• Over 400 die in burning Egyptian train... • Glenn orbits Earth... • Edit de tolérance en Chine... • Finns repulse Soviets... • White savages scalp Indians... • Della Robbia is born... • Bernanos is born... • Last viceroy in India... • Daumier is born... • Levinsky interview... • Darwin at Fernando Noronha... • Lamborghini dies... • SEATO disbands... • Atlanta editor kidnapped... • Walter Winchell dies... • Dylan Thomas arrives in New York... • Ansel Adams is born... • Joseph Hume dies... • Microsoft names Internet czar... • Le Manifeste Futuriste... • Sophia Reuther dies... • Hearings on US policy in Vietnam... • Philadelphia & Reading RR receivership... • First US WWII flying ace...
a 20 February:
2004 Tragi-farcical parliamentary elections in Iran, from which more than 2400 candidates have been barred by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei [voting today >] and his extremist fundamentalist Muslim mullahs, who hold the real power and control news media, courts, and armed forces. After protesting in vain, the powerless reformist government of President Mohammad Khatami capitulated, urging people to accept the outcome, "whatever the result." The result, of course, is that the fundamentalists regain control of the 290-seat parliament, which they had disastrously lost in the 2000 elections. The reformists show their popular support by their boycott of today's elections resulting in many abstentions.
2003 Before the opening of the New York stock markets, the (communications and IT) Titan Corporation (TTN) announces that its President and COO, Eric DeMarco, will be leaving in mid-March. Wachovia downgrades TTN from Outperform to Underperform. On the New York Stock Exchange, 10 million of the 78 million TTN shares are traded, dropping from their previous close of $11.22 to an intraday low of $7.20 and closing at $8.02. They had traded as high as $18.84 as recently as 16 May 2002, and $42.98 on 03 April 2000. [< 5~year price chart]
2003 Explosion at 08:00 and fire in Corbin, Kentucky, at the dusty CTA Acoustics plant which makes insulation for automakers. Of 20 workers injured, David "Joe" Hamilton, 37, and Arnold Peters, 57, would die on 25 February; Jimmy Lemmings, 42, on 02 March; David Messer, 43, on 03 March; Paul Newman, 50, on 05 March, and Michael Reeves, 41, on 08 March 2003
2002 Salifu Ojo, 23, a farm laborer in southwest Ondo state, Nigeria, is arrested for killing with a machete Christiana Elijah, 40, mother of four, his boss, after a dispute over his pay. He chopped off her head, hands and legs, then removed her internal organs which he used as ingredients for a soup. Ojo confessed to other laborers after the soup made him vomit.
Cease-fire offered to main Philippine rebels.
The Philippines' new president [photo >] announces a cease-fire with the main separatist rebels in Mindanao, a resource-rich but economically backward region where fighting has claimed more than 120'000 lives over three decades. The rebels from the Moro Islamic Liberation Front have been fighting to make the region a Muslim republic. The rest of the Philippines is mainly Roman Catholic. The order for suspension of military operations will take effect as soon as President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo issues an executive order.
The decision does not apply to a smaller but more radical Muslim separatist group, the Abu Sayyaf, which has outraged the government by kidnapping dozens of hostages. That group announces today that it has tortured an ailing US hostage, Jeffrey Schilling, to retaliate for US and British airstrikes on Iraq.
Arroyo says that she hopes the MILF rebels in Mindanao will reciprocate quickly. "I would say that building peace would be less expensive than supporting an all-out war," she says. Acting Defense Secretary Eduardo Ermita says that the verbal announcement "is as good as a written order for us."
Mindanao, the poorest region of the Philippines, has 18 million residents and is about the size of Tennessee. It is rich in resources, including timber, fish and gold, but the average annual income in its poorest areas is about $200, compared with more than $1000 nationally.
Since becoming president on 20 January during a "people power" revolt, Arroyo has made a top priority of resuming peace talks with MILF, as well as with communist guerrillas waging a Marxist insurgency nationwide. Her vice president and several Cabinet ministers come from the region which has long complained of government neglect.
