• Joan of Arc captured... • Pottawatomie massacre... • HMS Hood sunk... • Battle of Osel Island... • Death camp doctor... • Tibet demonstrations... • Marat is born... • Condamnés à mort par la Révolution... • Martyrs of the Commune... • First telegram... • Battle of North Anna... • Dulles dies... • Goldwater says nuke Vietnam... • Soldiers' anti~Vietnam~War ad... • Pan American Financial Conference... • Windows NT... • Xerox fees... • HDTV...• Brooklyn Bridge... • Brodsky is born...
|On a May 24:
2002 At the Kremlin, US President Bush (Jr.) and Russian President Putin sign a nuclear arms reduction treaty which calls for each of their nations to reduce their deployed strategic nuclear warheads to no more than 2200 (from 6000 now) within 10 years. However, at Bush's insistence, the removed warheads may be put in storage instead of destroyed.
2002 Pope John Paul II accepts the immediate resignation of Archbishop Rembert G. Weakland [click photo to enlarge >] of Milwaukee [born 02 April 1927] (whose normal retirement, because he is 75, was in process anyhow). The previous day drifter Paul J. Marcoux [< photo], 54, claimed that in 1979 Weakland date raped him (which Weakland denies) then paid him $450'000 following a 08 Oct 1998 confidential settlement (which Weakland admits). In an 11-page 25 Aug 1980 letter to Marcoux, Wheatland mentions his deep affection for Marcoux, but says that he cannot give him more than the $14'000 he already gave for Marcoux's Christodrama project. The letter has no mention of a sexual relationship, but does, embarassingly, contain this: I felt like the world's worst hypocrite. So gradually I came back to the importance of celibacy in my life.
2002 GLACIES EX ANTARCTIDE DEFRACTA: Ex glaciario nomine Ross in ora Terrae Antarcticae sito mons glacialis amplius ducenta chiliometra longus defractus est, cum ex eodem loco paucis diebus ante aliud fragmentum evulsum esset, quod in longitudinem octoginta chiliometra pateret. Credideris illam glaciei liquationem caelo calefacto effectam esse, sed investigatores universitatis Wisconsinianae negant talem rerum conexionem concludi posse.
2001 James Jeffords, 67, in his third term as US Senator from Vermont, announces that he is leaving the increasingly conservative Republican Party to become an Independent. This will enable the Democrats, with a 50 to 49 majority, to take over the organisation of the Senate from the Republicans, who had the deciding vote of Vice-President Chaney to give them the majority as there were 50 Republican and 50 Democrat Senators.
2000 After 18 years of occupying southern Lebanon, the Israelis withdraw. At 06:41 local time, the last Israeli soldiers drive through Fatima Gate in a tank.
2000 The Clay Mathematics Institute announces its seven Millenium Prize Problems, important classic mathematical questions that have resisted solution over the years, for each one of which it establishes a $1 million prize: Riemann Hypothesis Poincaré Conjecture Hodge Conjecture Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer Conjecture Navier-Stokes Equations (existence and smoothness) Yang-Mills existence and mass gap P versus NP Problem.
1996 Estados Unidos y Rusia firman el Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban, por el que ambos países se comprometen a poner fin a los ensayos nucleares.
1995 Histórico primer encuentro en Washington del ministro británico para Irlanda del Norte, Patrick Mayhew, y el líder del Sinn Fein -brazo político del IRA-, Gerry Adams.
| 1992 El democristiano Thomas Klestil gana las elecciones
presidenciales en Austria con el 57% de los votos.
1991 Israel began airlifting 15'000 Ethiopian Jews to safety as Ethiopian rebels continued to advance on Addis Ababa.
1981 Hostage situation ends at Central Bank in Barcelona Spain Los GEOS liberan a los rehenes secuestrados por los delincuentes del asalto a la sede del Banco Central, en la Plaza de Cataluña, de Barcelona.
1980 Iran rejects a call to the World Court to release US hostages
1977 In a surprise move, the Kremlin ousted Soviet President Nikolai Podgorny from the Communist Party's ruling Politburo.
