| On a 24 October:
2003 Last commercial flight of a supersonic airliner Concorde (one of the seven of British Airways) leaves New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport at 07:38 (11:38 UT) and arrives at London's Heathrow Airport at 16:05 (15:05 UT). The last commercial flight of an Air France Concorde was on 31 May 2003.
2002 After the close of NASDAQ on 23 October, helthcare software company VitalWorks (VWKS; formerly called Infocure) announces, as expected, 3rd-quarter earnings of 8 cents per share (2001 3rd quarter: 04 per share loss) an focecasts 2003 year's earnings of 32 to 39 cents per share, while analysts expected 43 cents. So VWKS is downgraded by Wells Fargo Securities from Buy to Hold. On the NASDAQ, 14 million of the 42 million VWKS shares are traded, dropping from their previous close of $7.18 to an intraday low of 2.86 and close at 3.13. They had started trading at $8.53 on 25 January 1999 and had peaked at $17.36 on 24 January 2000, then sunk to as low as $1.28 on 15 January 2001, before recovering to as high as $10.00 as recently as 23 May 2002.
2002 Rifle X is found in a car parked at a rest stop in which are sleeping John Allen Williams (changed to Muhammad after he converted to Islam in 1985), 41, and Jamaican-born John Lee Malvo, 17, (whom Williams pretends is his stepson), who are arrested at 03:19. The car has an opening in its trunk that would permit someone to lie inside and fire the rifle while remaining hidden. The gun is a .233 caliber Bushmaster. Thirteen shots from that rifle killed 10 persons and gravely wounded three from 02 October to 22 October, drew intense news media coverage, mobilized hundreds of law enforcement officers, and disrupted the life of millions of persons living in DC and neighboring Maryland and Virginia. Williams (or Muhammad) served in the US Army from 1985 to 1994 (including in the Gulf War).
| 2002 Elections in Bahrain to the 40-seat lower house
of parliament. For 21 seats there was no absolute majority, so there will
be a runoff election on 31 October 2002. At least 10 of the 19 elected outright
are Islamic fundamentalists, belonging mainly to the mostly sunni groups
al-Asalah and al-Menber al-Islami. Sunnis, including the royal family, are
a minority of Bahrain's 400'000 citizens. Urged by the king, Sheik Hamad
bin Isa Al Khalifa (and by the fact that voters' IDs are stamped), 53% eligible
voters vote, despite a campaign for abstention by the shiite Al-Wefaq National
Islamic Society, headed by Sheik Ali Salman, and three other groups. The
elections, and the earlier municipal polls, are part of the democratization
process initiated by Sheik Hamad after he ascended the throne in 1999 following
his father's death. In 2001, Bahrainis overwhelmingly endorsed a national
charter that spelled out the reform program. In February 2002, Sheik Hamad
declared a constitutional monarchy and called today's legislative elections,
the first since 1973. In 1994 more than 40 persons were killed when Shiites
took to the streets to press for democracy and an end to their discrimination
in state jobs and services.
2000 El Parlamento serbio forma un gobierno de coalición un mes después de la victoria de Vojislav Kostunica frente a Slobodan Milosevic en las elecciones presidenciales.
2000 US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright ended two days of historic talks with North Korea's Kim Jong-Il, with the Communist leader indicating a willingness to restrain his country's long-range missile program.
2000 In Kufar Kana, a Palestinian village in Galilee, a group of armed Israeli police officers surround a house at 02:00. Four police officers, their submachine guns at the ready, burst into the house, frightening the children, and take away Bakr Sa'id, 15. He is interrogated that same night with shouts and threats heard by another detainee in the same police station. When this detainee tries to speak later in court to Bakr Sa'id, a police officer slaps the boy in the face. Bakr Sa'id would be released on 03 November.
1999 Fernando de la Rúa, líder de la Alianza Opositora, logra la victoria en las elecciones argentinas para suceder al peronista Carlos Saul Ménem.
