|On a 15 September:
2002 Parliamentary elections in Sweden to the 349-seat Riksdag. With a gain of 13 seats for a total of 144, the Social Democrats can contitue their minority government of Prime Minister Goeran Persson (who campaigned on a promise to maintain the welfare system), with the continued support of the Left and Green parties, which together have another 47 seats.
2002 Parliamentary elections in Macedonia. Former Communist Branko Crvenkovski's Together for Macedonia coalition wins over the coalition led by Prime Minister Ljubco Georgievski's ruling VMRO party, while most of the 3300 candidates, from 30 parties, never had a real chance to win one of the 120 seats in the Parliament. Within the ethnic Albanian minority, the Democratic Union for Integration, headed Ali Ahmeti, does better than Arben Xhaferi's Democratic Party of Albanians, which shared power with Georgievski's government. Ahmeti was a leader of the ethnic Albanian February-to-August 2001 insurgency. Ethnic Albanians manage to hold on to the 24 seats they had in the outgoing parliament.
1990 France announce it will send 4000 soldiers to the Persian Gulf
1982 Israeli forces began pouring into west Beirut
1981 US Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approves Sandra Day O'Connor for Supreme Court.
1966 Pope Paul VI issues his Encyclical Christi Matri — [English, Italiano, Português]
1966 The American Bible Society publishes the New Testament of its Today's English Version (TEV), otherwise known as Good News for Modern Man. It is the result of a two-year effort led by chief translator, Robert G. Bratcher. (The complete Good News Bible would be published in 1976.) Many fundamentalist readers are unhappy because of its substitution of words, such as “happy” for “blessed.” But people who want to understand the word of God are thankful.
1952 UN turns over Eritrea to Ethiopia.
1938 British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain goes to visits Hitler at Berchtesgarden to discuss his demands that Czechoslovakia surrender the Sudetenland. This would lead to Hitler escalating his demands, Chamberlain proclaiming "peace in our times", in the infamous 30 September 1938 Munich agreement by which Britain and France abandoned Czechoslovakia, which encouraged Hitler to further aggressions, resulting in WW II a year later.
1917 Russia is proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky, the head of a provisional government.
1894 Japan defeats China in Battle of Ping Yang [NOT Ping Pong]
1863 Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus.
1862 Confederate Stonewall Jackson takes Harpers Ferry, Virginia (now West Virginia), securing the rear of Robert E. Lee's forces in Maryland.
1861 Siege of Lexington, Missouri continues.
1810 In Dolores, Mexico, Father Miguel Hidalgo cries out for independence.
1788 An alliance between Britain, Prussia and the Netherlands is ratified at the Hague
1776 British forces capture Kip's Bay, Manhattan during the Revolution
1648 The Larger and the Shorter Catechisms both prepared by the Westminster Assembly the previous year are approved by the British Parliament. These two documents have been in regular use among various Presbyterians, Congregationalists and Baptists ever since.
1620 Mayflower departs from Plymouth, England with 102 pilgrims.
1588 The Spanish Armada, which attempted to invade England, is destroyed by a British fleet.
0608 St Boniface IV begins his reign as Pope.
which occurred on a 15 September:
2003 Bryan Christopher Randall, 37 [photo >], by suicide, after, in his sport utility vehicle parked on the eastbound shoulder of Interstate 4, near Lake Mary, Florida, he makes a hard left turn into the path of an oncoming truck hauling cars. He also intended the death of his sons Bryan Randall, 8, and Julian Randall, 6, which he had with him in the car. They are seriously injured. Early the previous day, he had drowned in a lake his two other children, daughter Yana, 2, and son Regal Randall, 4; but Regal was found alive, but seriously hurt. On Friday night, 12 September, Randall had picked up his four children from their mother, Lisa Randall, 41, with whom he was married for 9 years, but they had started divorce proceedings in May 2003. He was supposed to return the children on Sunday evening, 14 September.
