| On a 19 August:
2002 In the early morning in Midvale, suburb of Salt Lake City, police dogs capture Javier Sickler, 28, stopping him from killing an 11-year-old girl which he is beating viciously about the head with a hammer after raping her. He had abducted her from her bedroom at about 01:30, in sight of her 10-year-old brother. The girl, in critical condition, is rushed to Primary Children's Medical Center in Salt Lake City, where she undergoes nine hours of surgery for multiple bone fractures to her face.
1989 Tadeusz Mazowiecki, elected first non-communmist president of Poland.
1988 Iran-Iraq begin a cease-fire in their 8-year-old war (11 PM EDT)
1981 2 US Navy F-14 jet fighters shot down 2 Soviet-built Libyan SU-22
|1960 Captured US spy pilot is sentenced to ten
years in prison. ^top^
In the USS.R., American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers is sentenced to ten years in a Soviet prison for his confessed espionage.
On 01 May 1960, Powers's U-2 high altitude reconnaissance aircraft was shot down over central Russia, forcing him to bail out at 5000 meters. The CIA-employed pilot survived the parachute jump from his crippled aircraft, but was picked up by the Soviet authorities, who immediately arrested him. On May 5, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev announced the capture of the American spy, and vowed that he would put him on trial. After initial denials, US President Dwight D. Eisenhower admitted on May 7 that the unarmed reconnaissance aircraft was indeed on a spy mission. In response, Khrushchev cancelled a long-awaited summit meeting in Paris, and in August, Powers was sentenced to ten years in a Soviet prison for his confessed espionage. However, a year-and-a-half later, the Soviets agreed to release him in exchange for Rudolph Abel, a Soviet spy caught and convicted in the United States five years earlier. Upon returning to the US, the CIA and the Senate cleared Powers of any personal blame for the incident.
On 01 May 1960, Powers took off from Pakistan at the controls of an ultra-sophisticated Lockheed U-2 high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft. A CIA-employed pilot, he was to fly over more than 3'000 km of Soviet territory to Bodö military airfield in Norway, collecting intelligence information en route. Roughly halfway through his journey, he was shot down by the Soviets over Sverdlovsk in the Ural Mountains. Forced to bail out at 5000 meters altitude, he survived the parachute jump but was promptly arrested by Soviet authorities.
On 05 May, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev announced that the American spy aircraft had been shot down and two days later revealed that Powers was alive and well and had confessed to being on an intelligence mission for the CIA. On 07 May, the United States acknowledged that the U-2 had probably flown over Soviet territory but denied that it had authorized the mission. On 16 May, leaders of the United States, the USSR, Britain, and France met in Paris for a long-awaited summit meeting. The four powers were to discuss tensions in the two Germanys and negotiate new disarmament treaties. However, at the first session, the summit collapsed after President Dwight D. Eisenhower refused to apologize to Khrushchev for the U-2 incident. Khrushchev also canceled an invitation for Eisenhower to visit the USSR.
In August, Powers pleaded guilty to espionage charges in Moscow and was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment three in prison and seven in a prison colony. However, only 18 months later, the Soviets agreed to release him in exchange for Rudolf Abel, a senior KGB spy who was caught and convicted in the United States five years earlier. On February 10, 1962, Powers and Abel were brought to separate sides of the Glienicker Bridge, which connected East and West Berlin across Lake Wannsee. As the spies waited, negotiators talked in the center of the bridge where a white line divided East from West. Finally, Powers and Abel were waved forward and walked past each other to freedom.
Upon returning to the United States, Powers was cleared by the CIA and the Senate of any personal blame for the U-2 incident. In 1970, he published a book, Operation Overflight, about the incident and in 1977 was killed in the crash of a helicopter he flew as a reporter for a Los Angeles television station.
| 1960 Sputnik 5 carries 2 dogs, 3 mice into orbit (later
recovered alive) [cats were ruled out]
1958 NAACP Youth Council begin sit-ins at Oklahoma City Lunch counters
1957 The first balloon flight to exceed 100'000 feet (30'480 m) altitude takes off from Crosby, Minnesota.
1954 Ralph J Bunche named undersecretary of UN
1944 In an effort to prevent a Communist uprising in Paris, Charles DeGaulle begins attacking German forces all around the city.
