| On a 12 September:
2002 Kevin Rojas, 14, is kidnapped from a schoolbus in the province of Santander Norte, Colombia, by two hooded men from the ELN (Ejército de Liberación Nacional). The 5000-strong ELN is the second largest Marxist rebel force in Colombia, behind the FARC. On 14 September 2002 the unharmed boy would be rescued, near Ocana, by army troops who kill two of the guerillas holding him and arrest the other two.
|2002 US life expectancy at all~time high
The US National Center for Health Statistics publishes its annual report Health, United States, 2002, which, examining health trends in the second half of the 20th century, finds improvement on almost every measure. In the US, life expectancy is at an all-time high, and the gaps between Blacks and Whites, men and women are continuing to narrow. Overall, the death rate is on the decline for babies, adults and old people alike, with AIDS, homicide, cancer and heart disease all claiming fewer lives.
With better medical care and a drop in smoking rates, death rates for heart disease have been cut in more than half, and they have declined even more dramatically for stroke and other cerebrovascular disease.
Death rates from injuries, particularly car crashes, have also fallen since about 1970, with safer cars on the road and more people wearing seat belts.
But diabetes number of cases and death rates are rising, largely the result of a sharp increase in obesity.
The report finds fewer people being admitted to hospitals and shorter stays for those who do go in. It finds a sharp drop in use of home health care, a reaction to new Medicare payment restrictions.
The average baby born in 1900 could be expected to live 47.3 years. By 1950, life expectancy had risen to 68.2, and it reached 76.9 in 2000. Throughout the century, women and Whites have lived longer, but those gaps are closing. In 1950, Whites lived 8.3 years longer than Blacks. By 2000, that gap was 5.6 years. For gender, the gap was at its peak in 1970, when women lived 7.6 years longer than men. By 2000, the gap was 5.4 years.
The report finds drops in death rates at every stage of life and for many diseases. Specifically:
2002 Computerized manufacturing support company Gerber
Scientific announces first-quarter earnings before items of 10 cents a share,
up from 3 cents a share in the 2001 first quarter. On the New York Stock
Exchange, its stock (GRB) surges from its previous close of $2.01 to an
intraday high of $3.63 and closes at $3.50. It traded as low as $1.40 on
24 July 2002 and still has a long way to go to reach its 20 July 1998 high
of $28.88. [5~year price chart >]
2001 US financial markets remain closed for a second day in the aftermath of the previous day's terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center. The terrorists win another victory by damage the US inflicts on itself by interrupting all air traffic, putting its military on maximum alert throughout the world, closing many federal, state, and local government offices, schools, malls, etc. In Japan, the Nikkei Stock Average drops 6.63%. to 9610.10. Hong Kong's Hang Seng index closes down 8.9%, at 9493.62.
2000 Hillary Rodham Clinton became the first US first lady to win an election as she claimed victory in the New York Democratic Senate primary, defeating little-known opponent Dr. Mark McMahon.
2000 Dutch lawmakers gave same-sex couples the right to marriage, including adoption and divorce.
1997 Record credit card debt in US.
A report released o announces that the country's annualized losses on bank credit cards had ballooned to its highest level in 14 years. According to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. (FDIC), which issued the findings, the losses accounted for 5.22% of every $100 charged to the nation's credit cards.
According to the FDIC's chairman, Andrew Hove Jr., bankruptcy amounted to roughly half of "bank credit card charge-offs." Karen Shaw Petrou, a senior consultant at ISD/Shaw Inc., interpreted the news in more alarming terms, noting that it painted "a picture of highly leveraged consumers less able to handle their debts and more willing than ever to walk away from them."
1996 Encouraged by promising inflation reports, the Dow-Jones Industrial Average breaks an intra-day high of 5778 points and closes at 5771.94.
