| On a September 06:
2002 Mexico announces that it resigns from the Rio Treaty, which was designed to protect the Americas against Communism. A year earlier President Vicente Fox had called it obsolete. Mexico signed (at the same time as Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Panamá, Paraguay, Perú, República Dominicana, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela) signed the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance when it was agreed upon at Rio on 02 September 1947 and ratified it on 23 November 1948 (On 30 October 1947, Haiti was first to ratify; the US third: on 12 December 1947). The Organization of American States is coordinator of the treaty. Mexico says that President Fox has pointed out the necessity of creating a modern and multidimensional (security) structure that would meet the needs of the Americas; and that the pact, created after the Second World War, had been made obsolete by a global system in which vulnerability is no longer strictly a matter of ideological or military threats. Fox's administration wants a security pact that would take into account other threats, including natural disasters, public health problems, poverty, terrorism and organized crime. The treaty is similar to the treaty that organized the North Atlantic Treaty Organization; both state that an attack on one treaty member is considered an attack on all. But Fox has noted that the Rio treaty was never invoked during the 1982 Falkland Islands war between Argentina and Great Britain, and no member came to Argentina's aid. Of the 34 active members of the Organization of American States, 23 have ratified the Rio Treaty. Many Caribbean countries have not.
2002 President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda and President Joseph Kabila of Congo-Kinshasa sign a peace accord Luanda, Angola, witnessed by Angolan President Jose Eduardo dos Santos. The accord commits Uganda to withdrawing its remaining troops from the Congo, where they have been fighting alongside rebels opposed to the Kinshasa government. Congo pledges to take action against Ugandan rebels based in the east of Congo.
Cryolife crying for its life a little less loudly today.
Three weeks to the day after the stockholders of Cryolife (CRY) had good reason to cry as it started a disastrous two-day plunge, it has a spectacular surge on the New York Stock Exchange from its admitedly very low previous close of $1.89 to an intraday high of $5.20 and closes at $4.10. During the preceding 3 weeks, CRY had fluctuated between an intraday low of $1.40 on 15 August and an intraday high of $4.06 on 22 August. [1~month price chart >]
The surge comes after an early morning announcement by the US Food and Drug Administration that Cryolife, the US's largest supplier of living human tissue for implantation will be allowed, for 45 days, to supply specimens in emergencies while a recall of potentially tainted tissue continues. The FDA says that the risk of some patients not receiving the tissue in emergencies outweighs the danger of potential contamination. CryoLife may supply veins, arteries and non-valved cardiac conduits and patches, amounting to about 80% of the company's tissue business.
On 13 August 2002 the FDA had ordered CryoLife to stop distributing cadaver tissue, for having failed to adopt and follow safety procedures to keep fungus and bacteria from contaminating soft tissue. The FDA ordered CryoLife to recall all soft tissue processed since 03 October 2001, a month before Brian Lykins died from tainted tissue he received in a knee operation. The FDA is requiring CryoLife to establish new culture testing protocols and to file a corrective action plan within 30 days. CryoLife is appealing the order. It also is under investigation by the FDA and Securities and Exchange Commission.
On 04 September 2002 CryoLife laid off 105 employees because of the FDA order and restated its second-quarter results to show a $5.5 million loss instead of the $2.8 million profit it had recorded previously. .
| 2001 Water starts being released from the dangerously
full crater lake of volcano Pinatubo in the Philippines. The water flows
to the Bucao River without causing the flooding that was considered possible,
the reason why, the previous day, up to 40'000 people evacuated the area
around the town of Botolan.|
2000 The Central Electoral Commission of Kyrgyzstan announces that President Askar Akayev has passed a 2-1/2-hour test in the Kyrgyz language, safisfying the constitutional requirement to to run in a presidential election on October 29. He passed read an excerpt from a novel and took a written test on Kyrgyz history since 1917. He is fluent only in Russian.
2000 The Millennium Summit, the largest gathering of world leaders in history, convenes at the United Nations.
2000 Michael Swango, a former doctor suspected in a string of poisoning deaths, pleaded guilty to killing three patients in a Long Island, N.Y., hospital, and was sentenced to life in prison without parole.
