an October 08:
2003 This year's Nobel Prize for Economics is announced to go to Robert F. Engle “for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH)” and to Clive W. J. Granger “for methods of analyzing economic time series with common trends (cointegration)”. Both laureates are from the US.
2003 This year's Nobel Prize for Chemistry is announced to be awarded “for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes”, to Peter Agre [1949~] “for the discovery of water channels” and to Roderick MacKinnon, 47, “for structural and mechanistic studies of ion channels”. Both laureates are from the US.
2002 Parliamentary elections in the last of four sectors of Indian-occupied Kashmir (Jammu-Kashmir state). The Muslim majority abstains in droves, except where the Indian troops force them to vote. The dates of the elections in the other three sectors were 16 September, 24 September, 01 October. The overall result is that the long-ruling National Conference finishes first but looses its majority. It will not try to form a coalition. Thus the parties in second and third place the national opposition Congress party and Kashmir's People's Democratic Party together will form a government.
2002 Electric utility holding company Allegheny Energy Inc. (AYE) announces that it is in default on some of its loans, after it failed to post additional collateral following a credit downgrade. On the New York Stock Exchange, its stock drops from its previous close of $7.52 to an intraday low of $3.25 and closes at $3.80, with 10% of its 125 million shares being traded. It had traded as high as $43.86 as recently as 23 April 2002, and $54.90 on 21 May 2001. [5~year price chart >]
2002 Having, the previous evening, predicted declining revenues and announced higher than expected losses (10 cents a share for the quarter ended in September), Oak Technology (OAKT), a developer of optical storage and digital imaging semiconductors, is downgraded by Adams Harkness from Sector Perform to Sector Underperform. On the NASDAQ, its stock drops from its previous close of $2.82 to an intraday low of $1.23 and closes at $1.28. It had traded as high as $17.55 as recently as 17 April 2002, and $30.50 on 18 September 2000. [<5~year price chart]
| 2002 The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announces
the award of the Nobel Prize in Physics for 2002 with one half jointly to
Davis Jr (USA), 87, and Masatoshi Koshiba (Japan), 76, “for pioneering
contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic
neutrinos” and the other half to Riccardo Giacconi (USA), 71, “for pioneering
contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic
X-ray sources”. Raymond Davis is now an Alzheimer patient.
According to Nobel Foundation rules, the prizes can be given to no more than three scientists. Hence the citation for the work on solar neutrinos must leave out people like John Bahcall, Vladimir Gribov, Bruno Pontecorvo, Stanislav Mikheyev, Alexei Smirnov and Lincoln Wolfenstein, who all played crucial roles in developing the theory. Absent as well are the leaders of other important experimental endeavors like the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory in Canada.
// http://www.nobel.se/physics/laureates/2002/press.html // Solar Neutrino Experiments (Davis) // MORE EVEN MORE
17 May 2000
| 2002 Human world chess champion Kramnik, with Black,
wins against computer program Deep Fritz, with White, the 3rd of the 8 games
in their match of 04,
October 2002, putting Kramnik ahead 2.5 to 0.5. 1.
e4 e5 / 2. Nf3 Nc6 / 3. d4 exd4 / 4. Nxd4 Bc5
/ 5. Nxc6 Qf6 6. Qd2 dxc6 7. Nc3 Ne7 / 8. Qf4
Be6 9. Qxf6 gxf6 / 10. Na4 Bb4+ / 11. c3 Bd6 / 12.
Be3 b6 / 13. f4 0-0-0 / 14. Kf2 c5 / 15. c4
Nc6 / 16. Nc3 f5 / 17. e5 Bf8 / 18. b3 Nb4 / 19. a3
Nc2 / 20. Rc1 Nxe3 / 21. Kxe3 Bg7 / 22. Nd5
c6 / 23. Nf6 Bxf6 / 24. exf6 Rhe8 / 25. Kf3 Rd2 / 26.
h3 Bd7 / 27. g3 Re6 / 28. Rb1 Rxf6 / 29. Be2
Re6 / 30. Rhe1 Kc7 / 31. Bf1 b5 / 32. Rec1 Kb6 / 33.
b4 cxb4 / 34. axb4 Re4 / 35. Rd1 Rxd1 / 36. Rxd1
Be6 / 37. Bd3 Rd4 / 38. Be2 Rxd1 / 39. c5+ Kb7 / 40.
