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• State of Israel proclaimed... • Henri IV assassiné... • Condamnés à mort par la Révolution... • Battle of Resaca... • Warsaw Pact... • A bridge too late... . • Tennyson's Poems... • WordStar merger... • Sega suit settled... • PointCast IPO... • Nixon responds to Communist Vietnamese... • South Vietnamese 2nd highest casualties of war... • Taming the trusts... • US and UK plan bombing Germany...
a May 14:
2162:: 6m37s annular eclipse of the sun peaking at 07:47 UT best visible at 42º20'S 72º40'E in the south Indian Ocean near Amsterdam Island..
2124:: 3m34s total eclipse of the sun peaking at 01:55 UT best visible on Sakhalin Island at 50º20'N 143º10'E.
2003 As a fire prevention measure, to clear the grass from a swamgy area a couple of kilometers from its runways (difficult of access for machinery and workers), San Francisco Airport has Goats-R-Us start on a two-week contract. Border collies and a shepherd accompany the goats. The business is owned by Egon Oyarzun and his wife, Terri Holleman, who are helped by their young son [photo >], and employ shepherds, recruited from South America, and support personnel.
2003 In Argentina, faced with the certainty of losing the 18 May run-off presidential election, former (1989-1999) President Carlos Menem, 72, withdraws (he is below 30% in the opinion polls). Thus Nestor Kirchner, who got 22% of the vote in the first round, will become the new president.
2001 Parliamentary and local elections in the Philippines. President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, who was sworn in on 20 January 2001 as successor to Joseph Estrada (now in prison awaiting a corruption trial) needs a strong showing in the elections for 13 of the Senate's 24 seats, the entire House of Representatives and 17'600 municipal and provincial posts, as she faces unrest from the supporters of Estrada, seen as favoring the poor.
2001 US minority-President George Dubya Bush says: For every fatal shooting, there are roughly three nonfatal shootings. Folks, this is unacceptable in America, We're going to do something about it. He doesn't say what (deny federal assistance to schools unless they make ability to kill with one bullet a requirement for graduation?).
2000 Tens of thousands of mothers rallied in Washington to demand strict control of handguns.
1996 A jury in Pontiac, Mich., acquitted Dr. Jack Kevorkian of assisted-suicide charges, his third legal victory in two years.
1990 Dow Jones avg hits a record 2821.53
| 1980 President Carter inaugurated the Department of
Health and Human Services.
1974 The Rev. F. Donald Coggan, 64, is named the 10first Archbishop of Canterbury by Queen Elizabeth II, succeeding former Archbishop Michael Ramsey.
1970 Harry A Blackmun appointed to the Supreme Court
1961 Bus with first group of Freedom Riders bombed and burned in Alabama
1955 The Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland and Romania. Se crea el Pacto de Varsovia, tratado de amistad, cooperación y asistencia mutua entre la Unión Soviética, Albania, Alemania Oriental, Bulgaria, Checoslovaquia, Hungría, Polonia y Rumanía.
1954 At The Hague UNESCO adopts the Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict. It would entered in force on 07 August 1956.
1950 Victoria de la oposición demócrata en las elecciones de Turquía.
| 1949 Truman signs bill establishing a rocket test
range at Cape Canaveral
1948 After nineteen centuries of enforced exile, the Jewish people regain their homeland when the State of Israel is formally proclaimed in Tel Aviv, with David Ben-Gurion as prime minister. On this same date, the US becomes the first nation to recognize the newly-refounded state of Israel.
1940 II Guerra Mundial. Aviones alemanes bombardean Rotterdam. Mueren más de 900 personas y 78.000 quedan sin hogar.
1939 Comienza el racionamiento en España, que duró hasta junio de 1952.
1935 Plebiscite in the Philippines ratifies independence agreement
1908 first passenger flight in an airplane
1907 Se descubre una conjura militar contra el zar Nicolás II de Rusia y son arrestadas 28 personas.
1863 Engagement at Jackson, Mississippi
| 1811 Paraguay gains independence from Spain (Natl Day)
1737 Felipe V de España crea el Consejo del Almirantazgo y nombra secretario del mismo al marqués de la Ensenada.
1643 Louis XIV, 4, becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Louis XIII.
1607 In Virginia, on the first Sunday after the arrival of the Jamestown Expedition, Anglican priest Robert Hunt, 39, holds the first Anglican service in the New World. Chaplain of the expedition to Jamestown, Hunt is also the first Anglican priest to come to America.
