|On a December
2002 Businessman Mac Bosco Chawinga, 43, goes for a swim in a lake in the Nkhata Bay district of Malawi. A large crocodile grabs him. With both his arms inside the crocodile's jaws and being dragged into deeper waters, Chawinga bites the crocodile's nose, one of the few soft places on its body, and the crocodile releases him. Badly injured, Chawinga manages to swim to shore, where he is found by fishermen, who take him to a hospital.
2002 Old masters auctioned at Christie's in London. MORE AT ART 4 DECEMBER with links to images.
2000 Germany becomes the 25th country to ratify, and Bahrein the 119th to sign the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (which has not been ratified nor even signed by the US)
2000 Mariangela Lisanti, a senior at Staples High School in Westport, Conn., is awarded a $100'000 scholarship as winner of Siemens Westinghouse Science & Technology Competition, for measuring the electrical properties of gold wires in the nanometer (one billionth of a meter) range. The equal team prize is shared by Charles Olbert, Christopher Clearfield and Nikolas Williams, students at the North Carolina School of Science & Math in Durham. They used data from NASA's Chandra X-Ray telescope to analyze a wave of energy moving at high speeds near the remnant of a supernova.
1999. Expiration of the ultimatum the Russian gave to the inhabitants of Grozny, capital of Chechnya: leave or die. However, possibly influenced by international indignation, the Russians are postponing their assault and say they are opening more safe corridors for the civilians to get out.
1999 The results of a telephone poll are released showing that 88% of Cuban Americans in south Florida want shipwreck survivor Elián González, 6, to stay in the US with his Miami relatives, 5% want him returned to his father in Cuba, and 7% are undecided.
1998 Justin Petersen, a computer hacker turned government informant is captured in Los Angeles. Petersen, who claimed to have helped put notorious hacker Kevin Mitnick behind bars, had been on the run for three months after leaving a halfway house. Mitnick allegedly stole millions of dollars of software from cellular-phone and computer-network companies.
| 1996 Following the example of America Online, Prodigy
announces that it will provide unlimited use of its service for a flat fee
of $19.95 per month. Prodigy, like other proprietary online services, is
struggling to stay afloat in the face of competition from Internet service
providers. Ultimately, Prodigy would embrace the competition and transform
itself into an Internet access provider.
1983 First visit to Lutheran church by a pope (John Paul II in Rome)
1981 UN Sec Council chose Javier Perez de Cuellar of Peru as 5th Secretary-General
1978 Massive demonstrations take place in Tehran against the shah.
1978 6 masked men bound 10 employees at Lufthansa cargo area at New York Kennedy Airport and made off with $5.8 M in cash and jewelry
1975 US first class postage rises from $0.10 to $0.13
1972 Challenger, the lunar lander for Apollo 17, touches down on the moon's surface, the last time in the 20th century that men visit the moon.
1961 Adolf Eichman is found guilty of war crimes, in Israel
1955 Israel raids Syrian positions on the Sea of Galilee.
1945 A Boeing B-29 Superfortress sets a record by crossing the United States in five hours and 27 minutes.
1943 US Secretary of State Cordell Hull demands that Hungary, Rumania and Bulgaria withdraw from the World War II.
1941 Japanese occupy Guam.
| 1933 Reports say Paraguay has captured 11'000 Bolivians
in the war over Chaco.
1932 San Francisco's coldest day (27ºF) and snowfall
1931 British Statute of Westminster gives complete legislative independence to Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland, Newfoundland
1927 Nearly 400 world leaders sign a letter to President Calvin Coolidge asking the United States to join the World Court.
1917 German-occupied Lithuania proclaims independence from Russia
1909 Colored moving pictures demonstrated at Madison Square Garden, NYC
1905 49ºC, Rivadavia, Argentina (South American record)
1901 Marconi sends first transatlantic radio signal, Cornwall to Newfoundland
1882 Boston's Bijou Theatre becomes the first US playhouse lit exclusively by electricity. Some 650 lamps are used to light the theater and stage for a performance of a Gilbert and Sullivan's Iolanthe. The light bulb had been invented by Thomas Edison in 1879 and had first been installed in a building in 1881.
1862 Union General Ambrose Burnside occupies Fredricksburg, Virginia, and prepares to attack the Confederates under Robert E. Lee.
1861 A raging fire sweeps the business district of Charleston, South Carolina, deepening the economic depression of the Confederate city.