1991 In the Soviet Union, the State Council, a new executive body composed of President Mikhail S. Gorbachev and republic leaders, recognizes the independence of the 3 Baltic republics, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
1991 The Chechen Republic of Ichkeriya declares its independence from Russia and the USSR, which does not recognize it.
| 1989 La Democracia Cristiana holandesa gana las elecciones
legislativas en los Países Bajos, con un 36% de los votos y 54 escaños,
mientras que la oposición socialdemócrata obtuvo el 31,8% de los votos y
1986 USSR charges correspondent Nicholas Daniloff with spying
1983 USSR admits to shooting down KAL 007 on 9/2
1982 Polish dissidents seize the Polish Embassy in Bern, Switzerland
1978 Begin and Sadat meet at Camp David to discuss peace
1970 Palestinian guerrillas seize control of three jetliners later blown up on the ground in Jordan after the passengers and crews are evacuated.
| 1968 Swaziland gains independence from Britain (National
1965 Indian troops invade Lahore; Pakistan paratroopers raid Punjab. La India decreta la movilización general contra Pakistán.
1954 Pakistán, Filipinas, Tailandia, Australia, Nueva Zelanda, EEUU, el Reino Unido y Francia firman en Manila el tratado de constitución de la SEATO (South-East Asia Treaty Organization) para la defensa de esta región.
1953 The last American and Korean prisoners are exchanged in Operation Big Switch, the last official act of the Korean War.
1949 The Allied military authorities in Germany relinquish control of the former Nazi regime’s assets, including the Volkswagen factory.
1948 Coronation of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands.
1945 US President Truman presents to Congress an economic recovery plan to address post-War housing and employment needs.
1941 Nazi Germany announces that all Jews over age 6 living in German-occupied areas must wear yellow Stars of David.
1941 Jews of Vilna Poland are confined to a ghetto
1939 South Africa declared war on Germany.
1938 The movie Boys Town is released, it depicts the founding of the famous institution in Nebraska in 1917 by parish priest Father Edward J. Flanagan, 31.
1937 The Soviet Union accuses Italy of torpedoing two Russian ships in the Mediterranean.
1936 Aviator Beryl Markham flies the first east-to-west solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
1932 Se aprueba en las Cortes españolas la reforma del Código Penal, del que se suprime la pena de cadena perpetua.
1930 El anciano presidente de Argentina, Hipólito Yrigoyen, es derrocado por el golpe militar del general José Félix Uriburu.
1930 Suspensión absoluta de la inmigración en EE.UU.
| 1919 La Asamblea Nacional austriaca autoriza la firma
del Tratado de Versalles.|
1918 The German Army begins a general retreat across the Aisne, with British troops in pursuit.
1914 Battle of the Marne continues; Germans prevented from occupying Paris
1913 1st aircraft to loop the loop (Adolphe Pègoud-France)
1907 Pius X issues the encyclical Pascendi dominici gregis, in which he condemned the "modernist" movement within the various branches of Christendom. The document also established councils to combat these "modern errors."
1909 Word received, Adm Peary discovers North Pole 5 months earlier
1907 The luxury liner Lusitania leaves London for New York on her maiden voyage.
1903 Start of Sherlock Holmes The Adventure of The Creeping Man
1876 Race riot in Charleston SC
1870 The last British troops to serve in Austria are withdrawn.
1869 1st westbound train arrives in SF
1863 After 59 day siege, Confederates evacuate Fort Wagner and Morris Island, South Carolina
1861 Union General Ulysses S. Grant's forces capture Paducah, Kentucky from Confederate forces, in a bloodless takeover — allowing the Federals to control the mouth of the Tennessee River, and greatly assisting in the Union campaign in Tennessee in 1862.
1822 Es abolida la Inquisición en Portugal.
1793 French General Jean Houchard and his 40'000 men begin a three-day battle against an Anglo-Hanoverian army at Hondschoote, southwest Belgium, in the wars of the French Revolution.
1724 Felipe V vuelve a ocupar el trono de España, tras la muerte de su hijo Luis, que sólo reinó siete meses y medio.
1688 Imperial troops defeat the Turks and take Belgrade, Serbia.
1628 Puritans land at Salem, from Mass Bay Colony, witches soon to settle
1620 Pilgrims set sail from Plymouth England to the New World
1422 Sultan Murat II ends a vain siege of Constantinople.
0394 Theodosius becomes sole ruler of Italy after defeating Eugenius at the Battle of the River Frigidus.
which occurred on a September 06:|
2003 Javed Iqbal Sheikh; Abdul Samad Samsher; cousins Ajaz Ahmad Malik and Bilal Ahmad Malik; Mohammad Ramzan; Mohammad Ayub; and one more civilian; by car bomb, of the Hizbul Mujahideen terrorists, targeting an Indian army convoy passing on the Baramulla-Srinagar-Jammu highway near the gate of the Parimpora fruit and vegetable market in suburban Srinagar, Indian-occupied Kashmir. 37 persons are wounded, including the head of the prestigious Gulmarg-based High Altitude Warfare School, Brigadier S.C. Chopra; and a captain and two jawans.
