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On a 22 October:
| 1991 General Motors announces 9 month loss of $2.2 billion
1991 La CE y la Asociación Europea de Libre Comercio constituyen en Luxemburgo un Espacio Económico Europeo, que abarcará a partir del 1 de enero de 1993 a 400 millones de consumidores de los 19 países miembros. The European Community and the European Free Trade Association concluded a landmark accord to create a free trade zone of 19 nations by 1993.
1989 El presidente del Parlamento húngaro, Matyas Szuros, proclama en Budapest el fin del Estado comunista, implantado en 1948, y anuncia el establecimiento de una nueva legalidad democrática.
1989 Khmer Rouge occupies Pailin in Cambodia
1988 US Congress cracks down on insider trading by doubling the maximum prison term for it to 10 years. The bill also raises the maximum fine for insider trading to $1 million for individuals and $2.5 million for corporations and partnerships. Along with stricter penalties, the new laws made companies responsible for improper trading committed by their employees.
1986 Reagan signs bill 11 tax brackets and removing millions of low-income people from the tax rolls.
1991 General Motors announces 9 month loss of $2.2 billion
1981 Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization decertified
1981 US national debt exceeds $1 trillion
1981 The Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization is decertified by the US federal government for its strike the previous August.
1980 4th govt of Martens forms in Belgium
1980 New South Korean constitution comes into effect
| 1975 La sonda espacial soviética "Venus 9" se posa sobre
la superficie del planeta Venus y transmite imágenes de su superficie.
1973 Israeli troops reconquer Mount Hermon
1972 Operation Linebacker I, the bombing of North Vietnam with B-52 bombers, ends. The war in neighboring Cambodia goes from bad to worse.
1967 Se convocan numerosas manifestaciones contra la guerra de Vietnam en Washington y en otras ciudades del mundo.
| 1961 75'000 Flemings demand equal rights and Flemish
language in Belgium
1957 Conrad Adenauer re-elected chancellor of West-Germany
1956 Julio Lozano Díaz, presidente de Honduras, es derrocado.
1955 The prototype of the F-105 Thunder Chief makes its maiden flight. Republic Aircraft's F-105 Thunderchief, better known as the 'Thud,' would be the Air Force's warhorse in Vietnam.
1954 West Germany joins North Atlantic Treaty Organization
1954 As a result of the Geneva accords granting Communist control over North Vietnam, US President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes a crash program to train the South Vietnamese Army.
1953 Laos gains full independence from France
1948 Egyptian flagship King Farouk sunk by Israel
1948 El PCE (Partido Comunista de España) y el Partido Socialista Unificado de Cataluña (PSUC) abandonan la lucha armada.
| 1944 Vice-admiral Kurita's fleet leaves North-Borneo
1944 Comienza la batalla naval de Leyte, crucial en el desarrollo de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, que duró cinco días y en la que EE.UU. destruyó el poder naval japonés.
1940 Se producen conversaciones entre Adolf Hitler y su títere francés Pierre Laval en Montoire.
1936 Se dan cita en la ciudad de Valencia para representar la solidaridad de la intelectualidad francesa en la lucha contra el fascismo Louis Aragon, Elsa Triolet y dos escritores alemanes.
1931 La Sociedad de Naciones exige a Japón que abandone los territorios chinos ocupados.
1929 James H Scullin forms Australian government
1929 French government of Briand falls En Francia cae el gobierno de Aristide Briand.
1928 China expels all Russian instructors and civil servants
1928 Republican presidential nominee Herbert Hoover spoke of the "American system of rugged individualism" in a speech at New York's Madison Square Garden
1922 Dimite el Gobierno italiano y el rey encarga a Benito Mussolini formar Gabinete, lo que da origen a la dictadura fascista.
1918 The cities of Baltimore and Washington run out of coffins during the "Spanish Influenza" epidemic.
1916 Former Secretary of War William H. Crawford takes the oath to become US Secretary of the Treasury on this day, replacing Albert Gallatin, who becomes ambassador to France.
1914 The US Congress passes the Revenue Act on 22 October 1914, mandating the first tax on incomes over $3000, to compensate for lower customs revenue as a result of the protectionist Underwood-Simmons Act,
1911 Se restablecen las garantías constitucionales en toda España.
1907 Ringling Brothers Greatest Show on Earth buys Barnum & Bailey.
1906 3000 blacks demonstrate & riot in Philadelphia
1899 British troops flee Dundee, Natal South Africa
1885 Un dictamen arbitral del papa León XIII, reconoce el derecho de posesión de España sobre las Carolinas frente a las pretensiones alemanas hacia estas islas del Pacífico.
