a 17 October:
2002 Wisconsin Senate Majority Leader Chuck Chvala, a Democrat, is charged with 20 felonies.
2000 Ending an emergency summit in Egypt, Israeli and Palestinian leaders agree to publicly urge an end to the bloody conflict of the al~Aqsa intifada and to consult within two weeks on restarting the ravaged Mideast peace process. Israel y Palestina firman un frágil alto el fuego en la cumbre de Egipto.
2000 Los consejos de administración de las compañías eléctricas Iberdrola y Endesa aprueban su fusión.
| 1999 Russian troops poised outside Grozny. -- Putin
says no to 'large-scale' action (CNN)
-- Chechen president talks peace, readies for war (CNN)
1998 Agentes de Scotland Yard detienen en Londres a Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte por orden del juez español Baltasar Garzón.
1996 Russian President Boris Yeltsin fires security chief Alexander Lebed, one day after the former general was accused by a rival of building his own rogue army.
1991 La OTAN decide en Taormina (Italia) eliminar el 80% de su arsenal táctico en Europa, el mayor recorte de armamento nuclear de su historia.
1988 Lyndon LaRouche pleads innocent to fraud, conspiracy indictment
1988 Phillip Morris announces $11 Billion tender offer for Kraft
| 1985 El novelista francés Claude Simon gana el premio
Nobel de Literatura.
1984 Concluye en Madrid la reunión de cancilleres del Grupo de Contadora sin un Acta final de paz para Centroamérica.
1979 Mother Teresa of India is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize La religiosa Teresa de Calcuta, fundadora de las Misioneras de la Caridad, gana el premio Nobel de la Paz. MORE
1978 Pres Carter signs bill restoring restoring US citizenship to Confederate President Jefferson Davis
1975 Se firma un acuerdo para la fundación de un Sistema Económico Latinoamericano (SELA).
1965 Varios políticos de los estados miembros de la CEE (Comunidad Económica Europea) exigen proseguir con la integración europea, en caso extremo, incluso sin Francia.
1959 Se producen grandes inundaciones en Tabasco, México.
1959 Fidel Castro Ruz nombra a su hermano Raúl ministro de las Fuerzas Armadas.
1957 French author Albert Camus is awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature MORE
1954 Se produce la famosa marcha de los descamisados en Buenos Aires.
1951 Los británicos ocupan el canal de Suez.
1949 El presidente boliviano Hertzog dimite por motivos de salud y le sucede Mamerto Urriolagoitia Harriague.
1949 The first long-distance dial telephone service begins as the president of Pacific Telephone and Telegraph dials New York City from Oakland, California. The call lasts about one minute. Previously, long-distance calls were placed by telephone operators.
1947 Se firma en Londres un tratado por el que Gran Bretaña reconoce la independencia de Birmania.
1945 Colonel Juan Perón leads a coup, becoming dictator of Argentina
1944 Las elevadas pérdidas sufridas por el general Jean Joseph Marie Gabriel de Lattre de Tassigny obligan a detener la ofensiva francesa en los Vosges.
1942 Tropas de EE.UU. desembarcan en Liberia.
1939 Lluís Companys i Jover, ex presidente de la Generalitat de Cataluña, se refugia en Francia.
1936 En el marco de la Guerra Civil Española, las tropas "nacionales" rompen el cerco republicano de Oviedo, con lo que terminan 90 días de asedio.
1933 Due to rising anti-Semitism and anti-intellectualism in Nazi Germany, Albert Einstein arrived in the United States as a refugee. He would make his new home in Princeton, N.J.
| 1929 Nadir Shah, proclamado nuevo rey de Afganistán.
1924 Los voluntarios-mercaderes de China, organización armada y financiada por los ricos mercaderes de Cantón y Hong Kong, organizan una revuelta contra Sun Yat-Sen.
1923 La banca nacional alemana declara que las sucursales no aceptarán más papel moneda de emergencia a partir del 22 de este mes para poner fin a la inflación.
