| On an October 11:
2003 At Children's Medical Center of Dallas, after more than a year of preparation, at 09:00 (16:00 UT) the operation begins to separate Ahmed and Mohammed Ibrahim, Egyptians twins conjoined at the top of their heads, who were born on 02 June 2001. The separation occurs at 11:17 (18:17 UT) on 12 October 2003 and the operation continues. In the first phase of the operation, doctors remove balloon-like devices designed to expand the skin of the boys' heads where they will be separated. Five neurosurgeons then separate the shared circulatory system to their brains, which are not fused. Surgeons then reconstruct their skulls and cover the wounds with the stretched skin. The operation is complete at 19:00 on 12 October 2003.
2002 The US Congress, 77~23 in the Senate (S.J. Res. 45, in the early hours of 11 Oct) and 296~133 in the House of Representatives (H.J. Res. 114, 10 Oct), abdicates its responsibilities and demonstrate its ignorance of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, by granting to scheming US banana-republic President Ariel Sh..., sorry, make that George Bush (Jr.), permission to plunge the country into a premature war with Iraq, disragarding international public opinion. [it is fortunate that in the US, though one can be imprisoned for contempt of court, there is no legal punishment for contempt of President, even if that president and his Constitution-violating Attorney General, deny basic civil and human rights to those they call unlawful combatants.] Text of Joint Resolution Roll Call: House | Senate
The Nobel Peace Prize will be awarded to
Jimmy Carter [< photo],
it is announced.
The award of the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize is announced to go to Jimmy Carter, US President who became great as an ex-President (head of the Carter Center) for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights. [Carter opposes unilateral war on Iraq]. [Carter's acceptance statement] During Carter's presidency (1977-1981), his mediation was a vital contribution to the Camp David Accords between Israel and Egypt, in itself a great enough achievement to qualify for the Nobel Peace Prize, which in 1978 has already been awarded to its signers Egypt's Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat [25 December 1918 1981], and Israel's Menachem Begin [16 August 1913 1992].
[left to right: Sadat, Carter, Begin, after signing of peace treaty, 26 March 1979 >]
At a time when the cold war between East and West was still predominant, he placed renewed emphasis on the place of human rights in international politics. Through his Carter Center, which celebrates its 20th anniversary in 2002*, Carter has since his presidency undertaken very extensive and persevering conflict resolution on several continents. He has shown outstanding commitment to human rights, and has served as an observer at countless elections all over the world. He has worked hard on many fronts to fight tropical diseases and to bring about growth and progress in developing countries.
Carter has thus been active in several of the problem areas that have figured prominently in the over one hundred years of Peace Prize history. In a situation currently marked by threats of the use of power, Carter has stood by the principles that conflicts must as far as possible be resolved through mediation and international co-operation based on international law, respect for human rights, and economic development. James Earl Jimmy Carter Jr. was born in 1924.
Carter was chosen out of 156 persons nominated for the honor in 2002. He becomes the third US President to be awarded the Peace Prize. The other two were Theodore Roosevelt (1906) and Woodrow Wilson (1919).
(*) Actually the Carter Center was dedicated on 01 October 1986, but on 21 April 1982 Jimmy Carter was appointed University Distinguished Professor at Emory University, to begin on 01 September 1982, with the intention to establish a policy research center with the University
Gyanendra names Prime Minister
Nepal's King Gyanendra names as Prime Minister Lokendra Bahadur Chand, 63, who heads the pro-monarchy Rastriya Prajatantra Party, and was prime minister twice under the parliamentary democratic system installed in 1990 and once under the feudal, village-based political system associated with Nepal's former absolute monarchy.
"My first priority will be to restore peace and stability in the country for which I will try to open dialogue with the Maoist rebels," Chand says.
The announcement is made as 4000 supporters of the two biggest political parties, the Nepali Congress and the Nepali Communist Parties, demonstrate to protest the king's firing of Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba the previous week.
The king had held separate meetings this morning with the leaders of the six major political parties, but did not meet them jointly as they requested. The party leaders wanted to have a voice in selecting an interim government to act as a caretaker until elections could be held.
