|On a June
2002 In Kabul the Loya Jirga (Grand Council) of Afghanistan convenes, one day behind schedule, for a seven-day session, in order to organize a new national government. The 1551-member council consists of 1050 persons representing geographical regions elected in local voting over the previous two months, and 501 seats for selected delegates, including 160 seats for women, 53 seats for members of the current interim government, 50 seats for provincial governors and religious leaders, 100 seats for Afghan refugees from abroad and 26 seats for nomads. The Transitional Authority established by the council will take office on 22 June 2002 and govern until general elections two years later.
2002 The resignation of Catholic Bishop J. Kendrick Williams, 65, of Lexington, Kentucky, already voluntarily on leave under a diocesan policy that requires clergy to be removed from public duties while an accusation is pending, is accepted by Pope John Paul II. James W. Bennett alleged that Williams abused him in 1981 while Bennett was a 12-year-old altar boy. David Hall alleged that Williams fondled him when Hall was an 18-year-old high school senior. Thomas C. Probus accused Williams of molesting him in 1981. Williams denies the charges. Williams had been consecrated bishop on 19 June 1984, and on 02 March 1988 installed as the first bishop of the new Diocese of Lexington.
2002 The Catholic Archdiocese of New York announces the resignation of auxiliary bishop James F. McCarthy, pastor of St. Elizabeth Ann Seton Church in Shrub Oak,Westchester County, after he admitted to romantic affairs with several women.
2002 The German-owned ship Magdalena Oldendorff [end of May 2002, at the Novo Barrier, photo >] finds itself trapped just 500 meters from the ice shelf behind 800 km of pack ice after delivering supplies to a Russian research station in the Antarctic. The 28 crew members and 79 Russian scientists on board have enough fuel and food to last until 15 July. When asked what food supplies they need, their most urgent request is for cigarettes, then sugar, butter and lastly coffee. On 16 June the South African oceanographic research ship Agulhas sails from Cape Town to their rescue, getting within 300 km by 27 June and launching its two helicopters which deliver 300 kg of food and bring back 21 Russians, and notice that the ice blocking the ship's escape seems to be only four nautical miles across and no more than one meter thick. On 25 June the Argentinean naval icebreaker Armirante Irizar sets sail from Buenos Aires and when arriving on 07 July is able to cut an escape channel for the Magdalena Oldendorff. If it could not be freed, the plan was to leave a skeleton* staff behind on the Agulhas over the winter. [* could they have chosen a better word that doesn't suggest that only the skeletons of the staff would be found in the spring?]
2001 Police rescue an 8-year old girl from the closet of a mobile home in Hutchins, Texas, where she had been kept naked for some 4 or 5 years by her mother Barbara Atkinson, 30, and her stepfather Kenneth Atkinson, 33, who were divorced but still living together. The closet reeks of feces and urine, the girl has been starved to the point that she is only 91 cm tall and weighs a mere 11 kg, bones protruding under her skin, belly swollen. She has atrophied muscles and one of her eyes is swollen shut. She has been sexually abused by both her stepfather and her mother so severely that she needs surgery. Her five siblings (three of them biological children of Kenneth Atkinson) did not attend school and are found to be infested with lice and to have decayed teeth. The closet girl would be adopted by adopted by Bill and Sabrina Kavanaugh, a Canton, Van Zandt County, Texas, couple who tried to adopt her at birth but were forced to return her because of a technicality. The other children would be placed in a North Texas foster home. After separate trials the Atkinson couple would be sentenced to life in prison in 2002, Barbara on 29 January, and Kenneth on 12 December.
1982 Israel and Syria stop fighting in Lebanon.
1982 Más de 800'000 personas se manifiestan en Nueva York en favor de la paz.
1977 Dutch marines rescued hostages from a Moluccan held train in Holland
1972 El filólogo Fernando Lázaro Carreter ingresa en la Real Academia Española de la Lengua.
Six-Day war ends ^top^
On 05 June 1967, Israel responded to a steady build-up of Arab forces along its borders by launching simultaneous attacks on Egypt, Syria, and Jordan. When the Six-Day War ends on 11 June 1967, Israel suddenly has control of territory three times its original size. However, the true fruits of victory come in claiming the old city of Jerusalem from Jordan. Many weep while bent in prayer at the Wailing Wall.
