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|On a January
2001 At 12:00 EST, George W. Bush (Jr.) is sworn in as 43rd President of the US, and Dick Cheney as Vice-President. They can be considered USurpers because they received fewer votes of the people than Democrats Al Gore Jr. and Joe Liebermann, but Bush and Cheney won by 1 vote in the Supreme Court, when it prevented a recount of the Florida votes (rigged by governor Jeb Bush, George W's brother), thus assuring the Republicans the presidency. MORE (BUSH'S INAUGURAL ADDRESS)
2001 Two hours before the presidency passes to G. W. Bush, US President Clinton pardons 151 persons. They include a leftist radical convicted of conspiring to bomb the US Capitol; a woman who illegally gave an eagle feather to now-Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-N.Y.); some drug offenders serving long prison terms under mandatory sentencing laws and others. MORE
2001 Philippines president Joseph Estrada resigns, finally giving in to popular pressure which became overwhelming after his impeachment trial for corruption had been stopped by his supporters in the senate. Vice-President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo is sworn in as president.
6 children's and their parents' fast since Christmas stopped by police.
(Report of 010121 in Kenya's The Daily Nation — >)
Six emaciated children confined to their home by an eccentric father are now (Sunday 21) in the custody of the Huruma Children's Home, Ngong. On Saturday, neighbours intervened to save the children after they became suspicious of the air of inactivity at the family's home in Ngong. The neighbours called the police, who arrested the father and mother, while the children were taken to the home. The father, Dr Peter Kamau Mwangi, is a former Nairobi University lecturer, while his wife, Hannah Wangui, is a house wife. The officer commanding Karen Police Station, Mr Joseph Ringera, said the father had recorded a statement. Dr Mwangi had told officers of a vision he in 1998, in which God instructed him to start worshipping at home instead of going to church. He had also been told to start fasting together with his family until he receives further instructions. As far as the former lecturer was concerned, none of his family members was sick and he expected the vision to indicate if this would happen. Dr Mwangi, a PhD holder in electrical engineering, had taught at the university for about 21 years before his resignation in 1992, the same year he claimed he became saved. Mr Ringera said the couple would be taken to the Mathare Mental Hospital for a check-up. Since his resignation, Dr Mwangi had been surviving on his savings. He said that he and his family did not have any financial problems. If that was the case, he said, he would have sold the family car or his property in Kinangop. Yesterday, Dr Mwangi accompanied his wife, who appeared to be ill, to a clinic near the police station. Hannah complained of stomach pains and vomited after she ate food given to her by the founder of the Huruma Children's Home, Mrs Zipporah Kamau. Mrs Mwangi had sought permission to eat the food from her husband, who himself refused to eat, saying he would continue fasting until he received a further message from God. "It is God's will that the children should fast and not go to school,'' he told the Nation in an interview. With a voice already weakened by hunger, Dr Mwangi, who only sipped water during the interview, said he attended the Chriscos fellowship meetings at City Hall between 1992 and 1996 but he left to "fellowship at home with my family''. A pastor in charge of the Ngong Chriscos Church, Mr Charles Maina, denied that Dr Mwangi was a church member, but said he had occasionally attended inter-denominational classes organised by the church at City Hall. A neighbour, Mrs Grace Wangui Njenga, told the Nation how she suspected things were going wrong after the family started cutting down trees within their compound for use as firewood. "I would give them food but they declined. Since 1992, l have seen them come out of their house on very few occasions,'' Mrs Njenga said. When she asked Dr Mwangi why he was fasting, he only told her that since he expected the end of the world to occur last year and he had decided to continue fasting until this happens. Yesterday, when asked to elaborate on this, Dr Mwangi refused to comment. When the Nation visited the home, all the six children, aged between two and 11 years, were visibly suffering from skin diseases and unable to stand up. The eldest, 11-year-old John Mwangi, walked with difficulty as his feet were swollen. All the children had distended stomachs from the meal of chapati and stew which they had scrambled for the previous night.
