a July 08:
2003 After auto and truck parts company ArvinMeritor (ARM) announces its intention to make a hostile tender offer to buy competitor Dana (DCN) for $15 a share, 12.5 million of the 149 million DCN shares are traded on the New York Stock Exchange, rising from their previous close of $12.02 to an intraday high of $17.19 and closing at $16.20. They had been traded as low as $6.16 as recently as 17 March 2003 and as high as $52.69 on 31 May 1999. — [5~year price chart >]
2003 After it is announced that trucking corporation Yellow (YELL) will buy competitor Roadway (ROAD) for $48 per share, 8 million of the 20 million ROAD shares are traded on the NASDAQ, rising from their previous close of $30.02 to an intraday high of $46.82 and closing at $46.10. They had been traded as low as $20.58 as recently as 29 August 2002 and as low as $10.44 on 12 October 1998. — [< 5~year price chart]
|2002 N. Rub~Ear creates AS
HELL FREEZES OVER, THE REVEREND ROBERT WALKER COMES HOME TO ROOST
SKATING ON THIN ICE
2001 Elections in Baja California. Eugenio Elorduy, 61, former mayor of Mexicali,.of Partido Acción Nacional, is elected governor for a six-year term. The previous two governors were also from the PAN.
2000 The Pentagon's missile defense project suffered one more setback when a rocket fired from Kwajalein Atoll fails to intercept a target missile launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.
1997 The Mayo Clinic and the US government warn that the diet-drug combination ''fen-phen'' can cause serious heart and lung damage.
1995 Chinese-American human rights activist Harry Wu is arrested in China and charged with obtaining state secrets. (He would be convicted of espionage and deported.)
1990 12:34:56 on 7/8/90 (1234567890)
1986 Kurt Waldheim is inaugurated as president of Austria despite controversy over his ties to Nazi war crimes.
1986 Farthest thrown object-an "Aerobie" flying ring, 383 m
1981 US Senate confirms Sandra Day O'Connor to Supreme Court (99-0)
1975 Quake damages over 2000 temples in Pagan, Burma. 6-meter-high seated Buddha of Thandawgya decapitated
1969 Thor Heyerdahl and reed raft Ra II land in Barbados 57 days from Morocco
1969 US troop withdrawal begins in Vietnam
1891 16ºC, the highest temp for July 1891, in Baltimore and Philadelphia
1864 President Lincoln issues statement on his policy for Reconstruction
1796 US State Department issues first US passport.
1777 Vermont becomes first state abolishing slavery, adopts male sufferage
1663 Following restoration of the English monarchy, King Charles II grants a charter to Rhode Island. It guarantees religious freedom regardless of 'differences in opinion in matters of religion.'
which occurred on a July 08:
2003 Ladan Bijani and Laleh Bijani, Iranian craniopagus twins born on 17 January 1974. Into their adulthood [11 Jun 2003 photo >], they had to put up with sacrifices and compromises as they have two very different personalities and are interested in leading different lifestyles. The more outspoken Ladan wanted to study law at university while Laleh wanted to do journalism. Laleh ended up studying law. Laleh wants to live in Teheran and Ladan wants to return to their home town of Shiraz. Laleh wants to work but Ladan prefers to further her education. The twins eventually reached a point where they decided they could not live this way anymore and started seeking help internationally to get themselves separated. They turned to Singapore after hearing Dr Keith Goh and his team's success in separating Nepalese twins Ganga and Jamuna . They arrived at Raffles Hospital (585 North Bridge Road) on 20 November 2002 to undergo a series of tests — including brain scans, neuro-imaging, and cerebral vascular studies — which ended up showing that they could be surgically separated, though with risk of death to both. The separation operation, the first ever on adult craniopagus twins, started on 07 July 2003, expected to go on for four days. But early on 08 July 2003, both twins die from excessive bleeding after surgeons had progressed to the full separation of their brains, which were found to be tightly stuck together.
2002:: 13 persons after liquid ammonia spills from a burst pipe at the Shenxian County Fertilizer Company, Shandong province, China, at about 02:00. 11 are injured.
2002 Lorna J. Marshall, a college English instructor turned homemaker who in her 50's began a new life as an anthropologist studying the Bushmen (or !Kung) of Africa. She was born on 14 September 1898. Author of !Kung of Nyae Nyae (1975) and Nyae Nyae !Kung Belief and Rites.
1971 Kurt Werner Friedrich Reidemeister, German mathematician, born on 13 October 1893, who was a pioneer of knot theory and whose work had a great influence on Group Theory.
1943 Jean Moulin Le chef du Conseil national de la Résistance, Jean Moulin, trahi, est arrêté à Caluire dans la banlieue de Lyon, le 21 Jun, lendemain de son 44ème anniversaire. Le nazi Klaus Barbie commence à l'interroger. Quelques jours plus tard, le 08 juillet, à Metz, dans le train qui part pour un camp de la mort dans lequel on a déposé son corps torturé, Jean Moulin meurt.