1942 First US offensive in Pacific in WW2, Guadalcanal, Solomon Island.
1785 Congress empowers the US Treasury Board to standardize the nation's weights and measures.
1779 Americans under Major Henry Lee take the British garrison at Paulus Hook, New Jersey.
1772 Gustavus III of Sweden eliminates the rule of parties and establishes an absolute monarchy.
1587 Sigismund III is chosen to be the king of Poland.
1263 King James I of Aragon censors Hebrew writings
1099 The armies of the First Crusade defeat the Saracens at the Battle of Ascalon (an historic Palestinian city on the Mediterranean), one month after they had captured Jerusalem.
which occurred on an 19 August:
2003 Carlos Roberto Reina Idiáquez [photo >], Honduran, suicide after three weeks of illness following a gallbladder operation. Born on 13 March 1926, he was a Liberal Party activist who was imprisoned in 1944 after criticizing the dictator Tiburcio Carías Andino, and again imprisoned briefly by military governments in 1963 and 1968. Reina was elected President of Honduras in November 1993 with promises to crack down on corruption and reduce the role of the military. He took office on 27 January 1994. He made gradual progress on both fronts during his four-year term which ended on 27 January 1998, when he was succeeded by Carlos Roberto Flores Facussé [10 Mar 1950~], also of the Liberal Party, who had been elected on 30 November 1997. He eliminated mandatory military service, helping ease Honduras away from decades of military meddling in politics, though corruption, crime and poverty remain grave problems in Honduras. He survived a 1996 bombing that blew a hole in his house (the bomber escaped). He was a law professor for 30 years at the National Autonomous University and was publisher of the Liberal Party newspaper El Pueblo in the 1960's. He was first elected to Congress on 12 February 1965. After his presidential term, he served as a judge of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and as ambassador to France.
2003: Lilach Karadi, 22, and her Unborn Baby Karadi, due to be born within a month; Menachem Liebel, 24 [< photo]; Shmuel Zargari, 11 months; Yaakov Binder, 50; rabbi Eliezer Weisfish, 42; Avraham Bar On, 12; Yaacov “Yankele” Binder, 50; Benjamin Bergman, 15; Liba Schwartz, 54; Tehila Nathanson, 3; Shmuel Volner, 50 (all 12 from Jerusalem); Mordechai Reinitz, 49, and his son Yisachar Reinitz, 9, from Netanya; Goldie Taubenfeld, 43, and her son Shmuel Taubenfeld, 5 months, from New York; Henoch Segal, 65; Hava Rechnitzer, 19; Elisheva Meshulami, girl 16; Miriam Eisenstan, 20, all 4 from Bnei Brak; and a Thai woman; and suicide bomber Raed Abdel-Hamid Masq, a Hamas militant, on a bus in the Shmuel Hanavi neighborhood of Jerusalem, at 21:00 (18:00 UT). Some 110 persons are wounded, including some 40 children. Most of the people on the bus, which was traveling from the Western Wall to the religious neighborhood of Har Nof, were ultra-Orthodox Jews. Some of the dead and injured were not on the bus, but near it.
2003 The following 16 UN staff members:
1) Sergio Vieira de Mello, 55, the UN's secretary-general's special representative to Iraq, (Brazil).
2) Richard Hooper, 40, an Arab expert on special assignment in Iraq, special assistant to UN Undersecretary-General for Political Affairs Kieran Prendergast (US)
3) Emaad Ahmed Salman, Vieira de Mello's office (Iraq)
4) Ranillo Buenaventura, 47, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, (Philippines).
5) Nadia Younes, 57, Vieira de Mello's chief of staff (Egypt)
6) Jean-Selim Kanaan, 33, a member of Vieira de Mello's staff, father of a 3-weeks-old baby (Egypt)
7) Fiona Watson, 35, a political affairs officer in Vieira de Mello's office (Scotland)
8) Christopher Klein-Beekman, 32, the UN Children's Fund's program coordinator for Iraq (Canada)
9) Martha Teas, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (US)
10) Reham Al-Farra, UN Department of Public Information, (Jordan)
11) Reza Hosseini, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, (Iran)
12) Raid Shaker Mustafa Al Mahdawi, UN Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (Iraq)
13) Leen Assad Al Qadi, UN Office for Project Services (Iraq)
14) Mahmoud u Taiwi Basim, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (Iraq)
15) Ihssan Taha Husein, UN Office for Project Services (Iraq)
16) Khidir Saleem Sahir (or Sahir Khuhir Salim), 31, unconfirmed UN staff member (Iraq)
and the following 6, not employed by the UN:
17) Gillian M. Clark, Christian Children's Fund of America, Canada.