The late King Birendra named Chand as interim prime minister during Nepal's transition from absolute monarchy to democracy in 1990. He was forced to resign after 11 days, when a coalition of top political parties formed an interim government which conducted an election in 1991. Chand again became prime minister in 1997, in a coalition with the Communist party that lasted only six months because of feuds in Chand's own party. Under the absolute monarchy, when political parties were banned, he was prime minister for three years.
Gyanendra fired the elected government last week, the first time since the end of absolute monarchy that a king has ousted an elected government and its leader, even though he has power to do so under the constitution. Gyanendra indefinitely postponed the elections scheduled to start on 13 November when he fired Deuba. The king said that Deuba was incompetent and incapable of holding the elections on time, after the prime minister asked for a one-year postponement because of fears the rebels would disrupt them.
The rebels have been fighting since 1996 to abolish democracy, the monarchy and vestiges of the feudal system. They increased attacks since the king accepted Deuba's request to lift a national state of emergency in August 2002 to allow for election campaigning.
The emergency was imposed in November 2001 after the rebels broke off peace talks. Under the emergency decree, freedoms of speech, press and assembly were restricted severely and people could be detained on suspicion of favoring the Maoists.
Gyanendra ascended to the throne on 04 June 2001 after his brother King Birendra, 55, and eight other royal family members were killed on 19 Jestha 2058 (01 June 2001) by crown prince Dipendra, 29, who then killed himself.
| 2001 The Swedish Academy announces that the Nobel
Prize in Literature for 2001 will be awarded awarded to the British
writer, born in Trinidad, V.S. Naipaul “for having united perceptive narrative
and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of
2001 To avoid a no-confidence vote scheduled for this day, Sri Lankan President Chandrika Kumaratunga dissolves Parliament and orders new elections on 05 December 2001. She was left with a minority in parliament after defections from her coalition by those opposed to peace talks with the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam who have been fighting an 18-year war to create a separate homeland for the Tamil minority.
2001 May the Farce be with you! After more than 10'000 Brits, motivated by an E~mail campaign, listed Jedi as their religion on Britain's 2001 census (taken in April), it is reported that the UK's Office for National Statistics gave Jedi its own code to speed processing the census. In the Star Wars films, the fictional Jedi Knights are a noble order of protectors unified by their belief in and ability to tap into a universal power called "the Force." News reports that Jedi will be recognized as a religion in the next census (2011) are denied by the ONS.
| 1999 Russia puts conditions on Chechnya talks (CNN)
1999 El científico alemán, Günter Blobel, fue galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Medicina al descurir que "las proteínas tienen señales intrínsecas que gobiernan su transporte y localización en la célula" .
1998 La guerrilla, representada por el Ejército de Liberación Nacional y el Gobierno colombiano empezan a negociar la paz.
1998 Pope John Paul II canonizes the first Jewish-born saint of the modern era: Edith Stein, a nun killed in the gas chambers of Auschwitz.
1997 Cuarenta países se reunen en la II Cumbre del Consejo de Europa, celebrada en Estrasburgo, y aprueban una declaración en favor de los valores democráticos y los derechos fundamentales, y un plan de acción para el futuro.
1996 Roman Catholic Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and Jose Ramos-Horta of East Timor win the Nobel Peace Prize for their pro-democracy efforts in troubled East Timor.
1991 El Consejo de Seguridad de la ONU prohíbe a Iraq cualquier investigación en el campo de la energía nuclear.
1991 Confirmation hearings for Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas begin. Anita Hill testifies Clarence Thomas sexually harrassed her
1990 Octavio Paz wins Nobel Prize for literature
1990 Oil hits a record $40.42 per barrel
1983 Last hand-cranked telephones US went out of service as 440 telephone customers in Bryant Pond, Maine, were switched over to direct-dial
1982 English ship Mary Rose, which sank during an engagement with France in 1545, raised at Portsmouth, England
1980 Cosmonauts Popov & Ryumin set space endurance record of 184 days
1979 Allan McLeod Cormack & Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield win Nobel Prize for medicine for developing the CAT scan
1978 Aristides Royo elected president of Panama by the Asamblea Nacional.
1968 Panama revolts
1966 Según la prensa extranjera acreditada en España, CC.OO. (Confederación Síndical de Comisiones Obreras) ha conseguido importantes triunfos en las elecciones sindicales.