The Six-Day War between Israel and its Arab neighbors ends with a United Nations-brokered cease-fire. The outnumbered Israel Defense Forces achieved a swift and decisive victory in the brief war, rolling over the Arab coalition that threatened the Jewish state and more than doubling the amount of territory under Israel's control. The greatest fruit of victory lay in seizing the Old City of Jerusalem from Jordan; thousands of Jews wept while bent in prayer at the Second Temple's Western Wall.
Increased tensions and skirmishes along Israel's northern border with Syria were the immediate cause of the third Arab-Israeli war. In 1967, Syria intensified its bombardment of Israeli settlements across the border, and Israel struck back by shooting down six Syrian MiG fighters. After Syria alleged in May 1967 that Israel was massing troops along the border, Egypt mobilized its forces and demanded the withdrawal of the UN Emergency Force from the Israel-Egypt cease-fire lines of the 1956 conflict. The UN peacekeepers left on 19 May, and three days later Egypt closed the Strait of Tiran to Israeli shipping. On 30 May Jordan signed a mutual defense treaty with Egypt and Syria, and other Arab states, including Iraq, Kuwait, and Algeria, sent troop contingents to join the Arab coalition against Israel.
With every sign of a pan-Arab attack in the works, Israel's government on 04 June authorized its armed forces to launch a surprise preemptive strike. On 05 June, the Six-Day War began with an Israeli assault against Arab air power. In a brilliant attack, the Israeli air force caught the formidable Egyptian air force on the ground and largely destroyed the Arabs' most powerful weapon. The Israeli air force then turned against the lesser air forces of Jordan, Syria, and Iraq, and by the end of the day had decisively won air superiority.
Beginning on 05 June, Israel focused the main effort of its ground forces against Egypt's Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula. In a lightning attack, the Israelis burst through the Egyptian lines and across the Sinai. The Egyptians fought resolutely but were outflanked by the Israelis and decimated in lethal air attacks. By June 8, the Egyptian forces were defeated, and Israel held the Gaza Strip and the Sinai to the Suez Canal.
Meanwhile, to the east of Israel, Jordan began shelling its Jewish neighbor on 05 June, provoking a rapid and overwhelming response from Israeli forces. Israel overran the West Bank and on 07 June captured the Old City of East Jerusalem. The chief chaplain of the Israel Defense Forces blew a ram's horn at the Western Wall to announce the reunification of East Jerusalem with the Israeli-administered western sector.
To the north, Israel bombarded Syria's fortified Golan Heights for two days before launching a tank and infantry assault on 09 June. After a day of fierce fighting, the Syrians began a retreat from the Golan Heights on 10 June. On 11 June a UN-brokered cease-fire takes effect throughout the three combat zones, and the Six-Day War was at an end. Israel had more than doubled its size in the six days of fighting.
The UN Security Council called for a withdrawal from all the occupied regions, but Israel declined, permanently annexing East Jerusalem and setting up military administrations in the occupied territories. Israel let it be known that Gaza, the West Bank, the Golan Heights, and the Sinai would be returned in exchange for Arab recognition of the right of Israel to exist and guarantees against future attack. Arab leaders, stinging from their defeat, met in August to discuss the future of the Middle East. They decided upon a policy of no peace, no negotiations, and no recognition of Israel, and made plans to zealously defend the rights of Palestinian Arabs in the occupied territories.
Egypt, however, would eventually negotiate and make peace with Israel, and in 1982 the Sinai Peninsula was returned to Egypt in exchange for full diplomatic recognition of Israel. Egypt and Jordan later gave up their respective claims to the Gaza Strip and the West Bank to the Palestinians, who beginning in the 1990s opened "land for peace" talks with Israel. A permanent Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement remains elusive, as does an agreement with Syria to return the Golan Heights.
| 1967 Race riot in Tampa Florida; National Guard mobilizes
1951 Mozambique becomes an oversea province of Portugal En Portugal se promulga una ley por la que sus colonias se convierten en territorios de ultramar.
1950 El pintor francés Henri Matisse obtiene el Gran Premio de la Bienal de Venecia.
1949 Harry S. Truman se pronuncia por el rearme en Europa y contra toda reducción de los créditos del Plan Marshall.
1948 El Partido Comunista húngaro absorbe al Socialista.
1947 WW II sugar rationing finally ends in the US
1946 La RDA elige a su primer presidente, Wilhelm Pieck.
| 1942 US and USSR sign Lend-Lease agreement during WW
1941 Trois cent juifs français, âgés de 14 à 19 ans, sont envoyés à Mauthausen en Autriche afin de "tester" l'efficacité des chambres à gaz. Elles sont très efficace. Il n'y aura aucun survivant.