1999 The International Brotherhood of Teamsters, starts a strike against Overnite Transportation (a unit of Union Pacific). It would end it on 25 October 2002, without having achieved its main goal of a contract for most of the company's 13'000 workers.
1998 La NASA estrena una nave espacial con motor eléctrico, el Deep Space 1 (DS1).
1998 En las elecciones autonómicas celebradas en el País Vasco el PNV (Partido Nacionalista Vasco) logra la victoria y EH (Euskal Herritarrok) consigue un significativo aumento de los sufragios.
1997 El escritor español Arturo Pérez Reverte recibe el premio Jean Monet de Literatura Europea, por su novela La piel del tambor.
1996 TWA announces that it had a $14.3 million loss during the previous quarter. Jeffrey H. Erickson, TWA's CEO and President announces that he is planning to resign. Nevertheless TWA stock closes at 8-1/2 up 3/8..
1996 Ross Perot rejects the request made the previous day by Bob Dole's campaign manager, Scott Reed, as he met with Perot and asked him to drop out of the presidential race and endorse Dole.
1996 Wired Ventures, publishers of Wired magazine and several popular Web sites, cancels plans for an IPO for the second time in three months. The company had received only a lukewarm response from Wall Street. In 1998, the company would sell the magazine to publishing company Conde Nast.
1994 El científico francés Daniel Cohen logra el Premio Literario de Derechos Humanos de la UNESCO.
1987 Thirty years after it was expelled, the Teamsters union is welcomed back into the AFL-CIO.
1986 El Gobierno británico rompe relaciones diplomáticas con Siria, país al que acusa de implicación en actos terroristas.
1986 Regresa inesperadamente a la República Centroafricana su ex-emperador Jean-Bedel Bokassa, condenado a muerte en rebeldía.
1984 Cinco monumentos españoles son declarados de interés mundial por la UNESCO: la mezquita de Córdoba, la Alhambra y Generalife de Granada, la catedral de Burgos, el monasterio de El Escorial y el parque Güell de Barcelona.
1980 Polish government legalizes independent labor union Solidarity
1973 Yom Kippur War ends, Israel 105 km from Cairo, 42 km from Damascus
1971 Harry Drake sets longest arrow flight by a footbow (1854 m)
1958 La URSS asegura a Egipto la concesión de un crédito de 400 millones de rublos para la construcción de la presa de Asuán.
| 1956 Soviet troops invade Hungary Imre Nagy
asume la jefatura del gobierno húngaro. Se decreta el estado de emergencia
por la continuación de la revuelta popular iniciada la víspera.
1952 Arab Liberation Movement becomes the only party of Syria
1952 Presidential candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower announces that if elected, he will go to Korea
1951 Se permite por ley que Juan Domingo Perón Sosa pueda abandonar su cargo y posibilitar así que se presente como candidato en las próximas elecciones de Argentina.
1946 Gabriel González Videla se proclama presidente de Chile.
1945 United Nations Charter becomes effective.
1945 The Nobel Medicine Prize to Sir Alexander Fleming, Ernst Boris Chain, and Sir Howard Walter Florey. for the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases MORE
1942 En el contexto de la Segunda Guerra Mundial se produce una ofensiva inglesa en Libia dirigida por el general Montgomery.
1938 The Fair Labor Standards Act becomes law, establishing the 40-hour work week.
1935 Italy invades Ethiopia
1934 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, called Mahatma or "Great Soul," resigns from the Pan-Indian Congress Party.
| 1930 Dimite el presidente brasileño Washington Luis
Pereira de Sousa a causa de un movimiento de insurrección.
1930 El jefe de la república china, Chiang Kai-Shek, se convierte al cristianismo y después del bautismo ingresa en la comunidad metodista.
1917 The Austro-German army routs the Italian army at Caporetto, Italy.
1912 Battle of Kirk Kilissa, ends soon after midnight as the Turks give up their positions to the Bulgarians' bayonet attack. General von der Goltz said Prussian soldiers would take this place in three days," a Bulgarian officer remarked to a war correspondent. We've done it in three hours.