18) Arthur C. Helton, director of peace and conflict studies at the Council on Foreign Relations (US); he was in a meeting with Vieira, just above where the truck bomb exploded.
19) Alya Sousa, World Bank consultant, (Iraq)
20) Manuel Martin, Spanish Embassy, (Spain)
21) Saad Hermiz Abona, staff of UN contractor, (Iraq)
22) Omar Kahtan Mohamed Al-Orfali, driver for non-governmental organization, (Iraq).
after a truck bomb, at 16:30, partly destroys the Canal Hotel in Baghdad, which houses the headquarters for the UN staff in Iraq, of which Vieira [photo >], born on 15 March 1948, was the head. Younes [< photo], born on 13 June 1946, was his chief of staff. Some 50 persons are injured.
[aftermath photo below]
|2002 Ester Schwimmer, 5 months, and a young black bear,
(probably in the first season it was on its own) who kidnaps her, then,
pursued, drops her, fatally injured in the head and neck, from its mouth,
and is later shot by police, without trial or any legal formalities. When
Ester's mother had seen the bear approaching the porch of the vacation bungalow
where the family, from Brooklyn, was staying, she took her 4- and 2-year-olds
inside, foolishly leaving the infant. When she returned outside, the bear
had fled with Ester in its mouth.
2002:: 115 of the 147 aboard an overloaded Russian military helicopter, coming from Mosdok, Ingushetia, overloaded with soldiers and some relatives (all 5 crew members survive),
Which, with the engine on fire, apparently shot down by a Strela shoulder-fired missile of Chechen patriots, makes an emergency landing just before 17:00 in a minefield protecting the the Russian base at Khankala, Chechnya. Detonating mines engulf the helicopter in flames, others kill some of the survivors who manage to get out. Among the dead are several officers' wives and the child of a nurse. The Mi-26 is the heaviest and most powerful transport helicopter in the world, designed to carry 82 persons.
2001 Samir Abu Zeid, Palestinian activist, his daughter Inez, 7, and son Suleiman, 5, when their their home in the town of Rafah, Gaza Strip, is hit, during an exchange of fire, by an Israeli rocket (according to the Palestinians) or a Palestinian mortar shell falling short of its target (according to the first Israeli version) or a bomb which Samir was preparing in his yard (the final Israeli version, the most likely one). This brings the al-Aqsa intifada body count to 575 Palestinians and 152 Israelis.
2001 Muhammad Arrar, 13, Palestinian shot in the chest by Israeli soldiers patrolling the Israel-Egypt border in the southern Gaza Strip, who were firing back at Palestinian militants throwing grenades and fired rifles at them.
2001 Moeen Abu Lawi, 38, Palestinian, shot in the neck by Israeli soldiers enforcing the blockade of Nablus, West Bank, from where Lawi was returning after having sneaked in to buy books for his shop in a neighboring community.
1991 Gavin Cato, 7, Black, and Yankel Rosenbaum, 29, Jewish. Rioting erupts in the Brooklyn NY neighborhood of Crown Heights after Gavin Cato is struck and killed by the car driven by Yosef Lifsh, a Jew from the ultra-Orthodox Lubavitch community. Three hours later, a gang of Blacks fatally stabs Rosenbaum, a rabinnical student born in Australia. The violence rages over the next two days including 188 injured and angry crowds breaking windows, shouting Heil Hitler! and burning the Israeli flag. A grand jury would decline to charge Lifsh, who would move to Israel. Lemrick Nelson Jr., 16, Black, would be charged with killing Rosenbaum but acquitted in state court. In federal court, he would be convicted of violating Rosenbaum's civil rights and, on 31 March 1998, be sentenced to the maximum, 19.5 years in prison, along with Charles Price, another Black, who was videotaped provoking the rioters. But, on 07 January 2002, the 2nd US Circuit Court of Appeals would overturn their convictions, saying that the trial judge's efforts to secure an ethnically balanced jury were unconstitutional and the defendants actually wound up with a juror who had shown bias during jury selection; and order a new trial before a properly chosen jury. This third trial would take place in May 2003.