1884 General Gordon receives letter of Mahdi
1867 Giuseppe Garibaldi, que había logrado reunir un ejército con ayuda extraoficial, traspasa la frontera de los Estados Pontificios con el propósito de culminar la unificación italiana.
1864 Battle of Byram's Ford, Missouri. Confederate General Sterling Price's month-old raid on Missouri pushes aside a small Union force attached to General Samuel Curtis's army. But the rest of Curtis's men waits at Westport to the northwest, where Price would engage battle the next day, with Yankee cavalry under Alfred Pleasonton moving in on him from the southeast.
1862 Skirmish at Old Fort Wayne, Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)
1862 Union troops push 5000 confederates out of Maysbille, Ark., at the Second Battle of Pea Ridge.
1861 1st telegraph line linking US West & East coasts completed
1859 Spain declares war on the Moors in Morocco.
1844 The "Great Disappointment" begins when this latest date, a Saturday, set for "The Day of Atonement" (the return of Christ) by Baptist lay preacher William Miller, passes without event. Over 100'000 disillusioned followers return to their former churches, abandon the Christian faith altogether, or form various new groups, including the Seventh-Day Adventists. Miller retained his faith in Christ's imminent return until his death, blamed human mistakes in Bible chronologies for his failed prediction.
1836 Sam Houston sworn in as the first president of the Republic of Texas.
1824 The Tennessee Legislature adjourns ending Davy Crockett's state political career. Crockett would die at the siege of the Alamo in 1836
1439 Juan II, Rey de Castilla y Leon, firma el acuerdo de Castronuño por el que su favorito, Álvaro de Luna, vuelve a ser desterrado.
1335 Ex-emperor Hanazono becomes a Zen priest
0451 During the Fifth Session of the Council of Chalcedon, the final form of the Chalcedonian Creed was drafted. It became the Early Church's highest and most enduring "definition" of the person and work of Jesus Christ.
--2136 -BC- Chinese make 1st record of a solar eclipse
--4004 -BC- Universe created at 20:00 UT, according to the 1650 pronouncement of Anglican archbishop James Ussher
which occurred on a 22 October:|
2002 California Condor, found dead in the Los Padres National Forest, California. It is the third and last hatched in the wild (end of May 2002) since 1982 when there were only 22 California Condors left in the world. Hatchings in captivity have increased the number to 201 as of this date, 75 of them in the wild. The California Condor is one of the 201 species of birds on the Audubon Societies Watchlist published today. [the dead condor youngster watched over by its father >]
2002 Conrad Johnson, 35, in surgery, a couple of hours after being shot with a single bullet from high-powered .233 caliber rifle X, of which he is the 13th victim, just before 06:00 as he stood on the steps of the city bus he was about to drive, at a staging area near an apartment building and wooded area along Connecticut Avenue in Aspen Hills, Maryland, 25 km north-by-northwest of downtown Washington DC. The 12th victim of rifle X, and the third to survive, is a 37-year-old man who was critically wounded in the abdomen on 18 October 2002 in Virginia. The first victim was killed on 02 October 2002. Since then intense publicity and immense but ineffective law enforcement activity has resulted in much anxiety and disruption of daily life in DC and neighboring areas of Maryland and Virginia.
2002 All 44 crew members and 7 passengers aboard ferry Mercury II of CASPAR shipping company, which sinks in Caspian Sea on its way from Aktau, Kazakhstan, to Baku, Azerbaijan.
2002 German woman tourist, 24, by crocodile, at 23:30 in the Sandy Billabong (water hole) in the Kakadu National Park, south of Jabiru, Northern Territories, Australia. She among seven tourists, including her sister, in an aventure tour of the outback who went swimming under a full moon, disregarding signs warning of crocodiles and prohibiting swimming. The crocodile, with the woman still in its jaws, would be located and killed 2 km away, at dawn the next morning.
2002 Jodie Cearns, 35, at the Alfred Hospital in Melbourne, to which she had been evacuated after the 12 October 2002 explosion and fire at the Sari Club in Bali, in which she suffered horrendous burns, lost her right eye, had her foot and pelvis broken. In the hospital her left leg had to be amputated and she needed a machine to help her breathe. She dies late at night, a few hours after undergoing emergency surgery.
2001 More than 100 patients and doctors martyred in a 100-bed hospital in Herat, Afghanistan, bombed by American and British jets, according to the Taliban. The UK has aircraft that are assisting the US by refueling and reconnaissance, but no strike aircraft in this mission. The Taliban does not allow independent reporters, but belatedly the Pentagon admits that some of its bombs have malfunctioned including one that hit a military hospital within a military compound in Herat.