1911 Robert Scott's expedition leaves Cape Evans for South Pole
1906 Nobel Medicine Prize to Camillo Golgi and Santiago Ramón y Cajal . in recognition of their work on the structure of the nervous system
1901 Widow Anna Edson Taylor, 43, became the first person to survive going over Niagara Falls in a barrel. (Mrs. Taylor's dreams of fame and fortune failed to materialize, however, and she died in poverty in 1921.)
1862 Union Major General William S. Rosecrans replaces Major General Don Carlos Buell as commander of the Army of the Ohio
| 1860 Traité de Pékin, les Chinois accordent à la France
d'importantes concessions économiques, religieuses, et militaires. Les canonnières
occidentales sont désormais autorisées à remonter le cours du Yangzi Jiang
sur mille kilomètres.
1856 Constitution of South Australia adopted
1851 William Lassell discovers Ariel & Umbriel, satellites of Uranus
1833 La hija mayor de Fernando VII queda proclamada reina de España a la edad de 13 años, con el nombre de Isabel II.
1795 3rd partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia & Russia -- La Pologne est effacée de la carte par un troisième partage auquels participent l'Autriche, la Prusse et la Russie.
1580 Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, redimido de su esclavitud por los frailes trinitarios, termina su cautiverio en Argel.
1538 French reformer John Calvin writes in a letter: 'Among Christians there ought to be so great a dislike of schism, as that they may always avoid it so far as lies in their power.' Perhaps that is why he did not stop at schism, but went on to heresy.
1531 Bavaria, despite being a Catholic region, joins the League of Schmalkalden, a Protestant group which opposes Charles V.
1360 Paix de Calais. Edouard III d'Angleterre avait déjà compris qu'il lui sera impossible de monter sur le trône de France. Le traité de Brétigny signé le 8 mai précédent était le premier signe de cette acceptation. Il renonce à sa prétention à la couronne de France et libère, en contrepartie d'une rançon de trois millions d'écus, le roi Jean II le Bon, prisonnier à Londres. En échange, la France reconnaît sa suzeraineté sur la Guyenne, la Gascogne, la Saintonge, l'Angoumois, le Périgord, le Rouergue, l'Agennais, le Poitou, le Limousin, le Ponthieu et Calais.
0439 Carthage, the leading Roman city in North Africa, falls to Genseric and the Vandals.
--3963 BC Origin of Hevelius' Mundane Era
which occurred on an October 24:|
2003 Palestinian, 11, after being shot by Israeli troops in the Gaza Strip.
2003 Israelis Staff Sgt. Alon Avrahami, man, 20, from Or Yehuda; Sgt. Adi Osman, woman, 19, from Kfar Sava; and Sgt. Sarit Shneor, woman, 19, from Shoham; and the Palestinian attacker who shot them, at 04:20 (01:20 UT) in the army base of the enclave settlement Netzarim, Gaza Strip. A second attacker, who remained outside the fence, disappears in the fog. Two Israeli soldiers are wounded.
2003 Elderly Palestinian man, shot by Israeli troops, at whom he used to shout curses, shortly after midnight, near the fence surrounding the enclave settlement Alei Sinai, Gaza Strip. The Israelis shoot at “suspicious movements” which they vaguely see through night-vision goggles.
2002 Hermán Gaviria, 32, by lightning while practicing soccer with the Deportivo Cali (Colombia) team, of which four others are injured.
2002 A woman, aged 25, among the 600 hostages in Moscow's House of Culture, her fingers broken, then shot in the chest by the Chechens who took over at 21:05 (17:05 UT) on 23 October 2002.
2001 Issa Jerius Khalil,55, Palestinian, in his car, by heavy machinegun from an Israeli tank in Bethlehem. Three others are wounded. The al-Aqsa intifada body count is now 757 Palestinians and 178 Israelis.