1950 The Federal Communications Commission authorizes the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) to begin commercial color TV broadcasts.
1949 A law for controling the church in Czechoslovakia is passed by its Parliament. It becomes effective Nov 1, 1949.
1947 EE.UU. se declara partidario del reparto de Palestina.
1946 Tropas del Kuomintang ocupan Kalang.
1946 Fracasa un levantamiento militar en el norte de Portugal.
1946 Yugoslavia's archbishop Stepanic is sentenced to 16 years in prison. He made a bold testimony at his trial, standing up for the oppressed church and its murdered priests.
1945 In China, negotiations between Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek and Communist leader Mao Tse-tung break down. Nationalist and Communist troops are soon engaged in a civil war.
1941 Tropas estadounidenses ocupan la estación meteorológica alemana de Groenlandia.
1941 Comienza en Moscú la evacuación de mujeres y niños.
1934 Se restablece la pena de muerte por garrote vil en España, tras la fracasada intentona revolucionaria.
1923 German mark falls to 10 billion per pound, 4 billion per $1
1918 Alemania, el Imperio Austrohúngaro y Turquia firman el armisticio en Rethondes.
1914 During World War I, the Cathedral of Notre Dame suffered minor damage during German shelling of Paris. (Notre Dame, the most famous of the Gothic cathedrals of the Middle Ages, is distinguished for both its size and antiquity.)
1906 San Francisco school board orders the segregation of Oriental schoolchildren, inciting Japanese outrage.
1911 La Lliga Regionalista publica un documento en el que acepta la coalición con las derechas para las próximas elecciones.
1911 Se firma en Berlín la primera parte de un tratado franco-alemán sobre la cuestión marroquí.
1864 Slavery abolished in Maryland
1862 The Confederate Congress in Richmond passes a draft law allowing anyone owning 20 or more slaves to be exempt from military service. This law confirms many southerners opinion that they are in a 'rich man's war and a poor man's fight.'
1862 Skirmish near Helena, Arkansas
1835 Decreto de extinción, de las órdenes religiosas en España, y de la desamortización de bienes eclesiásticos, a excepción de las dedicadas al cuidado de los enfermos, como los Hermanos Hospitalarios de San Juan de Dios, las dedicadas a la enseñanza como los escolapios y las que forman misioneros para Filipinas.
1811 The first steam-powered ferryboat, the Juliana, is put into operation between New York City and Hoboken, N.J.
1797 British naval forces defeat Dutch off Camperdown, the Netherlands
1795 Impressed by general Bonaparte's role in putting down a rebellion in the streets of Paris, France's National Convention appoints him second in command of the Army of the Interior.
1727 George II of England crowned.
1698 Francia, Inglaterra y Holanda firman en La Haya un tratado para repartirse los territorios de la Corona de España, a la muerte sin descendencia de Carlos II el Hechizado.
1551 The 13th Session of the Council of Trent opened, during which major decisions were reached regarding the Catholic doctrine of the Eucharist.
1540 Charles V in Milan puts his son Philip in control.
1531 The Catholics defeat the Protestants at Kappel during Switzerland's second civil war.
1521 Leo X confers the title "Fidei Defensor" upon England's Henry VIII. Three popes and 13 years later, Henry severed all ties with Rome and establish the Church of England to be free to divorce from Catherine of Aragon.
1469 Entrevista en Dueñas (Valladolid) de Fernando V de Aragón con Isabel I de Castilla, que determinó el matrimonio de los futuros Reyes Católicos.