2003 Three passengers, when four coaches of the Dehra Dun-New Delhi Jan Shatabdi Express derail near Saharanpur in Uttar Pradesh, India. Many persons are injured.
2001 Jairo Rojas, shot by two gunmen as he got out of his car in front of his home in Bogota. City police said there were two gunmen. Rojas was the vice president of a congressional peace committee. Rojas is the second member of the peace committee Columbia's House of Representatives slain in nine months. Leftist guerrillas have been accused in the December slaying in southern Caqueta State of committee president Diego Turbay of the opposition Liberal Party.
2001 Omar Subuh, 20, Mustafa Unbouth, 20, in Tulkarem, West Bank, in a jeep hit by Israeli helicopter missiles, who were targeting Raed al-Karmi, 27, who, with the driver~bodyguard Hazem Kattab, jumps out of the jeep and both are merely injured by shrapnel, as are three bystanders. Al-Karmi is the Tulkarem leader of the Al Aqsa Brigade of gunmen. The Israeli army says that al-Karmi has been involved in numerous shooting attacks that have killed six Israelis and wounded several others, receiving his orders and money from Marwan Barghouti, a senior Fatah leader in the West Bank and one of Arafat's lieutenants. al-Karmi was among gunmen who in January 2001 abducted two Israelis (who, he says, were undercover agents) from a Tulkarem restaurant, took them to a remote area and killed them, execution-style.One of the assailants later said he had targeted the two Israelis, owners of a sushi restaurant in Tel Aviv, to avenge the killing of his uncle Thabet Thabet, the Tulkarem Fatah leader gunned down by Israeli commandos outside his home in December. Israel would succeed in assassinating al-Karmi on 14 January 2002.
2000 Three foreign UN staffers, including one from US, in a U.N. office in West Timor, stormed by thousands of pro-Indonesian militiamen and supporters.
1939 Arthur Rakham, British artist born on 19 September 1867.
1913 James Orr, author. ORR ONLINE: The Christian View of God and the World as Centering in the Incarnation
1901 Pres William McKinley assassinated by Leon Czologosz in Buffalo, NY
1897 Alexander Begg , author. BEGG ONLINE: "Dot It Down": a Story of Life in the North-West
1888 Manuel María Madiedo, escritor, político, publicista y editor colombiano
1876 Jozef Szermentowski, Polish painter born on 16 February 1833. MORE ON SZERMENTOWSKI AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER — Odpoczynek oracza — Pogrzeb chlopski — Studium wioski polskiej — Jezioro w lesie — Pieniny — Stary zolnierz i dziecko w parku (Pasowanie na rycerza przez dziadunia) — Pejzaz z krowami — Droga do wsi — W parku — Krajobraz nadrzeczny — Gwiazda zaranna — Bydlo na pastwisku (Bydlo odchodzace do wodopoju) — Ratusz w Sandomierzu
1869: 110 miners, some of them young boys, in the United States' first major coal mine disaster, early in the morning in Avondale, Pennsylvania, when a fire in a mineshaft, cuts off the miners' escape route and their only source of air.
1832 Charles Meynier, French painter and collector born on 25 November 1768. — more — Retour de Napoléon dans l'île de Lobau après la bataille d'Essling
1789 Abdul Hamid, emperador otomano.
1719 conte Carlo Cignani, Italian painter and draftsman born on 15 May 1628.