1976 first commerial SST flight to North America (Concorde to Wash DC)
| 1951 Racial segregation in Washington DC restaurants
is ruled illegal.
1950 In Boston, during its annual gathering, the Northern Baptist Convention formally changes its name to the American Baptist Convention. Twenty-two years later, in 1972, the denomination changed its name once more, and became the American Baptist Churches in the USA.
1944 Icelandic voters sever all ties with Denmark
1933 El Reichstag concede amplios poderes a Hitler por cuatro años, que el aprovechó para gobernar a Alemania a su antojo.
1931 first air-conditioned train installedBandO Railroad
1921 first parliament for Northern Ireland elected
1884 Anti-Monopoly party and Greenback Party forms People's Party in the US
1878 CA Parker (Harvard) wins first American bike race, Beacon Park, Boston
1865 Grand Review of General William T. Sherman's "army group" in Washington, D.C.
1863 Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana continues
1863 Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi continues
1861 Maj Gen Benjamin Butler declares slaves "contraband of war"
1861 Federal troops seize Alexandria, Virginia
1858 El tren real inicia el recorrido del último tramo del ferrocarril entre Madrid y Alicante, primero de importancia construido en España.
1854 Anthony Burns, slave, arrested by US Deputy marshals in Boston
1850 Cayute Indians Telokite, Tomahas, Clokomas, Isiaasheluckas, and Kiamasumkin, are found guilty of the Whitman massacre of 18471129 by a jury in Oregon City, which had heard four days of testimony.
1846 Gen Zachary Taylor captures Monterey in Mexican War
1829 Pope Pius VIII issues his program for the pontificate
1824 Pope Leo XII proclaims a universal jubilee
1822 At Battle of Pichincha, Bolívar secures independence of Quito Las tropas realistas españolas son derrotadas en la batalla de Pichincha, combate que puso fin a la guerra de independencia colombiana y ecuatoriana.
1795 (5 prairial an III) Le décret du 12 germinal est rapporté qui condamnait à la déportation en Guyanne Française de deux députés à la Convention nationale, mais c'est trop tard: ils on déjà été déportés. Il s'agit de BILLAUD-de-VARENNES, ex-avocat à Paris, et de COLLOT-D'HERBOIS, homme de lettre, domicilié à Paris, membre du comité de salut public du département de la Seine.
1793 VERNHET Jean Baptiste, domicilié à Larouvère (Aveyron), est condamné à la déportation, par le tribunal criminel dudit département.
1738 English founder of Methodism John Wesley undergoes his famous religious conversion at Aldersgate Chapel in London.
1689 English Parliament guarantees freedom of religion for Protestants
which occurred on a May 24: ^top^
2001 Santiago Oleaga Elejabarrieta, 52, [photo >] shot 3 times in the head, presumably by ETA, at about 08:30 in San Sebastian, Euskadi. He was the chief financial officer of El Diario Vasco, outspoken in its condemnation of ETA. Oleaga was parking his car across the street from a hospital on the outskirts of San Sebastian, where, for the past month, he had been undergoing physical therapy for a shoulder injury. Oleaga's is the 31st killing by ETA since it ended a 14-month-old cease-fire in December 1999.
Santiago Oleaga Elejabarrieta, director financiero de El Diario Vasco ha fallecido tras recibir siete disparos por un único terrorista. El atentado se ha producido cuando Oleaga se encontraba en el aparcamiento del hospital Matía de San Sebastián. Los hechos se han producido a las 08.30 horas en el paseo de los Pinos, junto al hospital Matía, en el barrio del Antiguo de la capital donostiarra.
2001 Stephan Ohannis Nicolian, 43, Cypriot, shot down by Israeli air force, while flying a light plane from a Lebanese flying school into Israel. He had ignored signaled warnings by Israeli aircraft.It is the first anniversary of Israel ending its occupation of south Lebanon.
2001 Shadi Siyam, deaf Palestinian teen-ager, shot through the heart by Israeli troops entering a refugee camp in Rafah, Gaza Strip, near the border fence with Egypt. Siyam was standing in front of his house, unaware of the gunbattle going on.