1589 Actuación valerosa de María Pita durante el asalto de los ingleses a La Coruña.
1509 Battle of Agnadello, French beat Venitians in Northern Italy
1504 Miguel Ángel finaliza su escultura David. [< click on image for full photo and large detail]
1415 El antipapa Juan XXIII es suspendido en sus funciones.
1264 Baron's War fought in England.
0642 El papa Teodoro I alcanza el solio pontificio
which occurred on a May 14:
2003:: Juan José Morales, 23, and 16 others suffocated, dehydrated, crushed, among some 100 undocumented immigrants — from Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, and mostly Mexico — being smuggled into the US, crowded in a locked truck trailer abandoned at 01:00 at a truck stop near Victoria, Texas, which police opens at 02:00. Some 30 survivors manage to flee, 49 are arrested, 7 taken to hospitals, of which one dies later in the day, and another on 16 May 2003. One of the dead is a 5-year-old boy. Morales worked in Houston but had been to Mexico to visit his mother. The driver of the truck, Tyrone Williams, 32, is later arrested and says that, on 13 May, he agreed, for $2500, to haul from the border town of Harlingen 16 immigrants. Instead more than 100 men, women and children from Mexico and Central America were loaded into the hot and unventilated trailer.
2003 Some 20 persons, including a woman suicide bomber, at 15:00 on the outskirts of village Snamenskoye, Russian-occupied Chechnya, as 10'000 persons are gathered for “The Prophet” Muhammad's Birthday,
2001 Five Palestinian policemen, aged 17 to 29, manning a roadside checkpoint near Beituniya, West Bank, killed by Israeli gunfire.
1994 Ramón de Garciasol, poeta español.
1991 Jiang Qing, se ahorca, viuda de Mao Zedong, de 77 años, en su residencia de las afueras de Pekín, donde cumplía cadena perpetua por su instigación de la revolución cultural.
1988 Willem Drees, 101, PM of Netherland (1948-58)
1988 Ernesto Giménez Caballero, escritor español.
1980 Josip Broz Tito, presidente de Yugoslavia
1975 Some 40 US servicemen as the US raids the Cambodian island of Koh Tang and recaptures the American merchant ship Mayaguez. All 40 crew members were being released safely by Cambodia.
1974 All six members of Symbionese Liberation Army, in shoot-out.
1969 Roberto Cortázar Toledo, historiador colombiano.
1969 Waclaw Sierpinski, Warsaw mathematician born on 14 March 1882. His most important work is in the area of set theory, point set topology and number theory. In set theory he made important contributions to the axiom of choice and to the continuum hypothesis. He studied the Sierpinski curve, a closed path which contains every interior point of a square, and is obtained as the limit of a process whose first steps are illustrated below. The length of the curve is infinity, while the area enclosed by it is 5/12 that of the square. Author of 50 books, including The theory of irrational numbers (1910), Outline of Set Theory (1912), The theory of numbers (1912); and of 724 papers.
1948 June Devaney, 3, murdered by being swung head first into a wall, causing multiple skull fractures. She had been kidnapped that same evening from Queen's Park Hospital in Blackburn, England, where she was recovering from pneumonia, and then raped. Peter Griffiths would be arrested for this crime on 11 August and executed on 19 November 1948. He said he was drunk.
1912 August Strindberg, escritor sueco.
1909 Giovanni Vailati, Italian mathematician born on 24 April 1863.
1905 Russian naval Ensign Verner Kursel, Lieutenants Nikolay Bogdanov and Pyotr Vyrubov, and the first of another 5042 Russian and 699 Japanese sailors killed this day and the next at the Battle of Tsushima.
1893 Ernst Eduard Kummer, Prussian mathematician born on 29 January 1810. His main achievement was the extension of results about the integers to other integral domains by introducing the concept of an ideal.
1891 Johan Conrad Greive, Dutch painter, draftsman, and printmaker, born on 02 April 1837.
1887 Johann Georg Rosenhain, Königsberg mathematician born on 10 June 1816.
1864 Pedro Santana, militar y político dominicano.
1797 Giovanni Francesco Fagnano dei Toschi, Sinigaglia, Papal States, Catholic priest and mathematician born on 31 January 1715, son of mathematician gonfaloniere Giulio Fagnano [06 Dec 1682 – 26 Sep 1766].
1761 Thomas Simpson, English mathematician born on 20 August 1710. He is best remembered for his work on interpolation and numerical methods of integration.