1980: 301 persons in plane crash of Saudi Arabian Lockheed Tristar, on landing at Riyadh
1978:: 422 moviegoers, in an arson fire at a cinema in Iran
1977 Julius (Groucho) Marx, 86, comedian (Marx Brothers)
1955 Some 200 by floods in the US Northeast.
1918 Roger Joseph Jourdain, French artist born on 11 December 1845.
1905 William Adolphe Bouguereau, French painter born on 30 November 1825. MORE ON BOUGUEREAU AT ART 4 AUGUST LINKS Self Portrait The Broken Pitcher Love's Resistance Dance Fraternal Love Mother Nymphs Birth of Venus Rest Seated Nude Standing Angel Bathers Bohémienne Destitute Family (Charity) Nymphs and Satyr The Education of Bacchus Admiration
1895 John Wesley Hardin, one of the bloodiest killers of the Old West, is murdered in a saloon in El Paso, Texas, by off-duty policeman John Selman, who was under threat by Hardin for having arrested his girl friend. An El Paso jury would acquit Selman of the murder.
1782 Francesco de Mura, Italian painter born on 21 April 1696: MORE ON MURA AT ART 4 AUGUST LINKS Ecce Homo Self Portrait The Madonna and Child with the Infant St. John
1692 Five Salem "witches," hanged in Salem, Massachusetts after being convicted of the crime of witchcraft. Fourteen more people are executed that year and 150 others are imprisoned.
1665 Pierre Antoine Lemoyne, French artist born in 1605.
1646 Francesco Furini, Florentine painter born in 1604. MORE ON FURINI AT ART 4 AUGUST LINKS St John the Evangelist Lot and his Daughters Judith and Holofernes
1493 Frederick III Innsbruck Austria, German Emperor (1440-1493)
0440 Saint Sixtus III Pope
-14 -BC- Octavian [Augustus], 48, Roman general
which occurred on a 19 August:
2003 Giant Panda, at the San Diego Zoo, to Bai Yun, 13, on loan from China. The newborn “giant” is about 10cm long. Its twin is stillborn two days later. Bai Yun gave birth before: to Hua Mei, on 21 August 1999.
1946 Bill Clinton, 42nd US President (Democrat), 2nd one to be impeached and not convicted. (Former Little Rock attorney, Arkansas governor)
1939 Alan Baker, English mathematician
1919 Malcolm Forbes, Sr. (publishing magnate: Forbes magazine), candidate for Republican presidential nomination (1996)
1915 Ring Lardner (writer: You Know Me, Haircut and Other Stories)
1902 Ogden Nash Rye NY, humorous poet (I'm a Stranger Here Myself)
1899 Bradley Walker Tomlin, US artist who died in 1953.
1886 The Christian Union is founded by Baptist clergyman Richard G. Spurling (1858-1935) in Monroe County, Tennessee. In 1923, this pentecostal denomination changed its name to the Church of God. Headquartered today in Cleveland, Tennessee, its current membership is nearly 500'000.
1883 Coco (Gabrielle) Chanel (fashion designer; perfume creator: Chanel #5)
1881 Georges Enesco (or Enescu) Romania, composer (Romanian Dances)
1878 Manuel Quezon first president of Philippine Commonwealth (1935-42)
1871 Orville Wright (one of the Wright Brothers: pioneers in aviation)
1870 Bernard Baruch financier/presidential adviser (financier; chairman of War Industries Board [WWI]; US representative to UN Atomic Energy Commission; presidential adviser)
1860 John Kane Scottish-born US primitivist painter (Self-Portrait)
1844 Minna Canth Finland, novelist/dramatist (social evils)
1829 Edward Moran, US painter who died on 09 June 1901 MORE ON MORAN AT ART 4 AUGUST LINKS
1808 Petrus Jan Schotel, Dutch artist who died on 23 July 1865.
1805 Josef Dankhauser, Austrian artist who died on 04 May 1845. MORE ON DANHAUSER AT ART 4 AUGUST
1785 Seth Thomas pioneer in mass production of clocks
1739 Georg Simon Klügel, German mathematician who died on 04 August 1812.
1736 Erland Samuel Bring, Swedish mathematician who died on 20 May 1798. Author of Meletemata quaedam mathematematica circa transformationem aequationum algebraicarum (1786).
1689 Samuel Richardson English novelist (Pamela) (baptized)
1646 John Flamsteed, English astronomer who died on 31 December 1719. He published accurate astronomical observations and was the first Astronomer Royal.
1584 Pierre Vernier, Ornans, Franche-Comté (then under the Spanish Habsburgs), government official, engineer, surveyor, mathematician, who died on 14 September 1638. Author of La Construction, l'usage, et les propriétés du quadrant nouveau de mathématiques (1631), in which he gives a table of sines and a method for deriving the angles of a triangle if its sides are known. He also describes his most famous invention, that of the vernier caliper.
1398 Iñigo López Spain, marques de Santillana, poet (Comedieta de Ponza)