2001 Marwan Halabiye, 22, Palestinian, hours after Israeli special forces shot him in the head in Abu Dis, a suburb of Jerusalem, in the street close to his home.
2001 Ayman Al Jalad , 20, Mahmoud Al Jalad , 21, and Saleh Al Assi, 23, Palestinians killed in Tulkarem by Israeli troops, who say that the three were about to fire on them. Palestinians say that they were ambushed from a cemetery.
2001 Ten Palestinians by Israeli troops raiding Beit Rima which they say was the base for the 17 October 2001 assassination of cabinet minister Rehavam Ze'evi.
1999 Chechens say 150 killed, 400 hurt in latest Russian assault (CNN)
1993 (Sunday) Tracy Latimer, 12, by exhaust fumes piped into a pickup truck from 11:30 to 12:00, by her father, Robert Latimer, 36, to save her from a life of pain due to her severe cerebral palsy. In Saskatchewan. Tracy Latimer was born on 23 November 1980.
1992 Luis Rosales Camacho, poeta y académico español.
1991 Black man fatally shot by a White policeman, results in rioting in St. Petersburg, Florida.
1982 Arturo Camacho Ramírez, poeta colombiano.
1976:: 25 persons in fire at the Puerto Rican Social Club in the Bronx NY.
1975 Ismail Erez Turkish ambassador killed by car bomb in Paris
1966 Janovskaja, mathematician
1961 Dr Milan Stoyadinovich, 73, Yugoslav fascist PM (1935-9)
1960 Disaster on USSR launch pad, kills missile expert Nedelin and team (unconfirmed); USSR claims he was killed in plane crash
1957 Christian Dior, 52, French designer, in Italy
1948 Franz Lehar, compositor austriaco.
1947 $30 million of timber in series of forest fires (New England States)
1945 Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonsson Quisling, Norway's wartime minister president, is executed by firing squad for collaboration with the Nazis Vidkun Quisling, títere nazi que gobernó Noruega durante la ocupación alemana, muere ejecutado.
1944 The aircraft carrier USS Princeton is sunk by a single Japanese plane during the Battle of Leyte Gulf.
1935 Henri Pirenne, historiador belga.
1930 Paul Émile Appell, Alsatian French mathematician born on 27 September 1855. In 1880 Appell defined a series of functions satisfying the condition that the derivative of the nth function is n times the (n - 1)th function. These are now called the Appell polynomials.
1926 Charles Marion Russell, US painter specialized in the US West, born in 1864. MORE ON RUSSELL AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1912 Edmund Doidge Anderson Morshead, translator of Aeschylus's.Agamemnon, Eumenides, The Seven Against Thebes, The Suppliants.
1901 James McDougal Hart, US Hudson River School painter born on 10 May 1828. MORE ON HART AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1898 Pierre Cécile Puvis de Chavannes, French Symbolist painter born on 14 December 1824. MORE ON PUVIS DE CHAVANNES AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1897 Francis Turner Palgrave, editor of The Golden Treasury of the Best Songs and Lyrical Poems in the English Language (1875), The Poetical Works of John Keats, Chrysomela: A Selection from the Lyrical Poems of Robert Herrick.
1895 Jacob Isaac Meyer van Haan, Dutch painter born on 14 April 1852. — more
1888 François Etienne Musin, Belgian artist born on 04 October 1820.
1871: 18 Chinese hanged by mob in Los Angeles
1852 Daniel Webster, author of Address at the Laying of the Corner Stone of the Addition to the Capitol, Speech on Mr. Clay's Resolutions
1847 MacCullagh, mathematician
1843 Antoine Berjon, French artist born on 17 May 1754.
1684 Gerrit Battem, Rotterdam draftsman, etcher, and painter, born in 1636. — more
1667 Gabriel Metsu (or Metzu), Dutch artist born in January 1629.
1655 Pierre Gassendi, 63, French mathematician, philosopher
1635 Schickard, mathematician
1601 Tycho Brahe, 54, mathematician, astronomer, in Prague
1537 Jane Seymour, 28, 3rd wife ofHenry VIII, the only one of his 6 wives who died before him of natural causes before he got tired of her and divorced or beheaded her. She had given birth on 12 October 1537 to a baby who would become Henry VIII's successor, Edward VI. She had married Henry VIII on 30 May 1536, 11 days after his 2nd wife, Anne Boleyn, was beheaded.
