• US enters WW I... • Beaten slave claims freedom... • Slave rebellion... • Dürer dies... • Start of Mormon Church... • Hitler attacks Yugoslavia and Greece... • 2 African Presidents killed... • Pathet Lao leader is born... • Guillotinés par la Révolution... • North Pole reached?... • Raphael dies on 37th birthday... • American Fur Company... • James Mill is born... • USUSSR talks on reunified Germany... • Oscar Wilde arrested... • Black Hawk War begins... • US air forces respond to North Vietnamese offensive... • Offensive role for US troops in Vietnam...
| On an April
2002 In Trinidad and Tobago, Prime Minister Patrick Manning dissolves Parliament on Saturday and announces third election in as many years. Manning agreed to fresh elections within six months after the island nation's two main political parties failed to select a speaker of the house, a move that has kept Parliament from meeting for months. Manning and former Prime Minister Basdeo Panday have been at odds since December 2001 elections, which resulted in a tie in Parliament. President Arthur Robinson resolved the crisis by appointing Manning as the new prime minister. Robinson, who like Manning is an Afro-Trinidadian, said he based his decision on moral and spiritual values. But the election heightened tensions in Trinidad and Tobago, where most people of East Indian descent supported Panday's party, and the majority of Afro-Trinidadians supported Manning's.
The selection of speaker began on 05 April 2002. Manning's People's National Movement and Panday's United National Congress party canceled out each other's votes both on 05 and 06 April. A majority vote is needed to elect a speaker. Manning says that fresh elections will be held within the next six months to meet constitutional requirements. But without amending the constitution to change the number of parliamentary seats to an odd number -- which would allow for a majority -- another tie could occur in future elections. When the tie arose in December 2001, the country was plunged into a constitutional crisis over what to do next.
2002 In Portugal is formed a new government, led by José Manuel Durão Barroso.
Elian's dad comes to the US. ^top^
After months of keeping Juan Miguel Gonzalez in Cuba for a successful propaganda campaign, dictator Fidel Castro correctly decides that now his propaganda is best served by sending the man to the US, not to go to Miami to see his son, but to attract more media attention for some more weeks before at last bringing home the 6-year-old survivor of the shipwreck that claimed the life of his mother, who was fleeing Cuba in hopes of a better life in the United States. [< photo]
The little boy is quite happy in Miami with the relatives who have welcomed him and sad at the idea of returning to Cuba. A relative comforts him. [photo >]
The US news media and the Cuban exile community in Miami continue, as they have for weeks, unwittingly to serve Castro's propaganda campaign, by giving extravagant atttention to the little refugee.
Day after day they are encamped across the street and eagerly await and photograph every appearance of the boy which they have made into the world's youngest celebrity. [< photo]
Charmingly, Elian seems quite unspoiled by all the attention. Here he is waving to the crowd. [photo >]
| 2000 A private company mapping the human genetic blueprint
announced it had decoded all of the DNA pieces that make up the genetic
pattern of a single human being.
1997 Microsoft agrees to buy Web TV Networks for $425 million. WebTV's technology allowed users to read e-mail and surf the Web on their television sets.
1996 A stolen truck carrying illegal immigrants overturned in Temecula, Calif., killing eight people.
1992 Stores began selling the Windows 3.1 computer operating system, which had shipped in mid-March. Windows 3.1 came nearly seven years after the first introduction of the unimpressive Windows 1.0.
1992 Voting begins on choice of Elvis postage stamps for US Postal Service.
1991 Iraq reluctantly agreed to accept United Nations conditions for ending the Persian Gulf War.
| 1968 94.5% of East German voters approve new socialist
1966 Mihir Sen swims the Palk Strait between Sri Lanka and India
1965 Intelsat 1 ("Early Bird") first commerciall geosynchronous communication satellite. The satellite provided high-bandwidth telecommunications links between the United States and Europe. Intelsat I was the first of several communications satellites launched by the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization, established in 1964 to govern global satellite communications links.
1941 The Italian occupiers of Addis Ababa capitulate to Ethiopian and British forces led by British General Alan Cunningham. This sets the stage for the return of Ethiopia's emperor, Haile Selassie.