On 19 20 February01, Justice Secretary Hernando Perez said that Arroyo has approved the release of 49 alleged political prisoners, including Muslim and communist radicals, in an effort to speed renewal of the talks.
Peace talks with the Muslim rebels collapsed in 2000 after then-President Joseph Estrada ordered a massive military campaign that captured many rebel camps in Mindanao. MILF officials did not immediately comment, but the group has welcomed Arroyo's peace overtures in recent weeks, including her decision to withdraw Estrada's "all-out war" policy.
Arroyo said her order had three purposes: to create an environment to foster new talks, allow thousands of people who have been displaced by the conflict to return to their homes, and pave the way for rehabilitation and development projects in the area.
The government has so far pursued a policy of no negotiations with the smaller Abu Sayyaf, calling its members mere bandits. The military has reported 187 clashes with Abu Sayyaf guerrillas since it launched a major offensive last September. The government has estimated that Abu Sayyaf numbers nearly 1300 members about 10 times smaller than MILF.
impeachment aftermath: Lewinsky interview.
(1) After months of waiting for the go-ahead from Independent Counsel Ken Starr, Barbara Walters has taped her interview with Monica Lewinsky at a tightly guarded television studio in New York City.
| 1999 Triunfo del Partido Democrático del Pueblo (PDP),
de Olusegun Obasanjo, en las elecciones celebradas en Nigeria.
1998 Los representantes del Sinn Fein (brazo político del IRA) son temporalmente expulsados de la mesa de negociaciones de paz sobre ] Irlanda del Norte.
1998 Primeras detenciones por pertenencia a grupos paramilitares de miembros de las fuerzas de seguridad de Colombia.
1998 Estados Unidos finaliza sus operaciones en la Antártida, tras 43 años de presencia en la zona.
1997 The Galileo spacecraft detects possible evidence of liquid water beneath the surface of Europa, satellite of Jupiter.
1996 Microsoft names Internet division head.
Microsoft named Brad Silverberg head of a new Internet division. The new division represented a major change in Microsoft's business strategy. In December 1995, Bill Gates had denied that the company would start a division dedicated to the Internet. Earlier in the month, Microsoft had killed a programming tool for its proprietary online service, the Microsoft Network, announcing it would concentrate its efforts on a Web programming tool instead. Over the next year, the company invested in a series of expensive online publishing ventures, including Slate magazine, various Web shows, and a number of online commerce sites, as well as hardware and software aimed at developing and serving Web sites. After two years, the company changed direction again, cutting back on content and focusing on commerce sites and services. 1996 H&R Block spins off CompuServe Formerly under one umbrella, H&R Block announced that it would turn CompuServe into an independent company on 20 February 1996. The spin-off was delayed several times throughout the following year, as CompuServe's financial struggles continued. The company was finally spun off late in 1996. 1998 AOL, MCI subpoenaed in Microsoft antitrust suit On this day in 1998, the Justice Department subpoenaed America Online, MCI, and other Internet service providers as part of its probe into Microsoft's business practices. When the antitrust suit opened in the fall, AOL claimed that Microsoft pressured the company into using its Internet Explorer rather than Netscape's browser software.
| 1994 Three Afghans take 70 Pakistani children hostage.
1993 Police in Liverpool, England, charges two 10-year-old boys with the 12 Feb 1993 abduction and slaying of toddler James Bulger, a crime that shocked the country and terrified parents. Jon Venables and Robert Thompson were later convicted.
1992 On Larry King Show, Ross Perot says he'll run for President.
1991 100'000 personas se manifiestan en Tirana por la democratización de Albania. [contra la tiranía de Tirana]
1990 El Soviet Supremo estudia el proyecto de disgregación de las repúblicas de la URSS.
1989 Total eclipse of the Moon.
1986 La URSS coloca en el espacio la estación orbital 'Mir'.
1978 Egypt announces it is pulling its diplomats out of Cyprus.
1977 Carlos Humberto Romero, elegido presidente de El Salvador.
1975 Margaret Thatcher elected leader of British Conservative Party
1971 Major General Idi Amin Dada appoints himself President of Uganda
1971 The National Emergency Warning Center in Colorado erroneously ordered radio and TV stations across the US to go off the air. Some stations heed the alert, which is not lifted for about 40 minutes.
| 1965 Turkish government of Uergüplü forms.
