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| On a 16 September:
2002 In Jammu and Kashmir (including the Indian-occupied part of Kashmir), first stage of election for the 87-member legislature. The fourth and last stage is scheduled for 08 October. Islamic extremist have opposed the election since it was announced in early August 2002 and more than 300 persons, including more than a dozen candidates and party workers, have been killed in the resulting violence. But the main moderate separatist alliance, the All Parties Hurriyat (Freedom) Conference which groups almost two dozen parties and organizations, has also boycotted the election, declaring that it does not accept anything but self-determination.
2000 Peru's authoritarian President Alberto Fujimori, 62, announces that he will call new elections (he does not say when) and that he would not be a candidate. The hypothesis is that the armed forces have withdrawn their support for him, in the face of strong opposition at home and abroad. Fujimori won a recent re-election, that was rigged. But the last straw was a videotape showing head of the National Intelligence Service Vladimiro Montesinos bribing an opposition congressman. Fujimori also says he will "deactivate" the National Intelligence Service.
1997 Jobs gets old job back Apple Computer recruits founder and former CEO Steve Jobs to temporarily run the company during a search for a permanent leader. A decade earlier, Jobs had left Apple under bitter circumstances.
| 1991 US trial of kidnapped Panamanian dictator, drug
trafficker, and ex-CIA agent Manuel Noriega begins
1990 101 year old Sam Ackerman weds 95 year old Eva in New Rochelle NY
1990 Iraq televises an 8 minute uncensored speech from George Bush
1976 Congress puts the finishing touches on what is to become the Tax Reform Act of '76, aiming to place a fair share of the nation's tax burden on the wealthy, with an increase in the minimum mandatory payments, as well as a reduction in the rolls of citizens who claimed special tax shelters. The Tax Reform Act would pass into law by the end of the year
1976 In Minneapolis, the 65th Triennial General Convention of the Episcopal Church officially approves the ordination of women as priests and bishops.
1975 Papua New Guinea gains independence from Australia (National Day)
1974 US President Ford announces an amnesty program for Vietnam War deserters and draft-evaders, conditioned on them swearing allegiance to the United States and performing two years of public service.
1974 BART begins regular transbay service
1974 Pres Ford announces conditional amnesty for US Vietnam War deserters
| 1972 South Vietnamese troops recapture Quang Tri province
in South Vietnam from the North Vietnamese Army.
1971 6 Klansmen arrested in connection with bombing of 10 school buses
1945 Japan surrenders Hong Kong to Britain.
1945 Barometric pressure at 856 mb (25.55") off Okinawa (record low)
1942 The Japanese base at Kiska in the Aleutian Islands is raided by American bombers.
1941 German armor troops surround Kiev, Ukraine.
1940 Samuel T Rayburn of Texas elected speaker of the US House of Representatives.
1934 Anti-Nazi Lutherans stage protest in Munich.
1919 American Legion incorporated by an act of Congress
| 1888 El Paso del Norte, in Mexico on the southern bank
of the Rio Grande, is renamed Ciudad Juárez. El Paso remains the name of
the bustling little railroad town across the river in Texas.
1873 Les troupes de l'Empire allemand évacuent le territoire national. L'Alsace-Lorraine a été annexée à l'Empire lors du traité de Francfort du 10 mai 1871. Cette annexion provoquera bien des rancoeurs et des haines. Il fallut payer une rançon de cinq milliards de francs pour que ces troupes se retirent.
1864 Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest leads 4500 men out of Verona, Miss. to harass Union outposts in northern Alabama and Tennessee.
1864 Confederate General Wade Hampton's raid at Coggin's Point (Great Cattle Road), Virginia
1862 Gen Bragg's army surrounds 4000 federals at Munfordville, KY
1861 Siege of Lexington, Missouri continues
1858 1st overland mail for California
1812 Fire of Moscow
1789 Jean-Paul Marat sets up a new newspaper in France, L'Ami du Peuple.
1747 The French capture Bergen-op-Zoom, consolidating their occupation of Austrian Flanders in the Netherlands.
1668 King John Casimer V of Poland abdicates the throne.
1662 Flamsteed sees solar eclipse, 1st known astronomical observation
1654 Russian troops occupy Smolensk in Poland
1630 Massachussetts village of Shawmut changes name to Boston
1620 Julian date: Mayflower sets sail: go to Gregorian date 26 September
1224 During an extended period of prayer and fasting, St. Francis of Assisi, 42, receives the stigmata (crucifixion scars of Christ) on Mount Alvernia, in Italy. Francis, the founder of the Franciscans in 1209, has been called by some the greatest of all the Christian saints.
which occurred on a 16 September:
2003 Noboru Beppu, 52; branch manager Kunio Yoshikawa, 41, and a policeman, in Nagoya, Japan, in 13:10 gasoline explosion [photo >] at the end of a televised three-hour police siege of the building of the parcel delivery company Keikyubin, which had started when Beppu came in armed with a 35-cm knife, took the office manager and 7 other employees hostage (he released the seven 10 minutes before the explosion), and poured gasoline on the floor (threatening to set it on fire if he saw even one policeman), claiming the company owed him ¥250'000 ($2100) for his work as a contract driver from July to September (the July portion was scheduled to be paid on 20 September). 25 persons are injured.