Bxd1 a5 / 41. bxa5 Ka6 / 42. Ke3 Kxa5 / 43. Kd4
b4 / 44. g4 fxg4 / 45. hxg4 b3 / 46. Kc3 Ka4 / 47.
Kb2 f6 / 48. Bf3 Kb5 / 49. g5 f5 / 50. Kc3 Kxc5
/ 51. Be2 continuation: Be2 Kb6 / 52. Bd1 Kb5 / 53.
Be2+ Ka4 / 54. Kb2 Kb4 / 55. Bf3 c5-+ Black wins.
2001 The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet announces that the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for 2001 is awarded to Leland H. Hartwell (USA) [<photo below left], R. Timothy [Tim] Hunt (UK) [photo. below right >], and Paul M. Nurse (UK) [photo below center], for their discoveries of key regulators of the cell cycle. // http://www.nobel.se/medicine/laureates/2001/press.html
| 2001 The main body of the Russian submarine Kursk,
is raised from 108 m down on be Barents Sea floor where it had sunk on 12
August 2000, killing all 116 on board. The salvage operation is conducted
from a giant barge with computer-controlled cables by the Dutch companies
Mammoet and Smit International, contracted for some $65 million by the Russian
2000 Presidential elections in Poland. Ex-Communist Aleksander Kwasniewski, 46, is reelected to a second five-year term with over 50 % of the vote. Of the other 11 candidates, liberal without party Andrzej Olechowski, 54, gets about 16%. The leader of the AWS-Solidarity coalition, Marian Krzaklewski, 50, gets about 10 to 14 %. Last of all, pathetic Lech Walesa, 57, the hero of the ending of Communist rule, completely out of touch with today's problems, recalling his role and recriminating against everyone else, gets 1%.
2000 FAILED DARWIN AWARD ATTEMPT: Suicidal Couple Survives Pills, Gas, and Gun A Croatian policeman and his fiancée have survived a suicide attempt that included poisoning by gas, sleeping pills and a gunshot to the temple, state news agency Hina reports. The policeman and his girlfriend, bent on ending their lives together, shut themselves in a car, took handfuls of sleeping pills with alcohol and hooked up a hose to the car's exhaust pipe. The attempt failed and the dazed policeman took his gun and fired through his right temple. The shot did not kill him but at that point his girlfriend gave up and called an ambulance. The policeman was taken to hospital while his girlfriend was treated and released.
1999 La justicia británica aprueba la extradición del ex general Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte a España.
1999 Visto bueno a la Ortografía de la lengua española que, con el consenso de las 22 academias de la lengua española, actualiza e ilustra las normas ortográficas básicas que se hicieron oficiales a mediados del siglo XIX.
1998 La Academia Sueca premia con el Nobel de Literatura a José Saramago.
1998 This year's IgNobel Prizes are awarded in the following fields:
Troy Hurtubise, of North Bay, Ontario, for developing, and personally testing a suit of armor that is impervious to grizzly bears.
Peter Fong of Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, for contributing to the happiness of clams by giving them Prozac.
Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee of India and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif of Pakistan, for their aggressively peaceful explosions of atomic bombs.
Jacques Benveniste of France, for his homeopathic discovery that not only does water have memory*, but that the information can be transmitted over telephone lines and the Internet. [* Benveniste won the 1991 IgNobel Chemistry Prize, for his discovery that water, H2O, is an intelligent liquid, and for demonstrating to his satisfaction that water is able to remember events long after all trace of those events has vanished..]
Dolores Krieger, Professor Emerita, New York University, for demonstrating the merits of therapeutic touch, a method by which nurses manipulate the energy fields of ailing patients by carefully avoiding physical contact with those patients.
Jerald Bain of Mt. Sinai Hospital in Toronto and Kerry Siminoski of the University of Alberta for their carefully measured report, "The Relationship Among Height, Penile Length, and Foot Size."
PHYSICS. Deepak Chopra of The Chopra Center for Well Being, La Jolla, California, for his unique interpretation of quantum physics as it applies to life, liberty, and the pursuit of economic happiness. [cf. Chopra's books "Quantum Healing," "Ageless Body, Timeless Mind," etc., deeply packed with his wisdom.]