1953 El cuadro de Francisco de Goya y Lucientes Dama con abanico, es vendido en Londres por 1400 libras esterlinas. GOYA LINKS
| 1944 US takes Eniwetok Island.
1944 During World War II, US bombers begin raiding German aircraft manufacturing centers in a series of attacks that would become known as "Big Week."
1943 Allied troops occupy Kasserine pass in Tunisia.
1943 Movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies informally. World War II led to a proliferation of war-themed films, and the government feared that vital information might be disclosed through movies.
1943 New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer's corn patch (México)
1941 Nazis order Polish Jews barred from using public transportation.
1938 Anthony Eden resigned as British foreign secretary in a dispute with Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain.
1933 The US House of Representatives completes congressional action on an contitutional amendment to repeal Prohibition.
1932 Japanese troops occupy Tunhua China.
1929 American Samoa organized as a territory of US.
1922 Vilnius, Lithuania, agrees to separate from Poland.
1921 Riza Khan Pahlevi seizes control of Iran.
1919 French premier Clemenceau injured during assassination attempt.
1878 Following the death of Pius IX, Italian cardinal Gioacchino Pecci, 67, was elected Pope Leo XIII. His papacy, possibly the century's most productive, was best known for his teaching encyclicals and for establishing in 1902 the Pontifical Biblical Commission.
1877 first cantilever bridge in US completed, Harrodsburg KY
1869 Tennessee Governor W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
1864 Civil War Battle of Olustee (Ocean Pond), Florida
1846 British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore
1832 Darwin visits
Fernando Noronha island in Atlantic Ocean
He makes this entry in The Voyage of the Beagle:
FERNANDO NORONHA, Feb. 20th. As far as I was enabled to observe, during the few hours we stayed at this place, the constitution of the island is volcanic, but probably not of a recent date. The most remarkable feature is a conical hill, about one thousand feet high, the upper part of which is exceedingly steep, and on one side overhangs its base. The rock is phonolite, and is divided into irregular columns. On viewing one of these isolated masses, at first one is inclined to believe that it has been suddenly pushed up in a semi-fluid state. At St. Helena, however, I ascertained that some pinnacles, of a nearly similar figure and constitution, had been formed by the injection of melted rock into yielding strata, which thus had formed the moulds for these gigantic obelisks. The whole island is covered with wood; but from the dryness of the climate there is no appearance of luxuriance. Half-way up the mountain, some great masses of the columnar rock, shaded by laurel-like trees, and ornamented by others covered with fine pink flowers but without a single leaf, gave a pleasing effect to the nearer parts of the scenery.
On 27 December 1831, British naturalist Charles Robert Darwin had set out from Plymouth, England, aboard the HMS Beagle, on a five-year surveying expedition of the southern Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Visiting such diverse places as Fernando Noronha island, Brazil, the Galapagos Islands, and New Zealand, Darwin acquired an intimate knowledge of the flora, fauna, wildlife, and geology of many lands. This information proves invaluable in the development of his theory of evolution, first put forth in his groundbreaking scientific work of 1859, The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. Darwin's theory of natural selection argues that species are the result of a gradual biological evolution of living organisms in which nature encourages, through natural selection, those species best suited to their environments to propagate future descendants. The Origin of Species is the first significant work on the theory of evolution, and is greeted with great interest in the scientific world, although it is also violently attacked because it contradicts the account of creation given in the Bible. Nevertheless, the work, unquestionably one of the most important in the history of science, eventually succeeds in gaining acceptance from almost all biologists.
The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or The Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life would be published in England on 24 November 1859. Darwin's theory of natural selection argues that species are the result of a gradual biological evolution of living organisms in which nature encourages, through natural selection, those species best suited to their environments to propagate future descendants.