1903 The California poppy is designated the State Flower of California. [Click here for a spectacular view of the California Poppy State Reserve]
1896 The first modern Olympic games open in Athens, Greece.
1895 Oscar Wilde arrested
Writer Oscar Wilde is arrested after losing a libel case against the Marquess of Queensberry. Wilde had been engaged in an affair with the marquess's son since 1891, but when the outraged marquess denounced him as a homosexual, Wilde sued the man for libel. However, he lost his case when evidence strongly supported the marquess's observations. Homosexuality was classified as a crime in England at the time, and Wilde was arrested, found guilty, and sentenced to two years of hard labor.
Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Oscar Wilde was born on 16 October 1854 and grew up in Ireland. He went to England to attend Oxford, where he graduated with honors in 1878. A popular society figure known for his wit and flamboyant style, he published his own book of poems in 1881. He spent a year lecturing on poetry in the United States, where his dapper wardrobe and excessive devotion to art drew ridicule from some quarters.
After returning to Britain, Wilde married and had two children, for whom he wrote delightful fairy tales, which were published in 1888. Meanwhile, he wrote reviews and edited Women's World. In 1890, his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, was published serially, appearing in book form the following year. He wrote his first play, The Duchess of Padua, in 1891 and wrote five more in the next four years. His plays, including The Importance of Being Earnest (1895), were successful and made him a popular and well-known writer.
Wilde was released from prison in 1897 and fled to Paris, where his many loyal friends visited him. He started writing again, producing The Ballad of Reading Gaol, based on his experiences in prison. He died of on 30 November 1900 from an ear infection that had spread to his brain turning into acute meningitis, in a Paris hotel room after saying of the room's wallpaper: "One of us had to go."
Oscar Wilde won the Newdigate Prize in 1878 with a long poem, Ravenna. In 1881 he published Poems. In 1888 he published The Happy Prince and Other Tales, a romantic allegory in the form of a fairy tale. His only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray was published in 1890. In Intentions (1891), he grouped previously published essays. In 1891 also, he published two volumes of stories and fairy tales: Lord Arthur Savile's Crime, and Other Stories and A House of Pomegranates. Wilde is best known as the writer of the plays Lady Windermere's Fan, Salomé (in French), A Woman of No Importance, An Ideal Husband and, above all, The Importance of Being Earnest.
Other sites for WILDE ONLINE: Collected Works Lady Windermere's Fan
| 1886 Declaration of Berlin neutralizes Tonga
1883 Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure of the Speckled Band
1868 Mormon church leader Brigham Young, 67, married his 27th and last wife. (In all, Brigham Young's wives bore him 47 children.)
1865 Battle of Sayler's Creek (Sailor's Creek), Virginia, 1/3rd of Lee's army cut off.
1865 Siege of Spanish Fort, Alabama, continues
1862 Battle of Shiloh (Pittsburg Landing), Tennessee begins (Union will defeat Confederacy in SW Tennessee).
1862 Siege of Yorktown, Virginia continues.
1859 US recognizes Liberal government in Mexico's War of the Reform.
1848 Jews of Prussia granted equality.
Dred Scott claims freedom.
1327 Italian poet Petrarch first sets eyes on his beloved Laura
0610 Lailat-ul Qadar, the night the koran descended to Earth
0006 BC This day is believed by some Biblical scholars to be the actual date of the historical birth of Jesus Christ.
--648 -BC- Earliest total solar eclipse chronicled (by Greeks)
which occurred on an April 06:
2003 Yousef Abu Hadi, 13; and Marwan Abu Jiab, 23, Palestinians, shot as helicopter-backed Israeli troops attack the El-Ma'azi refugee camp, Gaza Strip.
