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Dante is born... Japanese destroy Russian fleet... Hell in Paradis... Chechnya truce... Maltese Falcon author is born... Last Model T... Heydrich assassination... Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty... US Navy bombards Viet Cong... Swedish humanitarian aid to Viet Cong... Condamnés à mort par la Révolution... Ravaillac condamné... Kenyatta elected... Habeas Corpus upheld... Battle Hymn author is born... 1st international WWW conference... St. Petersburg is founded... Vanderbilt is born... Wilde imprisoned... Believe it or not: Ripley dies...
a May 27:
2003 The Swedish biopharmaceutical company Oxigene Inc. (OXGN) announces that it is forming a partnership with the charity Cancer Research UK to complete the preclinical and phase I trials of its compound OXi4503, designed to shut down the flow of blood to a tumor and starve it. On the NASDAQ 5.3 million of the 12.7 million OXGN shares are traded, surging from their previous close of $2.80 to an intraday high of $4.60 and close at $4.35. They had traded as low as $0.78 as recently as 26 December 2002 and as high as $26.00 on 06 March 2000. [5~year price chart >]
2002 The United Nations opens a 5-day session on slavery. Anti-Slavery International publishes a report according to which there are some 27 million slaves in the world, citing the following facts, among others. Millions of girls working as domestics are being forced into sexual slavery. In Sudan, 5000 to 14'000 persons have been abducted into slavery since 1983. Hundreds of boys aged four to 10 are taken each year, primarily from South Asia to Gulf countries, especially the UAE, to race camels, a dangerous and sometimes fatal sport.
2001 Sun Myung Moon gets Catholic Archbishop married.
In a group marriage ceremony presided by Sun Myung Moon, Archbishop Emmanuel Milingo, 71, weds Marie Sung, 43, an acupuncturist from South Korea, which Moon had designated for him that same week. The Milingos plan to move to Africa.
Milingo was archbishop of Lusaka, Zambia, but had to resign in 1983 because of his practices of faith healings and exorcisms. He was then given a job at the Vatican in the Pontifical Council for Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant Peoples, but persisted in his healings and exorcisms. He was retired in 2000. Now he says that the Church must change and everyone must get married. Moon teaches that Jesus' ministry as Messiah failed because he did not marry. Milingo says that he is not leaving the Church and does not care if he is excommunicated.
[click on photo for enlargement and more details >]
“His Grace” [should be “His Disgrace”] Archbishop Milingo has a web site in his name, but seemingly made by Moonies, on which views attributed to him are expounded.
Milingo would soon repent and, after an audience with the Pope, he would go on a retreat and, on 11 August 2001, write a short letter to the Pope saying that he is recommitting his life “in the Catholic church with all my heart, renouncing my living together with Maria Sung and my relationship with the Rev. Moon and the Family Federation for World Peace.” and concluding with the formula: “I am your humble and obedient servant.” MORE
1999 The international war crimes tribunal indicts Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic for war atrocities and the mass deportations carried out by his army in neighboring Kosovo.
1998 Netscape beat market expectations by posting a small profit for the second quarter of 1998. The company was struggling in the wake of an aggressive attack by Microsoft. Ultimately, Netscape's recovery was too late: AOL purchased the company in late 1998.
1990 Radical Democratic Party holds first political meetings in Moscow.
1987 Jim and Tammy Bakker appears on "Nightline" after PTL scandal
1985 In Beijing, representatives of Britain and China exchange instruments of ratification of the pact returning Hong Kong to the Chinese in 1997.
1979 Pope John Paul consecrates John J. O'Conner as a bishop.
1972 President Richard M. Nixon and Soviet Communist Party chief Leonid Brezhnev sign an arms reduction agreement that becomes known as SALT I (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks).
1960 Military coup overthrows democratic government of Turkey
| 1944 General Douglas MacArthur lands on Biak Island
in New Guinea.
1941 US President F. D. Roosevelt proclaims an "unlimited national emergency"
1937 Golden Gate Bridge, SF, dedicated
1936 The Cunard liner RMS Queen Mary leaves Southampton for NY on maiden voyage
1935 The US Supreme Court declares President Franklin Roosevelt's National Recovery Act unconstitutional
1931 Piccard and Knipfer make first flight into stratosphere, by first use of pressurized cabin in a balloon (President George Washington watched aeronaut Jean Pierre Blanchard make the first aerial voyage in the New World)
1924 The General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, meeting at Springfield, Maryland, repeals its ban on dancing and theater attendance.