The first printing of 1250 copies sells out in a single day. By 1872, it would have run through six editions, and become one of the most influential books of modern times. Darwin, the privileged and well-connected son of a successful English doctor, had been interested in botany and natural sciences since his boyhood, despite the discouragement of his early teachers. At Cambridge, he found professors and scientists with similar interests and with their help began participating in scientific voyages. He traveled around South America for five years as an unpaid botanist on the HMS Beagle. By the time Darwin returned, he had developed an outstanding reputation as a field researcher and scientific writer, based on his many papers and letters dispatched from South America and the Galapagos Islands, which were read at meetings of prominent scientific societies in London. Darwin began publishing studies of zoology and geology as soon as he returned from his voyage. Fearing the fate of other scientists, like Copernicus and Galileo, who had published radical scientific theories, Darwin held off publishing his theory of natural selection for years. He secretly developed his theory during two decades of surreptitious research following his trip on the Beagle. Meanwhile, he married and had seven children. He finally published Origin of Species after another scientist began publishing papers with similar ideas. His book laid the groundwork for modern botany, cellular biology, and genetics. He died in 1882.
Darwin, who was influenced by the work of French naturalist Jean Baptiste de Lamarck, and later by English scientist Alfred Russel Wallace, acquired most of the evidence for his theory during a five-year surveying expedition aboard the HMS Beagle during the 1830s. Visiting such diverse places as Brazil, the Galapagos Islands, and New Zealand, Darwin acquired an intimate knowledge of the flora, fauna, wildlife, and geology of many lands. This information, along with his experiments with variation and interbreeding after returning to England, proved invaluable in the development of his theory of natural selection. His On the Origin of Species is the first significant work on the theory of evolution, and is greeted with great interest in the scientific world, although it is also violently attacked because it contradicts the account of creation given in the Bible. Nevertheless, the work, unquestionably one of the most important in the history of science, eventually succeeds in gaining acceptance from almost all biologists.
Darwin, born 12 February 1809 the privileged and well-connected son of successful English doctor Robert Waring Darwin, had been interested in botany and natural sciences since his boyhood, despite the discouragement of his early teachers. At Cambridge, he found professors and scientists with similar interests and with their help began participating in scientific voyages, including the HMS Beagle's trip.
By the time Darwin returned, he had developed an outstanding reputation as a field researcher and scientific writer, based on his many papers and letters dispatched from South America and the Galapagos Islands, which were read at meetings of prominent scientific societies in London. Darwin began publishing studies of zoology and geology as soon as he returned from his voyage, while also secretly working on his radical theory of evolution.
Knowing that scientists who had published radical theories before had been ostracized or worse, Darwin held off on publishing his theory of natural selection for nearly two decades. Meanwhile, he married and had seven children. He finally published On the Origin of Species after another scientist began publishing papers with similar ideas. His book laid the groundwork for modern botany, cellular biology, and genetics. He died on 19 April 1882.
DARWIN ONLINE: ^top^
|1835 Un terremoto en Chile causa graves daños en las
regiones de Valparaíso y Valdivia.
1831 Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow
1831 Les grandes puissances proclament la neutralité de la jeune Belgique.
1828 Paraguay proclama su independencia.
1823 English Captain James Weddell reaches 74º 15' S, 1520 km from South Pole
1811 Austria declares bankruptcy
1811 A la suite de la publication de son Itinéraire de Paris à Jérusalem, François-René de Chateaubriand est élu à l'Académie française. Napoléon qui n'admet pas qu'un opposant puisse être reçu sous la coupole lui interdit de prononcer son discours de réception.
1809 The US Supreme Court rules that the power of the federal government is greater than that of any individual state.
1768 first American chartered fire insurance company receives charter (Pennsylvania)
1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Castle of Inverness
1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Fort August, Scotland.
1737 French minister of Finance, Chauvelin, resigns under pressure. Chauvelin, secrétaire d'Etat aux Affaires étrangères, est tenu responsable par Fleury, ministre de Louis XV, de l'engagement de la France dans la guerre de Succession de Pologne qui se révèle ruineuse ; il est écarté du pouvoir et exilé.