1986 240.49 million shares traded in the NY Stock Exchange
1983 USSR vetoes UN resolution deploring its shooting down of Korean plane
1983 Albert Rizzo trod water at sea for 108 hours 9 minutes
1980 Military coup in Turkey Golpe de Estado en Turquía, dirigido por el general Kenan Evren, que fue designado presidente del Consejo Nacional de Seguridad.
1974 Coup overthrows Emperor Haile Selassie in Ethiopia (National Day) Haile Selasie, emperador de Etiopía, es derrocado por un golpe militar y encarcelado en Addis Abeba.
1968 Albania abandona el Pacto de Varsovia.
1967 Tres días después de ser lanzada al espacio, la nave estadounidense Gemini XI, con los astronautas Charles Conrad y Richard Gordon a bordo, consigue acoplarse el cohete "Agena".
1960 Catholic US Democratic Party presidential candidate John F. Kennedy tells a Protestant group in Houston, "I do not speak for my church on public matters, and the church does not speak for me."
|1953 Khrushchev in power in USSR
Six months after the death of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, Nikita Khrushchev is elected the first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Three years later, at the Twentieth Party Congress, Khrushchev denounced Stalinism and the "personality cult" of Soviet leaders. Major events of his administration included the Soviet suppression of the Hungarian uprising of 1956, and a failed attempt in 1962 to install nuclear missiles in Cuba, known as the Cuban Missile Crisis. He was forced into retirement in 1964, and replaced as Soviet leader by Leonid Brezhnev and Alexei Kosygin. However, Brezhnev proved a forceful leader, and as he became the chief figure in Soviet politics, Kosygin's office of premier was made obsolete.
Born into a Ukrainian peasant family in 1894, Khrushchev worked as a mine mechanic before joining the Soviet Communist Party in 1918. In 1929, he went to Moscow and steadily rose in the party ranks and in 1938 was made first secretary of the Ukrainian Communist Party. He became a close associate of Joseph Stalin, the authoritative leader of the Soviet Union since 1924. In 1953, Stalin died, and Khrushchev grappled with Stalin's chosen successor, Georgy Malenkov, for the position of first secretary of the Communist Party. Khrushchev won the power struggle, and Malenkov was made premier, a more ceremonial post. In 1955, Malenkov was replaced by Bulganin, Khrushchev's hand-picked nominee.
In 1956, Khrushchev denounced Stalin and his totalitarian policies at the 20th Party Congress, leading to a "thaw" in the USSR that saw the release of millions of political prisoners. Almost immediately, the new atmosphere of freedom led to anti-Soviet uprisings in Poland and Hungary. Khrushchev flew to Poland and negotiated a diplomatic solution, but the Hungarian rebellion was crushed by Warsaw Pact troops and tanks.
Khrushchev's policies were opposed by some hard-liners in the Communist Party, and in June 1957 he was nearly ousted from his position as first secretary. After a brief struggle, he secured the removal of top party members who opposed him, and in 1958 Khrushchev prepared to take on the post of premier. On 27 March 1958, the Supreme Soviet the Soviet legislature voted unanimously to make First Secretary Khrushchev also Soviet premier, thus formally recognizing him as the undisputed leader of the USSR.
In foreign affairs, Premier Khrushchev's stated policy was one of "peaceful coexistence" with the West. He said, "We offer the capitalist countries peaceful competition" and gave the Soviet Union an early lead in the space race by launching the first Soviet satellites and cosmonauts. A visit to the United States by Khrushchev in 1959 was hailed as a new high in US-Soviet relations, but superpower relations would hit dangerous new lows in the early 1960s.
In 1960, Khrushchev walked out of a long-awaited four-powers summit in protest of US spy plane activity over Russia, and in 1961 he authorized construction of the Berlin Wall as a drastic solution to the East German question. Then, in October 1962, the United States and the USSR came close to nuclear war over the USSR's placement of nuclear missiles in Cuba. After 13 tense days, the Cuban Missile Crisis came to an end when Khrushchev agreed to withdraw the offensive weapons in exchange for a secret US pledge not to invade Cuba.
