a 26 October:
2001 US Air Force Secretary James G. Roche announces that Lockheed Martin Corp. and its partners are chosen over Boeing Co for a $25 billion engineering and manufacturing development contract that eventually is expected to lead to the building of 3000 supersonic F-35 jets with radar-evading capabilities, for at least $200 billion..
2000 In Montefiore dell'Aso, Italy, police take into custody two undocumented immigrants which they found working in a circus. To take them to Rome, they have to hoist them on a truck with cranes. The immigrants weigh 4 tons each, including their trunks. They are elephants.
1999 Russian forces bombard northern limits of Chechen capital (CNN)
1999 La Cámara de los Lores decide por mayoría que sus escaños no sean hereditarios, lo que puso fin a siete siglos de privilegios de la nobleza británica en esta Cámara.
1998 El presidente de Perú, Alberto Fujimori, y su homónimo ecuatoriano, Jamil Mahuad, firman un acuerdo histórico en Brasilia (Brasil) que puso fin al conflicto de fronteras existente desde hacía cinco décadas.
1997 Las elecciones legislativas en Argentina, destinadas a renovar la mitad de la Cámara de los Diputados, suponen la derrota política del presidente Carlos Saul Menem y su Partido Justicialista (JP), que pierde la mayoría absoluta .
1997 Los candidatos del Partido Liberal, en el Gobierno, obtienen la mayoría de las 32 gobernaciones y alcaldías de las capitales en las elecciones locales y regionales de Colombia.
1996 Federal persecutor prosecutors cleared Richard Jewell as a suspect in the Olympic park bombing, ending a three-month ordeal for the former security guard who had heroically saved hundreds of lives by moving a terrorist bomb just before it exploded.
1995 Los ministros de Pesca de la UE aprueban el último paso para la plena integración de la flota española en la Política Pesquera Común a partir del 1 de enero de 1996.
1994 Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Israel and Prime Minister Abdel Salam el-Majali of Jordan sign a peace treaty.
1992 Los ex comunistas del Partido Democrático del Trabajo ganan las primeras elecciones parlamentarias en Lituania.
1991 Once and future Washington DC Mayor Marion Barry arrives at a federal correctional institution in Petersburg, Va., to begin serving a six-month sentence for cocaine possession.
1988 En las elecciones generales de Zambia, el presidente Kenneth Kaunda obtiene el respaldo del 90% de votos para un sexto mandato.
1988 US-Soviet effort free 2 grey whales from frozen Arctic, Barrow, AK
1987 Dow Jones Industrial Average down 156.83
1987 Se aprueba en las Cortes Generales españolas la nueva ley de Propiedad Intelectual.
1976 Transkei gains Apartheid-style "independence", not recognized outside of South Africa.
1972 Henry Kissinger declares "Peace is at hand" in Vietnam
1971 The General Assembly of the UN votes to replace China (actually only Taiwan) with the Popular Republic of China.
1967 Shah of Iran crowns himself and his queen after 26 years on the Peacock Throne.
| 1958 The first New York - Paris transatlantic jet passenger
service is inaugurated by Pan Am with a Boeing 707 in eight hours and 41
minutes, and the first New York - London transatlantic jet passenger service
is inaugurated by BOAC.
1956 Vietnam promulgates its constitution
1956 UN's International Atomic Energy Agency statute approved.
1955 Ngo Dinh Diem proclaims Vietnam a republic with himself as president.
1954 La ciudad de Trieste es devuelta a Italia.
1950 A reconnaissance platoon for a South Korean division reaches the Yalu River. They are the only elements of the UN force to reach the river before the Chinese offensive pushes the whole army down into South Korea.
1949 US President Truman signs a measure which increases the minimum wage from 40 to 75 cents an hour
1947 Maharajah of Jammu and Kashmir accedes to India, which will cause no end of conflict with the Moslem majority of the region. Comienza una crisis política en Pakistán tras la anexión de Cachemira por la Unión India.