1394 Pedro de Luna es coronado como Benedicto XIII (antipapa).
which occurred on an October 11: |
2003 Eight Palestinians: Ibrahim Krinawi, 8; Sami Salah, 12; Mabruk Juda, 18; Yihya Sharif, 19; Nader Abu Taha, 22; Mohammed Abed Alwahab, 23; Mohammed Yunis, 28; and Ala Mansur, 23; (the last 4 were armed); most of them by a missile fired at a crowd in the Rafah refugee camp, Gaza Strip, by an Israeli helicopter, and the others by other fire from dozens of tanks and armored vehicles accompanied by helicopters and bulldozers which, in the early hours, sweeps into the southern Gaza Strip and assaults the refugee camps which are home to more than 30'000 persons in order to expose and destroy tunnels used to smuggle weapons from Egypt into the Gaza Strip. This continues for several days. There are no Israeli casualties. At least 70 Palestinians, including women, children, the old, are wounded. The wounded included medical crews working in the area. Initially, the Israeli invaders prevented the ambulances from reaching the area, but later allow them to evacuate wounded people to a makeshift clinic set up near the Abu Yusef A-Najad Hospital in Rafah. The impromptu clinic can only provide basic treatment. Palestinian medical personnel kept calling on people to donate blood.
The invading Israelis first destroyed the generators providing electricity to the camps' residents, as well as the telephone lines and water supply. They imposed a curfew and closure in the region. Then the bulldozers isolated the area by piling earth and boulders on the roads and the troops captured about 10 houses, posting snipers in them. The invading tanks, armored vehicles and helicopters fired at and shelled Palestinian militants, who fired back. The Israelis surrounded and raided houses that were near suspected tunnels. Bulldozers destroyed about 30 houses, flattening the land near the border, and tore up greenhouses and irrigation lines.
2003 At least 37 Maoist rebels and 3 other persons in fight between the Maoists and police in the west of Nepal.
2002 Kenneth H. Bridges, 53, who was filling his car's gasoline tank at an Exxon station just outside Fredericksburg, Virginia, at 09:35 by a single .223-caliber bullet from high-powered rifle X which has previously killed seven persons and wounded two in the Washington DC extended area.. A state police officer was investigating a traffic accident just 50 m from the victim. Bridges was a Black from Philadelphia, a father of six, and co-founder of a marketing distribution company. Bridges was president and chairman of the board of MATAH Network, an organization that encourages Blacks to support Black-owned businesses and to promote Black self-sufficiency. Bridges was hit once in the shoulder by a bullet that struck a vital organ.
2002 Six persons and Petri Gerdt, 19, who detonates his home-made bomb at 19:36 in the Myyrmanni mall in Vantaa, suburb 15 km north of Helsinki, injures 80, and severely damages 10% of its 3000 square meters. Gerdt, a chemical engineering student, acting alone, had made the 2-kg bomb from gunshot pellets and pieces of metal, using information from an Internet bomb makers' chatroom he frequented under the screen name rc. Opened in 1994 and run by Finnish Citycon, the mall is the second largest in Finland. It has 138 shops and restaurants. Räjähdys kauppakeskuksessa surmasi kuusi, kymmeniä loukkaantui Vantaalla Kuusi ihmistä kuoli ja mahdollisesti jopa kahdeksankymmentä loukkaantui kauppakeskus Myyrmannissa Vantaalla perjantai-iltana tapahtuneessa räjähdyksessä. Räjähdyksen syy oli vielä yöllä epäselvää.
2002 Shaden Abu Hijla, about 65, by burst of machine gun fire from a passing Israeli army jeep, while she, a peace activist, was sitting in her garden embroidering, in Nablus, West Bank, which was undergoing a lengthy curfew. Her husband, a doctor, and her son, a university professor, are wounded.
2001 Luis Elias Marin, his driver, and three others, by paramilitaries, near Montañitas, Colombia. Marín was mayor of Cartagena del Chaira.
2001 Master Sgt. Evander Earl Andrews of the 366th Civil Engineer Squadron based at Mountain Home Air Force Base in Idaho, in a heavy equipment accident in the northern part of the Arabian Peninsula, where his unit is in support of Operation Enduring Freedom (the so-called "War Against Terrorism, which may or may not be more successful than the disastrous War Against Drugs), of which he becomes the first US dead.
2000 Karam Omar Kanan, 18, of Kan Yones, Gaza Strip, one of several Palestinians killed by Israeli soldiers during riots of the Aqsa intifadah.
1996 William Vickrey, 82, Canadian-born US economist, named co-winner (with O. J. Mirlees of the UK) of the Nobel economics prize three days earlier ("for their fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information").