2003 Col. Khedeir Mekhalef Ali, on the outskirts of Fallujah, Iraq, as he was returning to his home there from Khaldiya, where he was the police chief appointed by the US occupiers two months earlier. Three masked ambushers fire submachine guns, shooting one of his car's tires, then shoot him at least 25 times. They also wound his driver, Rabia'a Kamash, 47, to his head and shoulder; and his bodyguard, Fouad Issa, 40, to his shoulder and back.
2003:: 67 prisoners, at the al-Haer prison in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in fire which takes 3 hours to put out. 20 prisoners and 3 guards suffer from smoke inhalation.
2002 Some 35 of the undocumented Liberian migrants aboard a 10-meter-long boat which capsizes 200 meters from the shore of Sicily. 92 are rescued. On 27 September 2002, Italy's Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi would shock public opinion, when asked why police had used pedalos (pedal-operated boats) to recover some of the bodies, by making unwise wisecracks such as None of the corpses complained. and Perhaps you would have preferred it if the bodies had been picked up in a big boat.
2001 Meir Weisshaus, 23, Israeli shot by Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestinian gunmen in a car which overtakes his, late in the evening, in a part of Jerusalem built on land taken from the Palestinians..
1977 Helen Holly Maddux, 29, murdered and placed in a trunk that is discovered on 28 March 1979 in the home of her boyfriend Ira Einhorn. Indicted, Einhorn jumps $40'000 bail on 07 January 1981, a few weeks before his trial is due to start, fleeing to Ireland, knowing that it does not have an extradition treaty with the US. In 1986 Ireland signs an extradition treaty with the US. Einhorn's friend Eugene Mallon lends him identification. Maddox flees to Spain, Britain, and Denmark. Along the way, he meets his future wife, Annika Flodin. In 1993 Einhorn and Annika settle in Champagne-Mouton, in the French countryside, and begin living as British writer Eugene Mallon and his wife. On 29 September 1993 Einhorn, the first and only murder suspect in Pennsylvania to be tried in absentia, is convicted of first-degree murder and sentenced to life in prison. On 13 June 1997 French police arrest Einhorn. On 07 December 1997 France refuses to extradite Einhorn because French law guarantees a new trial to anyone convicted in absentia, while, under Pennsylvania law, Einhorn cannot not be tried again. He is returned to the United States in July 2001 after prosecutors agree not to seek the death penalty and the Pennsylvania Legislature passes a law allowing the in absentia conviction to be vacated. His trial starts on 30 September 2002. Einhorn has said that he was framed for Maddux's murder by the CIA because of his knowledge of secret mind-control weapon experiments by the CIA.
1941 Nazis kill 800 Jewish women at Shkudvil. Lithuania.
1911 Joel Benton, author. BENTON ONLINE: Life of Hon. Phineas T. Barnum, Life of Hon. Phineas T. Barnum
1858 Hendrik van der Burgh, Dutch artist born in 1769.
1842 John Berney Crome, British artist born on 08 December 1794. — Posthumous portrait of the artist's father, painter “Old” John Crome [22 Dec 1768 – 22 Apr 1821] — 20 prints at FAMSF
1830 William Huskisson, England, 1st to be run-over by a railroad train
1771 Louis de Moni, Dutch artist born in 1698.
1668 Jan Miense Molenaer, Dutch genre painter, born in 1610. MORE ON MOLENAER AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER LINKS The Denial by Peter _ detail Singer and Guitarist — The Duet Family Playing Music Painter in his Studio, with Dancing-Dwarf-and-Dog Entertainers — Peasants in the Tavern — Tavern of the Crescent Moon — Allegory of Vanity (detail) Two Boys and a Girl Playing Music — Woman at her Toilette (Lady World) — Boys with Dwarfs
1622 Father Camillo Constanzo, burned alive in Hirado, Japan, in a heroic martyrdom witnessed by thousands.
1510 Catherine of Genoa (probable date), who developed hospitals and helped the poor.
| Births which
occurred on a 15 September:
1982 USA Today, first issue, published by Gannett Co Inc.
1971 Greenpeace, the not-so-peaceful environmental group, is founded.
1926 Jean-Pierre Serre, French mathematician. Author of Homologie singulière des espaces fibrés (1951), Faisceaux algébriques cohérents (1955), Groupes d'algébriques et corps de classes (1959), Corps locaux (1962), Cohomologie galoisienne (1964), Abelian l-adic representations (1968), Cours d'arithmétique (1970), Représentations linéaires des groupes finis (1971), Arbres, amalgames, SL2 (1977), Lectures on the Mordell-Weil theorem (1989), Topics in Galois theory (1992).