1732 Estates of Holland ratifies Treaty of Vienna
1547 King Edward VI of England was enthroned following death of Henry VIII.
1525 Swiss and German mercenaries desert François I's army.
1524 Carlos I (rey de España y V emperador de Alemania) ordena estudiar la posibilidad de unir el Mar del Sur (Pacífico) con el Mar del Norte (Atlántico) por el istmo de Panamá.
1524 Fears prove unfounded which resulted from the prediction of mathematician and astrologer Johannes Stoeffler that, on this day, would occur twenty conjunctions, small, mean and great, of which sixteen will occupy a watery sign, signifying to well-nigh the whole world, climates, kingdoms, provinces, estates, signatories, brutes, beasts of the sea, and to all dwellers on earth indubitable mutation, variation and alteration such as we have scarce perceived for many centuries from historiographers and our elders.
which occurred on a 20 February:
500'002'000 Life on Earth, as plant life can no longer be sustained due to most of the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere having gone into calcium carbonate in the oceans, according to what James F. Kasting said on 20 February 2000. (approximate date, give or take a few hundred million years). [He is not to be confused with Central Kasting].
2003:: 96 persons: Kevin P. Anderson, 37; Stacie J. Angers, 29; Louis S. Alves, 33; Christopher Arruda, 30; Eugene Avilez, 21; Tina M. Ayer, 33; Karla Bagtaz, 41; Mary H. Baker, 32; Thomas A. Barnett, 38; Laureen M. (DeSantis) Beauchaine, 35; Steven Thomas Blom, 39; William Christopher Bonardi III, 36; Richard A. Cabral Jr., 37; Kristine M. Carbone, 38; William W. Cartwright, 42; Edward B. Corbet III, 31; Michael Cordier, 31; Alfred Carmino Crisostomi, 38; Robert Croteau, 31; Kevin J. Dunn, 37; Lisa D'Andrea, 42; Matthew P. Darby, 36; Dina Ann (Belanger) DeMaio [20 Feb 1973 ]; Rachael K. Florio-DePietro , 31; Albert Anthony DiBonaventura, 18; Christina DiRienzo, 37; Edward Ervanian, 29; Thomas Fleming, 30; Mark A. Fontaine, 22; Daniel John Frederickson, 37; Michael A. Fresolo, 32; James C. Gahan , 21; Melvin Gerfin Jr., 46; Laura L. Gillett, 32; Charline Elaine Gingras-Fick, 35; Michael James Gonsalves, 40; James Gooden, 37; Scott Griffith, 41; Derek Gray, 22; Skott C. Greene, 35; Bonnie L. Hamelin, 27; Jude Henault, 37; Andrew Hoban , 22; Abbie L. Hoisington, 28; Michael Hoogasian, 31, and his wife Sandy Hoogasian, 27; Carlton “Bud” Howorth III, 39; Eric James Hyer, 32; Derek Brian Johnson, 32; Lisa Kelly, 27; Tracy F. King, 39; Michael Joseph Kulz, 30; Keith Lapierre, 29; Dale L. Latulippe, 46; Stephen M. Libera , 21; John M. Longiaru , 23; Ty Longley [04 Sep 1971 ]; Judith Manzo , 37; Steven Mancini, 39, and his wife Andrea Louise Mancini, 28; Keith Anthony Mancini, 34; Thomas Frank Marion Jr., 27; Jeffrey W. Martin, 33; Tammy A. Mattera-Housa, 29; Kristen Leigh McQuarrie, 37; Thomas Medeiros, 40, and his girlfriend Lori K. (Roe) Durante, 40; Samuel J. Miceli Jr., 37; Leigh Ann Moreau, 21; Ryan M. Morin, 31; Jason Morton, 38; Beth Ellen Mosczynski, 33; Donna M. Mitchell, 29; Nicholas Philip O'Neill, 18; Katherine O'Donnell, 26; Matthew James Pickett, 23; Carlos L. Pimentel Sr., 38; Christopher Prouty, 34; Jeffrey Rader, 32; Theresa Rakoski, 30; Robert L. Reisner III, 29; Walter Rich, 40; Donald Paul “Inky” Roderiques , 46, and his friend Victor Stark , 39; Tracey Romanoff, 32; Joseph E. Rossi, 35; Bridget Sanetti , 25; Rebecca Shaw, 24; Dennis Smith , 36; Shawn Patrick Sweet , 28; Jason Sylvester, 24; Sarah Jane Telgarsky, 37; Kevin R. Washburn , 30; Everett Thomas ''Tommy'' Woodmansee III, 30; Robert Daniel Young, 