1995 Harold Wilson, 70, in London, former British Prime Minister.
1993 Cardinal Juan Jesus Posadas Ocampo of Guadalajara, allegedly by drug traffickers. Posadas was born in Salvatierra, Guanajuato, on 10 November 1926. He was ordained a priest on 23 de September 1950, and consecrated a bishop on 14 June 1970. He became archbishop of Cuernavaca on 03 January 1983, and of.Guadalajara on 08 de June 1991. He was made a cardenal on 28 de June 1991.
1959 John Foster Dulles, 71, US Secretary of State (1953-59) ^top^
He would be remembered as an uncompromising foe of communism. Born on 25 February 1888, in Washington DC, Dulles was a grandson of John Watson Foster, secretary of state under President Benjamin Harrison, and a nephew of Robert Lansing, secretary of state under President Woodrow Wilson. Educated at Princeton and George Washington universities and at the University of Paris, he began to practice law in New York City in 1911 and subsequently became known as an authority on international law.
After serving as an adviser at several post-World War II international conferences, Dulles was appointed to negotiate the US peace treaty with Japan in 1951. Two years later he became secretary of state in the cabinet of President Dwight D. Eisenhower. A staunch anti-Communist, Dulles was active in promoting the establishment of the European Defense Community as a barrier to possible Soviet aggression in the West and initiated the formation of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, or SEATO (1954), and the Baghdad Pact, or Central Treaty Organization (1955), which were designed to contain Soviet and Chinese power in Asia. Although a bitter opponent of the Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser, he moved quickly to stop the Anglo-French-Israeli attack on Egypt in 1956.
Unpopular with US liberals, Dulles caused controversy by his threats of "massive nuclear retaliation" against Communist aggression and by declaring that the US must be prepared to "go to the brink" of war in order to attain its objectives. The latter stance was labeled "brinksmanship." Dulles resigned from office a few weeks before his death.
After battling cancer for nearly three years, former Secretary of State John Foster Dulles dies. Dulles served as secretary of state from 1953 until shortly before his death in 1959 and was considered one of the primary architects of America's Cold War foreign policy during that period. Dulles was born in 1888, the son of a Presbyterian minister. President Dwight D. Eisenhower would later joke that the serious Dulles had been preparing to become secretary of state since he was a toddler. This was not far from the truth. Dulles' great-uncle was John W. Foster, who served as secretary of state during the 1890s (and for whom John Foster Dulles was named). His uncle, Robert Lansing, had filled the same position during the presidency of Woodrow Wilson.
Thus, when Eisenhower selected Dulles to be his secretary of state in 1952, he was keeping a family tradition alive. Dulles, however, was not one to merely follow in the footsteps of his famous relatives. He was determined to have an impact on US foreign policy. He brought to his thinking about international relations a strong dose of religion, which often had the effect of simplifying complex issues into contests between good and evil, right and wrong. He was also ferociously anticommunist. As secretary of state, Dulles was most famous for developing the notion of "massive retaliation." In this theory, Dulles posited that the United States should make it known that it was ready and willing to use its massive nuclear arsenal to retaliate against threats to American interests around the globe. Dulles believed that it would never come to that, since the Soviets, faced with nuclear annihilation, would back away from the "brink" of atomic warfare. The secretary was also well known for his views on Third World neutralism. In Dulles' view, neutralism in the battle against communism was a sin. During his tenure, Dulles saw the United States through several foreign policy crises, including the Suez Crisis of 1956. In 1956, however, it was discovered that Dulles was suffering from lung cancer. Over the next two-and-a-half years, Dulles bravely battled the disease, continuing his work as secretary of state between trips to the hospital for treatment. On April 22, 1959, Dulles resigned his position when he became too weak to fulfill his duties. Christian Herter replaced him as Secretary of State.