ECONOMICS. Richard Seed of Chicago for his efforts to sow the seed of economic progress by cloning himself and other human beings.
To Patient Y and to his doctors, Caroline Mills, Meirion Llewelyn, David Kelly, and Peter Holt, of Royal Gwent Hospital, in Newport, Wales, for the cautionary medical report, "A Man Who Pricked His Finger and Smelled Putrid for 5 Years."
1996 American economist William Vickrey and British professor James Mirrlees were named co-winners of the Nobel economics prize. (Vickrey, 82, would die three days later.)
1992 Los Reyes de España inauguran en Madrid el Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, que acoge en 48 salas los 800 cuadros de la colección de Hans Heinrich Thyssen.
1990 After weeks of partisan wrangling, Democrats and Republicans finally passed a deficit reduction package through both legislative chambers, a last-ditch move to avert a government shutdown.
1990 US doctors Joseph E Murray and E Donnall Thomas win Nobel Prize
1988 Acuerdo entre Irán e Irak para el intercambio de prisioneros y la retirada de tropas a las fronteras existentes antes de la guerra en un plazo máximo de 15 días. Se inaugura el metro de Valencia, y la ciudad pasa a ser la tercera de España con este servicio urbano.
1986 En México, el senador y presidente del PRI (Partido Revolucionario Institucional), Adolfo Lugo Verduzco, dimite de sus cargos y es la primera víctima de la crisis larvada de su partido.
1982 Communist Poland bans all labor organizations, including Solidarity.
1981 President Reagan greets predecessors Jimmy Carter, Gerald R Ford and Richard Nixon before sending them to Egypt for Anwar Sadat's funeral
1980 Siria y la URSS firman un tratado de amistad.
1978 Kenneth Warby sets world speed record on water (514 kph)
1962 El primer ministro de Uganda, Milton Apollo Obote, anuncia la independencia del país como monarquía constitucional, bajo la corona británica.
1962 Algeria admitted as 109th member of the UN
1962 N Korea reports 100% election turnout, 100% vote for Workers' Party
1958 En Estocolmo se implanta a un paciente de 40 años el primer marcapasos cardíaco completo.
1957 Turkish and Syrian border guards exchange fire
1950 Las tropas estadounidenses de Douglas MacArthur cruzan el paralelo 38, límite de las dos Coreas, con autorización de la ONU.
1948 Agreement is signed between the Reformed Church and the Communist government of Hungary.
1947 La ONU acuerda la creación de una comisión para observar los acontecimientos en la frontera septentrional griega.
1946 El Kuomintang prorroga el período presidencial del mariscal Chang Kai-chek en tres años más.
1945 Los ministros monárquicos son excluidos del gobierno yugoslavo.
1945 El coronel Juan Domingo Perón Sosa es obligado a dimitir de su cargo en el gobierno argentino.
1945 US President Truman announces that US atomic bomb secrets will be shared only with Great Britain and Canada.
1938 Grupos de las SA atacan y saquean el palacio episcopal del cardenal arzobispo de Viena, Theodor Innitzer, además de robar obras y objetos de arte sacro. La minoría húngara en el hasta ahora territorio checoslovaco carpatorruso forma un gobierno independiente.
| 1924 Jazz music banned from churches by the National
1919 Volstead Prohibition Enforcement Act passed by US Senate and House of Representatives.
1918 Antonio Maura y Montaner presenta al rey de España Alfonso XIII la dimisión de su Gabinete en pleno.
1917 León Trotski es elegido presidente del Soviet de San Petersburgo.
1912 first Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war on the Ottoman Empire (Turkey), disregarding the previous day's warning from the Western powers to the Balkan League that they would not countenance action against Turkey or any change in the territorial status quo.
1886 Start of the Sherlock Holmes The Adventure of the Noble Bachelor
1862 Battle of Perryville (Chaplin Hills), the largest Civil War combat to take place in Kentucky. -- Confederate invasion is halted
1855 Second Chinese War begins, as the ship Arrow, flying the British flag, is boarded by Chinese who arrest the crew.
1843 The unequal British Supplementary Treaty of the Bogue (supplementary to the Treaty of Nanking of 29 August 1842) grants British citizens in China extraterritorial rights, by which they are under the control of their own consuls and not subject to Chinese law. It also included a most-favored-nation clause, guaranteeing to Britain all privileges that China might grant to any other power.