1918 Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
1914 Comienza la gran batalla de Flandes, que duró hasta el 15 noviembre y que marca el inicio de la primera guerra mundial.
1912 Bulgaria declares war on Turkey, joining its ally in the Balkan League, Montenegro, which had already declared war on Turkey on 08 October. Estalla la primera guerra balcánica. Bulgaria, Grecia, Serbia y Montenegro declaran la guerra a Turquía.
1907 Six years after the first transatlantic radio signal was sent, regular radio service starts. The first message was sent in code from Ireland via Nova Scotia to The New York Times in New York City.
1904 Chile y Bolivia firman un tratado de paz y amistad que pone fin a las antiguas diferencias entre ambos países.
1904 El infante Alfonso, sobrino de Alfonso XIII, es proclamado Príncipe de Asturias tras la muerte de la princesa heredera, María de las Mercedes.
1888 Alejandro III, Zar de Rusia y sus acompañantes salen ilesos de un atentado contra el tren imperial cerca de la estación de Borki, en la región de Jarkov.
1877 Brigadier General Alfred Terry meets with Sitting Bull in Canada to discuss the Indians' return to the United States.
1871 President Grant suspends writ of habeas corpus
1868 Constitution of Grand Duchy of Luxembourg goes into effect
1863 Lincoln calls for 300'000 additional volunteers to join the army
1863 General Ulysses S. Grant is named overall Union Commander of the West.
1806 Napoléon Bonaparte arrives at the island of St. Helena in the South Atlantic, where he has been banished by the Allies.
1805 La capitulación de la ciudad alemana de Ulm pone fin a la campaña del mismo nombre, en la que tropas de Napoleón destrozaron un ejército austriaco de más de 80'000 hombres e hicieron más de 50'000 prisioneros.
1793 Con la derrota de 40'000 vendeanos a manos de 22'000 soldados republicanos termina prácticamente la guerra de La Vendée de la Revolución Francesa.
1787 Boston blacks, petition legislature for equal school facilities
1781 Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown
1691 New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth
1529 Henry VIII of England strips Thomas Wolsey of his office for failing to secure an annulment of his marriage.
1492 Columbus sights isle of San Salvador (Watling Island, Bahamas)
1483 Pope Sixtus IV launched the Spanish Inquisition, placing it under joint direction of the Church and state. Tomas de Torquemada, 63, was appointed Grand Inquisitor in charge of removing Jews and Muslims from Spain. La Inquisición española queda bajo una única autoridad, al ser nombrado fray Tomás de Torquemada también inquisidor general para la Corona de Aragón.
1346 English forces defeat the Scots under David II, 22, during the Battle of Neville's Cross, near Durham, Scotland. David II himself is captured. He would be released in 1357 for a ransom of 100'000 merks. David II was married at age 4 and became king at age 5. He died at age 46 after a rather disastrous reign.
1244 The Sixth Crusade ends when an Egyptian-Khwarismian force almost annihilates the Frankish army at Gaza.
0733 Se lidia la Batalla de Poitiers que marca el fin del avance musulmán en Europa.
which occurred on a 17 October:
2002 Eight Palestinians, in the afternoon, shot by Israeli tanks in Rafah, Gaza Strip. Two women, aged 72 and 32, an 11-year-old boy and an 8-year-old girl were among the dead, killed when tank shells slammed into their houses. Two other fatalities were a 27-year-old man who owned a grocery store and a 45-year-old man.
2002 Seven persons by terrorist bomb at noon (04:00 UT) near the produce section in the Shop-o-Rama mall, in Zamboanga, Philippines. 143 are injured, 20 of them critically. Half-an-hour later another bomb explodes in a nearby store. Two other terrorist bombs are found unexploded in the area.
