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| On a November 04:
2000 US President Clinton vetoes a bill that would have criminalized the leaking of government secrets.
1999 Russia opens Chechen border, thousands flee fighting (CNN)
1998 A new superseding indictment is issued against Osama bin Laden, Muhammad Atef and a host of other suspects. They are charged with bombing of two US embassies and conspiring to commit other acts of terrorism against Americans abroad. Two rewards of $5 million each are offered for Atef and bin Laden. Atef is described as bin Laden's chief military commander.
1997 In the US, the Republicans sweep the off-year elections, with New Jersey Gov. Christie Whitman winning re-election, James Gilmore becoming Virginia governor, Vito Fossella taking the New York congressional seat vacated by Susan Molinari, and Rudy Giuliani being re-elected mayor of New York.
1993 Canadian Liberal Party leader Jean Chretien was sworn in as prime minister.
1991 Mid East peace conference ends in Madrid Spain
1991 Former First Lady Imelda Marcos returned to Philippines, ending more than five years of exile in United States
1991 First time in history that as many as 5 US Presidents are together, as Jimmy Carter, Gerald Ford, Richard Nixon, and current President George Bush Sr. attend the dedication of his his presidential library in Simi Valley, California., by Ronald Reagan.
1990 Iraq says it is preparing for a "dangerous war"
1986 Democrats regain control of the US Senate, 55-45.
1984 Nicaragua holds 1st free elections in 56 years; Sandinistas win 63%
1980 Ronald Reagan (R) is elected the 40th president of the United States, handily defeatting President Jimmy Carter (D), handicaped by the ongoing Iran hostage crisis, on its first anniversary.
1924 Calvin Coolidge is elected 30th president of the United States.
1918 Austria-Hungary signs an armistice with the Allies.
| 1890 Great Britain proclaims Zanzibar a protectorate
1884 Democrat Grover Cleveland is elected to his first term as US President, defeating Republican James G. Blaine.
1870 Le siège de [[!!bad link!!>>] %7Elarane/02181.htm" target="_blank">Belfort.commence. Les armées prussiennes prennent place autour de la ville pour plus de cent jours. Le courage du colonel Denfert-Rochereau, qui organise la résistance de la ville, permet que celle-ci résiste aux bombardements comme au froid intense qui s'abat. Denfert-Rochereau ne consentira à se rendre que sur un ordre intimé par le gouvernement. Cela vaudra au territoire de Belfort de rester français tandis que, par le traité de paix, l'Allemagne prend possession du reste de l'Alsace-Lorraine.
1866 Kingdom of Italy annexes Venetia
1864 Engagement at Johnsonville, Tennessee
1863 Skirmish near Maysville, Alabama
1863 From the main Confederate Army at Chattanooga, Tennessee, Lt. Gen. James Longstreet's troops are sent northeast to besiege Knoxville.
1862 Democrats make substantial gains in Northern states' congressional elections
1854 Florence Nightingale and her nurses arrive in the Crimea.
1845 1st nationally observed uniform election day in US
1791 General Arthur St. Clair, governor of Northwest Territory, is badly defeated by a large Indian army near Fort Wayne. .
1798 US Congress agrees to pay a yearly tribute to Tripoli, considering it the only way to protect US shipping.
1760 Following the Russian capture of Berlin, Frederick II of Prussia defeats the Austrians at the Battle of Torgau.
1576 Spanish defeat Walloons & take Antwerp Belgium
1677 William III and Mary of England wed on William's birthday.
1646 The Massachusetts Bay Colony passes a law making it a capital offense to deny that the Bible is the Word of God.
1493 Christopher Columbus discovers Guadeloupe during his second expedition.
which occurred on a November 04:|
2002 Two Israeli immigrants from Argentina: security guard Julio Pedro Magram, 51, of Kfar Sava; and Gastón Perpiñal, 15, of Ra'anana; and Palestinian suicide bomber Nabil Sawalha, 20, who detonates his 10 kg of explosives while struggling with the guard who shouted a warning and stopped him from entering Shekem electronics store at the Arim open-air shopping mall in Tel Aviv suburb Kfar Sava, in the evening. 19 persons are injured.
2002 Hamad Sadder and a companion, by remote control bomb hidden in their car, in Nablus, West Bank. Sadder was a member of the Hamas military wing targeted by Israel. His nephew, Mohammed Bustami carried out a suicide attack the previous week (27 Oct 02 Nov) that killed three Israeli soldiers in a West Bank settlement.