1936 Se presenta al pueblo para su estudio y discusión la nueva Constitución soviética.
1933 Los aviadores españoles Mariano Barberán y Joaquín Collar, con el avión Cuatro Vientos, establecen la marca mundial de vuelo sin escala sobre el mar al atravesar el Atlántico Norte, de Sevilla (España) a Camagüey (Cuba) 7400 Km en 40 horas y 5 minutos.
1915 Los ingleses conquistan la colonia alemana de Camerún.
1910 Una Real Orden autoriza en España los signos externos de religiones distintas a la católica.
1905 Penns Railroad debuts fastest train in world (NY-Chicago in 18 hrs)
1901 Cook Islands annexed and proclaimed part of New Zealand.
1873 Francesc Pi y Margall sucede a Estanislao Figueras y Moragas como presidente de la I República Española y ocupa también la cartera de Gobernación.
| 1864 Battle of Trevilian Station, Virginia begins
1864 Skirmish at Pine Mountain, Georgia
1863 Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana continues
1863 Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi continues
1859 Comstock silver lode discovered near Virginia City, Nevada
1823 A propuesta de Antonio Alcalá Galiano, las Cortes españoles declaran inhábil para reinar a Fernando VII y se forma una regencia.
1799 Richard Allen (1760-1831), later to be the first Black bishop in the US, is ordained a deacon of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Philadelphia.
1580 Juan de Garay, con algunos oficiales y sesenta voluntarios, funda la ciudad de Trinidad, hoy Buenos Aires.
1496 Cristóbal Colón llega a Cádiz, de regreso de su segundo viaje a América. (
1488 Battle of Sauchieburn, Scotland
occurred on an 11 June:
2003 Tito Massaoud, 35, Soffil Abu Nahez, 29; and passers-by: two women, and the four men: Nasser Hamid, 26; Khalil Hamid, 34; Rami Shatiwi, 28; and Azam Alja'al, 23; in Gaza City's Saja'iya neighborhood, at 18:30 (15:30 UT), by missiles from Israeli helicopters fired at the car of Massaoud, a leader, and Nahez, a militant, of Hamas' Izz-al-Din al-Kassam military wing.
2003 Haile Abraha Hawki, 56, Eritrean; and Israelis Sgt. Tamar Ben-Eliahu, 20, from Moshav Paran; Ro`i Eliraz, 22, from Mevasseret Zion; Zippora Pesahovitz, 54 from Zur Hadassah; Bat-El Ohana, 21, from Kiryat Atta; Yaniv Obayed, 22, from Herzliya; Zvika Cohen, 40, from the Kiryat Menachem neighborhood in Jerusalem, the following 9 others from Jerusalem: Alexander Kazaris, 77; Malka Rene Sultan, 67; Elsa Cohen, 70; Yaffa Mualem, 65; Alan Bir, 47 (who had immigrated from Cleveland several years earlier); Bertine Tita, 75; Genia Berman, 50; Anna Orgal, 55; Bianca Shahrur, 63; and suicide bomber Abdel Muati Shaban, 18, an Izz-al-Din al-Kassam militant, dressed as a Haredi Jew (because of which he was not checked by the security guard at the bus stop where Shaban had just boarded the bus), at 17:35 (14:35 UT), on Egged bus #14, near the Clal Building on Jaffa Street, close to the intersection with King George Street, in downtown Jerusalem. The bus was on its way from the Beit Hakerem neighborhood to Talpiot. 153 persons are injured, one of whom, from Jerusalem, would die the next day: Zippora Levy, 75, also listed as Miriam Levy, 74 (or Miriam is another Jerusalemite who dies some days later?). [the wrecked bus >]
2002 Teresa Nieves, and her husband, Sgt. 1st Class Rigoberto Nieves, 32, of the 3rd Special Forces Group, near Fort Bragg, North Carolina, who shoots her in the head and then himself. Sergeant Nieves had been from early January to mid-March 2002 in Afghanistan, where his unit was administered the anti-malaria drug mefloquine (“Lariam”), known to produce psychotic side effects. Similar wife murders would be committed at Fort Bragg by Master Sgt. William Wright (29 June 2002; suicide 23 March 2003); Sgt. Cedric Griffin (09 July 2002); and Sgt 1st Class Brandon Floyd (with suicide, 19 July 2002).