1941 US savings bonds go on sale
1938 Se marchan de España las Brigadas Internacionales.
1936 Se embarcan en Cartagena, con destino a la URSS, 515 toneladas de oro amonedado del Banco de España.
1929 En Alemania el responsable nacionalista Hugenberg y el jefe nazi Adolfo Hitler organizan un gran mitin contra el "plan Young".
1925 Las fuerzas griegas se retiran de Bulgaria por decisión de la Sociedad de Naciones.
1925 Emiliano Figueroa Larraín es el nuevo presidente electo de Chile.
1924 José Martínez Ruiz Azorín lee su discurso de ingreso en la Real Academia Española de la Lengua.
1918 Germany's supreme commander, General Erich Ludendorff, resigns, protesting the terms to which the German Government has agreed in negotiating the armistice. This sets the stage for his later support for Hitler and the Nazis, who claim that Germany did not lose the war on the battlefield but were "stabbed in the back" by politicians.
1916 Margaret Sanger arrested for obscenity (advocating birth control)
1913 El rey de España Alfonso XIII encarga a Eduardo Dato Iradier la constitución de un nuevo Gobierno.
1912 Serbia ocupa Urkub después de la desordenada retirada de las tropas turcas.
1905 Norway signs a treaty of separation with Sweden. Norway chooses Prince Charles of Denmark as the new king; he becomes King Haakon VII. Suecia reconoce a Noruega como Estado independiente.
1905 Se crea en Rusia el primer "consejo obrero" en San Petersburgo a iniciativa de los tipógrafos. Su vicepresidente es León Trotski.
| 1885 Louis Pasteur da a conocer sus trabajos sobre
inmunización contra la rabia, en la Academia de Ciencias de París.
1878 Atentado frustrado contra Alfonso XII, en la calle Mayor de Madrid.
1861 El físico y maestro de Gelnhausen Johann Philipp Reis presenta ante la Asociación Física de Frankfurt am Main el teléfono magnético que ha inventado.
1733 Felipe V nombra a su primogénito Carlos generalísimo de su Ejército en Italia, el que consumaría la conquista de Nápoles y Sicilia.
which occurred on a 26 October:|
2003 US Army Pfc. Steven Acosta, 19, of Calexico CA, serving in C Company, 3rd Battalion, 67th Armored Regiment, 4th Infantry Division, in Baqubah, Iraq, from a “non-hostile” gunshot wound.
2003 US Army Pfc. Rachel K. Bosveld, 19, of Waupun WI, who was serving in the 527th Military Police Company, V Corps of the US Army, after being injured during a mortar attack on the police station in Abu Ghraib, Iraq.
2003 US Army Lt. Col. Charles H. Buehring, 40, of Fayetteville NC, after being injured during a rocket-propelled grenade attack on the Al-Rashid Hotel in Baghdad, Iraq, which served as the US Army Central Command forward Headquarters, to which he belonged.
2003 US Army Staff Sgt. Jamie L. Huggins, 26, of Hume MO; and Pvt. Joseph R Guerrera, 20, of Dunn NC, both serving in C Company, 2nd Battalion, 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division, while on patrol is Baghdad, Iraq, when their vehicle is hit by an improvised explosive device.
2002:: Movsar Barayev, 49 of his Chechen terrorists, and 117 of the 870 or so hostages which they held for 58 hours since 21:05 on 23 October, die during and after a 05:45 (01:45 UT) Russian Spetznaz and Interior Ministry Alpha special forces assault on Moscow's House of Culture, preceded by the pumping in of a disabling gas, which causes the death of 116 hostages (one man dies from gunfire during the rescue) and of some of the terrorists (others are deliberately shot in the head while unconscious) and poisoning injuries to the surviving hostages, of which 646 would remain hospitalized the next day, 150 of them in intensive care. Dawn today was the deadline the Chechens had given to the Russian government to comply with their demands of showing intention of withdrawing the Russian aggressor and occupation troops from Chechnya. Otherwise they threatened killing themselves and all of the hostages, of which they had already killed one woman when she tried to escape on 23 October. They had released some 100 hostages on 24 October and 30 on 25 October. Three of the terrorists survive and are arrested. 18 of the dead terrorists are women, including 3 widows of guerrilla leaders. Among the dead hostages are Fyodor Ramtsov, about 50, a trumpet player at the theater; Leonid Bochkov; and, among the 71 foreign hostages, Natalja Zjirov of the Netherlands, and Sammy Brooks, 49, of Oklahoma..