The humiliating resolution of the Cuban Missile Crisis, an agricultural crisis at home, and the deterioration of Soviet-Chinese relations due to Khrushchev's moderate policies all led to growing opposition to Khrushchev in the party ranks. On 14 October 1964, Leonid Brezhnev, Khrushchev's protégé and deputy, organized a successful coup against him, and Khrushchev abruptly stepped down as first secretary and premier. He retired to obscurity outside Moscow and lived there until his death in 1971.
| 1949 Se proclama en Bonn la República Federal Alemana.
El doctor Theodor Heuss es elegido presidente (ceremonial) y Konrad Adenauer
1945 French troops land in Indochina.
1945 Poland's Communist government breaks its concordat with the Roman Catholic church.
1941 Los ingleses bombardean Colonia (Alemania).
1940 Italian forces begin an offensive into Egypt from Libya. Ofensiva italiana contra Sidi Barrani (norte de África) y continuidad de la ofensiva en el África Oriental, durante la II Guerra Mundial.
| 1939 Ordre d'arrêter l'avance française en Sarre
In response to the invasion of Poland, the French Army advanced into
Germany. On this day they reach their furthest penetration 8 km.
1938 Adolph Hitler demands self-determination for the Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia.
1934 Baltic Pact signed by Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia
1933 Alejandro Lerroux García, jefe del Partido Radical, sustituye a Manuel Azaña Díaz en la presidencia del Gobierno de España.
1927 El Rey de España Alfonso XIII firma el decreto-ley por el que se crea la Asamblea Nacional Consultiva.
1923 Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
1922 The American Episcopal church votes to excise the words "to obey" from its marriage vows.
1919 Adolf Hitler joins German Worker's Party.
1901 Arabs attack Gedara Palestine
1888 Start of the Sherlock Holmes' memoir The Greek Interpreter
1814 Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812
1786 Despite his failed efforts to suppress the American Revolution, Lord Cornwallis is appointed governor general of India.
1776 Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission
1758 Charles Messier observes the Crab Nebula and begins catalog
1722 The Treaty of St. Petersburg puts an end to the Russo-Persian War.
1683 A combined Austrian and Polish army defeats the Turks at Kahlenberg and lifts the siege on Vienna, Austria.
1662 Governor Berkley of Virginia is denied his attempts to repeal the Navigation Acts.
1609 Henry Hudson discovers Hudson River as he sails into what is now New York Harbor aboard his sloop Half Moon.
1544 Francisco I de Francia y Carlos I de España y V de Alemania firman la Paz de Crêpy, acuerdo que pone fin a la cuarta guerra franco-imperial tras la derrota francesa.
490 -BC Athenians defeat 2nd Persian invasion of Greece at Marathon 490 BC Athenian and Plataean Hoplites commanded by General Miltiades drive back a Persian invasion force under General Datis at Marathon.
— 57'617 BC Mars is at its closest to the Earth, an approach that not be approximated (much less surpassed) when it is at 55'760'000 km on 27 August 2003 at 09:51 UT.
which occurred on a 12 September:
2003 Some 80 persons, in the evening and night, by landslides, drowning, electrocution, and other effects of Maemi, the most powerful typhoon ever to hit South Korea, with winds of up to 220 km/h on the southwestern coast.
2003 Eight Iraqi policemen and one Jordanian security guard, shot in Fallujah, Iraq, at 01:30, by a US patrol who mistook for terrorists some 25 uniformed Iraqi policemen in three vehicles who had turned around sear a US chekpoint in front of the Jordanian Hospital after abandoning pursuit of a car of bandits. Nine persons are injured. The US troops kept firing for at least 35 minutes. They claim that they were fired upon first, but at the scene reporter found only US shell casings, and none from the Kalashnikov rifles used by Iraqi police. Possibly shots were fired from the chased car, US troops then fired wildly, the Jordanian guards thought they were attacked and fired also.