1840 King William I of Holland abdicates.
1822 first eruption of Galunggung (Java) sends boiling sludge into valley
1814 Apertura del Congreso de Viena, que tuvo como objetivo reconstruir las fronteras de Europa y los gobiernos tradicionales, totalmente trastocados después de las conquistas de Napoleón.
1804 Se proclama emperador de Haití Jean Jacques Dessalines, tras la expulsión de los franceses de la isla.
1775 Officers decide to bar slaves and free blacks from Continental Army
1706 Las tropas de Felipe de Anjou toman la ciudad de Cuenca en una de las operaciones de la guerra de sucesión española.
1690 Belgrade retaken by the Turks.
1604 Kepler's nova, a supernova, is first sighted
1595 Los españoles consiguen la rendición de la fortísima plaza francesa de Cambrai tras un duro sitio y reiterados ataques.
0876 Battle of Andernach: Charles the Bald is defeated.
which occurred on an October 08:
2002 US Marine Lance Cpl. Antonio J. Sledd, 20, of Hillsbrough, Fla.,, and cousins Anas al-Kandari (born in 1981) [photo >] and Jassem al-Hajiri (born in 1976), Kuwaitis and former fighters in Afghanistan, who, from a pickup truck, fire, from one location and then from another, at some of the 1000 US Marines from the 11th Marine Expeditionary unit based in Camp Pendleton, California, who are conducting war games since 01 October on uninhabited (but visited) Failaka island some 15 km east of Kuwait city. The two attackers are killed by Marines. US Marine Lance Cpl. George R. Simpson, 21, of Dayton, Ohio, was wounded in the arm.
2002 Palestinians: girl, Misa Zanun, 12; boys, Ahmed Radwan, 16; and Mohammed Ashour, 18, in the evening, by Israeli army gunfire in Rafah, Gaza Strip.
2001 Stefano Romanello, Luca Fossati, and 116 others as, in the morning fog at 08:15, a Copenhagen-bound SAS airliner (an MD 87) swerves to avoid a Cessna which ought not to have been on the runway at Milan's Linate airport, crashes into a baggage storage building and bursts into flames. The dead include the 104 passengers and 6 crew members aboard the airliner, 4 persons aboard the small plane, and 4 baggage handlers in the small building. Fifty-six of the SAS victims were Italians, 16 were Danes and two others were foreigners living in Denmark. The two Cessna pilots were German, and one of the two passengers on the eight-seater plane was Cessna's European representative, Romanello, who was showing the aircraft in a promotional flight to a client, Fossati, the president of Star, an Italian food company. The Cessna had stopped in Milan while en route from Cologne, Germany to Paris. [??? not a direct route !!!]
2001 All onboard a helicopter: five UN military observers, four Ukrainian crew members, and a translator, shot down over the Kodor Gorge region of Abkhasia, where the Abkhasian Aseri independentist government say that Chechen and ethnic Georgian rebels have invaded in recent days despite the presence of a Russian peacekeeping force.
1994 Brian Hartley, English mathematician, born on 15 May 1939, whose main topic was that of locally finite groups; he used his wide knowledge of finite groups in proving properties of infinite groups which were in a sense close to finite. There is a mountain in the Lake District of England that he always wanted to climb and he decided to try it “before he got too old”. He is not too old to make it to the top but he is too old to avoid collapsing on the way down and dying on this day.
1992 Willy Brandt, político alemán
1983 Cuatro ministros y otras cinco personas del séquito de Chun Du Huan, quien resulta ileso tras un atentado perpetrado contra él.
1973 Gabriel Marcel, filósofo existencialista francés.
1973 Evan Tom Davies, Welsh mathematician born on 24 September 1904.
1964 Dr Charles Hodge, 69, NYU professor (Answers for Americans)
1944 Wendell Lewis Willkie Republican politician
1951 José Joaquin Casas Castañeda, escritor y político colombiano.
1942 Sergei Alekseevich Chaplygin, mathematical physicist born on 05 April 1869 in Ranenburg (now Chaplygin), Russia.
| 1914 Adelaide Crapsey, poet. CRAPSEY ONLINE: Verse
1913 Charles Francis Richardson, author. RICHARDSON ONLINE: A Primer of American Literature
1895 Adriana Johanna van Haanen, Dutch artist born on 14 June 1814.
1869 Franklin Pierce 14th president of US, dies in Concord, NH
1844 Martín Fernández de Navarrete, escritor, marino y bibliotecario español.
1826 George Garrard, English painter and sculptor born on 31 May 1760. MORE ON GARRARD AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1820 Henri Christophe, 53, a leader in the war of Haitian independence (1791-1804) and later president (1807-11) and self-proclaimed King Henry I (1811-20) of northern Haiti.