1921 After 84 years of British control, Afghanistan achieves sovereignty
1920 Tatar ASSR established in Russian SFSR
1919 A US Navy seaplane completes the first transatlantic flight, in 11 days. (The US Army flew the first nonstop transcontinental flight from New York to San Diego in 1923)
1917 Benedict XV promulgates the "Codex iuris canonici." Divided into five books and 2414 regulations, the CIC is the first revision of canon law in the Catholic church in modern times, and goes into effect at Pentecost 1918.
1907 Bubonic Plague breaks out in San Francisco.
Oscar Wilde sent to prison for sodomy
The 40-year-old playwright is taken to Holloway Prison in London after being convicted of sodomy. The famed writer of Dorian Gray and The Importance of Being Earnest brought attention to his private life in a feud with John Douglas, the Marquess of Queensbury, whose son was intimately involved with Wilde. Homosexuality was a criminal offense and serious societal taboo at this time in Britain. Wilde had gone back and forth between hiding his sexual orientation and attempting to gain some measure of public acceptance. After Queensbury, a virulent opponent of homosexuality, began spouting his objections to Wilde's behavior to the public, Wilde felt compelled to sue Queensbury for libel. Although advised that he was sure to lose, especially given the fact that Queensbury's charges were indeed true, Wilde insisted on going forward with the case. In his defense, Queensbury argued that Wilde had solicited 12 boys to commit sodomy between 1892 and 1894. The overwhelming evidence proving Wilde was homosexual produced a victory for Queensbury.
This civil trial drew a great deal of public attention to Wilde's private life. Immediately after it was over, he was charged with indecency and sodomy by England's criminal courts. Rather than flee to France, Wilde decided to remain and stand trial. At a preliminary bail hearing, chambermaids testified that they had seen young men in Wilde's bed and a hotel housekeeper stated that there were fecal stains on his bed sheets. Wilde was denied bail. At Wilde's first criminal trial, he was cross-examined extensively on the "love that dare not speak its name." Wilde managed to secure a mistrial when a lone juror refused to vote to convict.
The second trial began on May 21. Although many of the potential witnesses refused to betray Wilde by testifying, he was convicted. The judge remarked at his sentencing, "It is the worst case I have ever tried. I shall pass the severest sentence that the law allows. In my judgment it is totally inadequate for such a case as this. The sentence of the Court is that you be imprisoned and kept to hard labor for two years." Wilde served his two years and then spent the last three years of his life in exile. He died of acute meningitis on 19001130 and was buried in Paris.
Oscar Wilde won the Newdigate Prize in 1878 with a long poem, Ravenna. In 1881 he published Poems. In 1888 he published The Happy Prince and Other Tales, a romantic allegory in the form of a fairy tale. His only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray was published in 1890. In Intentions (1891), he grouped previously published essays. In 1891 also, he published two volumes of stories and fairy tales: Lord Arthur Savile's Crime, and Other Stories and A House of Pomegranates. Wilde is best known as the writer of the plays Lady Windermere's Fan, Salomé (in French), A Woman of No Importance, An Ideal Husband and, above all, The Importance of Being Earnest.
| 1864 Battle of Pickett's Mill, Georgia
1863 First assault on Port Hudson, Louisiana
1863 Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi continues
1844 Samuel F.B. Morse completes first telegraph line
1813 Americans capture Fort George, Canada
1668 Three colonists are expelled from Massachusetts for being Baptists.
which occurred on a May 27:
2003 Luciano Berio, Italian composer born on 24 October 1925.
2002 Ruth Peled, 56, her 18-month-old granddaugher Sinai Kainan, and suicide bomber Jihad Titi, of the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade, ountside a coffee shop and ice-cream parlor at the small Em Hamoshavot outdoor strip mall, on Gissin street in the center of Petach Tikvah, Israel, at about 18:40. 27 persons are injured. The suicide bomber is the brother of Mohammed Titi, who was assassinated by Israel on 24 May 2002.
2001 Lital Talker, 1 on this day, of dehydration suffered on 25 May when her daycare provider, Hana Haim, after picking up the baby girl [photo >] at 07:30 from her home in Be'er Sheva, Israel, forgot her in the car, in her safety seat, with the windows rolled up, on a very hot day, until 12:30 when she found her unconscious.
1997 Un retraité de 64 ans tue l'ami de son fils, son beau-frère et sa belle-sœur à Gassin (Var). Il se sucide après avoir tué un gendarme et en avoir blessé un autre.