1923 Georg Kreisel, Jewish Austrian-born British US mathematician. Kreisel worked at the development of proof theory and the metamathematics of constructivity.
1913 John Mitchell Nixon's attorney general who went to jail for his role in the Watergate affair.
1904 Umberto II king of Italy (1946)
1901 Sir Howard Bailey, British engineer who gave his name to a prefabricated bridge used extensively during World War II.
1897 Kliment Nikolaevich Redko, Ukrainian painter and theorist who died on 18 February 1956. — more — Composition II
1894 Jean Renoir, director of films (including one based on Flaubert's Madame Bovary), author of Renoir, about his father Pierre-Auguste Renoir and of a play Orvet, a novel Les cahiers du capitaine Georges; and an autobiography My Life and My Films. Jean Renoir died on 12 February 1979.
1889 Robert Benchley, humorist author (My 10 Years in a Quandary)
1886 Paul Pierre Lévy, Parisian mathematician who died on 15 December 1971. His main books are Leçons d'analyse fonctionnelle (1922), Calcul des probabilités (1925), Théorie de l'addition des variables aléatoires (1937-1954), Processus stochastiques et mouvement brownien (1948).
1881 Ettore Arco Isidoro Bugatti Milan, race car builder (Amaz Bugattis)
1876 Frank E Gannett Rochester, newspaper publisher (Gannett)
1869 Fritz Overbeck, German artist who died on 07 June 1909.
1857 William Howard Taft Cin, (R) 27th president of the United States (1909-13) and tenth chief justice of the United States (1921-30).
1855 Jose Julio de Souza Pinto, Portuguese artist who died in 1939.
1830 Porfirio Díaz soldier, authoritarian president of Mexico (1877-1911)
1827 Georges Washington, French (yes: his father admired George Washington) Classical Realist Orientalist painter who died in 1910. — more — Cavaliers Arabes à l'Abreuvoir — Cavaliers en Montagne — An Arab Hunting Party — Guerriers Arabes à Cheval — Combat de Cavaliers Arabes
1822 Henry Morley, contributor to A Defence of Poesie and Poems, An Essay on Man, Moral Essays and Satires; editor of A Bundle of Ballads, Lobo's A Voyage to Abyssinia
1820 Ludwig Mecklenburg, German (French??) artist who died on 11 June 1882. — The Piazetta, Venice
1795 James Gates Percival, poet. PERCIVAL ONLINE: Poems, Poem Delivered Before the Connecticut Alpha of the Phi Beta Kappa Society, 13 September 1825
1751 Heinrich Rieter, Swiss artist who died on 10 June 1818.
1737 Jacob-Philippe Hackert, German painter, specialized in Landscapes, who died on 28 April 1807. MORE ON HACKERT AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER LINKS — Ideale Landschaft im Abendlicht (ZOOM) — Küstenlandschaft (ZOOM) The Waterfalls at Terni The Excavations of Pompeii — View of the Gulf of Pozzuoli from Solfatara
1613 Francois duc de la Rochefoucald, Paris, writer (Mémoires)
0973 Abu Rayhan al-Biruni, mathematician who said: Once a sage asked why scholars always flock to the doors of the rich, whilst the rich are not inclined to call at the doors of scholars. "The scholars," he answered , "are well aware of the use of money, but the rich are ignorant of the nobility of science". He died in 1048.
0053 Trajan, 13th Roman emperor (98-117), conqueror of Ctesiphon.