2001 Ayman Khaliwa, as his car explodes in the evening next to the al-Najakh University in the West Bank city of Nablus. Three other Palestinians are injured. Khaliwa, a Hamas activist, appeared on an Israeli "most-wanted" list of ten Palestinians on suspicion of being involved in several suicide bombings including the 01 June 2001 attack at the Dolphinarium in Tel Aviv in which 21 Israelis were killed, the 20 May 2001 attack at the Netanya shopping center in which 5 Israelis were killed, and an attack at Neve Yamin in which two high school students were killed. Israel had asked the Palestinian Authority on several occasions to arrest him.
2001 Yusuf Ayish, 37, Palestinian from the Artis village near Bethlehem, shot repeatedly by an Israeli soldier who happened to be nearby, as Ayish was reloading his handgun after shooting first his former employer at an auto mechanics shop and then three passers-by (all four were only wounded) in the Talpiot industrial area in south Jerusalem. Ramin Rosenblatt, a 20-year-old soldier who was at the site, ran toward the gunman and ordered him to halt. "He stopped, turned and aimed his weapon toward a person who was near him. I fired one bullet that hit him in the leg and stopped him. Then I fired several more shots until he was dead," Rosenblatt said.
2001 Nidal Alian, 19, Palestinian, from injuries sustained on 20 October in an Israeli missile attack against a building in downtown Bethlehem.
2001 Joseph P. Curseen, 47, of respiratory anthrax, 6 hours after he arrived in the morning at Southern Maryland Hospital Center in Clinton in the morning with flu-like symptoms and respiratory distress. He was a postal worker at the Brentwood facility serving the Washington DC area, through which had passed a letter containing anthrax spores that was opened that was opened on 15 October 2001 in Senate Majority Leader Thomas A. Daschle (D-S.D.) and led the House of Representatives to an unprecedented closing-down from 17 to 23 October 2001 (while the Senate bravely continued work). The blowers the postal system uses to clear the dust from its automatic sorting machines are suspected of spreading the spores.
2000 Joseph Land, 40, dragged several hundred meters tied to pickup truck by Robert E. Freed, 45, whom he had just met in a bar, in Lewiston, Pennsylvania. Both drunk.
2000 Máximo Casado, funcionario de prisiones, asesinado en Vitoria por ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna).
1995 Simone Gallimard, 77, publisher
1995 Ralph Whitlock, 81, writer
1995 Kingsley Amis, 73, author, of injuries from a fall
1994 Harold Horace Hopkins, 75, inventor (Endoscope)
1990 Louis Althusser, filósofo marxista y escritor francés.
1986 Albert Szent-Györgyi, 93, bio-chemist (Vitamin C, Nobel 1937). MORE ON HIS NOBEL PRIZE
1979 Reinhold Baer, mathematician
1977 Beniamino Segre, mathematician
1975 Arnold Toynbee, 86, English historian/cultural sociologist.
1973 Pau Casals Defillo, en San Juan de Puerto Rico, violoncelista, compositor y director de orquesta catalán y autor, entre otras muchas composiciones famosas, del Himno de las Naciones Unidas. Spanish cellist, conductor and composer Pablo Casals, 96, died in Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico.
1970 René Schneider, Chilean general/supreme commander, murdered
1966 Hewlett Johnson, Red Dean of Canterbury
1965 Paul Tillich, German/US Theologian (Courage To Be)
1965 Dipa Nusantara Aidit, 42, Indonesian leader (PKI 1951-65), murdered
1919 Bruce F Cummings, 30, English author (Enjoying Life)
1913 263 mine workers in explosion at Dawson NM coal mine
1906 Paul Cézanne, French painter born on 19 January 1839. MORE ON CÉZANNE AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1903 Tom Horn, 43, hanged in Wyoming, officially (on flimsy evidence) for the murder of Willie Nickell, 14, son of a southern Wyoming sheep rancher, but more likely for the many murders he had committed previously as a hired killer for the Wyoming Cattlemen's Association in their war against of small farmers, sheep ranchers, and rustlers who were resisting their domination.
1902 John Faed, Scottish painter born in 1820. MORE ON FAED AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1900 Anders Monsen Askevold, Norwegian artist born on 25 December 1834.