2003 Master Sgt. Kevin N. Morehead, 33, of Little Rock, Ark.; and Sgt. 1st Class William M. Bennett, 35, of Seymour, Tenn.; killed during a raid in Ar Ramadi, Iraq. They belonged to the 3rd Battalion, 5th Special Forces Group, based in Fort Campbell, Ky.
2002:: 27 Tzutuhil Mayan Indians in mud- and rock-slide off the slopes of the Tolimán volcano, at 21:00, at aldea El Porvenir, municipio de San Lucas Tolimán, departamento de Sololá, Guatemala, after heavy monsoon rains. 14 of the dead are children. Of the 14 injured survivors, one dies the next day.
2002:: 4 Guatemalans: Juan Méndez, José Alvarado, Sebastián Morales, Cecilio Morales, and 10 Hondurans: Carlos Humberto Izaguirre, 25, Juan Ramón Turcios Matamoros, 27, Alexis Hermelindo Alcantara Acosta, José Santos Alvarado Hernández, Alcides Chávez Hernández, Pablo Euceda Amaya, José Santos Euceda, Dionisio Fúnez Díaz, Sebastian García García, Belkin Padilla Alvarado, legal guest workers employed by Evergreen Forestry Services, in a rented van driven by Turcios, which, at 08:30, traveling at 110 km/h, falls off the one-lane wooden railingless John's Bridge into a river between Churchill and Eagle lakes near the entrance to the Allagash Wilderness Waterway in Maine. The Guatemalans are from departamento de Huehuetenango. Guatemala, as is the lone survivor, Edilberto Morales Luis, 24, who escapes by kicking out the back window of the van as it sinks in 5 meters of water. The 15 workers used the rented van to commute 5 hours a day, mostly over dirt roads, from their rented rooms in Caribou to the remote location 140 km away where they were clearing brush. Izaguirre [photo >], like the other Hondurans from a village at the Salvadorian border, Aramecina (where most men go to work in the US], Valle departamento, had entered the US undocumented in 1993; he had married a Maine woman in May 2002. Turcios had entered the US in 1998 with a visa; and would occasionally visit his wife Italia Turcios, and their two little boys and infant girl, in Santa Barbarita, Santa Bárbara, Honduras. Fúnez was working in the US since 1996. The Hondurans are from the Aramecina municipio hamlets Santa Lucía, El Cantil, La Caridad, La Jiota, and Curarén.
2002 Anne-Marie (née Cassie) Friedlander, 49, Norbert Avraham Friedlander, 55, and Aharon Friedlander who, in Jerusalem, is shot by a policeman after stabbing with a kitchen knife the first two, his stepmother and Jewish father, immigrants (01 August 1995) from Germany, who were married in 1986 (she converted to Judaism in 2000), two years after Norbert (who changed his name to Avraham) divorced his Protestant second wife of 7 years, the mother of Aharon, who she says was psythotic from youth, but was never subjected to treatment. When she could no longer handle him, in 1997, she sent him to live in Israel with his father. Aharon did not convert to Judaism. After completing, without a diploma, his high school in Israel, Aharon went back to live in Germany. He returned to Israel May 2002, more psychotic than ever, alcoholic and drug-addicted.
On 12 September 2002 a loud quarrel broke out in the Friedlander home. Aharon ran out. His father ran after him, grabbed Aharon, and took him home. The quarrel erupted again and the neighbors called the police. A policeman arrived quickly. Avraham went outside to talk to the officer and explain to him that it was a family quarrel. He seemed to be bruised, and the policeman tried to persuade him to file a complaint. Avraham refused. The policeman asked to see some ID for Aharon. Anne-Marie, who had come down from the top floor, said she would bring Aharon's passport. She went to the bedroom on the lower floor. Avraham, Aharon and the policeman were on the middle level, where the kitchen is, talking. Aharon said he wanted a glass of water and went to the kitchen. He grabbed a knife. As Avraham and the policeman continued to converse, Aharon began to walk down the stairs where Anne-Marie was now approaching with the passport in her hand. He stabbed her and she screamed. Avraham ran to save her with the policeman behind him. The two small children, who were in the house and apparently saw everything, ran out to the neighbors. Avraham tried to wrest the knife from Aharon, but he resisted and stabbed his father. The policeman started shooting, firing eight bullets. One of the bullets struck Avraham, but according to the police he died from the stab wounds. MORE
2001 A Palestinian man by Israeli troops firing toward a Palestinian taxi, in the Gaza Strip. Three Palestinians are wounded. This brings the al-Aqsa intifada body count to 621 Palestinians and 172 Israelis
2001 Three Palestinian security officials, when their convoy of unmarked cars came under an Israeli helicopter attack near Tamoun, south of Jenin, West Bank. The men were hit by a missile after they had leapt from their cars and sought in an underground aqueduct.