1949 Eduardo Chicharro, pintor español.
1919 Amado Nervo, poeta y diplomático mexicano.
1896 José Asunción Silva, poeta colombiano.
1896 Luigi Federico Menabrea, Italian politician and mathematicial physicist born on 04 September 1809.
1896 Joseph-Victor Ranvier, French artist born on 09 July 1832.
1889 Hermann Kauffmann I, German painter born on 07 November 1808.
1881 Samuel Palmer, English painter born on 27 January 1805. LINKS — The Magic Apple Tree — The Rest on the Flight into Egypt — Coming from Evening Church 26 prints at FAMSF
1881 Some 200 people as the Canadian ferry Princess Victoria sinks near London, Ontario.
1879 William Lloyd Garrison, 73, US journalistic crusader who published a newspaper, The Liberator (1831-1865), founded the American Anti-Slavery Society (1833-1870), and helped lead the successful Abolitionist campaign against slavery in the United States.
1872 Julius Veit Hans Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter and draftsman born on 26 March 1794. MORE ON SCHNORR AT ART 4 MAY — Ruth in Boaz's Field — Der Sechskampf auf der Insel Lipadusa
1861 Elmer Ellsworth, Zouave leader, killed at the Marshall House in Alexandria, Virginia by James Jackson
1843 Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician born on 28 April 1765. He is the author of Traité de Calcul differéntiel et intégral (3 volumes, 1797-1800) and Cours de Mathématique (10 volumes, 1797-1799).
1831 James Peale, US painter specialized in Still Life, born in 1749, father of Anna Claypoole Peale, Margaretta Angelica Peale, Sarah Miriam Peale; brother of Charles Willson Peale. MORE ON PEALE AT ART 4 MAY LINKS — The Artist and His Family — Still Life, Apples, Grapes, Pear — Still Life: Balsam Apple and Vegetables — Portrait of Rembrandt Peale — George Washington — Madame Dubocq and her Four Children — The Ambush of Captain Allan McLane
1825 Horace Hone, English painter and engraver born in 1754.
1817 Juan Meléndez Valdés, poeta y político español.
| Births which
occurred on a 24 May:
1982 Heaviest known viable baby, South Africa (10.2 kg)
1921 British Legion is formed.
1918 Coleman A. Young civil rights leader (Mayor-D-Detroit)
1916 Luis Romero, escritor español.
1909 Wilbur Mills (Rep-D-Ark)
1907 José María Lacarra de Miguel, historiador español.
1905 Mikhail Sholokhov, Soviet novelist (And Quiet Flows the Don, Nobel 1965)
1895 Marcel Janco, Romanian Israeli painter, printmaker, architect, and writer, who died on 21 April 1984. MORE ON JANCO AT ART 4 MAY — Composition with an Owl, Galloping Horse and a Pipe — Don Quixote and Sancho Panche (sic) — Don Quixote and Sancho Pancha (sic) — Don Quihote and Sansho Pansha (sic) — Goat — Man Smoking Pipe — Man Sitting — Nude — Acre — Jaffa — Tiberiade — Composition — Landscape — Marine Landscape — On the Banks of the Yarkon River — Fabulation Dada — Euphorie Dada
1869 Albert André, French painter, writer, and museum curator, who died on 11 July 1954.
1850 Sir Ernest Albert Waterloo, British artist who died on 25 October 1919.
1849 Baldomero Galafre y Giménez (or Jiménez), Spanish artist who died on 20 July 1902.
1834 Peter Baumgartner, German painter who died in 1911. MORE ON BAUMGARTNER AT ART 4 MAY The Auction Sale
1821 Juan Bautista Topete, marino y político español.
1819 Queen Victoria of England (1837-1901), in London. Victoria I, reina de Gran Bretaña y emperatriz de la India, que dió nombre a la época más gloriosa de su país.
1686 Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit , in Danzig, he grew up to be a German physicist and maker of scientific instruments. He is best known for inventing the alcohol thermometer (1709) and mercury thermometer (1714) and for developing the Fahrenheit temperature scale; this scale is still commonly used in the United States. Fahrenheit spent most of his life in the Netherlands, where he devoted himself to the study of physics and the manufacture of precision meteorological instruments. He discovered, among other things, that water can remain liquid below its freezing point and that the boiling point of liquids varies with atmospheric pressure.
1619 Jacob-Willemsz Delff II, Dutch artist who died on 12 June 1661.