29; Benjamin J. Suffoletto Jr., 43; due to fire [photo >], during concert by Great White “heavy metal” rock band (of which Longley was the lead guitarist) at nightclub The Station in West Warwick, Rhode Island, after 23:00 (during the first song), when fireworks (for which the club did not have a city permit) ignite the soundproofing foam in the back of the stage and the low hanging ceiling and, within 3 minutes, fire engulfs the whole wooden building (which was not required to have sprinklers), and the dense smoke prevents most of the 350 persons inside (50 more than legal capacity) from seeing the three back exits, so that most stampede to the front exit. Gonsalves was DJ “Doctor Metal” who had just introduced the band. Legal assistant (by day) DeMaio was moonlighting as a waitress at the club. So were the Mancinis (bouncer and cashier). 187 are injured, of which one (Linda Suffoletto, 43, wife of Benjamin Suffoletto listed above) would die on 28 February, one (Kelly Vieira, 40) on 01 March, one (Mitchell Shubert, 39) on 06 March.
2003 Robert Deneth, shot by Saud bin Ali bin Nasser, 30, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Deneth, a British employee of British aviation and aerospace company BAE Systems, was driving and stopped at a stop-and-go light.
2002 Brenda, 10; Jonathan, 6; Cecelia, 4; and Anthony García, 2, by carbon monoxide from a smoking charcoal grill in their Pico Rivera, California, home, as they are sleeping in the early morning. Another sibling, 6, dies the next day. The last sibling, a girl, 9, and the father Adair García, 30, are hospitalized. He is believed to have caused this as a murder-suicide and will be charged with murder.
1960 Sir Charles Leonard Woolley, 80, British archaeologist who spent more than 40 years in the field. Woolley is remembered for having excavated Ur of the Chaldees, and for discovering the ancient Sumerian civilization.
1955 Arthur Dixon, mathematician.
1942 Louis Soutter, Swiss artist born on 04 June 1871.
1940 Day 83 of Winter
War: USSR aggression against Finland.
More deaths due to Stalin's desire to grab Finnish territory.
Finnish counterattack retakes part of front line
The day begins on the Isthmus with heavy enemy bombing.
Representatives of the Western Allies are negotiating with Mannerheim over possible military aid for Finland.
The Russians maintain the heavy pressure in the Taipale sector. In Terenttilä they break through the Finnish defences to a depth of 1.5 kilometres. Intense enemy bombing hampers Finnish countermeasures. By evening, part of the front line has been retaken in a counterattack.
The situation of the Finnish troops in the intermediary positions on the Isthmus has decisively deteriorated. In the Mustalampi area, Soviet tanks dragging sled personnel carriers break through the intermediary defenses during the night. By afternoon the breakthrough extends to a depth of one kilometer. The defending Finns manage to deal with the enemy infantry, but are unable to destroy the tanks. About twenty tanks push through the Finnish positions. One of the reasons for the Finnish failure is a lack of artillery shells. Finnish losses are 74 dead and wounded.
The defense of Viipurinlahti bay is transferred from the navy to the army of the Isthmus.
Finnish gunners shoot down nine enemy aircraft today.
A detachment of Swedish volunteers, Svenska Frivilligkåren, is attached to the Finnish field army. The volunteers prepare to assume responsibility for the front in the far north, taking over from the Lapland Group.
An ambulance sent by the Swedish Red Cross is working close to the front lines in northern Finland.