2003:: 17 Kurd peshmerga soldiers and Kamaran Abdurazaq Muhamed, a BBC translator, by bombs dropped by mistake by 2 US planes on a stopped convoy of some nine 4-wheel-drive vehicles, including 2 of the US Special Forces, during fighting against Iraqi forces near Dibagah, Iraqi-claimed Kurdistan. BBC reporter John Simpson and his cameraman, some US soldiers, and 40 peshmergas are wounded, including Kurdistan Democratic Party military commanders Saeed Abdullah, Abdul Rahman, Mamasta Hehman, and Wajy Barzani [03 Apr 2003 photo below], younger brother of KDP leader Massoud Barzani, who controls the western half of Iraqi-claimed Kurdistan. Mansor Barzani, son of Massoud, was also slightly injured. [peshmerga = “those who face death”, Kurdish autonomist fighters which the US is now, at least temporarily, using as allies].
|2002 Juan Ramón Núñez and Joaquín Quebrada, shortly after
being mortally wounded by gunmen at 19:00 in the church of La Argentina
(Huila) Colombia, where Quebrada was among the congregation at the Saturday
evening mass being celebrated by the Catholic pastor of the parish, Father
2000 Habib Bourguiba, 96, former president for life and founder of modern-day Tunisia.
2002 Álvaro Menéndez Leal, Salvadoran writer.
1992 Isaac Asimov, of heart and kidney failure, biochemistry professor, science fiction writer, born on 02 January 1920 in Soviet Russia, came tu the US in 1923. Some of his nearly 500 books: Pebble in the Sky (1950) — I, Robot (1950; in which he invented the 3 Laws of Robotics: 1. Robots may not injure a human or, by inaction, allow a human to be harmed. — 2. Robots must obey humans' orders unless doing so conflicts with the first law. — 3. Robots must protect their own existence unless doing so conflicts with the first two laws) — Foundation (1951) — Foundation and Empire (1952) — Second Foundation (1953) — The Caves of Steel (1954) — The End of Eternity (1955) — The Naked Sun (1957) — The Human Body (1963) — Asimov's Guide to the Bible (1968) — The Shaping of England (1969) — ABC's of Ecology (1972) — Asimov's Annotated Paradise Lost (1974) — Asimov on Chemistry (1974) — Lecherous Limericks (1975) — Animals of the Bible (1978) — In Joy Still Felt (1980) — Counting the Eons (1983) — The Roving Mind (1983) — The Robots of Dawn (1983) — Robots and Empire (1985) — Foundation and Earth (1986) — Prelude to Foundation (1988) — Nemesis (1989) — Asimov Laughs Again (1992)
1975 Chiang Kai-Shek, 87, Nationalist Chinese leader
1971 Igor Stravinsky, in New York City, Russian-born composer.
1931 William Lionel Wyllie, British artist born on 06 July 1851. — MORE ON WYLLIE AT ART “4” APRIL with links to images.
1922 Jennie Becker, beaten over the head with a wrench by her husband Abraham Becker, who then buries her in a grave prepared with the help of Reuben Norkin. Abraham Becker puts his four children in an orphanage, has his mistress move in with him, and brags. It results in his going to the electric chair in 1924.
1893 George Vicat Cole, British artist born on 17 April 1833. — MORE ON COLE AT ART “4” APRIL with links to images.
1890 Joseph Carey Merrick elephant man, at 13:30 of asphyxiation. He was deformed from birth (05 August 1862), probably suffering from Proteus Syndrome.
1860 James Kirke Paulding, born on 22 August 1778, N.Y. state dramatist, novelist, and public official chiefly remembered for his early advocacy and use of native American material in literature. At 18 he went to New York City, where he formed a lasting friendship with the Irving brothers. This association aroused his enthusiasm for literature, and he, with William and Washington Irving [03 Apr 1783 – 28 Nov 1859], founded the Salmagundi (1807–1808), a periodical consisting mainly of light satires on local subjects. The outbreak of hostilities between England and the US encouraged the assertion of Paulding's nationalism. He satirized England's conduct toward the US during the war in The Diverting History of John Bull and Brother Jonathan (1812) and The Lay of the Scottish Fiddle: A Tale of Havre de Grace (1813), the latter a burlesque of Sir Walter Scott [15 Aug 1771 – 21 Sep 1832]. The same spirit of nationalism found expression in two later satires also directed at the British: A Sketch of Old England: by a New England Man (1822) and John Bull in America (1825). The advantages and hardships of western migration are the theme of The Backwoodsman (1818), a poem written to call the US author home in his search of literary themes. Novels such as Koningsmarke, the Long Finne, a Story of the New World (1823), Westward Ho! (1832), and The Old Continental, or, the Price of Liberty (1846) represent Paulding's attempts to employ the US scene in fiction. His popular play, The Lion of the West (first performed 1831; first published 1954), introduced frontier humor to the stage by depicting a character resembling Davy Crockett and helped during the 1830s to contribute to the growing legend of Crockett. His Life of Washington (1835) illustrates Paulding's Americanism. Plain, even at times vulgar in style, he yet possessed a playful irony that he shared with the New York writers of his day. He held several public posts in New York and from 1838 to 1841 served as Secretary of the Navy. His literary work, however, overshadows his routine labors as a government official.