1925 Robert Bevan, English Camden Town Group painter and lithographer, born on 05 April (05 August?) 1865. MORE ON BEVAN AT ART 4 JULY LINKS — Devonshire Valley — Horse Sale at the Barbican — Ploughing in Brittany
1840 Carel-Lodewyk Hansen, Dutch artist born in 1765.
1823 Sir Henry Raeburn, Scottish painter specialized in Portraits born on 04 March 1756. MORE ON RAEBURN AT ART 4 JULY LINKS The Reverend Robert Walker Skating on Duddlingston Loch Sir Duncan Campbell, Scot Guards John Tait of Harvieston Sir William Napier, Baronet Alexander Carre of Cavers Mrs. Alexander Henderson The Binning Children Lieutenant Colonel William Shirriff H.E.I.C.S. Sir John Sinclair
1709 Thousands of Swedish and Russian soldiers, as Peter the Great with 50'000 Russians defeats Charles XII of with 20'000 Swedes at the Battle of Poltava. Only 1500 Swedes escaped. Sweden's great power status was ended. (27 June, Julian)
1695 Christiaan Huygens, The Hague mathematician, born on 14 April 1629, who in 1656 patented the first pendulum clock, which greatly increased the accuracy of time measurement. He laid the foundations of mechanics.
1496 Benedetto Bonfiglio da Perugia, Italian artist born in 1420.
1476 Johann Müller of Königsberg “Regiomontanus”, German Catholic priest, astronomer, mathematician, translator, publisher, born on 06 June 1436. In January 1472 he made observations of a comet which would be called Halley's Comet 210 years later. He observed eclipses of the Moon, a total eclipses on 03 September 1457 and on 22 June 1461, a partial eclipse on 03 July 1460. Author of De triangulis omnimodis (1464) — Scipta — Kalendarium — De Reformatione Kalendarii.
1390 Albert of Saxony, Saxon Catholic bishop of Halberstädt, philosopher, logician, physicist, mathematician, born in 1316, who wrote about the ideas of Bradwardine, Ockham, Oresme and others. He examined 254 logical paradoxes in his books on logic.
0810 Pepin son of Charlemagne, king of Italy, (birth date unknown)
which occurred on a July 08:
1918 Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela Transkei South Africa, who would grow up to be South African black nationalist and ANC leader whose long imprisonment (1962-90) and subsequent election to be the first president of desegragated South Africa (1994-1999) symbolized the aspirations of South Africa's black majority.
1904 Henri Paul Cartan, French mathematician, son of Elie Cartan [09 Apr 1869 – 06 May 1951]. Henri Cartan's books include Homological Algebra (1956) and Elementary Theory of Analytic Functions of One or Several Complex Variables (1963).
1899 David Lilienthal, US businessman and government official, who died on 15 January 1981.
1898 Alec Waugh London, novelist (Island in the Sun), who died on 03 September 1981; older brother of Evelyn . ALEC WAUGH ONLINE: Waugh, Alec: The Loom of Youth (zipped at download site for 120 books, requires reader program available from that site)
1893 Fritz Perls father of Gestalt therapy.
1889 Elena Slough, of New Jersey. She would become the oldest living person in the US (and the 4th oldest in the world) after the death of Mary Dorothy Christian [12 Jun 1889 – 20 Apr 2003]
1889 Wall Street Journal begins publishing.
1885 Ernst Bloch, German Marxist philosopher who died on 04 August 1977.
1869 Gustave Jacques Stoskopf, French artist who died in 1944.
1867 Käthe Kollwitz, German Expressionist printmaker and sculptor who died on 22 April 1945, specialized in Self-Portraits. MORE ON KOLLWITZ AT ART 4 JULY LINKS Selbstbildnis mit der Hand an der Kopf Selbstbildnis von vorn Selbstbildnis im Profil nach Rechts Kleines Selbstbildnis nach links Selbstibildnis am Tisch, II Fassung Kleines Selbstbildnis Selbstbildnis — [you haven't had enough of her self-portraits? OK, here's just one more, out of umpteen] Selbsbildnis Hamburger Kneipe (not a hamburger joint... just a tavern in Hamburg) — Weberzug 61 prints at FAMSF
1857 Alfred Binet, French psychologist who developed what he (and many after him) thought were measures of intelligence. He died on 18 October 1911.
1839 John Davison Rockefeller US capitalist; founded Standard Oil, philanthropist who gave more than $500 million to charitable causes. He died on 23 May 1937.
1816 Charles Édouard Boutibonne, French Academic painter who died on 07 February 1897. LINKS — Mermaids Frolicking in the Sea — La Preferée — An Indecisive Moment — A Warm Reception — Mountain Climbers — An Elegant Billiard Player
1838 Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin invented rigid dirigibles.
1805 Samuel Gross, US surgeon, teacher, and author, who died on 06 May 1884.
1777 Daniel Friedrich Hecht, Saxon mining engineer and mathematician who died on 13 March 1833. He wrote school textbooks on mathematics, geometry, and surveying.
1760 Christian Kramp, Strasbourg physician, physicist, chemist, and mathematician who died on 13 May 1826. — [It is not known whether he ever suffered from writer's kramp.]