In Sweden, the national collection and the women's fighter aircraft fund are both growing rapidly.
Back in Finland, the Martha Organization is opening a service centre for veterans of the front in Helsinki.
^ Osa etulinjaa saadaan vallatuksi takaisin vastahyökkäyksellä Talvisodan 83. päivä, 20.helmikuuta.1940 ^top^
Päivä alkaa ankaralla vihollisen lentopommituksella.
Länsiliittoutuneiden edustajat neuvottelevat Mannerheimin kanssa mahdollisesta liittoutuneiden sotilaallisesta avusta.
Venäläisten ankara painostus Taipaleen lohkolla jatkuu. Venäläiset murtautuvat 1,5 kilometriä puolustusaseman syvyyteen Taipaleen Terenttilässä. Vihollisen voimakas ilmapommitus häiritsee suomalaisten vastatoimia. Iltaan mennessä osa etulinjaa saadaan vallatuksi takaisin vastahyökkäyksellä.
Suomalaisten tilanne väliasemassa Karjalan kannaksella huononee ratkaisevasti. Kannaksella Mustalammen alueella neuvostopanssarit murtautuvat yöllä väliaseman läpi mm. hinaten miehistörekiä. Iltapäivään mennessä vihollisen murto ulottuu kilometrin syvyyteen. Vihollisen jalkaväki pystytään lyömään, mutta panssareita ei saada tuhotuksi. Asemien läpi tunkeutuu parikymmentä vihollisen panssarivaunua. Suomalaisten epäonnistumiseen vaikuttaa mm. tykistöammusten puute. Suomalaiset menettävät kaatuneina ja haavoittuneina 74 miestä.
Viipurinlahden puolustus, joka on ollut merivoimilla, siirretään Kannaksen Armeijalle.
Tänään saadaan ammutuksi alas yhdeksän vihollisen lentokonetta.
Ruotsalaisista vapaaehtoisista koottu Svenska Frivilligkåren liitetään Suomen kenttäarmeijaan. Ruotsalaiset vapaaehtoiset valmistautuvat ottamaan rintamavastuun pohjoisessa Lapin Ryhmältä.
Ruotsin Punaisen Ristin lähettämä ambulanssi toimii rintamalinjan läheisyydessä Pohjois-Suomessa.
Ruotsissa kansalliskeräys sekä naisten hävittäjälentorahasto kasvavat hyvää vauhtia.
Martat avaavat Helsinkiin rintamamiesten huoltokeskuksen.
^ En del av den främre linjen återerövras genom motattacker Vinterkrigets 83 dag, den 20 februari 1940 ^top^
Dagen börjar med häftiga fientliga flygräder.
Representanter för de västallierade förhandlar med Mannerheim om eventuell militär hjälp av de allierade.
Ryssarnas svåra påtryckningar i Taipaleavsnittet fortsätter. Ryssarna lyckas slå in en 1,5 kilometer djup kil i det finska försvaret vid Terenttilä, Taipale. Fiendens kraftiga bombardemang stör finnarnas motåtgärder. När det blir kväll har en del av den främre linjen återerövrats genom motattacker. Finnarnas situation på mellanställningen på Karelska näset försämras avsevärt. På området kring Mustalampi på Näset bryter sovjetpansrarna igenom mellanställningen bl.a. genom att bogsera slädar med soldater. På eftermiddagen når inbrytningen ett djup på en kilometer. Man lyckas slå det ryska infanteriet men man kan inte förstöra pansarvagnarna. Ett tjugotal fientliga pansarvagnar tränger igenom ställningen.
Bristen på artilleriprojektiler bidrar till att finnarna misslyckas. Förlusterna är 74 stupade eller sårade soldater.
Försvaret av Viborgska viken, som hittills skötts av flottan, övertas av armén på Näset. Idag har Finland skjutit ner nio ryska flygplan.
Svenska Frivilligkåren ansluts till den finska fältarmén. De frivilliga svenskarna förbereder sig på att överta frontansvaret i norr av Lapplandsgruppen.
