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| On a November 17:
2002 First ever elections in Peru for 25 new regional governments, in which the party of President Alejandro Toledo is roundly defeated and the Aprista party led by ex-president Alan García wins big..
2001 Elections in Kosovo for a 120-seat assembly that in turn will choose a president and form the Kosovo administration to govern alongside the UN officials and NATO-led peacekeepers who drove Milosevic's Yugoslav (Serb) criminal forces out of Kosovo in 1999. The small Serb minority remaining in Kosovo is guaranteed at least 10 seats in the assembly, it could have gotten 20 seats if their turnout had been high, but it isn't. Pacifist ethnic Albanian leader Ibrahim Rugova's Democratic League of Kosovo wins 46% of the vote, in what he calls a step toward Kosovo's "independence, freedom, democracy, prosperity, and economic development." The party of former ethnic Albanian rebel leader Hashim Thaci, the Democratic Party of Kosovo, finishes second with 25%.
2000 The Florida Supreme Court froze the state's presidential tally, forbidding Secretary of State Katherine Harris from certifying results of the marathon vote count just as Republican George W. Bush was advancing his minuscule lead over Democrat Al Gore. Also, a federal appeals court refused to block recounts under way in two heavily Democratic counties.
| 1993 US Congress votes for NAFTA
1988 Benazir Bhutto wins election in Pakistan
1973 US President Nixon tells Associated Press managing editors meeting in Orlando, Florida "...people have got to know whether or not their President is a crook. Well, I'm not a crook" [just what a used car salesman would say]
1959 De Beers firm of South Africa announces synthetic diamond
1949 Czech clergy are told by their bishops to prepare to renounce state stipends rather than play Judas by doing the stateÕs will.
1948 Britain's House of Commons votes to nationalize steel industry
| 1938 Italy passes its own version of the anti-Jewish
1931 Charles Lindbergh inaugurates Pan Am service from Cuba to South America in the Sikorsky flying boat American Clipper.
1918 German troops evacuate Brussels.
1903 Vladimir Lenin's efforts to impose his own radical views on the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party splits the party into two factions, the Bolsheviks, who support Lenin, and the Mensheviks.
1885 The Serbian Army, with Russian support, invades Bulgaria.
1877 Russia launches a surprise night attack that overruns Turkish forces at Kars, Armenia.
1864 Skirmish at Maysville, Alabama
1862 Union General Ambrose Burnside marches north out of Washington, D.C., to begin the Fredericksburg campaign.
1860 Orélie-Antoine de Tounens (12/05/1825-20/09/1878), aventurier français, originaire de Chourgnac en Dordogne arrive au Chili en 1858. L'année suivante, il gagne l'Araucanie où il se fait proclamer roi des Araucauniens et des Patagons le 17 novembre 1860. Il est arrêté en 1862 par les Chiliens qui le jugent à Santiago et le déclarent fou. Il rentre en France en 1863. Il fera deux tentatives pour retourner en Araucanie en 1869 et en 1874. Il meurt dans la misère à Tourtoirac en 1878.
1858 Origin of Modified Julian Period.
1667 Racine offre à la Cour la première représentation d'Andromaque.
1636 Henrique Dias, Brazilian general, wins a decisive battle against the Dutch in Brazil.
1278 680 Jews arrested (293 hanged) in England for counterfeiting coins
which occurred on a November 17:
2002 Aubrey Solomon Meir Abba Eban [photo >], great Israeli diplomat born in South Africa on 02 February 1915, who grew up in England, and spoke 10 languages. Ambassador to the UN, he obtained on 29 November 1947 the two-third majority needed for the partition Palestine and the creation of a Jewish state. Then he became simultaneously ambassador to the US (1950-1959). He was elected to the Knesset in 1959, became education minister, deputy prime minister, and from 1966 to 1974 foreign minister, after which he remained in the Knesset until 1988. He criticized the refusal to give up conquered territory, saying that Israel was "tearing up its own birth certificate. Israel's birth is intrinsically and intimately linked with the idea of sharing territory and sovereignty." Yet he once said that the Arabs "never missed an opportunity to miss an opportunity" to make peace with Israel. Among his 8 major books are an autobiography, and Heritage: Civilization and the Jews The New Diplomacy Diplomacy for the Next Century. EBAN ONLINE: 4 speeches: The Armistice Agreements - Statement to the Security Council (04 Aug 1949) Jerusalem and the Holy Places - Statement to the Trusteeship Council (20 Feb 1950) The Six Day War - Statement to the Security Council (06 Jun 1967) The Yom Kippur War and Aftermath - Statement to the General Assembly (08 Oct 1973)
2002 Billy Joe Hall, 54, driving, and his wife Dorris Jean Hall, 52, in one Jeep Cherokee, and her sister Sheila Wentworth, 45, driving another Jeep Cherokee, in a 100 km/h head-on collision at a bend in two-lane Highway 25, near Sixmile, Alabama (33º00'28"N 87º00'20"W), at 16:15. Dorris and Sheila, daughters of Talmadge Smith (who died in 1973 of a heart attack along Highway 25), were each on her way to make an unannounced visit to the other. The Halls' grand-daughter Amber survives with injuries, as does Sheila 's young nephew Frankie Wentworth. The Halls lived in a trailer in Montevallo (33º06'33"N 86º51'04"W). Sheila lived with her husband Brian Wentworth in a little brick house in Centreville (32º57'32"N 87º07'58"W), a logging hub, 37 km by road to the west-south-west, Sixmile being about halfway (17 km from Centreville, 20 km from Montebello).
2002:: 17 prisoners, by suffocation, while awaiting a hearing, among 130 in a cell designed for 30 is Rujewa, Tanzania, to where they had been transported from Ruanda Remand Prison in Mbeya, 100 km away.
