florence, Italy, (health activist, nurse: promoted the nursing profession, contributed to modern nursing procedures, founded Nightingale Training School for Nurses; author: Notes on Nursing; nurse in the Crimean War)
1812 Edward Lear, England, landscape painter, writer of nonsense verse, who died on 29 January 1888. MORE ON LEAR AT ART 4 MAY ILLUSTRATED WRITINGS BY LEAR ONLINE: A Book of Nonsense Laughable Lyrics: A Fourth Book of Nonsense Poems, Songs, Botany, Music, Etc. More Nonsense, Pictures, Rhymes, Botany, Etc. Queery Leary Nonsense: A Lear Nonsense Book. not illustrated: A Book of Nonsense // ARTWORK BY LEAR ONLINE: LINKS The Pyramids Road, Ghizeh Civita Castellana Masada
1745 Jens Juel, Danish painter who died on 27 December 1802. MORE ON JUEL AT ART 4 MAY LINKS Jean-Armand Tronchin Madame de Pragins A Strom Brewing behind a Farmhouse in Zealand A Noblewoman with her Son A Running Boy Isabelle de Charrière:: Mme de Charrière [1740-1805] was a writer.
1737 Hendrik de Meyer II, Dutch painter who died in 1793. Rustic Watermill in a Gothic Ruin (1778, 30x40cm)
1662 Jan Frans Bloemen (or Blommen) van Orizonte, Flemish artist who died in 1749. LINKS
1630 Wilhelm Schubert van Ehrenberg (or Hardenberg), Flemish painter who died in 1676. LINKS