Ambulansen som Sveriges Röda Kors har sänt opererar i närheten av frontlinjen i norra Finland.
I Sverige växer både nationalinsamlingen och kvinnornas jaktplansfond med god fart.
Martorna öppnar en försörjningscentral för frontmännen i Helsingfors.
| 1920 Robert E Peary, 63, US pole explorer (North Pole,
04 June 1909) estadounidense.
1919 Martín Coronado, comediógrafo argentino.
1917 About 1500 as ammunition ship explodes in Archangelsk harbor.
1917 Joaquín Dicenta Benedicto, escritor y dramaturgo español.
1916 Léon-François Comerre, French artist born on 10 October 1850.
1909 Paul-Elie Ranson, French Nabi painter born in 1864. LINKS
1901 René Dubos, on his 81st birthday, French-born US microbiologist, environmentalist and author.
1895 Frederick Douglass, 78, escaped slave, anti-slavery leader.
1790 Joseph II, 48, Emperor of Holy Roman empire.
1773 Charles Emanuel I, 71, King of Sardinia/Duke of Savoy (CE III)
1762 Tobias Mayer, mathematician.
1707 Aurangzeb Mogul emperor of India (1658-1707)
1054 Yaroslav I the Wise, 73, ruler (Kiev)
| Births which occurred on a 20 February:
1954 Patty Hearst Shaw, San Francisco, CA, famous hostage Tanya, then cooperator with her kidnappers the Symbionese Liberation Army.
1932 Enrique Múgica Herzog, político español, ex ministro de Justicia y Defensor del Pueblo.
1931 Milnor, mathematician.
1928 Friedrich Wetter [< photo], in Landau, Germany, who would be ordained a priest of the diocese of Speyer on 10 October 1928, be appointed Bishop of Speyer on 28 May 1968 and consecrated a bishop on 29 June 1968, be appointed Archbishop of München und Freising on 28 October 1982, and, on 25 May 1985, be made a cardinal.
1927 Roy Cohn lawyer, "grand inquisitor" (for Senator Joseph McCarthy)
1926 Alfonso Sastre, escritor y dramaturgo español.
1921 Los cuatro jinetes del apocalipsis: de Vicente Blasco Ibáñez se estrena.
1910 Julian Trevelyan, British artist who died in 1988. LINKS
1904 Aleksei Nikolaievich Kosygin, Soviet premier (1964-80). He died on 18 December 1980.
1903 Karel Janacek composer
1901 René Dubos, French-born US microbiologist, environmentalist and author. He died on his 81st birthday
1899 Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, US businessman who died on 13 December 1992.
1898 Enzo Ferrari Italy, sportscar manufacturer (Ferrari)
1896 Henri de Lubac French theologian / anti-fascist
1889 Maurice Barraud, Swiss artist who died in 1954 or 1955.
1888 Anthony Thieme, Dutch US painter who died in 1954. LINKS St. Augustine Yacht Club
1881 Pedro Muñoz Seca, dramaturgo español.
1872 El Metropolitan Museum of Art es inaugurado en Nueva York.
1863 Lucien Pissarro, French painter who died in 1944, son of Camille Pissarro. LINKS
1856 Eduardo León y Garrido, Spanish artist who died in 1906 or 1949 (!!!)
1844 Mihály Munkácsy von Lieb, Hungarian Realist painter who died on 01 May 1900. MORE ON MUNKACSY AT ART 4 FEBRUARY with links to images.
1860 Lerch, mathematician.
1844 Ludwig Boltzmann, mathematician. He died in 1906.
1828 Karl Ferdinand Charles Wimar, US artist who died on 28 November 1862 LINKS On the Prairie
1781 Étienne-Jean Delécluze, French artist who died on 12 July 1863.
1759 Martin von Molitor, Austrian artist who died on 16 April 1812.
NEWS, BAD NEWS
I have a message for you from the doctor.
Let's have it.
Well, there's good news and there's bad news.
OK, give me the good news first.
You have 24 hours to live.
What?! You call that good news! What could be worse?
I forgot to give you the message yesterday.