1973 Jacques Lipchitz, Lithuanian~French cubist sculptor born on 30 August 1891. LINKS — Study for a Sculpture
1964 Jawaharlal "Pandit" Nehru, 74, of his third stroke, (pandit in Hindi, means "teacher") Independent India's first PM (1947-64), who established parliamentary government and became noted for his "neutralist" policies in foreign affairs. Before that he was one of the principal leaders of India's independence movement in the 1930s and '40s.
1949 Robert LeRoy Ripley, 55, in NY. ^top^
He was the US cartoonist who was the founder of "Believe It or Not!," a widely popular newspaper cartoon presenting bizarre facts and oddities of all kinds. As an example, here is
Ripley holding a Shrunken Head during one of his many radio broadcasts.
Ripley's stories of the odd and unusual entered millions of living rooms across America via radio. Amongst the rarest curiosities in the Ripley collection of unbelievable artifacts were shrunken heads from Ecuador, South America. Believe It or Not!, a shrunken head was once sent to Ripley with the following note: "Please take good care of this. It think it is one of my relatives!"
The practice of shrinking heads was once common amongst the Jivaro Indians of Ecuador. It was a ritual that had been handed down through generations. The heads of slain warriors were valued as trophies or symbols of bravery. When a fighter killed his enemy, the victim's head was removed. The skin was then peeled away from the skull and hot stones and sand were poured into the cavity. The head was sewn shut and boiled in herbs until it had shrunk to the size of a fist.
1941:: Admiral Gunther Lutjens and another 2105 sailors of the 2221 aboard the the German battleship Bismarck as it is sunk by British naval and air forces off France three days after it sank the British battle cruiser Hood..
1896, 255 by tornado in St. Louis, Missoury, and East St. Louis, Illinois.
1837 William Anderson, British artist born in 1757.
1831 Jedediah Smith, trapper-explorer, killed by Commanches on the Santa Fe Trail.
1734 (28 May?) Claude Audran III, French painter born on 25 August 1658.
1733 Carel van Faleus, Dutch artist born on 24 November 1683.
1717 Nicolas Colombel, French painter born in 1644.
1647 Achsah Young becomes first woman known to be executed as a witch in Massachusetts.
1596 Pellegrino Tibaldi da Bologna, Italian painter born in 1527. MORE ON TIBALDI AT ART 4 MAY LINKS Adoration of the Christ Child — Madonna con Bambino
1564 John Calvin, one of the dominant figures of the Protestant Reformation, in Geneva
| Births which
occurred on a May 27:
2000 Lital Talker, would die on her first birthday from having been left for 5 hours in a closed car on a hot day.
1921 Caryl Chessman kidnapper who got the death penalty (1960)
1917 Yasuhiro Nakasone (Prime Minister of Japan)
1915 Herman Wouk US, author (Caine Mutiny, Winds of War, Marjorie Morningstar)
1913 Otto Alfred Wolfgang Schultze-Battmann Wols, German artist who died on 01 September 1951.
1911 Hubert Humphrey (Sen-D-Minn) 38th VP, to Lyndon Johnson (1965-69), 1968 Presidential candidate
1907 Rachel Louise Carson ecologist/writer (Silent Spring)
1894 Louis-Ferdinand Céline France, novelist (Journey to End of Night)
1883 Jessie Arms Botke, US decorative painter who died on 02 October 1971. MORE ON BOTKE AT ART 4 MAY LINKS — Black Peacocks with Japanese Persimmons — White Peacocks and Copa de Oro — The Ranch — Cockatoos with Matilija Poppies — White Cockatoos and Loquats — Japanese Sacred Cranes
1881 Adolf Erbslöh, German artist who died in 1947.
1871 Georges-Henri Rouault, French Fauvist and Expressionist painter, printmaker, ceramicist, and stained glass artist, who died on 13 February 1958. MORE ON ROUAULT AT ART 4 MAY LINKS Clown — Vieux Roi — Automme La Parade [de cirque] Christ and the Doctors Christ [crucified] 63 prints at FAMSF one of which is Le Dictateur and another is La Favorite
1868 Charles E. Prendergast, Canadian US painter who died in 1948. LINKS — Circus
1862 John Edward Campbell, British mathematician who died on 01 October 1924. He is remembered for the Campbell-Baker-Hausdorff theorem which gives a formula for multiplication of exponentials in Lie algebras.
1858 Juan Jiménez y Martín, Spanish artist who died in 1901.
1837 Wild Bill (James Butler) Hickok (US Marshall, frontiersman, army scout, gambler, legendary marksman)