2002 Miguel Ajú, de 23 años, en el caserío Pasis, aldea Sampoj, Santa Catarina Ixtahuacán, Sololá, Guatemala, fue sacado a rastras y a golpes de su vivienda por unos 800 aldeanos que lo sindicaban de la muerte de Juan Ixtot. Lo ataron de pies y manos a un árbol de cacao, donde fue degollado a las 22:50.
2002 Juan Ixtot, de 82 años, en el caserío Pasis, aldea Sampoj, Santa Catarina Ixtahuacán, departamento de Sololá, Guatemala, a machetazos por Miguel Ajú, a mediodía (el victimado ya moribundo dijo que el culpable fue Ajú).
2002 Isabel Muñoz, 36, Vincent LaBianca, 34, and John H. Harrison, 53, who shoots the first two and then himself in his 11th floor office of Empire Blue Cross and Blue Shield at 1440 Broadway, New York City. More
2002:: 11 persons by a terrorist bomb made of an artillery shell and detonated by remote control near a bus stop in Grozny, Chechnya. It was probably intended against police vehicles of the Russian occupiers or their puppets and detonated at the wrong moment.
2002 Cardinal François-Xavier Nguyên Van Thuân of Vietnam, 74, in Rome, of cancer. Cardinal Van Thuân, one of the few Asians to occupy top Vatican posts, spent 13 years in prison and under house arrest in Vietnam after the Communists came to power in 1975, after the Vietnam War, and began repressing the Roman Catholic Church. About 10% of Vietnam's population of more than 79 million are Christians, most of them Catholics. Many Catholics were driven underground after the Communist takeover, and Cardinal Van Thuân's status was not helped by the fact that he was related to a former president of South Vietnam, the Communists' wartime enemy. During his prison years, eight of which were spent in solitary confinement, Cardinal Van Thuân wrote about spirituality, survival and hope. He was released in 1991 but while he was visiting Rome, the Vietnam government declared him persona non grata and said he could never return home. He became a cardinal in February 2001. The pope in 1998 appointed him president of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, in charge of formulating church teaching on justice and international law. In 2000, he was chosen to preach to the Vatican bureaucracy at the Lenten spiritual retreat, another sign of esteem. [20 Sep 2002: l'omelia del Papa per le esequie: Eroico araldo del Vangelo di Cristo, esempio luminoso di coerenza cristiana sino al martirio Same in French, English, Portuguese]
2001 Annie O'Donnell, 107, at the home of relatives in County Derry. She was born in County Donegal on 08 December 1893 and was a former schoolteacher. The title of oldest woman in Ireland passes to twice-widowed Annie O'Malley, in County Mayo, who was born on 17 September 1894..
2001 Shi Wanxia, 29, murdered by ethnic Korean Piao Yongzhi
Updated: 2001 Wed, Nov 07 11:00 AM EST BEIJING (Reuters) - An ex-convict has been indicted in China for the gruesome murder of a woman who was beheaded, scalped and the skin from her face cooked in a pot, a police official said Wednesday. Ethnic Korean Piao Yongzhi is accused of murdering 29-year-old Shi Wanxia out of lust for her long hair, police officer Du Changqing told Reuters by telephone from Kaishantun, in the northeastern province of Jilin. The 40-year-old Piao took the victim's head back home after beheading her with an axe and seriously wounding her sister on 16 September 2001, Du said. He then peeled off the scalp and hair and cooked the facial skin with some pepper. The victim's hair and skull were discovered in his storage room. "We found out later that he had just been stir-frying the dish when we knocked on the door," Du said. Authorities found the victim's face boiling in a pot when they searched the house. The suspect had been sentenced to life in prison for a 1977 murder and was released in 1997, Du said. Prosecutors are seeking the death penalty for Piao, the officer said. He did not say when the trial would begin. Details of especially grisly or otherwise high profile cases are routinely published in advance of trials at which the verdicts are almost certain.
2000 Heorhy Gongadze, 31,
abducted and, this day or soon thereafter, decapitated.
Opposition journalist Heorhy Gongadze [photo >], head of the online newspaper Ukrainska Pravda disappears on his way home from work.
On 3 November 2000, his decapitated body would be found in a forest in the Bila Tserkva region of Ukraine.
The opposition will demand President Leonid Kuchma's resignation, citing incriminating audio tapes released by Kuchma's former bodyguard, Major Mykola Melnichenko.
In April 2001, the US would grant political asylum to Melnychenko, to Gongadze's wife, Myroslava, and to the twin Gongadze daughters.
| 1989 Allen
US mathematician born in 1927. He worked on a wide range of mathematical
topics including measure theory, complex functions, functional analysis
and operator theory.
