DEATH: 1904 GÉRÔME
Died on 10 January 1904:
Jean-Léon Gérôme, French painter and sculptor
born on 11 May 1824.
Born in Vésoul 11 May 1824. Died in Paris 10 January 1804. Gérôme was born in the province of Haute-Saône, the son of a prosperous silversmith. Afler attending local schools, he moved to Paris in 1839 to enter the studio of Paul Delaroche. Following a year in Rome with Delaroche he studied with Charles Gleyre in 1845, whose neoclassical manner he adopted for the treatment of scenes from ancient life. His Cock Fight won a third-class medal at the Salon of 1847 and considerable critical and public attention, including praise from Théophile Gautier. In 1854 he made the first of many trips to the Near East, and soon his treatments of oriental subjects vied in number with his classical scenes. He was appointed a professor at the École des Beaux-Arts in 1863, and elected a member of the Institute of France in 1865. From this influential position as famous teacher and leading proponent of classical artistic values, Gerôme was a powerful opponent of impressionism and the avant-garde. In 1878 he exhibited his first monumental sculpture. He remained active as a painter, sculptor, and teacher until his death
He was a pupil of Paul Delaroche and inherited his highly finished academic style. His best-known works are his oriental scenes, the fruit of several visits to Egypt. They won Gérôme great popularity and he had considerable influence as an upholder of academic tradition and enemy of progressive trends in art.
Gérôme was a pupil of Paul Delaroche. He inherited his highly finished academic style almost directly from Delaroche. His best-known works are his oriental scenes, the fruit of several visits to Egypt. They won Gérôme great popularity and he had considerable influence as an upholder of academic tradition and enemy of progressive trends in art; he opposed, for example, the acceptance by the state of the Caillebotte bequest of Impressionist pictures. Gérôme was a proponent of the orientalist movement and a "lion" in the international artistic circles. His first work, The Cockfight, shown in the Show of 1847, illustrated his concern for authentic detail which he obtained by frequent voyages to Egypt and Constantinople. His marriage with the daughter of legendary collector and art broker Adolphe Goupil facilitated the sales of his works. Goupil worked with the collectors of contemporary academic artists and ensured great fame to Gérôme. Gérôme was a Professor in the Art Schools starting around 1864, although he saw his popularity declining toward the end of his life, partly because of his opposition to the Impressionist painters.
Automne Printemps Été Hiver Garde du Palais Gladiateurs Le Marché aux Tapis Slave Auction Harem Pool Duel Après un Bal Masqué _ détail (1857) L'Éminence Grise (1874) Unfolding the Holy Flag (The Standard Bearer) Almehs playing Chess in a Café Louis XIV and Molière Pho Xai fils d'ambassadeur Siamois (1861) The Grief of the Pasha The Serpent Charmer The Virgin, the Infant Jesus, and St John The Reception of the Siamese Ambassadors at Fontainebleau The Pyrrhic Dance The Dance of the Almeh La Mort de César Socrates seeking Alcibiades in the House of Aspasia Petit Garçon Police Verso (no cops! it means thumb down in Latin) Napoléon et son État-Major en Égypte