1701 James II, 68, king of England (1685-88)
1503 (or 14 November 1505?) Alvise Luigi Vivarini, Venetian painter born in 1445 or 1446. MORE ON VIVARINI AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER LINKS Altarpiece of St Ambrose Christ Carrying the Cross Mary and Child Mary with the Child Mary and Child with Sts Mary Magdalene and Catherine Sacra Conversaziane Sant'Antonio
which occurred on a September 06: ^top^
1980 MADD is founded: Mothers Against Drunk Driving.
1943 Richard Roberts, químico británico.
1915 Franz Josef Strauss Germany, minister of defense (1956-62)
1892 Edward Victor Appleton, British winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1947 for his discovery of the so-called Appleton layer of the ionosphere, which is a dependable reflector of radio waves and as such is useful in communication. Other ionospheric layers reflect radio waves sporadically, depending upon temperature and time of day. He died on 21 April 1965.
1868 Joseph van Sluijters Georges de Feure, Dutch painter who died on 26 November 1943. MORE ON “DE FEURE” AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER LINKS — La Botaniste Swan Lake The Voice of Evil — La Loïe Fuller
1863 Dmitry Aleksandrovich Grave, Russian mathematician who died on 19 December 1939. He specialized in algebra but was forced by the Soviets into applied mathematics. Author of Theory of Finite Groups (1910), A Course in Algebraic Analysis (1932).
1863 Aaron McDuffie Moore, Black who would become a teacher and later a physician, and then, on 20 October 1898 Charles Spaulding, together two other Blacks, barber John Merrick [07 Sep 1859 – 06 Aug 1919] and Charles Clinton Spaulding [01 Aug 1874 – 01 Aug 1952], organize the North Carolina Mutual and Provident Association which began business on 01 April 1899. Its first office rented for $2 a month. The name would be changed to North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company on 07 April 1919. The barber had tobacco executive Washington Duke as a regular customer, whose advice from the barber chair helped the insurance company survive. Moore died in 1923.
1860 Jane Addams US, known for her work as a social reformer, pacifist, and founder of Hull House in Chicago in 1889, first American woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize (1931).Author. ADDAMS ONLINE: Newer Ideals of Peace Twenty Years at Hull-House Twenty Years at Hull-House
1859 Boris Yakovlevic Bukreev, Russian mathematician who died on 02 October 1962. His work was on complex functions and differential equations. He worked on the theory and application of Fuchsian functions of rank zero. Bukreev also worked on geometry, in particular projective and non-Euclidean geometry. He studied differential invariants and parameters in the theory of surfaces. Author of A Course on Applications of Differential and Integral Calculus to Geometry (1900), An Introduction to the Calculus of Variations (1934), Non-Euclidean Planimetry in Analytic Terms (1947).
1855 Julius Leblanc Stewart, US artist who died on 05 January 1919. MORE ON STEWART AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER LINKS View of Crosby Hall at no.36 Bishopsgate — Room With A View — The Ball The Baptism — The Nymphs — Spring Flowers
1850 Lodewyck Franciscus Hendrik Apol, Dutch painter who died on 22 November 1936. — more
1836 John Atkinson Grimshaw, British painter who died on 31 October 1893. — Photo of Grimshaw MORE ON GRIMSHAW AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER LINKS — Glasgow Docks — The Lovers — London Bridge - Half Tide — Stapleton Park near Pontefract — Day Dreams — Knostrop Hall, Early Morning — Greenock — Roundhaylake, From Castle — The Thames Below London Bridge — Lane In Cheshire — Snowbound — The Turn of the Road — Whitby from Scotch Head — November Afternoon, Stapleton Park — Wharfedale — Evening, Knostrop Old Hall — Autumn Morning — Gourock, Near The Clyde Shipping Docks — Greenock Dock — Liverpool Customs House — Midsummer Night — Spirit of the Night — View of Heath Street by Night — Bowder Stone, Borrowdale — Liverpool Quay by Moonlight — Autumn — Elaine — The Lady of Shalott — Hampstead — October Gold Endymion on Mount Latmus Iris
1814 Sir George Cartier (C) Canadian co-PM (1858-1862)
1811 James Melville Gilliss founded Naval Observatory in Washington
1806 Juan Eugenio de Hartzenbusch, poeta español.
1805 Horatio Greenough, US, neoclassical sculptor and writer.
1788 Wilhelm Friedrich Schadow, German artist who died on 19 March 1862. — more — Bildnis einer Römerin
1784 Antonio Morales Galavís, líder de la independencia colombiana.
1766 John Dalton English chemist, developed atomic theory of matter
1757 Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, French soldier and statesman who aided George Washington during the US War of Independence, French revolutionary.
1533 Isabel I Tudor, reina de Inglaterra.