1816 Citizens of Geneva thwart Savoyard invaders
1816 Indiana becomes 19th state of US
1813 Napoléon 1er envoie le comte de Laforest, ambassadeur de France à Madrid, auprès du roi d'Espagne Ferdinand VII, qui est interné au château de Valençay depuis 1808. Ferdinand, que son peuple surnomme "Le Désiré", accepte de signer le traité de Valencay par lequel la France lui restitue son royaume. Le cardinal de Bourbon, recevant à Madrid ce traité qu'il a fallu moins d'un mois pour mettre au point, attendra toutefois que le roi soit libéré et de retour pour en accepter les termes.
1688 King James II of Englind abdicates because of William of Orange landing in England.
1520 Luther says that no man can be saved unless he renounces the rule of the pope (and submits to Luther's dictates instead, it goes without saying).
1518 Swiss Reformer Ulrich Zwingli becomes "people's priest" at the Old Minster Church in Zurich, a position he held for the remaining 13 years of his life. After nearly dying from the plague, he began his reforming program almost immediately, persuading the city council to judge religious issues by Scripture alone. -- Le chapitre de Zürich élit le prédicateur Ulrich Zwingli à la cure de la cathédrale. C'est le début d'une réforme religieuse originale, concurrente de celle de Luther.
which occurred on a December 11:
2003 Three persons in explosion at a foreign currency exchange booth on Yehuda Halevy Street in Tel Aviv, Israel. 16 persons are injured, included (lightly) crime boss Ze'ev Rosenstein, the target.
2003 Five Palestinians in pre-dawn Israeli attack on the Rafah refugee camp, Gaza Strip. 15 Palestinians, including 3 children, are injured.
2002 All 5 US soldiers aboard a US Black Hawk helicopter which crashes at 20:30 into a mountain near Santa Cruz de Yojoa, Honduras, on its way back to its base at Palmerola, after participating from 19:30 to 20:14 in a night landing exercise at San Pedro Sula. Palmerola is a $30 million base built in 1983. It has 400 US soldiers, who rotate every three months.
2002 Osama Badra, 27, shot by Israeli troops as he fled across rooftops in the Balata refugee camp near Nablus, West Bank. He was a member of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, had recently became active in the Islamic Jihad, and was suspected of planning a suicide bombing..
2002 At least 22 persons by muddy landslide in hotsprings resort Pacet, Java.
2001 José Fajardo, 82, a Cuban flutist who was one of the most influential bandleaders in Latin music, in Jersey City NJ.
2000 Four US Marines aboard a tilt-rotor MV-22 Osprey aircraft which, late in the day, crashes in a wooded area north of the Marine Corps New River Air Station in southeastern North Carolina. It is the second fatal training crash in 2000 of the revolutionary MV-22, which uses rotating wingtip engines to take off and land like a helicopter. 19 Marines died in an 8 April 2000 Osprey crash. Later investigations would reveal that Marine officers had falsified records to cover up failure to adequately test and maintain the Ospreys. [photo: an MV-22 Osprey landing on the USS Saipan during exercises in January 1999]
2000 Anwar Ahmad Himran, a senior activist in the Islamic Jihad, killed by Israeli soldiers operating near Nablus. Himran was freed from a Palestinian Authority prison at the beginning of the Al Aqsa Intifada and may have been involved in recent terror attacks that killed four Israelis.
1985 Hugh Scrutton is killed in his computer store in Sacramento, California, by a mail package that explodes in his hands.
It would be discovered that the sender was the "Unabomber"--so nicknamed because his attacks were directed at universities and airlines--eventually responsible for the later deaths of 2 more people and the injuries of 23 others.
The Unabomber detonated his first bomb on May 26, 1978, at Northwestern University. Over the next 15 years, his sporadic attacks kept his identity a mystery to FBI investigators, but in the mid-1990s, he appeared to want more publicity. He increased the frequency of his attacks and sent a letter to The New York Times claiming responsibility on behalf of "FC," which was later revealed to be the "Freedom Club.
In late 1994, the Unabomber became very active; Thomas Mosser was killed in his home in New Jersey in December 1994 by a mail bomb, and four months later, another bomb killed Gilbert Murray, a lobbyist for the timber industry. During this time, the Unabomber also began to send notes to the press declaring the "principles" behind his terrorist attacks. When the Unabomber threatened to blow up an airplane flying out of Los Angeles International Airport in 1995, the FBI made his capture a top priority. A sketch of the suspect, who appeared menacing in a hood and sunglasses, was circulated in newspapers and on television.