2001 Rehavam Zeevi, 75 [< photo], by three bullets in the head and face, in a hallway of the Hyatt Hotel in Jerusalem, at about 07:00. He was the extremist right-wing Tourism Minister who advocated the ouster of all Palestinians from the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Two days earlier he had announced his resignation (effective today) in protest for a slight easing of restrictions on the movements of Palestinians. The assassination is the work of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, in retaliation for the 27 August 2001 assassination of its leader Abu Ali Mustafa Zibri by an Israeli rocket attack on his office in Ramallah. Zeevi always refused to have bodyguards, usually carried his own weapon (though not when he was shot), and ostentatiously would stay in the Arab part of Jerusalem. Israel would exact severe reprisals againt the Palestinians and demand that Palestinian president Arafat order the arrest and extradition to Israel of the killers. Confined since 29 March 2002 to a few rooms in his Ramallah headquarters by a circle of Israeli tanks and troops, Arafat would order a trial, starting on 22 April 2002, with security officers with no legal experience acting as judges and lawyers. On 25 April Arafat would confirm the prison sentences, without right of appeal, of gunman Hamdi Quran to 18 years, his lookout Basel Al-Asmar to 12 years, getaway driver Majdi Rimawi to 8 years, and Ahead Gholmy to 1 year for having knowledge of the plot but not informing Palestinian authorities. The Sharon government of Israel is not mollified. Under 1994 interim peace accords (which Israel violates perhaps even more than the Palestinians), Palestinians are to extradite suspects to Israel -- unless they put them on trial in Palestinian courts. Israel has said it would not lift its siege on Arafat's compound until the wanted Palestinians hiding inside, including the suspected assassins, were turned over and brought to Israeli justice.
2000 Farid Musa ‘Issa Nasasreh, 28, Palestinian killed by gunfire from Israeli settlers, in Bet Furiq, Nablus district, West Bank.
1994 Dmitry Kholodov, 27, investigative reporter for Moskovsky Komsomolets, by bomb he unknowingly picks up at a Moscow train station in a briefcase which an anonymous caller just told him was there for him with information on corruption in Russian military intelligence. Authorities would take until 09 November 2000 to bring to trial for the crime the former head of the Russian paratrooper intelligence service, Colonel Pavel Popovskikh, his four subordinates, and a deputy head of a private security firm. On 26 June 2002 a military court would outrageously acquit the obviously guilty six. Pavel Grachev, defense minister at the time of the murder, had ordered the killing, but he is not even indicted. During questioning, Grachev told investigators that he had merely asked the officers to sort it out with Kholodov.
1991 Un teniente en uno de tres atentados con coche bomba de ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna) que se suceden en Madrid y causan graves heridas a un comandante y a dos civiles.
1990 Ralph Abernathy civil rights leader
1989: 67 persons in San Francisco earthquake ^top^
The deadliest US earthquake since 1906 strikes the San Francisco Bay area in California. The quake, measuring 7.1 on the Richter scale, is witnessed on live television by millions of people watching the introduction to the third game of the 86th World Series of baseball between the San Francisco Giants and the Oakland Athletics, held at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. The tremor hits moments before the game, which is canceled, and sportscasters perform the duties of news anchors as they report on the resulting pandemonium in the stadium. The earthquake killed a total of sixty-seven people, while over three thousand others were injured and causing $7 billion worth of damage to infrastructure and more than 100'000 buildings.
Un terremoto sacude el norte de California y causa un centenar de muertos y cuantiosos daños materiales en la ciudad de San Francisco.
1983 Raymond Aron, sociólogo y ensayista francés.
1978 Cox, mathematician
1977: 3 of 4 hijackers, as West German commandos storm hijacked Lufthansa in Mogadishu, Somalia freeing all 86 hostages.
1963 Jacques Hadamard, 98, mathematician
1962 Natalia Sergeevna Gontcharova, innovative Russian painter, sculptor, and stage designer, born 04 June 1881. MORE ON GONTCHAROVA AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1944 Rufino Blanco Fombona, escritor venezolano.