2002 Two brothers and three middle-aged men, by gunshots and machetes, in the evening, by Colombian rebels of the FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia), near Alban, Colombia.
2001 Gregory Glenn Biggs, White homeless man born on 16 August 1964, by bleeding to death stuck in the windshield of the car of Chante Jawan Mallard, Black woman born on 22 June 1976, during perhaps two hours since she accidentally hit him at 03:00, in Fort Worth, Texas, then drove home and parked in her garage. She ignored his pleas for help. His head and shoulders went through the windshield on the passenger side and his legs were broken so that he was unable to extricate himself. Clete Denel Jackson, a friend of Mallard, and his cousin Herbert Tyrone Cleveland would remove Biggs' dead body and dump it in Cobb Park where it would be found on 27 October 2001. In exchange for their testimony against Mallard, the two would be allowed to plead guilty only to tampering with evidence; they would be sentenced to prison: Jackson 10 years and Cleveland 9 years. On 26 June 2003, Mallard would be convicted of murder and on 27 June 2003 sentenced to 50 years in prison. Since Biggs was a teenager, he had suffered from mental illness (at various times manic depression and schizophrenia were diagnosed). But he married, had a son (Brandon Biggs, born in 1982) and held jobs throughout his life. At the time of his death, he was living in a shelter and working construction jobs as a mason. He had also been a school bus driver. He kept in touch with his family intermittently.
2001 Abdul Haq and a companion, hanged at Rishkore barracks near Kabul by the Taliban who had captured them earlier in the day. Haq was a hero of the Afphan resistance against the USSR. He was living in exile and had returned to Afghanistan six days earlier to try to convince Afghan tribal leaders to support a US-backed plan under which former king Mohammad Zaher Shah would convene a grand council of all Afghan factions to organize a new government to replace the ruling Taliban..
1998 José Cardoso Pires, novelista y matemático portugués.
1987 Head of Salvadoran Human Rights Comm assassinated by death squads
1984 Mark Kac, mathematician
1983 Alfred Tarski, mathematician
1979 Park Chung-hee South Korean President is assassinated
1975 Joseph Fernand Lacasse, Belgian painter born on 06 August 1894. more with links to two images.
1909 Prince Ito Hirobumi, born on 02 September 1841, president of the senate, retired general who had been the 1st, 5th, 7th, and 10th Prime Minister of Japan (22Dec1885-30Apr1888, 08Aug1892-31Aug1896, 12Jan1898-30Jun1898, 18Oct1900-10May1901), assassinated by Korean Ahn Jung Guhn (or An Joong-Gun) [1879 – 26 Mar 1910], in the Harbin train station, where Ito was arriving for a meeting with Russian envoy General Kokotseff. An Joong-Gun was avenging the 04 September 1909 treaty by which Japan gave to China the Korean territory of Kondo, in return for the right to build a branch line to the Southern Manchurian Railway to exploit the mineral resources of Manchuria; and the 19 November 1905 secret Protectorate Treaty, by which the Korean government had accepted Japanese occupation headed by Ito.
1902 Elizabeth Cady Stanton, US abolitionist and women's rights activist, born on 12 November 1815.
1868 White terrorists kill several blacks in St Bernard Parish La
1811 Georg Karl Urlaub, German artist born on 03 October 1749.
1764 William Hogarth, British painter and etcher born on 10 November. MORE ON HOGARTH AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1700 Armand Jean Bouthillier de Rancé, religioso francés, fundador de la Orden de la Trapa.
1676 Nathaniel Bacon, in rebellion against governor Berkeley of colonial Virginia, abruptly dies of the "Bloodie Flux" and "Lousey Disease" (body lice).