The Unabomber claimed that he would stop the bomb spree if the national press published his manifesto. Eventually, The New York Times and The Washington Post agreed to publish it. It which contained mostly rants against technology and environmental destruction. When he read it, David Kaczynski realized that it bore a distinct similarity to writings by his brother, Ted, a former university professor who had dropped out of society and was living in a remote shack in Montana. David Kaczynski contacted the FBI with his suspicions on the condition--later broken--that the FBI would not seek the death penalty against his brother. After two months of surveillance, the FBI finally arrested Ted Kaczynski in 1996. Inside his cabin were bombs and writings that tied him to the crimes.
In January 1998, while awaiting trial, Kaczynski tried to commit suicide in his cell. Still, he resisted his lawyer's attempts to plead insanity and instead pleaded guilty. Although prosecutors originally sought the death penalty, Kaczynski eventually accepted a life sentence with no right to appeal.
1942 Séraphine Louis “de Senlis”, French shepherdess, housemaid, and painter born on 02 September 1864. — more with link to an image.
1941 Émile Picard, mathematician.
1910 Jules Tannery, mathematician.
1906 Mannheim, mathematician.
1888 French Panama Canal company fails
1784 Lexell, mathematician.
1738 Johann-Rudolf Byss, Swiss painter, active in Prague and Franconia, born on 11 May 1660. — more
1737 Nicolas Vleughels, French painter, administrator and teacher of Flemish origin, born on 06 December 1668. — more
1513 Bernardino Betti (or Betto) di Biagi Pinturicchio Sordicchio, Italian painter of decorative frescoes, born in 1454. MORE ON PINTURICCHIO AT ART 4 DECEMBER with links to images.
1187 Pope Gregory VIII. During his pontificate the Muslims recaptured the Holy land. He absolved the Henry II of England of the murder of Archbishop Thomas a Becket after Henry's public penance.
0384 Saint Damasus I, Pope
| Births which
occurred on a December 11:
1967 Concorde supersonic transport (SST) plane prototype "Concorde" first shown, in Toulouse, France.1967. It is the world's first SST and the only one of the 20th century.
1967 The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine is founded.
1954 USS Forrestal christened in Newport News, Va.
1939 Tom McGuane, novelist and screenwriter (The Sporting Club, Bushwacked Piano).
1937 Jim Harrison, novelist and poet (Legends of the Fall).
1925 Paul Greengard, who would share the 2000 Nobel Medicine Prize with Arvid Carlsson [25 Jan 1923~] and Eric Kandel [07 Nov 1929~], “for discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system”.
1922 Grace Paley, short story writer (1970 Arts and Letters Award)
1904 Felix Nussbaum, German artist who died in 1944.
1890 Pierre de Belay, French artist who died in 1947.
1884 Szász, mathematician.
1882 Fiorello La Guardia ('Little Flower': Republican politician: NYC mayor [1933-45]; LaGuardia Airport in NY bears his name)
1882 Max Born, German mathematician, physicist who shared the 1954 Nobel Physics Prize.
1876 Ricardo Canals y Llambi, Spanish artist who died in 1931.
1863 Annie Jump Cannon US, stellar spectroscopist/author.
1856 Frank Pieters, British artist who died in 1932.
1852 Alfred Zoff, Austrian artist who died on 12 August 1927.
1845 Roger Joseph Jourdain, French painter who died on 19 August 1918.
1843 Robert Koch German physician and medical researcher, who discovered TB bacilli, and shared the 1905 Nobel Medicine Prize.
1841 Antonio Matteo Montemezzo, German artist who died on 11 September 1898.
1840 Kemal Bey Turkey, poet/author (Fatherland-1872)
1840 Thomae, mathematician.
1810 Alfred de Musset, in Paris, writer (Un Caprice, Bettine) MUSSET EN-LIGNE: Premières poésies 1829-1835, Lettres de Dupuy et Cotonet
| 1803 Hector Louis Berlioz, Côte Saint André (Isère),
and conductor (Symphonie Fantastique, La Damnation de Faust, Manque).
1668 Domenico Maria Viani, Italian painter who died on 01 October 1711. — more
1599 Pieter-Jacobs Codde, Dutch artist who died on 12 October 1678. MORE ON CODDE AT ART 4 DECEMBER with links to images.