1666 Joost Corneliszoon Droogsloot (or Droochsloot), Dutch artist born in 1586.
1643 Louis XIII, rey de Francia.
1626 cavaliere Cristoforo Roncalli dalle Pomarancio, Italian painter and draftsman born in 1552.
| Births which
occurred on a May 14:
2001 Baby boy born to a woman aged 62, at Clinique des Lauriers, Fréjus, France. The newborn weighs 3 kg and is normal. The mother is suspected of having undergone fertility treatment, illegal in France (but legal in Italy and the UK).
1946 Robert Jarvik inventor (Jarvik 7 artificial heart)
1944 George Lucas, film director, in Modesto, California. Lucas introduced unprecedented special effects technology in his 1979 hit movie Star Wars. Lucas' company, Industrial Light and Magic, continued to pioneer digital special effects and animation for film and commercials.
1942 The US Women's Auxiliary Army Corps is established.
1919 Heloise and her helpful hints [or 210415?]
1919 Paul Aïzpiri, French artist.
1907 Vicente Enrique y Tarancón, cardenal y ex presidente de la Conferencia Episcopal Española.
1906 Hastings Kamuzu Banda, político y médico malaví.
1905 Antonio Berni, Argentine painter, sculptor and printmaker, who died on 13 October 1981.
1887 Andrew Michael Dasburg, French-born US painter, specialized in the US West, who died in 1979. MORE ON DASBURG AT ART 4 MAY Apples Chantet Lane Still Life with Fruit — Taos Landscape Ranchos de Taos Landscape — Rolling Hills — Bent Street, Taos, New Mexico — Seated Nude
1875 José Santos Chocano, poeta y escritor peruano
1863 John Charles Fields, Ontario mathematician who died on 09 August 1932. He provided funds for an international medal for mathematical distinction: the mathematical equivalent of a Nobel prize. Fields Medals are awarded to no fewer than two and no more than four mathematicians under 40 years of age every four years (from 1950) at the International Congress of Mathematicians.
1862 Piotr Stolypine, futur Premier ministre de la Russie, à Dresde. Il tentera mais en vain de réformer le régime tsariste.
1862 Chronograph, patented by Adolphe Nicole of Switzerland.
1860 Bruno Andreas Liljefors, Swedish painter who died on 18 December 1939, specialized in Wildlife. MORE ON LILJEFORS AT ART 4 MAY LINKS — A Sea Eagle Chasing Eider Duck — Eluding the Fox — A Family of Foxes — Hawk Attacking Prey
1853 Condensed milk, for which Gail Borden applies for patent.
1771 Robert Owen England, factory owner/socialist.
1727 (baptized) Thomas Gainsborough, English Rococo era and Romantic painter, draftsman, and printmaker, specialized in Portraits, who died on 02 August 1788. MORE ON GAINSBOROUGH AT ART 4 MAY — LINKS Self-Portrait — The Artist with his Wife and Daughter — Johann~Christian Bach — Haymaker and Sleeping Girl — Girl With Pigs Georgina, Duchess of Devonshire — Mr. and Mrs. Andrews The Blue Boy — George, Prince of Wales Upland Landscape with Figures, Riders and Cattle — Landscape with Country Carts Eleazar Davy of the Grove, Yoxford, Suffolk Major General Sir William Draper Samuel Kilderbee Mrs. Fitzherbert — Cottage Girl with Dog and Pitcher — Shepherd Boys with Dogs Fighting — George, Lord Vernon — John and Henry Trueman Villebois — King George III The Artist's Daughters Margaret and Mary with a Cat — Carl Friedrich Abel —Abel's Pomeranian Bitch and Pup — John Plampin The Marsham Children Master John Heathcote Conversation in a Park Johann Christian Fischer Mr and Mrs William Hallett ('The Morning Walk') — Gainsborough Dupont (his nephew) — The Charterhouse — Self-Portrait with His Wife, Margaret (probably) — The Painter's Daughters, Margaret and Mary, Chasing Butterfly, — Robert Andrews and His Wife Frances — Heneage Lloyd and His Sister — William Wollaston — Mrs. Philip Thicknesse — Mary, Countess Howe — The Harvest Wagon — The Hon. Mrs. Thomas Graham — The Hon. Frances Duncombe — Mrs. Richard Brinsley Sheridan, née Elizabeth Linley — Mrs. Sarah Siddons — The Cottage Door — The Watering Place — Mountain Landscape with Peasants Crossing a Bridge — The Woodsman
1686 Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit, Germany, inventor (thermometer) (or 0524)
1316 Charles IV, king of Bohemia (1346-78), emperor (1355-78)