On this day the Greeks, and many Romans,
would celebrate the Festival of Artemis, Goddess of the Moon. She had been
known to the Romans as Luna from antiquity but came to be called Diana in
her earthly manifestation as the Goddess of Hunting. Diana was often called
Diana Lucifera, Diana the Bringer of Light. The Greeks knew her as Artemis,
the twin sister of Apollo, and daughter of Zeus and Leto. She was born under
Mount Cynthus in Delos and hence was also called Cynthia and Delia. She carried
a bow and quiver like her brother, and was especially fond of music and dance.
Diana was never conquered by love, and submitted to no man, hence she was
the goddess of a "chaste" moon and, except for her family, tolerated
only female companions. Her priestesses were all chaste and this festival
was celebrated with daily music and dance until the kalends of June. The hunter
Actaeon happened across her bathing one day and became the only man to ever
see Diana naked. He paid with his life. .