(Reuters 010122 — >)
Six emaciated Kenyan children who were kept indoors and deprived of food for four weeks "on God's orders" have been taken to a children's home and their fanatical Christian parents have been arrested, police said on Monday. Police at the weekend raided the home of former university lecturer Peter Kamau Mwangi and his wife Hannah in Ngong, on the outskirts of the capital Nairobi, after a tip-off from neighbors. Inside the six children were sitting together on a bed, weakened and listless from their ordeal, local television pictures showed. "The parents have been arrested but we are awaiting the results of a psychiatric examination before we proceed," said an officer from Ngong police station who declined to be named. Mwangi told police officers he had been instructed by God at Christmas to fast with his family until further notice. His family had drunk only water during the weeks of fasting. The six children, aged two to 11, were unable to stand up on stick-thin legs, and all were suffering from skin infections and hair loss. The youngest child weighed little more than a baby. Mwangi resigned from his job lecturing in electrical engineering at the University of Nairobi when he became a born-again Christian, and spent his days praying with his family, neighbors said.
| 2000 New York-based Human Rights Watch accuses Russian
soldiers of raping Chechen women in Russian-controlled areas of Chechnya.
Citing interviews with refugees who had spoken with the victims or seen
their dead bodies, Human Rights Watch describes rapes in Shali, 26 km
southeast of Grozny, and Alkhan-Yurt, just southwest of the Chechen capital.
| 1998 US researchers announce that they have cloned
calves that may produce medicinal milk.
1997 Bill Clinton is sworn in as US President, for his 2rd term. [inaugural address]
1993 William Jefferson Clinton inaugurated as 42nd US President [inaugural address]
1993 IBM loses money for the first time in its history, showing that Big Blue's iron grip on the industry had slipped. IBM suffered declines in its mainframe computer line and in its personal computer business and would continue to lose ground for the next several years, until new CEO Lou Gerstner instituted a major restructuring. Gerstner's focus on up-and-coming technologies, including the Internet, successfully re-established IBM as a major technology player.
1991 US Patriot missiles begins shooting down Iraqi missiles
1991 Iraq parades captured Allied airmen on TV
1989 George Bush (Sr.) first US Vice President since Van Buren to become President by election and not by death of the previous President. [Inaugural address] Quayle becomes 44th Vice President, to the delight of humorists.
1989 Reagan becomes first President elected in a "0" year, since 1840, to leave office alive
1987 Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite taken hostage in Beirut, Lebanon
1987 Digital introduces biggest computers to date, two high-power supercomputers, priced between $2.5 and $5 million on January 20, 1987. The computers, which cost four to eight times as much as Digital's previous top-of-the-line machines, were designed to break IBM's hold over industries such as financial companies and insurance firms that relied heavily on supercomputers.
1986 Military coup in Lesotho under General-Major Lekhanya and premier Leabua Jonathan
1986 France and the UK announce plans to build the Chunnel a railroad tunnel under the English Channel.
1986 First US federal holiday honoring Martin Luther King Jr.
1985 Ronald Reagan is sworn in as US President, for his 2nd term. It is a Sunday, so he gives his inaugural address the next day.
1982 Honduras constitution goes into effect
1981 Ronald Reagan is sworn in as the 40th president of the United States. MORE with Reagan's 1st Inaugural Address
1981 Minutes after Ronald Reagan's inauguration as US President, the 53 US captives held since 04 November 1979 at the US embassy in Teheran, Iran, are released. MORE
1981 Admiral Stansfield Turner, USN (Retired), ends term as 12th director of CIA
1977 George Bush, ends term as 11th director of CIA
1977 Jimmy Carter is sworn in as US President. [inaugural address]
1973 Richard M Nixon is sworn in as US President, for his 2nd term. [inaugural address]
1965 L. B. Johnson is sworn in as US President. [inaugural address]
1961 John F. Kennedy is inaugurated as the thirty-fifth president of the United States. In his famous inauguration address, Kennedy appeals to US citizens to "ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country." His term of office will be cut short by his assassination on 22 November 1963. MORE
1961 Robert Frost, 87, recites his poem The Gift Outright at the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy.
1961 Yugoslav ex-Vice-President Milovan Djilas flees
1961 Arthur M. Ramsay becomes archbishop of Canterbury
1960 Patrice Lumumba sentenced to 6 months in Belgian Congo
1957 Gomulka wins Poland's parliamentary election
1957 Eisenhower is sworn in as US President, for his 2nd term, privately in the East Room at the White House because it is a Sunday. The next day he repeats the oath of office on the East Portico of the Capitol and gives his inaugural address.