1996 Edwin Henry Spanier, US mathematician born on 08 August 1921. Author of Algebraic Topology (1966)
1985 Orson Welles, 70, of a heart attack
1985 Alex Odeh, Arab-American activist, by a bomb in Santa Ana, California.
1982 Josep Renau, pintor y cartelista español.
1977 Dr Mason Gross, 66, professor (Think Fast, 2 for the Money)
1963 Jean Cocteau, French writer.
1961 Leonard "Chico" Marx (Marx Brothers), 74
1958 Osvaldo Licini, Italian artist born on 22 March 1894.
1948 André Bloch, French mathematician born on 20 November 1893. On 17 Nov 1917, at a family meal, he murdered one of his brothers, his uncle, and his aunt. He was confined to a psychiatric hospital (Saint-Maurice Hospital) where he worked on a large range of topics, function theory, geometry, number theory, algebraic equations and kinematics. Bloch explained the murders to his doctor saying: “It's a matter of mathematical logic. There had been mental illness in my family.” He saw it as his eugenic duty!
1935 Samuel John Peploe, Scottish painter born on 27 January 1871. — more with links to images.
1911 Eugène Henri Cauchois, French artist born on 14 February 1850.
1899 José María Galván y Candela, pintor y grabador español.
1896 Joseph Anton Bruckner, compositor austriaco.
1893 Ford Madox Brown, English Pre-Raphaelite painter born on 16 April 1821. MORE ON BROWN AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1889 James Prescott Joule, físico británico.
1888 (in the night of 11 to 12 Oct) Ludwig Friedrich Wilhelm Riefstahl, German artist born on 15 October 1827
1878 William Preston Wild Bill Longley, hanged, outlaw, born in Austin County, Texas, on 06 October 1851. The legend that he had escaped the hanging was authoritatively announced on 13 June 2001 to have been disproved, after his body was found and subjected to DNA testing.
1875 Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, escultor francés.
1852 Ferdinand Gotthold Max Eisenstein, German mathematician born on 16 April 1823. He worked on a variety of topics including quadratic and cubic forms, the reciprocity theorem for cubic residues, quadratic partition of prime numbers and reciprocity laws.
1779 General Casimir Pulaski, Polish nobleman killed while fighting for US independence during the Battle of Savannah, Georgia.
1737 Some 300'000 killed by earthquake which destroys a great part of Calcutta
1731 John Craig, Scottish mathematician born in 1663. Author of Methodus figurarum lineis rectis et curvis comprehensarum quadraturas determinandi, of Tractatus mathematicus de figurarum curvilinearum quadraturis et locis geometricis (1693), of De optica analytica (1718) and of Theologiae Christianae Principia Mathematica (1699) which applies probability to show that the evidence of the truth of the gospels is diminished through time. He claimed that it reaches 0 in the year 3144, so "proves" that this is an upper bound for the Second Coming of Christ.
1708 Ehrenfried Walter von Tschirnhaus, German scientist and mathematician born on 10 April 1651. He worked on the solution of equations and the study of curves. He is best known for the transformation which removes the term of degree n-1 from an equation of degree n.
1583 Hugo Grotius Holland, jurist, father of international law
1697 Stefano degli Angeli, Venitian Catholic priest (of the Congregation of Hieronymites aka Jesuates until its 1668 suppression), mathematician, born on 11 September 1623. He studied under Bonaventura Cavalieri [1598 – 30 Nov 1647], also a Jesuate. Degli Angeli's many mathematical works were on infinitesimals which he used to study spirals, parabolas, and hyperbolas. Author of De infinitorum parabolis (1654), De infinitorum spiralium spatiorum mensura (1660), De infinitorum cochlearum (1661).
1631 Marten Ryckaert, Flemish artist born on 08 December 1587. — LINKS
which occurred on an October 11:
1957 El doctor Zhivago, novela de Boris Leonidovich Pasternak, se publica (será inmortalizada en 1965 en el cine por David Lean).
1936 Alberto Vázquez Figueroa, escritor español.
1920 Edgar Negret Dueñas, escultor colombiano.
1910 Joseph Alsop political newspaper columnist (Men Around the President)
1910 Cahit Arf, Turquish mathematician [often invoqued by dogs] who died on 26 December 1997. Much of Arf's most important work was in algebraic number theory and he invented Arf invariants which have many applications in topology. His early work was on quadratic forms in fields, particularly fields of characteristic 2. His name is not only attached to Arf invariants but he is also remembered for the Hasse-Arf Theorem which is an application of algebra to geometry. In ring theory, Arf rings are named after him.