1934 Santiago Ramón y Cajal, médico español. Premio Nobel en 1906. MORE
1928 Sir Francis Bernard Dicksee, English painter and illustrator born on 27 November 1853. MORE ON DICKSEE AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1919 Henry Brodribb Irving, author. HENRY IRVING ONLINE: A Book of Remarkable Criminals
1918 Luigi Nono, Italian artist born on 08 December 1850. [Was his personality affected because, as a child, he was always told by his mother: Luigi, no no! and when she saw his first picture, she said: That is a Nono!?] [Is this also why I cannot find on the Internet any reproduction of his artwork?]
1913: 28 persons, as Zeppelin LII explodes over London
1897 Charles Anderson Dana, editor of The United States Illustrated: in Views of City and Country
1894 Three lynchers killed by Ohio national guard while rescuing a black man.
1892 Paul Peel, Canadian painter, active also in France, specialized in children, born on 07 November 1860. — more with link.
1891 James Parton, author. PARTON ONLINE: Famous Americans of Recent Times
1887 Gustav Robert Kirchhoff, mathematician and physicist discoverer of the laws of spectroscopy.
1823 Johannes-Christiaan Janson, Dutch artist born in 1763.
1817 West, mathematician
1757 René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, físico y naturalista francés.
1638 Jakob Isaaksz Swanenburgh, Dutch artist born in 1571.
1586 Philip Sidney, author. SIDNEY ONLINE: Astrophel and Stella, The Defence of Poesie, A Defence of Poesie and Poems, Selected Works
1533 (before 18 Oct) Jacob Corneliszoon van Oostsanen d'Amsterdam, Dutch painter born before 1477. — links to images.
which occurred on a 17 October:
1956 England's 1st large scale nuclear power station opens
1937 José María Álvarez del Manzano y López del Hierro, político español, alcalde de Madrid. [With a name like that, it seems that he could have constituted the whole municipal council all by himself.]
1930 Jimmy Breslin (newspaper columnist; author: Table Money)
1920 Miguel Delibes, novelista y periodista español.
1919 Radio Corporation of America (RCA) created
1915 Arthur Miller, US playwright: Death of a Salesman; Playing for Time , Death of a Salesman , It Takes a Thief, Rhinoceros, The Misfits, A View from the Bridge.
1912 John Paul I 263rd pope, for 33 days (1978)
1904 Bank of Italy (would become Bank of America) opens its doors
1888 Bernays, mathematician
1880 Charles Kraft (cheese mogul w/brother James: Kraft Food Company)
1864 Elinor Glyn British novelist (3 Weeks)
1864 Marie Aimée Eliane Lucas~Robiquet, French artist who died in 1959.
1860 Rederick O'Conor, Irish US artist who died on 18 March 1940.
1859 Frederick Childe Hassam, US impressionist painter, etcher, and illustrator who died in 1935. MORE ON HASSAM AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1855 Bessemer steelmaking process patented
1821 Alexander Gardner, US photographer who documented the Civil War and the West.
1817 Samuel Ringgold Ward Maryland, minister/abolitionist/author
1814 Friedrich Bamberger, German artist who died on 15 August 1873.
1786 François Edouard Picot, French painter and lithographer who died on 15 March 1868. — more
1760 Claude-Henri de Rouvroy comte de Saint~Simon, French social theorist, one of the chief founders of Christian socialism. He died on 19 May 1825. [A few more names and he could have become a Spanish mayor] In his major work, Nouveau Christianisme (1825) he proclaimed a brotherhood of mankind that must accompany the scientific organization of industry and society. His ideas had a great influence long after his death.
1759 Jacob(II) Bernoulli, mathematician
1711 Jupiter Hammon, first Black to publish poetry (Complete Works) in the British colonies in America.
1603 Frans de Momper, Antwerp Flemish painter and draftsman who died in 1660. — more
1582 Johann Gerhard, German, most influential of the 17th century Lutheran theologians. His writings attained a European circulation second only to the Bible and Thomas a Kempis' Imitation of Christ.