2002 A Palestinian boy, age 9, shot by Israeli troops. A 13-year-old Palestinian boy is wounded.
2002 An Israeli girl, age 15, and a suicide bomber, at 19:40 in the small Jamil shwarma restaurant on Sokolov Street, close to the Lev Ha'ir mall, in downtown Hersliya, Israel. Nine persons are injured. There were about 30 persons present. It seems that not all the explosives carried by the bomber exploded.
2002 Eiman Joulani and Anan al-Ashab, Palestinians, are found shot dead in Hebron, West Bank. They were suspected of providing information to the Israelis about the movements of the militia leader Marwan Zalloum, who was killed on 23 April 2002 by fire from an Israeli helicopter. Joulani was shot dead in A-Salame Street, on the exact spot where Zalloum was killed. Al-Ashab was shot outside Hebron University.
2001 Yehuda Haim Shoham, 5-month-old, [< photo >] at the pediatrics intensive care unit of the Hadassah-Ein Kerem hospital in Jerusalem, of injuries received on 06 June from Palestinian stone throwers.
2001 Pierre Eyt, of cancer, cardinal archbishop of Bordeaux, born on 04 June 1934, ordained a priest on 29 June 1961, consecrated a bishop (coadjutor of Bordeaux) on 28 September 1986, succeded retiring Marius Maziers [01 Mar 1915~] as archbishop on 31 May 1989, was made a cardinal on 26 November 1994.
2001 Timothy James McVeigh, 33, by lethal injection, at about 12:10 UT, for Oklahoma City bombing of 19 April 1995, which killed 168 persons, including 19 infants and toddlers. His execution, the first since 1963 under US federal law, had originally been scheduled for 16 May 2001, after he requested that no appeal be made, and he did not request clemency. But on 10 May 2001, the FBI turned over 3135 documents that it ought to have but failed to present at the trial. So, on 11 May, the US Attorney General John Ashcroft postponed the execution. (The news media give this event ludicrous overcoverage going into minute irrelevant details for many days) // On the Net: Justice Department / Prisons Bureau / Bombing Memorial / Death Penalty links
2001 Armando Borracino, 56, from internal burns suffered on 30 May 2001 as surgeons accidentally set fire to a breathing tube in his throat with a laser they were using to remove a tumor, in Salerno, Italy.
1985 Karen Ann Quinlan, 31, of pneumonia, in a Morris Plains, NJ, nursing home Born: 29 March 1954 in Scranton, Pennsylvania, the 21-year-old Quinlan had collapsed after swallowing alcohol and tranquilizers at a party in 1975. Doctors saved her life, but she suffered brain damage and lapsed into a "persistent vegetative state." Her family waged a much-publicized legal battle for the right to remove her life support machinery. They succeeded, but Karen kept breathing after the respirator was unplugged. She remained in a coma for almost 10 years her death.
1991 José Luis Martín Descalzo, sacerdote, escritor y periodista español.
1989 José López Rega, político argentino.
1984 Enrico Berlinguer, secretario general del PCI.
1981 Miles de muertos y heridos por un terremoto en Irán.
1970 Frank Laubach, Benton PA, taught reading through phonetics
1969 John L Lewis, 89, formed Congress of Industrial Organizations
1955: 85 espectadores del circuito de Le Mans cuando un automóvil sale fuera de la pista, tras chocar con otro. Otros 200 son heridos.
1934 Friedrich Wilhelm Franz Meyer, German mathematician born on 02 September 1934. He studied algebraic geometry, algebraic curves and invariant theory.