1897 Gen Nathan F Twining USAF (Neither Liberty nor Safety)
1896 Roman Jakobson linguist/Slavic scholar (Fundamentals of Language)
1892 Anton Räderscheidt, German painter who died in 1970. — more with links to images.
1892 Emma Prosser, of New York state, who died on 01 April 2003.
1890 The Daughters of the American Revolution is founded in Washington, D.C.
1885 François Mauriac France, novelist/poet/playwright (Nobel 1952)
1885 Alfréd Haar, Hungarian mathematician who died on 16 March 1933. He worked in analysis studying orthogonal systems of functions, partial differential equations, Chebyshev approximations and linear inequalities. He is best remembered for his work on analysis on groups, introducing a measure on groups, now called the Haar measure.
1884 Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, daughter of Elliott Roosevelt, brother of 26th US President Theodore Roosevelt. She would be the wife of 32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt (30 Jan 1882 12 Apr 1945), a crusader; a US Delegate to the United Nations (where she played a major role in the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948). This Is My Story (1937) and On My Own (1958) are her autobiography. She died on 07 November 1962.
1884 Henry Heinz (catsup & pickle mogul: Heinz 57 Varieties)
1884 Friedrich Karl Rudolf Bergius, industrial y quimico alemán.
1881 Stark Young, playwright. STARK YOUNG ONLINE: Guenevere: A Play in Five Acts
1881 Lewis Fry Richardson, British mathematical physicist born on who died on 30 September 1953. Some of the books in which he applied mathematics are Weather Prediction by Numerical Process (1922), Generalized Foreign Politics (1939), Arms and Insecurity (1949), Statistics of Deadly Quarrels (1950).
1872 Harlan Fiske Stone NH, US Supreme Court (1925-41) Chief Justice (41-46)
1869 Filip Andreevich Maliavine, Russian artist who died in 1939.
1866 Carlos Arniches y Barrera, escritor costumbrista español.
1858 Nils Kreuger, Swedish artist who died in 1930. — more with links to images.
1849 Alfred von Wierusz-Kowalski, Polish artist who died on 16 February 1915.
1844 Henry John Heinz founded prepared-foods company (57 varieties)
1828 André-Henri Dargelas, French artist who died in 1906.
1822 Alexander John Arbuthnot, historian. ARBUTHNOT ONLINE: The History of John Bull
1822 Sergio Arboleda de Pombo, escritor y político colombiano.
1821 George Williams England, founded YMCA in 1844
1816 Henry Howe, author. HOWE ONLINE: Historical Collections of Ohio
1803 Barend Cornelis Koekkoek [pronounced "quack, quack"?], Dutch painter who died on 05 April 1962. MORE ON KOEKKOEK AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1782 Steen Steensen Blicher Denmk, poet/short-story writer (E Binddstouw)
1777 Barnabé Brisson, French civil engineer and mathematician who died on 25 September 1828.
1759 "Parson" Mason Locke Weems, [image >] biographer. He is remembered for his fictitious stories that he presented as fact. He was responsible for the story about George Washington cutting down his father's cherry tree. [... he bravely cried out, I can't tell a lie, Pa; you know I can't tell a lie. I did cut it with my hatchet.]. Whether of not George Washington could tell a lie, Weems could, and did. Parson Weems' Fable, painting by Grant Wood WEEMS ONLINE: The Life of Benjamin Franklin, The Life of General Francis Marion Chapters 1,2,12-16, and Conclusion from: A History of the Life and Death, Virtues and Exploits of General George Washington
1755 Fausto de Elhuyar y de Suvisa, geólogo y quimico español.
1675 Samuel Clarke, English mathematician who died on 17 May 1729.
1629 Vincent Laurenszoon van der Vinne, Flemish painter who died on 26 July 1702. MORE ON VAN DER VINNE AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to, and comments on three images.
1450 Bartolommeo Cincani “Montagna”, Italian painter who died on 11 October 1523. MORE ON “MONTAGNA” AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
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