1946 James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist (thermodynamics, heat and other aspects of radiation), mathematician, astronomer, born on 11 September 1877. He thought that God was a colleague: "From the intrinsic evidence of his creation, the Great Architect of the Universe now begins to appear as a pure mathematician.” Author of The dynamical theory of gasses, Theoretical Mechanics (1906), The Mathematical Theory of Electricity and Magnetism (1908), Problems of cosmogony and stellar dynamics (1919), Astronomy and Cosmogony (1928), Introduction to the Kinetic Theory of Gases (1940); and of nine popular books including The Universe Around Us (1929), The Mysterious Universe (1930), The New Background of Science (1933), Through Space and Time (1934), Science and Music (1938), Physics and Philosophy (1943).
1931 Niels Nielsen, Danish mathematician born on 02 December 1865.
1925 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Friedmann, Saint-Petersburg Russian mathematician born on 16 June (04 June Julian) 1888.
1853 Johann Peter Hasenclever, German artist born on 18 May 1810.
1775 Louis-Fabricius Dubourg (or du Bourg), Dutch artist born on 2 July 1693.
1672 Anne Bradstreet American poet, (birth date unknown)
1643 Lucas Franchoys Sr., Flemish artist born on 25 January 1574.
1530 (or some other day since 13 Jul 1530) Quentin Metsys “de Smit” “Herrero”, Flemish artist born in 1466. MORE ON METSYS AT ART 4 SEPTEMBER LINKS Virgin and Child The Holy Kinship The Entombment of the Lord The Moneylender and His Wife _ (detail). Virgin and Child. Erasmus of Rotterdam The Adoration of the Magi The Ugly Duchess [who was reincarnated in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (chapter 6)] / Saint Anne Altarpiec (open) Central Panel _ detail Left Wing Right Wing detail Closed / Saint John Altarpiece whole Central panel Left wing Right wing detail / Christ on the Cross with Donors round Virgin with the Child a different Virgin and Child yet another different Virgin and Child Virgin and Child in a Landscape Virgin and Child Surrounded by Angels Lamentation The Moneylender and his Wife _ detail John the Baptist and St Agnes (2 pictures) Portrait of an Old Man Portrait of a Canon The Rest on the Flight into Egypt
1498 Tomas de Torquemada, inquisitor who burned 10'000 persons.
which occurred on a 16 September:
1997 Megahertz modem. Microsoft's WebTV announces that it has developed a video modem capable of receiving one million bits of data per second.
1926 Robert Schuller televangelist (Glass Cathedral), author.
1919 American Legion is incorporated by an act of US Congress.
1911 Wilfred Burchett Australia, communist/writer (Catapult to Freedom)
1887 Kamato Hongo, Japanese. She was the world's oldest living person on her 115th birthday, with the possible exception of Vietnamese woman Vu Thi Dao, whose date of birth in 1887 is not known.
1880 Alfred Noyes England, poet (The Highwayman)
1877 James J Jeans cosmologist/astrophysicist (Mysterious Universe)
1875 James Cash Penney department store founder (J.C. Penney)
1861 Franz von Matsch, Austrian artist who died in 1942.
1858 A Bonar Law (C) British PM (1922-23)
1857 Typesetting machine patented.
1832 George Washington Custis Lee, in Fort Monroe, Virginia, son of Robert E. Lee. Custis Lee would become aide-de-camp of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and be promoted to general. He would die on 18 February 1913.
1823 Francis Parkman Jr. American historian / author. PARKMAN ONLINE: : The Oregon Trail
1816 Theodore Martin, translator of Schiller's William Tell.
1736 Johannes Nikolaus Tetens, German philosopher, physicist, mathematician, who died on 17 August 1807. Author of Philosophische Versuche über die menschliche Natur und ihre Entwickelung (1777) on the origin and structure of knowledge.
1685 John Gay poet. GAY ONLINE: The Beggar's Opera The Beggar's Opera The Beggar's Opera
1638 Louis XIV [Sun King] king of France (1643-1715)
1585 Ottavio Vannini, Florentine painter who died on 25 February 1644. — more — Lorenzo il Magnifico tra gli Artisti
1494 Francisco Maurolico, Messina Catholic priest ordained in 1521, who later became a Benedictine. He served as head of the mint in Sicily, he was in charge of the fortifications of Messina, and was appoined to write a history of Sicily. Maurolico wrote important books on Greek mathematics, restored many ancient works from scant information and translated many ancient texts. He made a table of secants. Maurolico also worked on geometry, the theory of numbers, optics, conics, and mechanics. In Cosmographia Maurolico gave methods for measuring the Earth. He made astronomical observations, in particular he observed the supernova which appeared in Cassiopeia in 1572 now known as “Tycho's supernova”.
1387 Henry V king of England (1413-22)