| Births which occurred
on an October 24:
2001 The Wayback Machine is inaugurated. It is a free archive which preserves and makes available more than 10 billion Internet pages, many of which have disappeared from their original sites.
1948 Palabras, volumen de poemas de Jacques Prévert se publica..
1937 Miguel Ángel Coria, compositor español.
1936 Rafael Hernández Colón, político puertorriqueño.
1932 Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, France, who would receive the 1991 Nobel Physics Prize for discovering that methods developed for studying order phenomena in simple systems can be generalized to more complex forms of matter, in particular to liquid crystals and polymer.
1925 Luciano Berio, compositor y director de orquesta italiano.
1923 Denise Levertov poet/essayist (Joy Beneath the Skin)
1911 Clarence M Kelley FBI head
1906 Gelfond, mathematician
1904 Moss Hart Bronx NY, US playwright who, with George S. Kaufman, wrote plays such as You Can't Take it with You and The Man who came to Dinner.
1898 Rafael García Valiño y Marcén, militar español.
1887 Victoria Eugenia de Battenberg, reina de España.
1873 Edmund Whittaker, mathematician
1868 Charles Edwin Conder, English painter, active in Australia and France, who died on 09 February 1909. MORE ON CONDER AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1854 Gunnar-Fredrik Berndtson, Swedish French artist who died on 09 April 1895.
1853 Maschke, mathematician
1843 Henryk Siemiradzki, Polish painter who died on 23 August 1902. MORE ON SIEMIRADZKI AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1843 Margaretha (Margi) Roosenboom Vogel, Dutch artist who died on 26 1896.
1837 John George Bourinot, author. BOURINOT ONLINE: The Intellectual Development of the Canadian People: An Historical Review (1881)
1836 The match is patented
1830 Noah Brooks, author. BROOKS ONLINE: First Across the Continent: The Story of The Exploring Expedition of Lewis and Clark in 1804-5-6, First Across the Continent: The Story of The Exploring Expedition of Lewis and Clark in 1804-5-6
1829 John Veitch, translator of Descartes's Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason, Meditations on the First Philosophy.
1825 Carl Bjerknes, mathematician
1821 Seidel, mathematician
1820 Eugène Fromentin (Dupeux), French painter specialized in Orientalism. He died on 27 August 1876. MORE ON FROMENTIN AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1789 Ramón Carnicer, compositor español.
1607 Livius Jan Lievens van Oude, Dutch artist who died on 08 June 1674. MORE ON LIEVENS AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1804 Wilhelm Weber, mathematician
1788 Sarah Josepha Hale, magazine editor and poet whose book Poems for Our Children included "Mary Had a Little Lamb" (the first words to be recorded in sound).Sarah Hale died in 1879. Mary had a little lamb, Its fleece was white as snow; And everywhere that Mary went The lamb was sure to go. / It followed her to school one day Which was against the rules. It made the children laugh and play, To see a lamb at school / And so the teacher turned it out, But still it lingered near And waited patiently about, Till Mary did appear / "Why does the lamb love Mary so?" The eager children cry. "Why, Mary loves the lamb, you know." The teacher did reply.
1632 Antony van Leeuwenhoek Hol, Dutch naturalist (Philosophical Transactions)
1260 Chartres Cathedral in France is consecrated,.under Pope Alexander IV, Completed in less than 30 years, the structure represents high Gothic architecture at its purest.
0051 Domitien, à Rome, futur empereur.