1882 János Arany, Hungarian poet (Toldi Szerelme).
1828 José Prudencio Padilla López, primer almirante colombiano.
1818 Joachim H Campe, 72, German theory/author
1763 Frans van Mieris II, Dutch historian and painter artist born on 24 December 1689 nephew of Jan van Mieris [1660-1690], son of Willem van Mieris [03 Jun 1662 27 Jan 1747], grandson of Frans van Mieris the Elder [16 Apr 1635 12 Mar 1681]
1725 Pietro Alessandro Gaspare Scarlatti, 65, composer,
1383 Ferdinand I, the wise, king of Portugal
1035 Sancho III, rey de Navarra.
0996 Hugues Capet (date présumée). Il est inhumé à Saint-Denis. Son fils, Robert le Pieux, a été sacré roi du vivant de son père dès le 30 décembre 987. Le nom de ce premier des Carolingiens sera par dérision donné comme un nom de famille roturière à Louis XVI pendant la Révolution.
0741 Charles Martel of Gaul, 63, at Quiezy. His mayoral power is divided between his two sons, Pepin III and Carloman. -- Il décéde à Quierzy et sera inhumé à Saint-Denis. S'il n'a pas été roi, Charles Martel, avec son fils Carloman, est à l'origine d'une dynastie
| Births which occurred
on a 22 October:
1939, Joaquim Chissano, president of Mozambique (1986- )
1938 The photocopier is invented by Chester Carlson. He tries to sell the machine to IBM, RCA, Kodak and others, but they see no use for a gadget that makes nothing but copies
1925 Robert Rauschenberg US, painter (Gloria) Original name Miston Rauschenberg. US painter and graphic artist whose early works anticipated the Pop art movement. MORE ON RAUSCHENBERG AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1921 Georges Brassens, French poet/cabaret singer
1920 Timothy Leary Harvard prof, American psychologist who experimented with psychedelic drugs (including "acid"). He said: "There are three side effects of 'acid'. Enchanced long term memory, decreased short term memory, and I forget the third. .
1919 Doris Lessing, British novelist (Children of Violence, Golden Notebook) 1919 - Doris Lessing (Taylor) (novelist: Children of Violence, African Stories)
1918, René de Obaldia, French writer/screenwriter (Fugue … Waterloo)
1915 Harry Hickox Big Springs Tx, (Herb-Please Don't Eat the Daisies)
1913 Bao Dai, last emperor of Vietnam
1907 Chowla, mathematician
1907 Henriette Wyeth, 1st lady of american art
1906 Sidney Kingsley, author (Darkness at Noon)
1905 Karl Jansky discovered cosmic radio emissions in 1932
1900, Edward R Stettinius, US, Secretary of State (1944-45)/diplomat
1903 George Beadle, US geneticist. (Medicine Nobel Prize : genetic research; President: University of Chicago; Harvard professor of genetics) . MORE ON HIS NOBEL PRIZE
1898 Damaso Alonso Spanish poet (Hijos de la ira)
1896 Charles Glenn King biochemist (discovered vitamin C)
1895 Nevanlinna, mathematician
1887 John Reed, journalist, poet, and revolutionary who reported on Mexican, Russian revolutions (Ten Days That Shook the World).
1883, Adolf A Joffe, Russian revolutionary/writer (Brest-Litovsk)
1882 Newell Convers Wyeth, US painter famous for his illustrations of Treasure Island and Robin Hood. He died on 19 October 1945 Not to be confused with his son Andrew Wyeth [12 Jul 1917~] MORE ON WYETH AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1879 Matthew Smith, English painter who died on 29 September 1959. MORE ON SMITH AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1870 Ivan Bunin Russia, poet/novelist (Gentleman from SF-Nobel 1933) MORE ON HIS NOBEL PRIZE
1861 Charles Amable Lenoir, French artist who died in 1940.
1854 Walter Herbert Withers, British artist who died on 13 October 1914.
1850 Heinrich Johann Zugel, German artist who died on 30 January 1941.
1811 Franz Liszt Raiding, Hungary, romantic composer/virtuoso pianist -- Il naît à Doborjan, en Hongrie, sur les terres du Prince Nicolas Eszterhazy, dans la nuit où une comète traverse le firmament. Les Bohémiennes y voient un signe du ciel et prédisent au nouveau-né gloire et prospérité. Son père, intendant du Prince, lui donnera ses premières leçons de piano. La prédiction se réalisera.
1796 Achille Etna Michallon, French painter who died on 24 September 1822. MORE ON MICHALLON AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1791 Franz Xaver Petter, Austrian painter specialized in Still Life.He died on 11 May 1866.. MORE ON PETTER AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1788 Bertrand-Georges de Bayle, French artist who died on 26 May 1851.
1689, João V, Rei Fidelissimo, king of Portugal (1706-50)
1628 Jan Vermeer (van der Meer) van Haarlem the Elder, Dutch painter who died on 25 August 1691. more
1587 Jungius, mathematician