1954 -70ºF (-57ºC), Rogers Pass, Montana (state 48 record)
1953 Eisenhower is sworn in as US President. [inaugural address]
1952 British army occupies Ismailiya, Suez Canal Zone
1950 Suriname becomes independent part in Realm of Netherlands
1944 RAF drops 2300 ton bombs on Berlin.
1943 Operation-Weiss Assault of German, Italian, Bulgarian and Croatian
1943 Lead SD, temp is 52ºF, while 1.5 miles away Deadwood SD records -16ºF.
1942 Japanese invade Burma.
1942 Japanese air raid on Rabaul New Britain.
1940 Winston Churchill broadcasts his House of many mansions speech on the war situation, ending with: The day will come when the joybells will ring again throughout Europe, and when victorious nations, masters not only of their foes but of themselves, will plan and build in justice, in tradition, and in freedom a house of many mansions where there will be room for all.
1939 Hitler proclaims to German parliament his intention to exterminate all European Jews.
^ 1937 First presidential inauguration of a US president on this date, Franklin D. Roosevelt's second of four inaugurations; the first had been held four years earlier on 04 March, the original date for the swearing in of the President and Vice President, which was changed to 20 January by the 20th Amendment of the US Constitution. MORE with FDR's 2nd Inaugural Address
| 1937 -45ºF (-43ºC), Boca CA (state record)
1926 2nd German government of Luther begins
1925 USSR and Japan sign treaty of Peking, Seychelles back to USSR
1921 Turkey declared in remnants of the Ottoman Empire
1887 The US Senate approves an agreement to lease Pearl Harbor in Hawaii as a naval base.
1879 British troops under Lord Chelmsford set camp at Isandlwana
1860 Dutch troops conquer Watampone in Celebes
1850 Investigator, first ship to effect northwest passage, leaves England
1839 Chile defeats a confederation of Peru and Bolivia in the Battle of Yungay.
1807 Napoleon convenes the great Sanhedrin, Paris
1801 John Marshall is appointed US chief justice.
1783 Hostilities cease in Revolutionary War
1613 Peace of Knärod ends War of Kalmar between Denmark and Sweden
1513 Christian II succeeds Johan I as Danish/Norwegian king
1356 Scottish king Edward Baliol resigns
1320 Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland
1265 first English Parliament called into session by Earl of Leicester
1045 Giovanni di Sabina elected Pope Sylvester III
| Deaths which occurred on a January 20:
2003 Naomi Heffler, 25, of Calgary; Dave Finnerty, 30, of New Westminster; Jean Luc Schwendener, 40, of Canmore, Alberta; world-champion snowboarder Craig Kelly, 36, of Nelson; Kathleen Kessler, 39, of Truckee, California; Dennis Yates, 50, of Los Angeles; Ralph Lunsford, 49, of Littleton, Colorado; who were in a group of 21 backcountry skiers, organized by Selkirk Mountain Experience, killed by avalanche, on Durrand Glacier, near Revelstoke, British Colombia, Canada.
2003 Al(bert) Hirschfeld, US show biz caricaturist born on 21 June 1903. Author of The World of Hirschfeld (1970) — Show Business Is No Business — The American Theater as Seen by Hirschfeld — Hirschfeld on Line (1999) — Hirschfeld's New York — Hirschfeld's Hollywood — The Speakeasies of 1932 — Hirschfeld's Harlem. MORE ON HIRSCHFELD AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
|2001 UN AUTRE
MASSACRE DE CIVILS ET D'ENFANTS EN ALGÉRIE.