1907 Charles Wilda, Austrian artist born on 20 December 1854.
1903 Nikolay Vasilievich Bugaev, Russian mathematician and philosopher of mathematics born on 14 September 1837.
1882 Ludwig Mecklenburg, German artist born on 15 September 1820.
1837 Jean-François Garneray, French artist born in 1755.
1818 Pieter Joseph Sauvage, Flemish artist born on 19 January 1744.
1794 Christian Friedrich Reinhold Liszeweski, German artist born in 1725.
1722 Abraham Pieterszoon van Calraet (or Kalraat, Kalraet) (buried on 12 June 1722), Dordrecht Dutch painter baptized as an infant on 12 October 1642. MORE ON CALRAET AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS Still-life with Peaches and Grapes — A Boy holding a Grey Horse — Scene on the Ice outside Dordrecht
1560 María de Lorena, reina de Escocia.
1487 James III, rey de Escocia.
| Births which
occurred on a June 11:
1947 Henry G Cisneros (Mayor-D-San Antonio, Secretary of HUD)
1937 David Bryant Mumford, English mathematician.
1932 Francisco Alberto Caamaño Deño, militar y político dominicano.
1914 Henry G Cisneros (Mayor-San Antonio, Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, CEO of Univision Communications)
1914 Gregorio López Raimundo, dirigente comunista español.
1912 William Baziotes, US Abstract Expressionist painter in a biomorphic style influenced by Surrealism. He died on 04 June 1963. MORE ON BAZIOTES AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS — The Room — Dusk — Untitled [fish and alga?] — Green Night — Primeval wall ("A teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops.") — Scepter
1911 Manuel Ballesteros Gaibrois, historiador y antropólogo español.
1910 Jacques-Yves Cousteau France, (marine explorer aboard Calypso: PBS-TV producer; coinventor of Aqua-Lung). He died on 25 June 1997.
1907 Paul Mellon philanthropist/horse breeder (1964 Gold Baton)
1902 (11 July?) Ernst Wilhelm Nay, German artist who died in 1968. MEHR ÜBER NAY AN ART 4 JUNE — Vom Purpur und blauen Spitzen — Purpurmelodie — Composition — Abstract Composition — Verwandlung — Komposition In Blue — Sphaerisch Blau — Blaue Bahn
1899 Yasunari Kawabata, Japanese 1968-Nobel-Prize winning novelist who died on 16 April 1972.
1895 Nikolai A Bulganin Gorki Russia, premier of USSR (1955-8)
1894 Ricardo Rendon Bravo, caricaturista colombiano.
1880 Jeannette Rankin, first woman elected to US Congress (from Montana). She died on 18 May 1973.
1867 Charles Fabry found ozone layer in upper atmosphere
1864 Richard Strauss, München, Germany, Romantic composer: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Don Quixote, Till Eulenspiegel... He died on 08 September 1949.
1838 Mariano Fortuny y Marsal (or: y Carbo?), Spanish painter who died on 21 November 1874. MORE ON FORTUNY AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS — The Café of the Swallows _ zoom _ ZOOM MORE _ ZOOM MOST _ detail 1 _ detail 2 _ detail 3 — Moroccan Man _ ZOOM _ detail 1 _ detail 2 _ detail 3 The Choice of a Model The Painter's Children in the Japanese Room — A Summer Day, Morocco — Idyll
1830 Miguel Iglesias, militar y hacendado que destacó en la guerra de Perú con Chile.
1818 Alexander Bain, filósofo británico.
1812 Wouter Verschuur, Dutch artist who died on 04 July 1874. An Inn
1787 Manuel Dorrego, militar y político argentino.
1776 John Constable, English Romantic painter specialized in Landscapes, who died on 31 March 1837. MORE ON CONSTABLE AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS A Woman A View on Hampstead Heath with Harrow in the Distance — Hampstead Heath, Looking Towards Harrow — another version of Hampstead Heath Looking Towards Harrow Arundel Mill Salisbury Cathedral — Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows Wivenhoe Park, Essex White Horse in Ferry _ detail Dedham Vale 'A Church Porch' (The Church Porch, East Bergholt) Dedham Vale: Morning Landscape: Boys Fishing Boatbuilding Wivenhoe Park Weymouth Bay Flatford Mill Landscape: Ploughing Scene in Suffolk (A Summerland) The White Horse Landscape: Noon (The Hay-Wain) The Lock (A Boat Passing a Lock) The Leaping Horse The Cornfield Hampstead Heath Salisbury Cathedral, from the Bishop's Grounds A Mill at Gillingham in Dorset (Parham's Mill) Dedham Vale Hadleigh Castle Old Sarum Salisbury Cathedral, from the Meadows Arundel Mill and Castle
1588 George Wither, English poet and Puritan pamphleteer who died on 02 May 1667.