2001 Two members of Islamic Jihad, and girl, 11, sister of the owner of the home where they were hiding, by Israeli tank shells, in Arrabeh, south of Jenin, West Bank..
1988: 45 persons by Hurricane Gilbert in Jamaica. Material damages are estimated at up to $1 billion.
1986 Cuatrocientas personas muertas y más de 2600 heridas en el norte de Vietnam, a causa del ciclón "Wayne".
1981 Eugenio Montale, escritor italiano, Premio Nobel 1975.
|1977 Steven Biko, South African black student leader,
from 6 days of police torture.
Steven Biko, leader of South Africa's "Black Consciousness Movement," dies of severe head trauma on the stone floor of a prison cell in Pretoria. Six days earlier, he had suffered a major blow to his skull during a police interrogation in Port Elizabeth. Instead of receiving medical attention, he was chained spread-eagled to a window grill for 24 hours. On September 11, he was dumped, naked and shackled, on the floor of a police vehicle and driven 740 miles to Pretoria Central Prison. He died the next day. In announcing his death, South African authorities claimed Biko died after refusing food and water for a week in a hunger strike. Steven Bantu Biko, born in 1946, was the most influential anti-apartheid leader of the 1970s. As a medical student in 1968, he founded the all-black South African Students' Organization with the aim of overcoming the "psychological oppression of blacks by whites." Similar to the "Black Power" movement in the United States, Biko's Black Consciousness Movement stressed black identity, self-esteem, and self-reliance. In the 1970s, Black Consciousness spread from the university communities to black communities throughout South Africa.
In 1972, Biko helped organize the Black People's Convention, and in the next year he was banned from politics by South Africa's white-minority government. As a "banned person," he was forbidden by law from speaking in public or being quoted, leaving the area around King William's Town, and being in the company of more than one person at a time. However, he continued to oppose apartheid covertly and was arrested four times during the next few years and held without trial for months at a time.
On 18 August 1977, he was arrested with another activist at a roadblock outside the small town of Grahamstown on his way to a political meeting in Cape Town. Taken to a prison in Port Elizabeth, he was stripped naked, manacled to a grate, and forced to lie on a filthy blanket for 18 days. On 06 September, he was brought to the Sanlam Building, where police tortured prisoners as a means of interrogation. Five security officers took Biko into room 619 for interrogation. When he emerged, he was in a semiconscious state, having suffered severe head trauma that left him with multiple brain lesions. His injuries were left unattended, and he was chained, standing up, to a window grill for 24 hours. On 07 September, two government doctors finally examined Biko and found him hyperventilating, frothing at the mouth, and unable to speak or stand. They pronounced him fit to travel. On 11 September, Biko, by then comatose, was thrown naked and chained into the back of a police truck, which drove 10 hours to Pretoria in the north. Dropped in a cell in Pretoria Central Prison, he succumbed to his injuries on 12 September. He was 30 years old.