Le GIA sème la mort à Médéa. Onze membres d’une même famille ont été assassinés durant la nuit du vendredi 19 au samedi 20 janvier 2001 au quartier de Ktiten, à Médéa, Algérie, tandis que trois autres sont grièvement blessés. Sur les lieux, la population a plié bagages. «Il n’est plus question de rester ici après ce qui s’est passé cette nuit. Les terroristes reviennent sur les lieux du crime et rien ne les empêchera de commettre d’autres massacres», lance un vieil homme, désormais le miraculé de la tuerie. Il n’arrive pas à croire qu’il s’en est sorti vivant et parle difficilement des circonstances de l’attaque. «Il était 20 h 45. Ils ont d’abord fait exploser la porte blindée du domicile des Belkous à l’aide de deux bombes artisanales.» Le vieil homme essuie ses larmes et reprend son souffle. «Ils les ont piégés. En entendant les explosions, les membres de la famille ont tous accouru vers la cour dans l’espoir de s’enfuir par le toit. Cependant, les tueurs les attendaient. Ils avaient pris position à cet endroit, d’où ils ont mitraillé tout le monde.»
Le témoin nous montre les escaliers par où les terroristes sont passés avant d’escalader le toit de la maison de leurs victimes. «Nous aurions pu être tous tués cette nuit-là n’était l’arrivée des Patriotes de l’autre côté du quartier», nous révèle un habitant. Lui, sa femme et ses enfants ont déjà préparé leurs affaires pour aller vivre ailleurs en attendant que les semeurs de la mort soient neutralisés. «Ils ont frappé à ma porte, je n’ai pas voulu ouvrir. Ils étaient pressés de repartir surtout quand ils ont entendu les coups de feu des Patriotes», précise notre interlocuteur. Tous les habitants de ce quartier périphérique de Médéa gardent encore en mémoire le massacre des seize lycéens dans leur dortoir au technicum situé à moins de 200 m de ces mêmes lieux. «Nous avons réclamé des armes à plusieurs reprises, en vain. Nous ne pouvons plus attendre que les bourreaux viennent nous tuer un à un comme cela a été le cas des Belkous», lance une vieille femme.
En effet, de la famille Belkous il ne reste que trois membres, une femme et deux hommes, encore dans le coma. Les onze autres membres, soit quatre femmes, quatre enfants âgés de 3, 7, 11 et 14 ans, ainsi que trois hommes ont été exécutés froidement par balles. La petite Fouzia, âgée de trois ans, aurait pu être sauvée, affirment les voisins, si les ambulances étaient arrivées à temps. «Elle était vivante et perdait beaucoup de sang. Nous avons, avec nos propres voitures, évacué les blessés, mais c’était trop tard. Quatre sont morts au cours du trajet et à l’hôpital.» Hier vers 12 h, les onze dépouilles attendaient à l’hôpital Mohamed Boudiaf. Le froid glacial de la journée n’a pas empêché la foule très nombreuse d’accompagner les victimes vers leur dernière demeure. Le sentiment de révolte et d’insécurité se lisait sur tous les visages. Il fallait attendre 16 h 45 pour mettre les cercueils dans les camions afin d’être transportés vers le cimetière où les tombes étaient déjà creusées depuis la matinée. Les autorités, il n’y en avait aucune. Dans la précipitation la plus totale, les onze victimes ont été enfin enterrées. En attendant la main de fer de Bouteflika, Médéa continue à compter ses morts et à vivre dans la psychose. — // http://www.elwatan.com/journal/html/2001/01/21/actualite.htm
| 2000 Wolfgang Huellen, 49, head of Germany's Christian
Democrat party's financial and budget section in parliament. He was not
a lawmaker. He committed suicide today in the midst of the campaign funding
scandal surrounding the party and former Chancellor Helmut Kohl.
1992 Roberto d'Aubuisson leader of El Salvador.
1992:: 82 of the 90 passengers and 5 of the 6 crew members aboard Air Inter Flight 148, an Airbus A 320-111, proceding from Lyon which crashes at 18:20 UT (19:20 local) into an 826-meters-high ridge at the 800-meters level, near Mont Sainte-Odile on its approach to Strasbourg, after the crew had programmed the FCU (flight control unit) for a rate of descent 4 times too great, due to the FCU being in the wrong mode. [rapport de la commission d'enquête, 26 nov 1993]
1948 Mahatma Gandhi India's pacifist, assassinated
1900 John Ruskin, English Romantic writer and painter born on 08 February 1819. WRITINGS OF RUSKIN ONLINE: The King of the Golden River — The King of the Golden River — The King of the Golden River — Sesame and Lilies Unto This Last — Unto This Last (zipped) "Work" (Lecture I, The Crown of Wild Olive) MORE ON RUSKIN AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1891 Charles Chaplin, French artist born on 08 June 1825.