2000 Sharami Dudagov, and Khasmagomed Tsumtsayev, respectively Russian-imposed puppet administrator and deputy of the south-eastern Chechen village Mesker-Yurt, killed by Chechen patriots.
1997: 68 persons in Luxor. Egypt, 62 killed by 6 Islamic militants outside the Temple of Hatshepsut. The attackers are killed by police.
1986 Georges Besse, president of Renault, shot to death by leftists of the Direct Action Group in Paris
1974 Erskine Hamilton Childers, 68, Dublin Irish statesman and fourth president of the Irish Republic (1973-74). He was the second Protestant to hold the office. His father, Robert Erskine Childers, was a leader of the struggle for Irish independence, but was executed on 24 November 1922 during the Irish civil war.
1972 Barbara Baekeland, daughter-in-law of Bakelite inventor, murdered by son ^top^
Wealthy socialite Barbara Baekeland is stabbed to death with a kitchen knife by her 25-year-old son, Antony, in her London, England, penthouse. When police arrived at the scene, Antony was calmly placing a telephone order for Chinese food. Antony's grandfather, Leo Baekeland, acquired his family's fortune with the creation of Bakelite, an early plastic product. Though financially successful, the family was far from stable. Leo's son Brooks was a decadent adventurer and a self-described writer who rarely put pen to paper. Brooks' wife Barbara, a model and would-be Hollywood starlet, had her own problems: she attempted suicide several times and was reportedly so deeply distressed by her son Antony's homosexuality that she attempted to seduce him as a "cure." Though Antony displayed signs of schizophrenia, his father called psychiatry "professionally amoral" and refused to pay for treatment. Barbara and Antony's tempestuous mother-son relationship worried her friends. Indeed, Antony's erratic behavior was cause for concern, and over the years the two had several threatening arguments involving knives. After the murder, Antony was institutionalized at Broadmoor until a bureaucratic mistake resulted in his release in July 1980. He then relocated to New York City, where he lived with his grandmother for a short time until he beat and stabbed her to death in 1980. Antony was sent to Riker's Island, where he suffocated himself to death on 20 March 1981.
1958 Frank Cadogan Cowper, English painter born on 16 October 1877. . MORE ON COWPER AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1958 Taniyama, mathematician.
1953 Pierre Humbert, mathematician.
1941 Ernst Udet, German Luftwaffe general and World War I fighter-ace, suicide. The Nazi government tells the public that he died in a flying accident.
1918 Influenza deaths reported in the United States have far exceeded World War I casualties.
1917 Auguste Rodin, Meudon, France, born on 12 November 1840, he was famous as a sculptor, but was also an author and painter. MORE ON RODIN AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1668 Joseph Alleine, 34, English Puritan, having burned himself out for the Lord. He wrote Alleine's Alarm.
1862 Ramsay Richard Reinagle, British painter born on 19 May 1775. more with links to images.
1853 Charles-Auguste van den Berghe, Belgian artist born on 30 April 1798.
1842 John Varley, English painter born on 17 August 1778. MORE ON VARLEY AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1814 Gottfried Mind (or Mindt) le Raphaël des Chats, Swiss artist born in 1768. [It seems that the Internet has lost its Mind, if it ever had one: I cannot find there any reproduction of a work by this artist]
1775 Michel-Hubert Descours, French artist born on 12 September 1707.
1767 Giovanni Battista Pittoni, Venetian painter of religious, historical, and mythological pictures, born in 1686 (or 1687?). MORE ON PITTONI AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1708 Ludolf Backhuysen, Dutch Baroque marine painter, active mainly in Amsterdam, born on 18 December 1631. MORE ON BACKHUYSEN AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1231 Elizabeth of Hungary. Spurned by her family for her faith and charities, she also cared for lepers.
0680 Hilda of Whitby, the influential abbess of Northumbria, England.
0594 Gregory of Tours, historian of the Franks and the Bishop of Tours, France.
0375 Valentinian, the Emperor of the West, of apoplexy in Pannonia in Central Europe, enraged by the insolence of barbarian envoys.
0270 Death of Gregory Thaumaturgus, a well-loved bishop in Pontus and the author of the first Christian biography (on Origen). He is said to have experienced the first apparition of Mary.
which occurred on a November 17:
1996 Windows CE, an operating system for hand-held devices, introduced by Microsoft. The Winpad, Microsoft's previous attempt to enter the market for hand-held devices, had failed in 1994. The new operating system was designed to communicate with Windows 95 machines and run devices that could synchronize data with desktop applications.
1887 Bernard Law Montgomery, British field marshal who defeated Rommel in North Africa and led Allied troops on D-Day in World War II. He died on 24 March 1976. Le maréchal anglais Montgomery of Alamein.
1878 Grace Abbott, activist for immigrants' and children's rights, in Grand Island, Nebraska.
1854 Josef Reznicek Gisela, Austrian artist who died on 24 August 1899.
1799 Titian Ramsey Peale US, artist / naturalist (American Ornithology) LINKS White Squirrel (1821)
1793 Francis Danby, English painter of Irish birth, specialized in landscapes, who died on 10 February 1861. MORE ON DANBY AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1790 August Ferdinand Möbius, mathematician inventor (Mobius strip)
1690 Noël-Nicolas Coypel, French painter who died on 14 December 1734. MORE ON COYPEL AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1612 Pierre Mignard I le Romain, French artist who died on 13 May 1695 MORE ON MIGNARD AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images.
1597 Gellibrand, mathematician.
1587 Joost van den Vondel Cologne Germany, Dutch poet/dramatist (Jephtha)