South African authorities attempted to cover-up the circumstances of Biko's death, saying he starved himself on a hunger strike. They later claimed he died of kidney failure. Finally, when the findings of a postmortem were made public, they said he might have "hurt his head when he fell out of bed." A judicial inquiry found no one responsible for his death and most of the policemen who interrogated Biko were promoted. Steven Biko was hailed as a martyr in the anti-apartheid struggle, and his death became an international rallying point against South Africa's repressive government. In November 1977, the United Nations voted a partial arms embargo against South Africa. U.N. resolutions calling for sweeping economic and military sanctions against South Africa were vetoed by the United States, Britain, and France. Apartheid was abolished in South Africa in 1991, and in 1994 Nelson Mandela was elected the country's first black head of government.
The following year, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) was established to examine apartheid-era crimes. In exchange for full confessions of politically motivated crimes, the TRC promised amnesty for those who came forward. In 1997, the five former security officers who interrogated Steven Biko on September 6, 1977, applied for amnesty from the TRC. One of the former officers, Daniel Siebert, said in his application to the TRC that he and two other officers ran Biko headfirst into a far wall of the interrogation room. Several of the officers spoke of Police Colonel Gideon Nieuwoudt striking Biko with a pipe. However, when the men testified before the TRC shortly before the 20th anniversary of Biko's death, they claimed, in conflicting accounts, that Biko had injured himself in a scuffle. They said that the handcuffed Biko lunged at them during the interrogation and struck his own head against the wall. They said they didn't provide immediate medical attention to him because they thought he was faking his injuries.
In February 1999, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission denied the men amnesty, saying that the former officers' version of Mr. Biko's death was "so improbable and contradictory that it has to be rejected as false." With the exception of murder, there is a 20-year limit on prosecution of criminal charges in South Africa. It is unlikely that the former officers will face trial.
1919 Leonid Nikolaievich Andreyev, author. ANDREYEV ONLINE: (in English translation) Lazarus
1918 Maxime Bôcher, Boston mathematician born on 28 August 1867. He worked on differential equations, series, and algebra.
1906 Ernesto Cesàro, Italian mathematician and mathematical physicist born on 12 March 1859. He dies from injuries sustained when he went to rescue his 17-year-old son who was in trouble swimming in a rough sea.
1903 Mary Elizabeth (Wilson) Sherwood, author. SHERWOOD ONLINE: Manners and Social Usages (1887)
1899 Filippo Palizzi, Italian artist born on 16 June 1818.
1870 Fitz Hugh Ludlow, author. LUDLOW ONLINE: The Hasheesh Eater: Being Passages from the Life of a Pythagorean
1864 Park Benjamin, author. BENJAMIN ONLINE: Infatuation, A Poem on the Meditation of Nature, Poetry: A Satire
1857: 423 aboard Central America which sinks off Cape Romain SC
1767 Thomas Smith of Derby, British artist.
1764 Jean Philippe Rameau, musicólogo y compositor francés.
1733 Karel Breydel chevalier d'Anvers, Flemish artist born on 27 March 1678.
1653 Andrea (or Andries) Snellinck, Flemish artist born on 28 January 1587.
1649 Drogheda, Ireland, falls to Puritan troops; inhabitants massacred
which occurred on a 12 September:
1952 Alicia Koplowitz Romero de Joseu, empresaria española.
1943 Michael Ondaatje, Canadian novelist and poet (The English Patient)
1940 Stephen J Solarz (Rep-D-NY)
1931 Kristin Hunter, author (God Bless the Child, The Survivors)
1926 Alfonso Paso, autor teatral español.
1921 Stanislaw Lem Poland, science-fiction writer (Solaris)
1921 Amílcar Cabral worked for independence of Portuguese Africa
1913 Jesse Owens track star, spoiled Hitler's 1936 Olympics with 4 gold
1910 Alexander D. Langmuir, epidemiologist, created and led the US Epidemic Intelligence Service.
1902 Juscelino Kubitschek, ex presidente brasileño.
1900 Felipe Lleras Camargo, escritor y político colombiano.
1900 Haskell Brooks Curry, US mathematician who died on 01 September 1982. Curry's main work was in mathematical logic with particular interest in the theory of formal systems and processes. He formulated a logical calculus using inferential rules. His works include Foundations of Mathematical Logic (1963).