2001 Shoshana Ben-Yishai, 16 [< photo], and Menashe Regev 14 [photo >], Israelis; and the Islamic Jihad militant who shoots up a bus in the French Hill section of Jerusalem, who is in turn killed by a civilian who empties a clip of ammunition at him, and then his corpse is riddled with bullets shot by a border police officer and a soldier. [You would think that Israelis would know enough to try and capture terrorists alive so as to extract information.]
2001 Four Indian soldiers and one attacking militant from the Pakistan-based Lashker-e-Toiba (some possibly shortly before midnight on 03 November). A group of militants, dressed in Army fatigues, opened fire and lobbed grenades on the main gate of the Indian army camp at Diyalgam, about 60 km from Srinagar, at about 21:00. Two of them managed to sneak inside the camp manned by the troops of 36th Rashtriya Rifles. In the intense gunbattle, lasting over two hours, three jawans [=young soldiers, from a Persian word meaning young man, especially an army private]; were killed and six others injured. One of the jawans later died of injuries. Immediately after the militants intruded into the camp, troops launched a search operation, which was abandoned as the ultras [= militants] were in Army uniform [!!!]. A militant hiding in a shed opened fire and lobbed grenades when the troops approached before endinc their search, and was killed in retaliatory fire. [Is that an Indian army rule: never attack anyone wearing an Indian army uniform, even if it is a disguised enemy firing at you; just run away?]
2000 Hani Noaman al-Sabbouhi,18, in Mansoura, Egypt hospital from three bullet wounds to the head, after police fired on crowd of villagers to prevent them from voting in the legislative elections, part of the government's effort to prevent the election of candidates of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood (running as independents).
1996 José Botero Henao, Catholic pastor of Venecia ( Cundinamarca ), Colombia, murdered by unidentified assailants.
1986 Kurt Hirsch, mathematician.
1968 Michel Kikoine, French artist born on 31 May 1892
1926 Albin Egger-Lienz, Austrian painter born on 29 January 1868.
1921 Takashi Hara, 19th Prime Minister of Japan (29Sep1918-04Nov1921), born on 09 February 1856 in Iwate Prefecture.
1870 Carl von Sales, Austrian artist born on 05 November 1791.
1856 Hippolyte “Paul” Delaroche, French Academic painter born on 17 July 1797. MORE ON DELAROCHE AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1709 Barend Graat), Amsterdam painter and draftsman born on 28 (21?) September 1628.
1698 Bartholin, mathematician.
1652 La Faille, mathematician.
0644 Le calife Omar est assassiné à Médine par un chrétien. C'est le premier d'une longue série d'assassinats à la tête de l'Etat musulman. 644 Umar of Arabia is assassinated at Medina and is succeeded as caliph by Uthman
which occurred on a November 04:
1946 Robert Mapplethorpe, controversial photographer LINKS
1946 UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization formed
1923 Alfred Heineken (beer mogul: Heineken Brewery)
1909 Ciro Alegria Peru, novelist (Golden Serpent)
1907 Henry Heerup, Danish sculptor, painter, designer, and printmaker, who died on 30 May 1993.
1873 George Edward Moore, influential English Realist philosopher (Principia Ethica, 1903; Ethics, 1912). He died on 24 October 1958. MOORE ONLINE: The Nature of Moral Philosophy The Refutation of Idealism
1873 The gold crown for teeth, patented by dentist John Beers of San Francisco
1872 Ulisse Caputo, Italian artist who died on 13 October 1948.
1862 Eden Phillpotts England, novelist/poet/playwright (Red Madymaynes)
1862 Gatling gun patented (Richard J Gatling)
1793 (03?) Thomas Ender, Austrian painter active in Brazil. The end of Ender came on 28 September 1875.
1765 Pierre Girard, mathematician.
1744 Johann(III) Bernoulli, mathematician.
1650 William III, Prince of Orange, later King of England (1689-1702), Scotland and Ireland.
1590 Gerrit van Honthorst Gherardo della Notte, Dutch painter addicted to night scenes, who died on 27 April 1656. MORE ON VAN HONTHORST AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1577 Père Joseph, à Paris, "éminence grise" du cardinal de Richelieu. Il a été popularisé par Alexandre Dumas Père dans Les Trois Mousquetaires.
1575 Guido Reni Le Guide, Italian painter who died on 18 August 1642. MORE ON RENI AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.