1829 Niels Henrik Abel, Norwegian mathematician born on 05 August 1802. In 1824 he proved the impossibility of solving algebraically the general equation of the fifth degree.
1825 Willem van Leen, Dutch artist born on 19 February 1753.
1777 Jan Evert Morel, Dutch artist born on 08 February 1777.
1667 Jean Tassel, French artist born on 20 March 1608.
1660 Michelangelo “delle Battaglie” Cerquozzi, Italian painter born on 02 February 1602. — MORE ON CERQUOZZI AT ART “4” APRIL with links to images.
1641 Domenico Zampieri il Domenichino, Italian painter born on 06 April 1581. — MORE ON DOMENICHINO AT ART “4” APRIL with links to images.
1624 Jean-Baptiste Saive de Namur, Flemish artist born in 1540
1528 Albrecht Dürer, artist and mathematician, born on 21 May 1471.— MORE ON DÜRER AT ART “4” APRIL with links to images.
1520 Raffaello Sanzio “Raphael”, the great painter dies on his 37th birthday. — MORE ON RAPHAEL AT ART “4” APRIL with links to images.
1348 Petrarch's Laura, of plague
1199 Richard I the Lion-hearted, 41, King of England (1189-1199), by an arrow at the siege of the castle of Chaluz in France.
which occurred on an April 06:
1874 Harry Houdini famous illusionist / escape artist.
1851 Raffaele Ragione, Italian artist who died in November 1925.
1849 John William “Nino” Waterhouse, English painter who died on 10 February 1917. — MORE ON WATERHOUSE AT ART “4” APRIL with links to images.
1826 Gustave Moreau, French Symbolist painter who died on 18 April 1898. — MORE ON MOREAU AT ART “4” APRIL with links to images
1824 Lucas Schaeffels, Belgian artist who died on 17 Sep 1885.
1822 Jan David Col, Belgian artist who died in 1900.
1819 Georg Bergmann, German artist who died on 14 October 1870.
1671 Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, French dramatist and poet who died, exiled (because of a satirical verse) and impoverished, on 17 March 1741. — Not to be confused with Jean-Jacques Rousseau [28 Jun 1712 – 02 Jul 1778] —. J-B ROUSSEAU ONLINE: Odes, cantates, épîtres et poésies diverses
1595 Pieter de Molyn, Dutch painter who died on 22 March 1661. — MORE ON DE MOLYN AT ART “4” APRIL with links to images
1589 Jan Tilens, Flemish artist who died on 25 July 1630.
1483 Raffaello Sanzio Raphael, in Urbino, Duchy of Urbino [Italy], painter. He would die on his 37th birthday (see above).
| Holidays / Ethiopia : Victory Day / South Africa
: Van Riebeeck Day-founding of Capetown / Thailand :
Chakri Day / Switzerland : Glarius Festival (1388)- (
Religious Observances:: Unification Church : Parents Day / Luth : Albrecht Dürer, Michelangelo, artists
Palm Sunday in 1879, 1884, 1941, 1952, 2031, 2036, 2104.
Holy Thursday in 1882, 1939, 1944, 1950, 2023, 2034, 2045, 2102
Good Friday in 1483, 1917, 1928, 2007, 2012, 2091.
Easter Sunday in 0397, 1890, 1947, 1958, 1969, 1980, 2042, 2053, 2064, 2110, 2121.
Thoughts for the day: Even the smallest candle burns brighter in the dark.
To be really cosmopolitan, a man must be at home even in his own country. Thomas Wentworth Higginson, US clergyman-author [22 Dec 1823 – 09 May 1911].
PLEASE CLICK HERE TO WRITE to HISTORY 4 2DAY
updated Monday 05-Apr-2004 23:05 UT
site safe for children