1754 Henry Fielding, English novelist. FIELDING ONLINE: The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, The Journal of a Voyage to Lisbon, A Journey From This World to the Next
1469 fra Filippo Lippi di Tomaso, Florentine painter born in 1406. MORE ON LIPPI AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1455 (or 14 July 1455) Antonio Pisanello (or Pisano) di Puccio, Italian artist born in 1395 before 27 November. MORE ON PISANELLO AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to, and commentaries on images.
which occurred on an October 08:
1996 AT&T's online commerce service, designed to provide a one-stop shop for online merchants. It includes graphic design, construction, and secure transaction technology. A number of other companies had recently tried to enter the online sales market, including IBM, which launched a short-lived online "mall" called World Avenue.
1955 USS Saratoga, worlds most powerful aircraft carrier is launched
1949 Historia de una escalera, obra teatral de Antonio Buero Vallejo, se estrena.
1943 R.L. Stine, author
1941 Jesse Jackson (D) US clergyman, Black civil rights leader, presidential candidate ("Rainbow Coalition")
1926 Cesar Milstein, molecular biologist.
1927 Cesar Milstein, bioquimico británico nacido en Argentina y Premio Nobel de Medicina 1984.
1922 Dr. Christian Barnard (heart surgeon), South Africa. He would perform the first human heart transplant on 03 December 1967, in Cape Town. The patient was Louis Washkansky, the heart he received was from a road accident victim. He later died from pneumonia.
1920 Frank Herbert sci-fi writer (Dune)
1920 Victoria Garrón de Doryan, política y escritora costarricense.
1917 Rodney Porter, British biochemist and Nobel Prize winner.
1906 First 'permanent wave' machine for hair, demonstrated by Karl Ludwig Nessler in London. The client wears a dozen brass curlers, each weighing one kilogram, for the six-hour process.
1909 José Antonio Muñoz Rojas, escritor y poeta español.
1908 Hans Arnold Heilbronn, Jewish German Canadian mathematician who died on 28 April 1975.
1895 Juan Domingo Perón Sosa, Argentine dictatorial populist President (1946-1955, 1973-1974)
1890 Eddie Rickenbacker aviator "Ace of Aces" (WW I), President and CEO of Eastern Airlines [1938-1963]
1879 Max Von Laue, físico alemán, Premio Nobel 1914.
1878 Alfred James Munnings, British artist who died on 17 July 1959. MORE ON MUNNINGS AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1872 John Cowper Powys British writer (Wood and Stone)
1869 J. Frank Duryea inventor (first auto built and operated in the US)
1868 Max Slevogt, Danish artist who died on 20 September 1932. MORE ON SLEVOGT AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1843 Kitty (Christine) Kielland (Ketty Lange), Norwegian artist who died on 01 October 1914. — more
1840 first Hawaiian constitution proclaimed
1839 Henry Bacob, US artist who died in 1912.
1838 John Milton Hay, poet. HAY ONLINE: The Complete Poetical Works of John Hay, County Ballads and Other Pieces, Poems
1833 Edmund Clarence Stedman, author. STEDMAN ONLINE: The Blameless Prince, and Other Poems, Poems Now First Collected, The Prince's Ball, Rip Van Winkle and His Wonderful Nap
1810 James Wilson Marshall, discoverer of gold in California.
1808 José Tomás Urmeneta García-Abello, político chileno.
1776 Pieter Gerardus van Os, Dutch artist who died on 28 March 1839. — more with link to an image.
1697 Cornelis Troost, the Nederlands'. Hogarth, or Watteau, Dutch painter who died on 07 March 1750.
1676 Fray Benito Jerónimo Feijoo y Montenegro, monje y ensayista español.