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ART “4” “2”-DAY  10 January
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^ Died on 10 January 1904: Jean-Léon Gérôme, French painter and sculptor born on 11 May 1824.
— Born in Vésoul 11 May 1824. Died in Paris 10 January 1804. Gérôme was born in the province of Haute-Saône, the son of a prosperous silversmith. Afler attending local schools, he moved to Paris in 1839 to enter the studio of Paul Delaroche. Following a year in Rome with Delaroche he studied with Charles Gleyre in 1845, whose neoclassical manner he adopted for the treatment of scenes from ancient life. His Cock Fight won a third-class medal at the Salon of 1847 and considerable critical and public attention, including praise from Théophile Gautier. In 1854 he made the first of many trips to the Near East, and soon his treatments of oriental subjects vied in number with his classical scenes. He was appointed a professor at the École des Beaux-Arts in 1863, and elected a member of the Institute of France in 1865. From this influential position as famous teacher and leading proponent of classical artistic values, Gerôme was a powerful opponent of impressionism and the avant-garde. In 1878 he exhibited his first monumental sculpture. He remained active as a painter, sculptor, and teacher until his death
— He was a pupil of Paul Delaroche and inherited his highly finished academic style. His best-known works are his oriental scenes, the fruit of several visits to Egypt. They won Gérôme great popularity and he had considerable influence as an upholder of academic tradition and enemy of progressive trends in art.
— Gérôme was a pupil of Paul Delaroche. He inherited his highly finished academic style almost directly from Delaroche. His best-known works are his oriental scenes, the fruit of several visits to Egypt. They won Gérôme great popularity and he had considerable influence as an upholder of academic tradition and enemy of progressive trends in art; he opposed, for example, the acceptance by the state of the Caillebotte bequest of Impressionist pictures. Gérôme was a proponent of the orientalist movement and a "lion" in the international artistic circles. His first work, The Cockfight, shown in the Show of 1847, illustrated his concern for authentic detail which he obtained by frequent voyages to Egypt and Constantinople. His marriage with the daughter of legendary collector and art broker Adolphe Goupil facilitated the sales of his works. Goupil worked with the collectors of contemporary academic artists and ensured great fame to Gérôme. Gérôme was a Professor in the Art Schools starting around 1864, although he saw his popularity declining toward the end of his life, partly because of his opposition to the Impressionist painters.
AutomnePrintempsÉtéHiverGarde du PalaisGladiateursLe Marché aux TapisSlave AuctionHarem PoolDuel Après un Bal Masqué _ détail (1857) — L'Éminence Grise (1874) — Unfolding the Holy Flag (The Standard Bearer)Almehs playing Chess in a CaféLouis XIV and Molière Pho Xai fils d'ambassadeur Siamois (1861) — The Grief of the PashaThe Serpent CharmerThe Virgin, the Infant Jesus, and St JohnThe Reception of the Siamese Ambassadors at FontainebleauThe Pyrrhic DanceThe Dance of the AlmehLa Mort de CésarSocrates seeking Alcibiades in the House of AspasiaPetit GarçonPolice Verso (no cops! it means “thumb down” in Latin) — Napoléon et son État-Major en Égypte

Died on a 10 January:
1949 Émile Othon Achille Friesz, French Fauvist painter born on 06 February 1879. — After an apprenticeship at the École des beaux-arts in Le Havre where Friesz met Raoul Dufy, at the age of eighteen he entered the studio of the academic portrait painter Léon Bonnat. At this time, although his tastes pushed him to study the impressionist painters, he met his future fauvist companions. After participating in the Salon d'automne of 1905, his Fauvist period was followed by a much less colorful style with a more restless feeling. — [Did gallery owners say to purchasers of other artists' work: “Do you want Friesz with that?”] — LINKSTravaux d'Automne (1907, 54x65cm) — Cathédrale et Toits à Rouen (1908, 119x96cm)
1941 John Lavery, Irish Painter born in 1856. — LINKS
1920 Paul Wilhelm Keller-Reutlingen, German artist born on 02 February 1854.
1892 Charles Louis Lucien Müller, French artist born on 22 December 1815.
1894 Don Federico de Madrazo y Küntz, Spanish painter born on 19 February 1815. — LINKSAmalia de Llano y Dotres- The Countess of Vilches (1853) — The General Duke of San Miguel (1854)
1890 Johann Baptist Reiter, Austrian artist born on 04 July 1813.
1893 Karl Morgenstern, German artist born on 25 October 1811.
1894 Karl Friedrich Heinrich Werner, German artist born on 04 October 1808.
1760 Félix Anton Scheffler, German artist born on 29 August 1701.

Born on a 10 January:
1924 Eduardo Chillida y Juantegui, Spanish Abstract sculptor. — LINKS
1903 Barbara Hepworth, British abstract sculptor who died on 20 May 1975. — LINKS
1819 Pierre-Édouard Frère, French artist who died on 20 May 1886. — Était-il le frère du peintre Charles-Théodore Frère (21 Jun 1814 – 24 Mar 1888)?
1745 Étienne Aubry, French artist who died on 24 July 1781.
1708 Donatien Nonnotte, French artist who died on 04 February 1785. — [Non notte pitturava?]
1680 Philip van Dyk “the little van Dyck”, Dutch artist who died on 03 February 1753.
1646 Johannes Offermans, Dutch artist who died after 1696.

updated Thursday 02-Jan-2003 1:15 UT

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