1608 Juan Pantoja de la Cruz, Spanish painter born in 1553. more with links to images.
| Births which occurred
on a 26 October:
1951 Julian Schnabel, US painter and printmaker. more with link.
1947 Hilary Diane Rodham, would grow up, be an attorney, marry in 1975 Bill Clinton (US president 1993-2001), be elected in 2000 a US Senator from New York (Democrat).
1945 Pat Conroy American novelist (Great Santini, Prince of Tides)
1939 John Arden England, novelist/playwright (Left Handed Liberty)
1936 Oscar Ribas Reig, político, abogado y jefe del Gobierno andorrano.
1931 Mourning Becomes Electra de Eugene O'Neill.se estrena en Nueva York [no es Morning Becomes Electric].
1919 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Aryamehr Shah of Iran (1941-79), overthrown in 1979 and died in the United States.
1919 Edward W Brooke 1st black senator in over 80 yrs (Sen-R-Mass)
1917 Felix the Cat cartoon character
1916 François Mitterand, Jarnac France, President of France (1981-1995)
1911 Chern, mathematician
1910 John Cardinal Krol archbishop of Philadelphia
1902 Beryl Markham, aviator and writer.
1894 John Knight, publisher (Knight-Ridder newspaper empire)
1889 Millar Burrows, American archaeologist. Director of the American School of Oriental Research at Jerusalem 1931-32, 1947-48), Burrows' most popular published work was What Mean These Stones? (1941).
1880 Manuel Quintín Lame, líder indígena colombiano.
1879 Leon Trotsky, a leader of the Bolshevik Revolution (president of 1st Soviet, exiled then murdured on orders from Stalin)
1878 José Moscardó, defensor del Alcázar de Toledo durante la Guerra Civil española.
1877 Mason, mathematician
1873 Thorvald Stauning Denmark, PM (1924-26, 1929-42)
1865 Charles Spencelayh, British artist who died on 25 June 1958.
1863 Worldwide Red Cross organized in Geneva
1856 José Ortega Munilla, escritor y periodista español.
1854 Charles William Post, involved in several business. After a number of experiments, Post produced and marketed his first product--the cereal beverage Postum--founding the Postum Cereal Co. Ltd. (later , General Foods Corporation), in Battle Creek, Michigan. Other profitable products were soon developed, notably Grape Nuts (1897) and Post Toasties (1904, originally called Elijah's Manna). Post died on 9 May 1914.
1849 Georg Frobenius, mathematician
1846 Manuel de la Revilla y Moreno, escritor y profesor español.
1842 Vasili Vasilievitch Veretshchagin, Russian painter who died on 13 April 1904. more
1834 Joseph Hansom, architect, he invented thePatent Safety Cab [2-wheeled, horse-driven cab with the driver seated above and behind the passengers]: the hansom. [Hansom is that hansom does].
1831 Nathaniel Hone II, Irish artist who died on 14 October 1917. more with link to an image.
1825 The Erie Canal opens in upstate New York, connecting Lake Erie and the Hudson River.
1800 Count Helmuth Karl Von Moltke, a Prussian Field Marshal, whose reorganization of the Prussian Army lead to military victories which allowed the unification of Germany.
1791 Charles Sprague Boston, banker/poet (Curiosity)
1790 Louis Edouard Rioult, French artist who died in 1855.
1765 Evaristo Fernández San Miguel y Valledor, duque de San Miguel, militar y político español.
1759 Georges Danton France, revolutionary leader
1757 Quien complace a la deidad acierta a sacrificar, zarzuela de Ramón de la Cruz Cano y Olmedilla, se pone en escena.
1727 Aert de Gelder, Dutch painter who died on 28 August 1727. MORE ON DE GELDER AT ART 4 OCTOBER with links to images.
1700 Peter-Jacob Horemans, Flemish artist who died in 1776.
1685 Domenico Scarlatti Naples Italy, harpsichordist, composer: over 550 clavier sonatas; son of composer Alessandro Scarlatti.
1662 Jan-Baptiste Nicolas Morel, Flemish artist who died in 1732.
1615 Jean Nocret (or Naquerez, Nocroit) , French artist who died on 12 November 1672.
1466 Desiderius Erasmus Holland, scholar/author (In Praise of Folly)