1892 Alfred A. Knopf, US publisher (1966 Alexander Hamilton Medal)
1880 Henry Lewis Mencken, Baltimore, Md, newspaperman/critic, iconoclast known as the "Sage of Baltimore", author. MENCKEN ONLINE: The American Language: An Inquiry into the Development of English in the United States, In Defense of Women, In Defense of Women, Prejudices: First Series, translator of Nietzsche's The Antichrist
1871 Prince Friedrich of Liechtenstein, Romania
1869 Ulysses Grant "William James" Edwards, author. EDWARDS ONLINE: : Twenty-Five Years in the Black Belt (nothing to do with karate, I bet... go and check!)
1858 Fernand Khnopff, Belgian Symbolist painter who died on 12 November 1921. LINKS The Incense
1857 George Hendrik Breitner, Dutch Impressionist painter and photographer who died on 05 June 1923. — more
1855 William Sharp, author. SHARP ONLINE: Life of Robert Browning
1852 Herbert Henry Asquith (L) British PM (1908-16)
1846 Louis Auguste Georges Loustaunau, French artist who died in 1898.
1829 Charles Dudley Warner Mass, newspaperman, essayist, and novelist (Being a Boy), author. WARNER ONLINE: Baddeck and That Sort of Thing, The Complete Writings of Charles Dudley volume 1, volume 2, volume 3, volume 4, Our Italy . With Mark Twain, he wrote The Guilded Age.
1829 Anselm Feuerbach, German Neoclassical painter who died on 04 January 1880. Not to be confused with his uncle, philosopher Ludwig Feuerbach [28 July 1804 13 September 1872], or his grandfather, jurist Paul von Feuerbach [14 November 1775 29 May 1833]. MORE ON FEUERBACH AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER LINKS — Front Self-Portrait Profile Self-Portrait — Mandolinenspieler — Mandolinenspielerin — Hafis vor der Schenke — Lady Holding A Fan — Lady Wearing A Pearl Necklace Iphigenie II _ detail of Iphigenie I Ruhende Nymphe — Garten des Ariost (1863, 102x153cm; 2853x4361pix) _ Ludovico Ariosto [08 Sep 1474 – 06 Jul 1533] was a Ferrara poet remembered primarily for his epic poem Orlando furioso. By 1525 Ariosto had saved enough money to buy a little house with a garden, a far cry from the vast garden at the side of the grandiose palace in Feuerbach's painting. — Gastmahl des Plato — Gastmahl des Plato II — Iphigenie II — Kinderständchen — Musizierende Kinder — Kinder am Strande — Maria mit dem Kind zwischen musizierenden Engeln
1818 Richard Jordan Gatling US, inventor (hand-cranked machine gun)
1812 Edward Shepherd Creasy, author. CREASY ONLINE: Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World: From Marathon to Waterloo
1812 Richard March Hoe, who built the first successful rotary printing press.
1788 Alexander Campbell founded Disciples of Christ
1771 Antoine-André-Louis Reynaud, Parisian mathematician who died on 24 February 1844. Author of Traité d'algèbre, Trigonométrie rectiligne et sphérique, Théorèmes et problèmes de géométrie, Traité de statistique.
1758 Jacques Albert Senave, Belgian artist who died on 22 February 1823.
1727 Heinrich Hirt, German artist who died on 03 September 1796.
1707 Michel-Hubert Descours, French painter and engraver who died on 17 November 1775.
1659 Dirk Maas, Dutch artist who died on Christmas 1717. — more
1632 (infant baptism) Claude Lefebvre, French who died on 25 April 1675. — more
1494 François 1er: à Cognac, Louise de Savoie, épouse de Charles de Valois-Orléans, comte d'Angoulême, donne le jour à un petit François. L'enfant succèdera à son cousin Louis XII sur le trône de France sous le nom de François 1er.