1875 Jean-François Millet, French Realist painter born on 04 October 1814. MORE ON MILLET AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1864 Plana, mathematician.
1862 Felix Zollicoffer, Confederate general killed after mistakenly riding into Union lines
1819 Carlos IV, 70, King of Spain (1788-1808)
1815 Caroline-Friederike Friedrich, German artist born on 04 March 1749.
1814 Jean François Pierre Peyron, French artist born on 20 December 1744. — more with links to images.
1745 Charles VII Albert, 47, German emperor (1742-45)
1666 Anne d'Autriche. Malgré l'opération, la gangrène a progressé. Mais c'est des suites d'un cancer du sein apparu deux ans plus tôt que la reine, à soixante-cinq ans, meurt au Louvre. Elle est inhumée à Saint-Denis. Son coeur est au Val-de-Grâce. 1666, au Louvre, la reine Anne d'Autriche meurt à 65 ans d'un cancer du sein apparu deux ans plus tôt. La mère de Louis XIV a régenté le royaume pendant la minorité de son fils, jusqu'en 1661. Elle est inhumée à Saint-Denis. Son coeur est confié au Val-de-Grâce.
1639 Mustapha I sultan of Turkey (1622-23)
1612 Rudolf II von Habsburg, 59, emperor of Germany (1576-1612)
1590 Benedetti, mathematician.
1479 John II, 81, king of Aragon/Navarra
0882 Louis II/III the Younger German king (876-82)
0842 Theophilus Byzantine emperor (829-42)
0250 Saint Fabian, Pope (236-50)
which occurred on a January 20:
1971 The Jaguar XJ13 car prototype is displayed in Lindley, England, by British Leyland, the automotive conglomerate that included Jaguar at that time. The XJ13 was destined to become the next luxury Jaguar, but bad luck changed its destiny: the prototype car was wrecked on its first test run by test driver Norman Dewis, ending the XJ13 development program. The ruined car was kept and later restored by the company.
1955 USS Nautilus, first atomic submarine, launched at Groton CT
1946 The first Kaiser-Frazer automobiles are introduced at New York’s Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. The Kaiser-Frazer Corporation was formed after World War II by industrialist Henry J. Kaiser and Joseph W. Frazer, president of the Graham-Paige Motor Company. They produced several successful cars, most notably the 1951 Kaiser two-door. In 1953, however, the company was renamed the Kaiser Motors Corporation, and soon abandoned the passenger car business in favor of manufacturing commercial and military vehicles.
1920 Federico Fellini Rimini Italy, director (8½, Satyricon, La Dolce Vita)
1910 Joy Adamson, Australian conservationist and writer who died on 03 January 1980.
1906 Aristotle Onassis (Greek shipping magnate: 2nd husband of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy)
1904 Renato Caccioppoli, mathematician.
1896 George Burns [Nathan Birnbaum], New York City NY, actor/comedian (Oh God)
1895 Szego, mathematician.
1894 Harold Gray, US "Orphan Annie" cartoonist who died on 09 May 1968.
1892 Agnes Rich, in Nebraska. She would live in US Georgia past her 112th birthday.
1889 Mae Harrington, in New York state, where she would die on 29 December 2002.
1885 The roller coaster is patented by L.A. Thompson of Coney Island, NY
1873 Johannes Jenson, Danish novelist and essayist who died on 25 November 1950.
1871 Nicolas Alexandrovitch Tarkhoff (or Tarchoff), Russian artist who died on 05 June 1920.
1838 Willem Geets, Belgian artist who died in 1919.
1831 Routh, mathematician.
1829 John Roddam Spencer Stanhope, English Pre-Raphaelite painter who died on 02 August 1908. MORE ON STANHOPE AT ART 4 JANUARY with links to images.
1820 Anne J. Clough, English educator and feminist who died on 27 February 1892.
1811 Vincent Vidal, French artist who died on 14 June 1887.
1801 (Jo)Hanne Hellesen, German artist who died on 09 May 1844.
1795 Frans Vervloet, Belgian artist who died in 1872. — more with links to two images.
1732 Richard Henry Lee, US statesman and orator who died on 19 June 1794.